Zhen Wang

Fudan University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (16)51.44 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), as the activated fibroblasts in the tumour stroma, are important modifiers of tumour progression. In the present study, we observed that azoxymethane and dextran sodium sulphate treatments induced increasingly severe colorectal mucosal inflammation and the intratumoural accumulation of CAFs. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-1 and FGF-3 were detected in infiltrating cells, and FGFR4, the specific receptor for FGF-1 and FGF-3, was detected in colon cancer tissues. The phosphorylation of FGFR4 enhanced the production of metalloproteinase (MMP)-7 and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (Mek)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk), which was accompanied by excessive vessel generation and cell proliferation. Moreover, we separated CAFs, pericarcinoma fibroblasts (PFs), and normal fibroblasts (NFs) from human colon tissue specimens to characterise the function of CAFs. We observed that CAFs secrete more FGF-1/-3 than NFs and PFs and promote cancer cell growth and angiogenesis through the activation of FGFR4, which is followed by the activation of Mek/Erk and the modulation of MMP-7 expression. The administration of FGF-1/ -3-neutralising antibodies or the treatment of cells with FGFR4 siRNA or the FGFR4 inhibitor PD173074 markedly suppressed colon cancer cell proliferation and neovascularisation. These observations suggest a crucial role for CAFs and FGF signalling in the initiation and progression of colorectal cancer. The inhibition of the FGF signalling pathway may be a useful strategy for the treatment of colon cancer. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Cancer Science 07/2015; DOI:10.1111/cas.12745 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal cancers, partly due to its high level of drug resistance. β-Catenin is critical for drug resistance in pancreatic cancer, which occurs through multiple mechanisms. Here, we observed that miR-33a targeted the 3'UTR of β-catenin, inducing apoptosis and inhibiting the growth of human pancreatic cancer cells. Moreover, gemcitabine (GEM) treatment enhanced β-catenin expression by reducing miR-33a expression in a dose-dependent manner. GEM-resistant MiaPaCa-2(res) cells with a low level of miR-33a expression and high level of β-catenin expression adopted spindle-shaped morphologies, similar to their morphologies during the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and their normal morphologies were restored by miR-33a overexpression. Furthermore, miR-33a downregulated β-catenin nuclear translocation, decreasing the transcription of survivin, cyclin D1, and MDR-1, and the protein expression of slug, vimentin, and N-cadherin, thereby mediating sensitization to GEM. Thus, miR-33a might function as a tumor suppressor to downregulate β-catenin expression, affecting cell growth, apoptosis, the EMT, and GEM resistance.
    Tumor Biology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s13277-015-3679-5 · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal cancers, with less than 5% of patients surviving 5 years beyond diagnosis. Systemic therapies, particularly gemcitabine, have a modest clinical benefit, but chemoresistance limits their efficacy. Here, we demonstrate that plasma miR-33a levels positively correlated with miR-33a levels in tumor tissues of patients with PDAC and are a good prognostic indicator of overall survival. Overexpression of miR-33a inhibited tumor cell proliferation and increased the chemosensitivity to gemcitabine both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, miR-33a targets Pim-3 directly in PDAC. Pim-3 expression was a prognostic indicator related to poor survival in pancreatic cancer patients. Plasma miR-33a levels were significantly lower in pancreatic cancer patients with high Pim-3 protein expression than in healthy controls. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-33a in pancreatic cancer cell lines suppressed Pim-3 expression, leading to downregulation of the AKT/Gsk-3β/β-catenin pathway. Overall, these results indicate that miR-33a functions as a tumor suppressor that downregulates Pim-3 kinase expression to inhibit both pancreatic tumor growth and gemcitabine resistance via the AKT/β-catenin pathway. Hence, detection of plasma miR-33a may be a simple and convenient method of predicting therapeutic responses.
