Zhiying Huang

Sun Yat-Sen University, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (10)21.95 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Diammonium glycyrrhizinate (DG), an active compound extracted and purified from liquorices root, has been reported to exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and underlying mechanisms of DG on the hepatotoxicity induced by valproic acid (VPA). DG at the dose of 60 mg/kg was orally administered with VPA (100 mg/kg) to mice once daily for 14 consecutive days. DG treatment attenuated VPA-induced liver dysfunction, structural damage, glutathione depletion and decrease in antioxidant enzymes in BALB/C mice. DG prevented VPA-induced depletion of cytosolic nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and suppression of nuclear translocation of Nrf2, which, in turn, up-regulated phase II/antioxidant enzyme activities. The effects of VPA and DG on Nrf2 expression in HepG2 cells were in consistent with that of mice. Furthermore, an increase in the nuclear levels of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) was observed in the livers of VPA-treated mice that coincided with induction of inflammatory cytokines. In contrast, DG inhibited NF-κB translocation and that subsequently decreased inflammatory cytokines. Taken together, these results demonstrate that DG attenuates VPA-induced liver injury through increasing the expression of Nrf2 mediated phase II/antioxidant enzymes and simultaneously decreasing the expression of inflammatory mediators.
    Food and Chemical Toxicology. 08/2014; 73.
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    ABSTRACT: Triptolide, the major active component of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f. (TWHF), has a wide range of pharmacological activities. However, the toxicities of triptolide, particularly the hepatotoxicity, limit its clinical application. The hepatotoxicity of triptolide has not been well characterized yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in triptolide-induced toxicity and whether activation of Nrf2 could protect against triptolide-induced hepatotoxicity. The results showed that triptolide caused oxidative stress and cell damage in HepG2 cells, and these toxic effects could be aggravated by Nrf2 knockdown or be counteracted by overexpression of Nrf2. Treatment with a typical Nrf2 agonist, sulforaphane (SFN), attenuated triptolide-induced liver dysfunction, structural damage, glutathione depletion and decrease in antioxidant enzymes in BALB/C mice. Moreover, the hepatoprotective effect of SFN on triptolide-induced liver injury was associated with the activation of Nrf2 and its downstream targets. Collectively, these results indicate that Nrf2 activation protects against triptolide-induced hepatotoxicity.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(7):e100685. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Taxus yunnanensis (T. yunnanensis) is endemic to China and has been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of cancer, diabetic ailments and others. Paclitaxel is a representative antitumor compound in the Taxus species. The pharmacokinetic behavior of paclitaxel after oral administration of the crude extract of T. yunnanensis has not been investigated. This study attempts to compare the pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel after oral administration of the crude extract of the twigs and leaves of T. yunnanensis and pure paclitaxel. A UPLC and a UPLC/MS/MS analysis method were developed for the determination of paclitaxel in T. yunnanensis extract and in the comparative pharmacokinetic study. Caco-2 cells were used to investigate the transport profile of paclitaxel in vitro. In the pharmacokinetic study, rats were randomly grouped and administered with T. yunnanensis extract or pure paclitaxel. The results showed that the AUC and Cmax of paclitaxel in rats receiving the T. yunnanensis extract were significantly increased than those receiving the pure paclitaxel, and the in vitro Caco-2 cell monolayer transport study found that the coexisting constituents in the extract of T. yunnanensis could inhibit the efflux of paclitaxel. These findings suggested that the oral absorption and bioavailability of paclitaxel in T. yunnanensis extract was remarkably higher when compared with the pure paclitaxel, and the coexisting constituents in the T. yunnanensis extract might play an important role for the enhancement of the oral absorption and bioavailability of paclitaxel.
    Fitoterapia 06/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclosporin A (CsA) induces renal tubular epithelial cells apoptosis and necrosis following in vitro exposure. The mechanisms of CsA-induced apoptosis have been studied intensively, whereas the mechanisms of necrosis remain to be elucidated. Necroptosis has been described as programmed necrosis. This study investigated the ability of CsA to induce necroptosis in the rat tubular cell line NRK-52E. The NRK-52E cells were incubated with CsA for 24 hours with or without necrostatin-1 (Nec-1). The majority of the NRK-52E cells died of necrosis as indicated by LDH leakage, Hoechst 33342/PI staining, and flow cytometry analysis. Cell death was significantly reduced by Nec-1 pretreated before CsA exposure. CsA-induced apoptosis and necrosis were also compared in NRK-52E cells with or without knockdown of receptor interaction protein 3 (RIP3) expression using small interfering RNA. Moreover, the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in CsA-induced cell death was also attempted. The result suggests that necroptosis contributes to the CsA-induced cytotoxicity in NRK-52E cells. Meanwhile, RIP3 and ROS are involved in CsA-induced necroptosis. To our knowledge, this is the first report on necroptosis in CsA-induced renal tubular cell death pathways, which might offer a novel protective target for CsA nephrotoxicity.
