ABSTRACT: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a ubiquitous human pathogen, is the leading cause of birth defects in newborns. A region (referred to as UL/b') present in the Toledo strain of HCMV and low-passage clinical isolates) contains 22 additional genes,which are absent in the highly passaged laboratory strain AD169. One of these genes,UL145 open reading frame (ORF), is located between the highly variable genes UL144 and UL146. To assess the structure of the UL145 gene,the UL145 ORF was amplified by PCR and sequenced from 16 low-passage clinical isolates and 15 non-passage strains from suspected congenitally infected infants. Nine UL145 sequences previously published in the GenBank were used for sequence comparison. The identities of the gene and the similarities of its putative protein among all strains were 95.9 -100% and 96.6-100%, respectively. The post-translational modification motifs of the UL145 putative protein in clinical strains were conserved,comprising the protein kinase C phosphorylation motif (PKC)and casein kinase II phosphorylation site (CK-II). We conclude that the structure of the UL145 gene and its putative protein are relatively conserved among clinical strains, irrespective of whether the strains come from patients with different manifestations, from different areas of the world, or were passaged or not in human embryonic lung fibroblast (HELF) cells.
Journal of Biosciences 10/2007; 32(6):1111-8. · 1.65 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To explore the relationship between human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) UL144 sequence variability and clinical disease.
HCMV UL144 open reading frame (ORF) was amplified by PCR assay in 72 low-passage isolates [65 congenitally infective children and 7 healthy children who were HCMV-DNA positive by quantitative PCR (qPCR)]. All positive PCR products were analyzed by heteroduplex mobility assay and single-stranded conformation polymorphism (HMA-SSCP) and 32 of them were sequenced.
Fifty-five patient isolates and five healthy children isolates were HCMV-UL144 positive by PCR. Sequencing and HMA-SSCP analysis showed that significant strain-specific variability was present in the UL144 ORF. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the nucleotide sequences could be separated into 3 major genotypes. Comparing between UL144 sequences and the corresponding symptoms showed that genotype 2 did not exist in megacolon isolates. And genotype 1 and 3 were the major types among microcephaly and jaundice isolates respectively.
HCMV-UL144 existed in most of low passage isolates and sequences were hypervariable. The UL144 ORF and its predicted product with the high level of sequence variability in different kinds of isolates suggest that UL144 ORF might play a role in HCMV infectivity and subsequent diseases.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal 01/2005; 19(4):293-7.
ABSTRACT: To investigate the polymorphism of human cytomegalovirus UL148 gene in low passage clinical isolates and to study the relationship between the polymorphism and different pathogenesis of congenital HCMV infection.
PCR was performed to amplify the entire HCMV UL148 gene region of 38 clinical isolates, which had been proven containing detectable HCMV-DNA by using FQ-PCR.PCR amplification products were sequenced directly and the sequence data were analysed.
Seventeen of 38 isolates were amplified successfully. By comparison with Toledo sequence, the length of UL148 ORFs in all 17 clinical isolates was similar to that of Toledo. Amino acid variability rate of UL148 protein was 0.3%-2.3%. There were additional or deleted sites of posttranslational modification of UL148 protein in all clinical isolates.
All DNA and deduced amino acid sequences of UL148 gene shared great similarity among HCMV clinical strains regardless of their polymorphism.
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology 07/2004; 18(2):154-7.