    Oncotarget 05/2015; · 6.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal human malignancies, with a poor long-term prognosis, and effective therapeutic options are lacking. Observing the dynamics of the pathogenesis of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) and PDAC in tumor models can facilitate understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in early PDAC. Furthermore, it can compensate for the research limitations associated with analyzing clinical specimens of late-stage PDAC. In this study, we orthotopically treated the pancreas with dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA) combined with caerulein in wild-type C57BL/6 J mice to induce inflammation-related pancreatic carcinogenesis. We observed that DMBA and caerulein treatment induced a chronic consumptive disease, which caused a decrease in the relative body and pancreas weights, diminishing the health status of the mice and enhancing the inflammation-related histological changes. Moreover, mid-dose and high-frequency treatment with caerulein caused prolonged inflammatory damage to the pancreas and contributed to a permissive environment for the development of PDAC. CXCL12/CXCR4, CCL2/CCR2, and several cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were upregulated in the tumor tissue of DMBA and caerulein-induced PDAC mice. This orthotopic mouse pancreatic carcinogenesis model mimic human disease because it reproduces a spectrum of pathological changes observed in human PDAC, ranging from inflammatory lesions to pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia. Thus, this mouse model may improve the understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying the injury-inflammation-cancer pathway in the early stages of pancreatic carcinogenesis.
    Tumor Biology 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s13277-015-3471-6 · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: To explore the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway, especially STAT3 acetylation, in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced pro-fibrotic responses in renal tubular epithelial cells. Methods: Rat renal tubular epithelial cell line (NRK-52E) was used. STAT3 acetylation and phosphorylation, as well as the expression of fibronectin, collagen IV and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) were examined using Western blotting. The level and localization of STAT3 phosphorylation on Tyr705 were detected with fluorescence immunocytochemistry. The cells were transfected with a plasmid vector carrying p300 gene or siRNA targeting p300 to regulate p300 expression. Results: Overexpression of p300 significantly increased STAT3 acetylation on Lys685, STAT3 phosphorylation on Tyr705, and the expression of TGF-β1, collagen IV and fibronectin in the cells. Treatment of the cells with Ang II (1 μmol/L) significantly increased STAT3 phosphorylation on Tyr705 through JAK2 activation, and dose-dependently increased the expression of fibronectin, collagen IV and TGF-β1. Pretreatment with curcumin, an inhibitor of JAK2 and p300, blocked Ang II-induced effects. Knockdown of p300 significantly decreased STAT3 acetylation on Lys685, and abolished Ang II-stimulated STAT3 phosphorylation on Tyr705, whereas pretreatment of the cells with C646, a selective inhibitor of p300, inhibited Ang II-induced STAT3 nuclear translocation and the expression of TGF-β1, collagen IV and fibronectin. Pretreatment of the cells with AG490, a JAK2 inhibitor, markedly inhibited Ang II-induced STAT3 phosphorylation on Tyr705 and fibronectin expression. Conclusion: p300-dependent STAT3 acetylation is necessary for Ang II-induced STAT3 phosphorylation and the consequent pro-fibrotic responses in renal tubular epithelial cells in vitro.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 08/2014; 35(9). DOI:10.1038/aps.2014.54 · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim:To explore the relationship between the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling and angiotesin II (Ang II)-induced renal fibrosis.Methods:Rat renal tubular epithelial NRK-52E cells were treated with Ang II, nicotinamide (an inhibitor of NAD+-dependent class III protein deacetylases, SIRT1-7), or resveratrol (an activator of SIRT1). Mice underwent unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) were used for in vivo studies. Renal interstitial fibrosis was observed with HE and Masson's trichrome staining. STAT3 acetylation and phosphorylation, fibronectin, collagen I and IV, and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) levels were examined using Western blotting.Results:Nicotinamide (0.625-10 mmol/L) dose-dependently increased STAT3 acetylation on Lys685 and phosphorylation on Tyr705 in NRK-52E cells, accompanied by accumulation of fibronectin and collagen IV. Ang II (0.001-10 μmol/L) dose-dependently increased STAT3 phosphorylation on Tyr705 and the expression of fibronectin, collagen IV and α-SMA in the cells. Pretreatment with resveratrol (12.5 μmol/L) blocked Ang II-induced effects in the cells. UUO induced marked STAT3 acetylation and phosphorylation, fibronectin, collagen IV and α-SMA accumulation, and renal interstitial fibrosis in the obstructed kidneys, which were significantly attenuated by daily administration of resveratrol (100 mg/kg, po).Conclusion:STAT3 acetylation plays an important role in Ang II-induced activation of STAT3 signaling pathway and consequent renal fibrosis.