    Pharmazie 08/2012; 67(8):725-32. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Triptolide is a major active ingredient of the Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f. (TWHF) and has been shown to possess multiple biological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-fertility, anti-neoplastic and immunosuppressive activities. However, severe adverse effects, especially nephrotoxicity, limit its clinical use. Oxidative stress has been reported to be involved in triptolide-induced renal injury, but the existence of other mechanisms remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate whether NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), which is an antioxidant nuclear transcription factor, plays a protective role in defense against triptolide-induced toxicity in a normal rat kidney cell line (NRK-52E). Triptolide induced oxidative stress in NRK-52E cells by induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and depletion of glutathione (GSH), which resulted in a rapid increase in Nrf2 nuclear accumulation, as well as an induction of antioxidant response element (ARE)-driven genes. In addition, overexpression of Nrf2 protected against triptolide-induced cell death, whereas knockdown of Nrf2 by its specific small interfering RNA resulted in increased cytotoxicity. We also found that Nrf2 knockdown enhanced both the production of ROS and the depletion of GSH. Taken together, these results indicate that activation of Nrf2 plays a protective role against triptolide-induced cytotoxicity in NRK-52E cells through the counteraction of oxidative stress.
    Toxicology Letters 07/2012; 213(2):194-202. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aristolochic acid (AA), derived from the Aristolochia species, has been associated with aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN), which has emerged as a worldwide disease. Aristolochic acid I (AAI) is the main ingredient of AA, and the underlying mechanisms for AAI-induced nephrotoxicity are still unclear. In this study, we investigated whether endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress was involved in AAI-induced nephrotoxicity. The results showed that treatment of HK-2 cells (a human proximal tubular epithelial cell line) with AAI caused an increase in eukaryotic initiation factor-2α (eIF2α) phosphorylation, X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) mRNA splicing and the expression of glucose-regulated protein (GRP) 78 and CAAT/enhancer-binding protein-homologous protein (CHOP). These events represent typical markers of the ER stress-related signaling pathway. Pretreatment with 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA) or salubrinal (Sal) significantly inhibited AAI-induced apoptosis, indicating the role of ER stress in AAI-induced apoptosis. In addition, AAI-induced cell death followed an increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in HK-2 cells. Pretreatment with N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) or glutathione (GSH) significantly inhibited AAI-induced ER stress proteins and cell death, suggesting that ROS mediate AAI-induced ER stress. Taken together, these results suggest that the ER stress response is involved in apoptosis induced by AAI in HK-2 cells, thus offering a new insight into the nephrotoxicity of AAI.
    Toxicology in Vitro 03/2012; 26(5):663-71. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aloe-emodin (AE; 1,8-dihydroxy-3-hydroxymethyl-9,10-anthracenedione) is one of the primary active compounds in total rhubarb anthraquinones (TRAs), which induce nephrotoxicity in rats. However, it is still not known whether AE has a similar effect on human kidney cells. In this study, 3-(4,5,-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays showed that AE decreases the viability of HK-2 cells (a human proximal tubular epithelial cell line) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. AE induced G2/M arrest of cell cycle in HK-2 cells, which was detected with propidium iodide (PI) staining. This apoptosis was further investigated by Hoechst staining, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), DNA fragmentation, and Annexin V/PI staining. Apoptosis of the cells was associated with caspase 3 activation, which was detected by Western blot analysis and a caspase activity assay. In addition, changes in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) ultrastructure as observed by TEM showed the effects of AE on ER. Treatment with AE also resulted in an increase in eukaryotic initiation factor-2α (eIF-2α) phosphorylation, X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) mRNA splicing, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation, glucose-regulated protein (GRP) 78 and CAAT/enhancer-binding protein-homologous protein (CHOP) accumulation. These results suggest that AE induces ER stress in HK-2 cells, which is involved in AE-induced apoptosis. In conclusion, AE induces apoptosis in HK-2 cells, and the ER stress is involved in AE-induced apoptosis in vitro. The implications of the toxic effects of AE for clinical use are unclear and these findings should be taken into account in the risk assessment for human exposure.