ABSTRACT: Acyl CoA:diacylgycerol acyltransferase (EC; DGAT) catalyzes the final step in the production of triacylglycerol. Two polypeptides, which co-purified with DGAT activity, were isolated from the lipid bodies of the oleaginous fungus Mortierella ramanniana with a procedure consisting of dye affinity, hydroxyapatite affinity, and heparin chromatography. The two enzymes had molecular masses of 36 and 36.5 kDa, as estimated by gel electrophoresis, and showed a broad activity maximum between pH 6 and 8. Based on partial peptide sequence information, polymerase chain reaction techniques were used to obtain full-length cDNA sequences encoding the purified proteins. Expression of the cDNAs in insect cells conferred high levels of DGAT activity on the membranes isolated from these cells. The two proteins share 54% homology with each other but are unrelated to the previously identified DGAT gene family (designated DGAT1), which is related to the acyl CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase gene family, or to any other gene family with ascribed function. This report identifies a new gene family, including members in fungi, plants and animals, which encode enzymes with DGAT function. To distinguish the two unrelated families we designate this new class DGAT2 and refer to the M. ramanniana genes as MrDGAT2A and MrDGAT2B.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 11/2001; 276(42):38862-9. · 4.77 Impact Factor