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 06/2014; 35(8). DOI:10.1038/aps.2014.42 · 2.50 Impact Factor
  • Bin Liu · Zhen Wang · Hong-Yu Li · Bo Zhang · Bo Ping · Ying-Yi Li
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    ABSTRACT: Pim-3, a proto-oncogene with serine/threonine kinase activity, is aberrantly expressed in malignant lesions, but not in normal pancreatic tissues. To assess the role of Pim-3 in human pancreatic carcinogenesis in vivo and to determine the underlying Pim-3 signaling regulatory mechanisms, we established MiaPaca-2 cells overexpressing wild-type Pim-3 or Pim-3 kinase dead mutants (K69M-Pim-3) as well as PCI55 cells stably expressing Pim-3 shRNA or scrambled shRNA in a tetracycline-inducible manner. In addition, we conducted studies utilizing a nude mouse tumor xenograft model. Our results demonstrated that cells stably overexpressing wild-type Pim-3 exhibited functionally enhanced phosphorylation of Bad at Ser112 and increased proliferation. In contrast, the stable inactivation of Pim-3 by K69M-Pim-3 or silencing of Pim-3 expression by Pim-3 shRNA resulted in functionally decreased phosphorylation of Bad at Ser112 and higher apoptotic cells. Following subcutaneous injection of these stable cell lines, nude mice injected with Pim-3 overexpressing cells developed 100% subcutaneous tumors, together with increased PCNA-positive cells and enhanced intratumoral CD31-positive vascular areas. On the other hand, intratumoral neovascularization and tumor cell proliferation was attenuated in mice injected with Pim-3 kinase inactive cells, eventually reducing tumorigenicity in these mice to 46.6%. Moreover, Pim-3 overexpression upregulated the intratumoral levels of pSTAT3Try705, pSurvivinThr34, HGF, EGF, FGF-2 and VEGF, while the increases were markedly diminished on Pim-3 kinase inactivation. Collectively, the Pim-3 kinase emerges as being involved in accelerating human pancreatic cancer development and in promoting tumor neovascularization and subsequent tumor growth. Targeting Pim-3 may play a dual role in halting tumor progression, by promoting tumor cell death and blocking angiogenesis.
    Oncology Reports 04/2014; 31(6). DOI:10.3892/or.2014.3158 · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Translationally-controlled tumor protein (TCTP/TPT1) was identified from a yeast two-hybrid screen and shown to interact with Pim-3, a member of the proto-oncogene Pim family with serine/threonine kinase activity. TCTP was aberrantly expressed in human pancreatic cancer cells and malignant ductal epithelial cells, but not in normal pancreatic duct epithelial cells adjacent to tumor foci of human pancreatic cancer tissue. Moreover, TCTP co-localized with Pim-3 both in human pancreatic cancer cells and clinical tissues. Mapping studies revealed that the interaction between Pim-3 and TCTP occurred through the C-terminal region of Pim-3 and N-terminal region of TCTP. Although Pim-3 had no effect on TCTP expression or phosphorylation, overexpression of TCTP increased the amount of Pim-3 in a dose-dependent manner. Interestingly, RNAi-mediated ablation of TCTP expression reduced Pim-3 protein but not mRNA, through a mechanism involving the ubiquitin-proteasome degradation system. As a consequence of Pim-3 instability and subsequent degradation, tumor growth in vitro and in vivo was inhibited by arresting cell cycle progression and enhancing apoptosis. Furthermore, TCTP and Pim-3 expression were significantly correlated in pancreatic adenocarcinoma specimens, and patients with highly expressed TCTP and Pim-3 presented with a more advanced tumor stage. These observations indicate that TCTP enhances Pim-3 stability to simultaneously promote and prevent cell cycle progression and apoptosis, respectively. Hence, TCTP and Pim-3 serve a pivotal role in human pancreatic cancer with important ramifications for clinical diagnostic and therapeutic implications. Implications: The present study provides a new idea and experimental evidence for recognizing TCTP/Pim-3 pathway as a target for therapy in human pancreatic cancer.