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 12/2011; 50(3-4):1149-58. · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Wuzhi tablet (WZ, registration no. in China: Z20025766) is a preparation of an ethanol herb extract of Wuweizi (Schisandra sphenanthera) containing 7.5 mg Schisantherin A per tablet. It was reported recently that WZ could significantly increase the blood concentrations of tacrolimus, which might be due to the inhibitory effect of WZ and its ingredients on P-gp and/or CYP450 activity. Paclitaxel is a substrate of the efflux transporter P-gp, and is mainly metabolized by CYP450 enzymes in the liver. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether and how WZ affects the pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel in rats. After pretreatment with WZ, there were significant increases in the AUC(0-24h) of oral paclitaxel (from 280.8 ± 97.3 to 543.5 ± 115.2 h ng/mL; p < 0.05) and C(max) (from 44.6 ± 16.4 to 86.8 ± 16.1 ng/mL; p < 0.05). The pharmacokinetic data for i.v. paclitaxel with WZ showed a relatively small (when compared against oral paclitaxel) but still significant increase in AUC(0-24h) (from 163.6 ± 22.1 to 212.7 ± 17.7 h ng/mL; p < 0.05) and a decrease in clearance (from 3.2 ± 0.6 to 2.2 ± 0.3 L/h/kg; p < 0.05). Thus, the presence of WZ improved the systemic exposure of paclitaxel in rats. The herb-drug interaction between WZ and paclitaxel should be taken into consideration in clinical use.
    Phytotherapy Research 08/2011; 25(8):1250-3. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Paclitaxel is a substrate of the efflux transporters such as P-glycoprotein, and is mainly metabolized by the liver. Schisandrol B (Sch B), one of the active components in Schisandra, has been reported to be able to inhibit the activity of P-gp and CYP3A. It might be possible that Sch B would alter the pharmacokinetic behavior of paclitaxel. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Sch B on the pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel administered orally and intravenously in rats. Paclitaxel were administered to rats orally (30 mg/kg) or intravenously (0.5 mg/kg) with or without the concomitant administration of Sch B (10 or 25 mg/kg). Oral pharmacokinetic parameters of paclitaxel were significantly altered when pretreated with Sch B. There were significant increases in AUC(0-24h) (from 297.7+/-110.3 to 838.9+/-302.1 h*ng/ml; p<0.05) and C(max) (from 51.7+/-20.1 to 136.4+/-35.5 ng/ml; p<0.05) in the presence of Sch B (25 mg/kg). The pharmacokinetic parameters for i.v. paclitaxel were not significantly affected by Sch B in contrast to that of oral administration. Since the presence of Sch B enhanced the systemic exposure of paclitaxel, their pharmacokinetic interaction should be taken into consideration. As the oral bioavailability of paclitaxel was increased about 3-fold in the presence of Sch B, the concomitant use of Sch B may provide a benefit in the oral delivery of paclitaxel.
    Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition 05/2010; 31(4):264-8. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Schisandrin B (Sch B) is an active ingredient of the fruit of Schisandra chinensis. It has many therapeutic effects arising from its tonic, sedative, antitussive and antiaging activities and is also used in the treatment of viral and chemical hepatitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of Sch B on cyclosporine A (CsA)-induced nephrotoxicity in mice and HK-2 cells (a human proximal tubular epithelial cell line). After gavage with Sch B (20 mg/kg) or olive oil (vehicle), mice received CsA (30 mg/kg) by subcutaneous injection once daily for four weeks. Renal function, histopathology, and tissue glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were evaluated after the last treatment. The effects of Sch B on CsA-induced oxidative damage in HK-2 cells were investigated by measuring cell viability, the release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the cellular GSH and ATP concentrations. Cellular apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry. Treatment with Sch B in CsA-treated mice significantly suppressed the elevation of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine levels and attenuated the histopathological changes. Additionally, Sch B also decreased renal MDA levels and increased GSH levels in CsA-treated mice. Using an in vitro model, Sch B (2.5, 5 and 10 μM) significantly increased the cell viability and reduced LDH release and apoptosis induced by CsA (10 μM) in HK-2 cells. Furthermore, Sch B increased the intracellular GSH and ATP levels and attenuated CsA-induced ROS generation. In conclusion, Sch B appears to protect against CsA-induced nephrotoxicity by decreasing oxidative stress and cell death.
    The American Journal of Chinese Medicine 40(3):551-66. · 2.28 Impact Factor