[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were two-fold; to investigate the validity and reliability of the Thai version of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP) and to compare the characteristics of the interpersonal problems experienced in a non-clinical sample and psychiatric outpatients.
A total of 689 subjects (452 non-clinical sample and 237 psychiatric outpatients) completed the IIP-32 and IIP-64, Symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90) and 16 Personality Factor (16 PF) Questionnaire, after which a four-week retest was carried out. Cronbach's alpha was used for internal consistency and the intra-class correlation coefficient was used to determine test-retest reliability. Factor analysis of the IIP sub-scales and Pearson's correlation were used for construct and concurrent validity.
Both versions of the IIP showed good internal consistency. Factor analysis revealed two factors that corresponded to the circumplex property. The expected correlation between the SCL-90 and 16 PF subscales reflected the level of concurrent validity. There was a significant difference in the cold, socially-inhibited and self-sacrificing subscales between the non-clinical and clinical samples, while major depressive disorder was found to have a significantly higher score in the subscales of the control dimension, i.e. the non-assertive, socially inhibited and self-sacrificing subscales, than the neurotic and non-clinical groups, whereas, the neurotic group differed from the normative sample in terms of the affiliation axis.
The IIP-64 and IIP-32 demonstrated their reliability and are suitable for use in either clinical or non-clinical setting.
Singapore medical journal 07/2012; 53(7):481-7. · 0.63 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the incidence, prescribing risk factors of alcohol withdrawal delirium (AWD), and factors complicating AWD, in alcohol dependent patients hospitalized for alcohol detoxification.
Patients attending the detoxification program at Chiang Mai University Hospital and the Northern drug dependence treatment center between May and September 2005 were assessed. Patients with signs of AWD at baseline were excluded. Incidence, risk factors, and dosage of benzodiazepines of patients with and without subsequent AWD were compared Risk factors that prolonged the course of AWD were analyzed.
Nineteen male patients were assessed. Ten patients (52.6%) developed AWD despite receiving benzodiazepine detoxification. Risk factors of age, previous history of AWD and epilepsy, alcohol use history, frequency and quantity of drinking, signs of simple withdrawal at first admission, and dosage of benzodiazepines were not significantly different between the groups. However, patients with systolic blood pressure at first admission (> 120 mmHg) had longer duration of AWD than those without abnormal blood pressure (72.0 +/- 53.7 hr versus 168.0 +/- 24.0 hr, respectively, p = 0.038).
The incidence of AWD was relatively high despite treatment. Although the present study did not find any risk factor predicting AWD. AWD patients hypertensive at the first admission had significantly longer duration of delirium. Physicians should be aware of monitor and treat hypertensive state and give early treatment of alcohol withdrawal with adequate doses of benzodiazepines to decrease morbidity and mortality of AWD.
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet 08/2011; 94(8):991-7.