    Molecular Cancer Research 10/2013; 11(12). DOI:10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-13-0389 · 4.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Decrease in endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) was reported to participate in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). This study is aimed at exploring the relationship between the abnormalities in H2S metabolism, hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress and the activation of intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Cultured renal mesangial cells (MCs) and streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats were used for the studies. The expressions of angiotensinogen (AGT), angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), angiotensin II (Ang II) type I receptor (AT1), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and collagen IV were measured by real time PCR and Western blot. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was assessed by fluorescent probe assays. Cell proliferation was analyzed by 5'-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation assay. Ang II concentration was measured by an enzyme immunoassay. AGT, ACE and AT1 receptor mRNA levels and Ang II concentration were increased in high glucose (HG) -treated MCs, the cell proliferation rate and the production of TGF-β1 and of collagen IV productions were also increased. The NADPH oxidase inhibitor diphenylenechloride iodonium (DPI) was able to reverse the HG-induced RAS activation and the changes in cell proliferation and collagen synthesis. Supplementation of H2S attenuated HG-induced elevations in ROS and RAS activation. Blockade on H2S biosynthesis from cystathione-γ-lyase (CSE) by DL-propargylglycine (PPG) resulted in effects similar to that of HG treatment. In STZ-induced diabetic rats, the changes in RAS were also reversed by H2S supplementation without affecting blood glucose concentration. These data suggested that the decrease in H2S under hyperglycemic condition leads to an imbalance between oxidative and reductive species. The increased oxidative species results in intrarenal RAS activation, which, in turn, contributes to the pathogenesis of renal dysfunction.
    PLoS ONE 09/2013; 8(9):e74366. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0074366 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent evidences suggest that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress was involved in multi pathological conditions, including diabetic nephropathy (DN). X-box binding protein 1(XBP1), as a key mediator of ER stress, has been proved having the capability of preventing oxidative stress. In this study, we investigated the effects of spliced XBP1 (XBP1S), the dominant active form of XBP1, on high glucose (HG)-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis in cultured renal mesangial cells (MCs) and renal cortex of STZ-induced diabetic rats. Real time PCR and Western blot were used to evaluate the mRNA and protein levels respectively. Transfection of recombinant adenovirus vector carrying XBP1S gene (Ad-XBP1S) was used to upregulate XBP1S expression. XBP1S siRNA was used to knockdown XBP1S expression. ROS level was detected by dihydroethidium (DHE) fluorescent probe assay. The results showed that HG treatment significantly reduced XBP1S protein and mRNA level in the cultured MCs while no obvious change was observed in unspliced XBP1 (XBP1U). In the mean time, the ROS production, collagen IV and fibronectin expressions were increased. Diphenylene-chloride iodonium (DPI), a NADPH oxidase inhibtor, prevented HG-induced increases in ROS as well as collagen IV and fibronectin expressions. Transfection of Ad-XBP1S reversed HG-induced ROS production and ECM expressions. Knockdown intrinsic XBP1S expression induced increases in ROS production and ECM expressions. Supplementation of supreoxide reversed the inhibitory effect of Ad-XBP1S transfection on ECM synthesis. P47phox was increased in HG-treated MCs. Ad-XBP1S transfection reversed HG-induced p47phox increase while XBP1S knockdown upregulated p47phox expression. In the renal cortex of diabetic rats, the expression of XBP1S was reduced while p47phox, collagen IV and fibronectin expression were elevated. These results suggested that XBP1S pathway of ER stress was involved in HG-induced oxidative stress and ECM synthesis. A downstream target of XBP1S in regulating ROS formation might be NADPH oxidase.
    PLoS ONE 02/2013; 8(2):e56124. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0056124 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: P102 is a multifunctional transcriptional co-activator. This experiment is designed to investigate the role of p102 in the activation of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and sequentially extracellular matrix (ECM) over synthesis in diabetic nephropathy. Rat glomerular mesangial cells (MCs) or isolated glomeruli were cultured in normal glucose (NG, 5.5mM) or high glucose (HG, 25mM) DMEM. The generation of reactive oxygen species was measured by 2',7'-Dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) fluorescent probe assay. The protein levels were analyzed by Western blot and the mRNA levels were evaluated by real-time PCR. HG treatment induced an increase in reactive oxygen species production. Culturing the cells in HG for 48h, p102 mRNA and protein, angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT(1) receptor) mRNA, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and fibronectin proteins were significantly increased. NADPH oxidase inhibtor DPI blocked the HG-induced p102, TGF-β1 and fibronetcin elevations. Knockdown on p102 expression by siRNA depressed the HG-induced AT(1) receptor up-regulation as well as the increases in TGF-β1 and fibronectin. In contrast, AT(1) receptor antagonist candesartan did not influence p102 levels under either NG or HG condition, but blocked the HG-induced TGF-β1 and fibronectin increases. The results from isolated glomeruli were consistent with that of MCs, which showed that HG exposure stimulated the expression of p102. These results suggest that the overproduction of reactive oxygen species at the early stage of HG incubation stimulates p102 synthesis, which in turn up-regulates AT(1) receptor expression. The activation of RAS stimulates TGF-β1 and fibronectin production, which further results in ECM accumulation.
