Yan Ma

Southeast University (China), Nan-ching-hsü, Jiangxi Sheng, China

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Publications (9)0 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to investigate the effects of low frequency and power ultrasound combined with adriamycin on apoptosis of drug-resistant leukemia cell line K562/A02 in vitro, to find out the parameters of optimal exposure, and to explore the possible mechanism reversing drug-resistance of K562/A02 cells. The K562/A02 cells in logarithmic growth phase were used in experiments. The experiments were divided into 4 groups: group control, group adriamycin (A02) alone, group ultrasound (US) alone and group A02+US. The trypan blue dye exclusion test and MTT assay were used to determine the cell viability; Wright's staining was used to detect the apoptosis; the flow cytometry was used to analyze the drug concentration, and the scanning electron microscopy was used to observe the changes of cell surface. The results showed that the significant differences in cell viability, intracellular adriamycin concentration and changes of cell membrane were found between ultrasound-treated and untreated cells in the presence of various concentration of adriamycin. The exposure to ultrasound at 20 kHZ, 0.25 W/cm2 for 60 seconds could obviously decrease LC50 of adriamycin to K562/A02 cells, while the exposure to ultrasound at 20 kHZ, 0.05 W/cm2 for 60 seconds could kill K562/A02 cells at once. After being treated by low frequency ultrasound, the small holes with diameter about 1-2 microm in the cell surface appeared. The ultrasound increased the adriamycin concentration in the cells, accelerated the formation of apoptotic bodies, and promoted apoptosis of adriamycin-resistant cells. It is concluded that the ultrasound at optimal parameters enhances inhibitory effect of adriamycin on drug-resistant cell line, thereby reverses drug-resistance of drug-resistant cell line through sound-hole effect in tumor cells resulting from ultrasound induced cavitation.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 01/2009; 16(6):1283-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the tumor suppression efficacy of a histone deacetylase inhibitor, sodium valproate combined with adriamycin in the treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome cell line MUTZ-1. After treated with different concentrations of sodium valproate alone, adriamycin alone or combination of them, growth curve of MUTZ-1 cell line were detected; growth of the tumor cells were analyzed by flow cytometry and morphology method. The results indicated that when the myelodysplastic syndrome cell line MUTZ-1 was treated with adriamycin (0.039 microg/ml, 0.078 microg/ml, 0.156 microg/ml, 0.312 microg/ml, 0.4 microg/ml), the tumor growth inhibition rates were 5.08 +/- 0.79%, 12.32 +/- 2.39%, 23.65 +/- 1.34%, 43.33 +/- 2.38% and 47.85 +/- 1.46% (p < 0.05), 0.25 mmol/L sodium valproate did not show apoptosis effect, but could synergize adriamycin to promote apoptosis. When the myelodysplastic syndrome cell line MUTZ-1 treated with two drug combination, the tumor growth inhibition rates were 23.46 +/- 1.12%, 49.87 +/- 0.84%, 52.37 +/- 1.05%, 78.43 +/- 4.34% and 82.47 +/- 1.04% (p < 0.05), and displayed concentration-dependent manner. All the data above were significantly different from those in control (p < 0.05). Sodium valproate showed obvious effect at concentration of 0.078 microg/ml adriamycin. After treated with 0.25 mmol/L sodium valproate and 0.078 microg/ml adriamycin for 72 hours, MUTZ-1 cell line showed typical apoptosis morphological character. It is concluded that sodium valproate may enhance the efficacy of adriamycin on MUTZ-1 cell line.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 06/2008; 16(3):555-60.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of nonmyeloablative peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP) and accelerated phase (CML-AP). 24 patients with CML including 16 in CML-CP and 8 in CML-AP were treated with nonmyeloablative conditioning regimen for peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBHSCT). The conditioning regimen included fludarabine (30 mg/m(2)x6 d), busulphan [4 mg/(kg.d)x2 d] and CTX [350 mg/(m2.d)x2 d] combined with or without Ara-C. The donors were HLA-identical (n=20) and 5/6 antigen-matched (n=4). The dynamic observation of hematopoietic recovery in all patients was carried out. The results indicated that all the patients were successfully engrafted. The mean time for increase of the number of neutrophils to more than 0.5x10(9)/L and platelet more than 20x10(9)/L were 13 days and 11.5 days respectively. Out of 12 patients, 9 patients showed complete donor chimerism and 3 patients showed mixed chimerism at 30 days after transplantation. At 180 days after transplantation, 18 survival patients showed complete donor chimerism. 