ABSTRACT: To evaluate the place of ovarian transposition by laparoscopy in the treatment of cervical cancers.
From March 1992 to November 1994 at Institut Bergonié, 11 patients (mean age: 40 years; 36-44 years) with invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix stages Ib (4 cases) and IIb (7 cases) underwent lateral high ovarian transposition by laparoscopy performed during a staging inter-iliacal lymphadenectomy. There was no complication during surgery but one phlebitis occurred postoperatively. The treatment for the cervical cancer included: brachytherapy (11 cases), external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) (9 cases), surgery (6 cases), chemotherapy (2 cases). Ovarian radiation dosis was calculated and hormonal status assessed.
Ovarian preservation was achieved in 30% of the cases. The mean lowest cumulative dosis to the ovaries was 1.78 Gy. Age was the most predictive factor for ovarian preservation.
With ovarian laparoscopic transposition, ovarian function can be preserved in selected patients requiring first line radiotherapy for cancer of the cervix. After the age of 40 years, transposition should be restricted to small T1 tumors treated by brachytherapy. When EBRT is required for larger lesions, transposition should be reserved to younger patients.
Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction 02/1996; 25(3):244-52. · 0.42 Impact Factor