    European journal of pharmacology 01/2013; 702(1-3). DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2013.01.031 · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pim-3 kinase has been shown to be aberrantly expressed in premalignant and malignant lesions of endoderm-derived organs such as the liver, pancreas, colon and stomach. Pim-3 kinase inactivates the Bad protein, a proapoptotic molecule, and improves the expression of Bcl-xL, an antiapoptotic molecule, to promote cell proliferation. Thus, blocking Pim-3 kinase activity may be a new strategy for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. In this study, we screened low molecular compounds and observed that the stemonamide synthetic intermediate, T-18, potently inhibited Pim kinase activity. Moreover, T-18 inhibited the proliferation of human pancreatic, as well as that of hepatocellular and colon cancer cells in vitro. It also induced the apoptosis of human pancreatic carcinoma cells in vitro by decreasing the levels of phospho-Ser112-Bad; the levels of Pim-3 kinase and total Bad protein were not altered. Furthermore, T-18 inhibited the growth of human pancreatic cancer cells in nude mice without apparent adverse effects when the tumor was palpable. These observations indicate that stemonamide synthetic intermediates may be novel drugs for the treatment of gastrointestinal cancers, particularly pancreatic cancer.
    Oncology Reports 01/2013; DOI:10.3892/or.2013.2233 · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a major form of chronic inflammation that can frequently progress to colon cancer. Several studies have demonstrated massive infiltration of neutrophils and macrophages into the lamina propria and submucosa in the progression of UC-associated colon carcinogenesis. Macrophages contribute to the development of colitis-associated colon cancer (CAC). However, the role of neutrophils is not well understood. To better understand the involvement of tumor-associated neutrophils (TANs) in the regulation of CAC, we used a mouse CAC model produced by administering azoxymethane (AOM), followed by repeated dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) ingestion. This causes severe colonic inflammation and subsequent development of multiple tumors in mice colon. We observed that colorectal mucosal inflammation became increasingly severe with AOM and DSS treatment. Macrophages infiltrated the lamina propria and submucosa, together with a marked increase in neutrophil infiltration. The chemokine CXCL2 increased in the lamina propria and submucosal regions of the colons of the treated mice, together with the infiltration of neutrophils expressing CXCR2, a specific receptor for CXCL2. This process was followed by neoplastic transformation. After AOM and DSS treatment, the mice showed enhanced production of metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and neutrophil elastase (NE), accompanied by excessive vessel generation and cell proliferation. Moreover, CXCL2 promoted neutrophil recruitment and induced neutrophils to express MMP-9 and NE in vitro. Furthermore, administration of neutrophil-neutralizing antibodies after the last DSS cycle markedly reduced the number and size of tumors and decreased the expression of CXCR2, CXCL2, MMP-9, and NE. These observations indicate a crucial role for TANs in the initiation and progression of CAC and suggest that the CXCL2-CXCR2 axis might be useful in reducing the risk of UC-associated colon cancer.
    PLoS ONE 12/2012; 7(12):e51848. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0051848 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • Hong Xue · Li Zhou · Ping Yuan · Zhen Wang · Jun Ni · Tai Yao · Jun Wang · Yu Huang · Chen Yu · Limin Lu
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    ABSTRACT: In the updated concept of renin-angiotensin system (RAS), it contains the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)-angiotensin (Ang) II-angtiogensin type 1 receptor (AT1) axis and the angiotensin-converting enzyme-related carboxypeptidase (ACE2)-Ang-(1-7)-Mas axis. The former axis has been well demonstrated performing the vasoconstrictive, proliferative and pro-inflammatory functions by activation of AT1 receptors, while the later new identified axis is considered counterbalancing the effects of the former. The present study is aimed at observing the interaction between Ang-(1-7) and Ang II on cultured rat renal mesangial cells (MCs). RT-PCR, Western blot and immunofluorescent staining and confocal microscopy results showed that both AT1 and Mas receptor were co-distributed in rat renal MCs. Ang-(1-7) showed similar effects on Ang II in cultured MCs that stimulated phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 phosphorylation and transforms growth factor-β1 synthesis, and cell proliferation and extracellular matrix synthesis. Co-treatment of the cell with Ang-(1-7) and Ang II, Ang-(1-7) counteracted AngII-induced effects in a concentration dependent manner, but failed to alter the changes induced by endothelin-1. The stimulating effect of Ang II was mediated by AT1 receptor while all the effects of Ang-(1-7) were blocked by Mas receptor antagonist A-779, but not by AT1 receptor antagonist losartan or AT2 receptor antagonist PD123319. These results suggest that Ang-(1-7) and Ang II specifically interact with each other on rat renal MCs via activation of their specific receptors, Mas and AT1 receptor respectively.