18 patients remained alive after a median follow-up length of 24 months (4-48 months). 2 cases died of severe acute GVHD and 1 case died of chronic GVHD, 2 cases died of interstitial pneumonia and 1 case died of relapsed. In conclusions, nonmyeloablative peripheral blood stem cell transplantation is an effective therapeutic method for CML patients in chronic phase and accelerated phase.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 05/2008; 16(2):373-6.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to explore whether the GVHD in mice can be ameliorated and the GVL effect in mice can be reserved by transfusion of lymphocytes of donors fed with recipient splenocytes effect. Male (DBA-2) mice (H-2(d)) as donors were fed with BALB/c splenocytes, DBA-2 splenocytes, bovine serum albumin, or regular chow, every other day. Induction of tolerance was assessed by a mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR). Female (BALB/c) mice (H-2(d)) as recipients received total body irradiation (TBI) of 6.0 Gy ((60)Cogamma-ray) followed by inoculation of 3 x 10(3) P388 mouse leukemia cells on the same day. Subsequently, tail vein injection of 2 x 10(7) splenocytes supplied by DBA-2 was undertaken. Control groups were fed identically without leukemia cell inoculation. The results showed that GVHD was significantly ameliorated and CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratio increased in recipient-mice transplanted with splenocytes of tolerated donors, compared with control animals. There was no significant difference in survival rate between different groups of recipients inoculated with leukemia cell. It is concluded that the peroral recipient-mouse splenocytes can ameliorate GVHD without hampering effect on GVL.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 03/2008; 16(1):126-30.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to explore the changes of soluble resistance-related calcium binding protein (sorcin) expression in reversion of multidrug resistance of K562/A02 leukemic cell line with different concentrations of tetrandrine (Tet), so as to provide a new theoretic evidence for clinical application of Tet. The inhibition of K562/A02 cell line by daunorubicin (DNR) was assayed by MTT method. The changes of SORCIN gene expression were assayed by RT-PCR. The changes of SORCIN protein expressed were assayed by Western blot. The results showed that Tet could enhance the cytotoxicity of DNR to K562/A02 cells (the IC(50) of DNR + Tet was 11.3+/-0.17 mg/L, 5.15+/-0.10 mg/L, 3.91+/-0.06 mg/L, and 2.52+/-0.04 mg/L, when concentrations of Tet were 0 mg/L, 0.5 mg/L, 1.0 mg/L, and 2.0 mg/L respectively). The gene encoding sorcin was highly expressed in K562/A02 cells, the expression of which was firstly enhanced in Tet concentration 0.5 mg/L, then attenuated in Tet concentration of 1.0, 2.0 mg/L (p<0.05). Sorcin protein expressed lowly in K562 cells and highly in K562/A02 cells, but the expression of SORCIN protein in K562/A02 cells was enhanced in Tet concentration of 0.5 mg/L, then was attenuated in Tet concentration of 1.0, 2.0 mg/L (p<0.05). It is concluded that the effect of Tet on reversal of K562/A02 drug-resistance shows concentration dependence by MTT assay. Tet reverses multidrug-resistance of K562/A02 cells through regulation of expression of SORCIN gene and protein, but not fully correlates to the reversing effect.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 03/2008; 16(1):65-9.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was purposed to investigate the angiogenesis effect of platelet-derived membrane microparticles (PMPs) in chick chorioallantoic membranes (CAM). Thrombin were adopted to activate the platelets and then PMPs were obtained. PMPs were isolated by high speed centrifugation. Flow cytometry (FCM) was adopted to evaluate the efficiency of thrombin to produce PMPs and BCA method was adopted to evaluate the content of PMPs. PMPs were put into CAM and the effects of PMPs on angiogenesis in CAM were observed. The results indicated that after incubation for 72 hours at the concentration of 80 microg/ml PMPs, the vessel nets in a 'spoked-wheel' pattern were shown around mixed fibrous filter membranes, number of vessel ramification was 112.5 +/- 11.31 and ratio of vessel area/CAM area was 6.19 +/- 1.29%, but there were not localized allantoic vessels developing in the control group, the number of vessel ramification and ratio of vessel area/CAM area in control group were 82.6 +/- 8.05 and 1.78 +/- 0.33 respectively, so there was significant difference between PMP and control groups. In above mentioned conditions, the number of vessel ramification and ratio of vessel area/CAM area in VEGF group were 128.4 +/- 10.02 and 7.44 +/- 1.36 respectively, so there was no difference between PMP and VEGF groups. It is concluded that PMPs show promotive effect on the formation of capillaries in chick chorioallantoic membranes.