    Regulatory Peptides 05/2012; 177(1-3):12-20. DOI:10.1016/j.regpep.2012.04.002 · 2.01 Impact Factor
  • Li Zhou · Hong Xue · Zhen Wang · Jun Ni · Tai Yao · Yu Huang · Chen Yu · Limin Lu
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    ABSTRACT: The kidney is an important target for both Angiotensin II and angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] in the renin-angiotensin system. However, the renal function of Ang-(1-7) remains unclear. This study is aimed at investigating the effect of Ang-(1-7) on high glucose-induced epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cultured renal epithelial cells. Cultured renal epithelial (NRK-52E) cell line was used in the experiment. Fluorescence immunocytochemistry was performed to observe α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). Real-time PCR and Western blot were used to determine mRNA and protein levels. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the concentration of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in the culture media. High glucose-induced decreased in both angiotensin-converting enzyme-related carboxypeptidase (ACE2) and Mas mRNA levels. Meanwhile, high glucose induced increases in α-SMA and vimentin, decreases in E-cadherin, elevations in TGF-β1 and fibronectin secretions. Ang-(1-7) partially reversed high glucose-induced changes in α-SMA, vimentin, E-cadherin, TGF-β1 and fibronectin. High glucose stimulated ERK, p38 and JNK phosphorylation and Ang-(1-7) reversed the changes in ERK and p38 but not JNK phosphorylation. Inhibition and insufficiency in ACE2-Ang-(1-7)-Mas axis under high glucose condition participate EMT. Supplementation of Ang-(1-7) attenuates high glucose-induced EMT. ERK and p38 intracellular signaling pathways, not JNK, mediate the effect of Ang-(1-7) on EMT.
    Life sciences 03/2012; 90(11-12):454-62. DOI:10.1016/j.lfs.2011.12.015 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is considered as the third gasotransmitter after nitric oxide and carbon monoxide. This gas molecule participates in the regulation of renal function. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the major chronic complications of diabetes. The present study aimed to explore the changes in H(2)S metabolism in the early stage of DN and the effects of H(2)S on cultured rat renal glomerular mesangial cells (MCs). Cultured rat MCs and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats were used in this study. Expression levels of cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and collagen IV in rat renal cortex and in cultured MCs were determined by quantitative real-time PCR and western blot. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) released from rat MCs was assessed by fluorescent probe assays. MCs proliferation was analyzed by 5'-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation assay. H(2)S levels in the plasma and renal cortex and the levels of CSE messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein in renal cortex were significantly reduced, while the levels of TGF-β1 and collagen IV increased 3 weeks after STZ injection. Administration of NaHS, a H(2)S donor, reversed the increases in TGF-β1 and collagen IV in diabetic rats. By contrast, NaHS did not alter the TGF-β1 and collagen IV levels in non-diabetic rats. But NaHS lowered the CSE mRNA level in renal cortex. Exposure to high glucose promoted ROS generation and cell proliferation, up-regulated the expression of TGF-β1 and collagen IV but decreased the CSE expression in cultured MCs. Treatment of cultured MCs with NaHS reversed the effect of high glucose. NaHS did not change ROS generation, cell proliferation, TGF-β1 and collagen IV expression in the cells cultured with normal glucose. Reduction of endogenous H(2)S generation by DL-propargylglycine, a CSE inhibitor, produced similar cellular effects as high glucose, including increases in cell proliferation, TGF-β1 and collagen IV expressions and ROS generation. Suppressed CSE-catalyzed endogenous H(2)S production in the kidney by hyperglycemia may play an important role in the pathogenesis of DN.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 06/2011; 26(7):2119-26. DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfq749 · 3.49 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

96 Citations
51.44 Total Impact Points


  • 2011–2015
    • Fudan University
      • • Department of Oncology
      • • Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China