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 11/2007; 15(5):1070-3.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was purposed to investigate the effects of platelet-derived membrane microparticles (PMP) on the proliferation and apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Different concentrations of thrombin were adopted to activate the platelets so as to release PMPs. Flow cytometry (FCM) was adopted to evaluate the efficiencies of different concentrations of thrombin to release PMPs. By using the HUVEC cultivated in vitro as vector, the effects of PMPs on the proliferation and apoptosis of HUVEC were investigated by MTT and FCM. The results showed that the efficiencies releasing PMPs from platelets activated by 2.0, 1.5, 1.0, 0.5 U/ml thrombin were 28.7, 47.7, 50.1 and 43.9% respectively; PMPs induced proliferation of HUVEC in a dose dependent manner. At the concentration of 40 microg/ml PMPs, the proliferation rate of HUVEC was 1.8 +/- 0.3 times as much as blank control, the proliferation rate in group of vascular endothelial growth factor was 1.9 +/- 0.5 times of as much as blank control, there was no statistic difference (p > 0.05). The PMPs inhibited HUVEC apoptosis. Compared with the apoptosis rate of control (9.4 +/- 0.5)%, apoptosis rate in PMP group (40 microg/ml) was (3.9 +/- 0.4)% (p < 0.05). The addition of VEGF (10 microl/ml) did not successfully prevented apoptosis of HUVEC with apoptosis rate of (8.0 +/- 0.8)%. It is concluded that platelets activated by 1 U/ml thrombin gets the best efficiency of PMP release, which stimulates proliferation of HUVEC and inhibits its apoptosis.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 09/2007; 15(4):858-61.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to investigate the reversible effect of cyclosporine A, raloxifene and their combination on multidrug resistance cell line K562/A02. The IC(50) (the concentration causing 50% inhibition of cell growth) of DNR were assayed by MTT method, the expression level of mdr-1 mRNA was assayed by RT-PCR, p-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression and intracellular DNR concentration were detected by flow cytometry. The results showed that the IC(50) of DNR on K562/A02 and K562 cells were 23.51 mg/L and 0.29 mg/L, respectively. The IC(50) of DNR on K562/A02 cells in treatment with raloxifene CsA and both combination were 5.98, 8.15 and 3.68 mg/L respectively, but both drugs not influenced IC(50) of DNR on K562 cells. Pretreating K562/A02 cells with raloxifene (2.5 mg/L) or CsA (1 mg/L) for 48 hours partially restored the sensitivity of K562/A02 cells to DNR. Cyclosporine A and raloxifene (alone or combination) elevated the intracellular DNR concentration in K562/A02, down regulated P-gp and mdr-1 mRNA expressions. It is concluded that multidrug resistance (MDR) can be partially reversed by CsA or raloxifene, the combination of both drugs shows a great synergistic reversal effect.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 11/2006; 14(5):895-9.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to investigate the effect of platelet-derived microparticles (PMP) on stimulating the proliferation of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors (CFU-GM) from umbilical cord blood. Different concentrations of thrombin were adopted to activate the platelets for releasing PMP. Flow cytometry was adopted to evaluate the efficiencies of different concentrations of thrombin to produce PMP. Umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells (MNC) were obtained from healthy donors and the MNC were isolated by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation. MNC were cultured in 2.7% methylcellulose containing different concentration of PMP and colonies were counted under an inverted microscope after 7 days. The result showed that the release rate of PMP activated by 2.0, 1.5, 1.0 and 0.5 U/ml thrombin were 28.7%, 47.7%, 50.1% and 43.9% respectively. The PMP enhanced colony formation in dose-dependent manner. The number of colonies per 2 x 10(5) MNCs in groups of PMP at different concentrations (10, 50 and 100 microg/ml) were 119.8 +/- 32.2,142.8 +/- 45.2 and 180.8 +/- 85.1 respectively. The number of colonies in the groups of PMP at 100 microg/ml and 50 microg/ml were statistically significant when compared with control group (103.0 +/- 24.8) (P < 0.05). The number of colonies per 2 x 10(5) MNC in the group of PMP (10 microg/ml) was 119.8 +/- 32.2 which was higher than that in control group, but there was no statistical significance between two groups. It is concluded that platelet activated with 1.0 U/ml thrombin can get the best release efficiency of PMP and PMP can enhance the proliferation of granulocyte-macrophage progenitor cells of umbilical cord blood.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 07/2006; 14(3):561-4.