Zheng Wu

Capital Medical University, Beijing, Beijing Shi, China

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Publications (18)31.1 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Drug-eluting stents represent a major advance in interventional cardiology. However, the current drug-eluting stents have significant limitations. One of the major problems is very late stent thrombosis, which is likely caused by inflammation and a hypersensitivity reaction related to a polymer on the stent. A polymer-free sirolimus-eluting stent with a unique nano-porous surface has been developed. This study aimed to evaluate this novel polymer-free sirolimus-eluting stent for its efficacy and safety in a pig model. Stents were directly coated with sirolimus (a drug concentration of 2.2 µg/mm(2) on the stent surface). The polymer-free sirolimus-eluting stents (PFSES) were compared to standard polymer-coated sirolimus-eluting stents (PCSES) and bare-metal stents (BMS) in 18 pigs. At one month the degree of neointimal hyperplasia was similar between the two sirolimus-eluting stent groups and was significantly less compared to BMS ((1.93±0.51) mm(2), (1.57±0.69) mm(2) vs. (4.45±1.05) mm(2), P < 0.05) At three months, PFSES maintained the low level of neointima ((2.41±0.99) mm(2) vs. (4.32±1.16) mm(2), P < 0.05), whereas PCSES had developed significant neointimal proliferation similar to BMS. The inflammation level was significantly higher in PCSES when compared with BMS three months post-implantation (2.50±0.55 vs. 0.83±0.75, P < 0.05) whereas PFSES showed a low level of inflammation comparable to PCSES (1.33±0.52 vs. 2.50±0.55, P < 0.05). The PFSES is effective and safe, and appears to be superior to standard PCSEs.
    Chinese medical journal 12/2013; 126(24):4731-5. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Repeat percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with unfavorable prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease, but there is a current lack of related systematic cross-sectional studies in China. The survey was to investigate a real world of repeat PCIs and their associated factors during the drug eluting stent era in a Beijing high volume center. A comprehensive review of the institution's database between January 2006 and July 2009 was conducted. Demographic information, concomitant diseases, peri-procedure laboratory examinations and angiographic features were collected consecutively. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was undertaken to explore the risk factors associated with repeat PCIs. A total of 13 404 patients were included in the analysis. Of which, 1946 patients (14.5%) had prior PCI procedure. More males patients had previous PCI than the females (15.7% vs 10.9%, P < 0.001). After adjustment for age, gender, concomitant diseases, angiographic and procedural factors, a multivariate model showed that male, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and previous myocardial infarction, left main disease were identified as independent risk factors of repeat PCIs. Of which, previous myocardial infarction (odds ratio: 2.58, 95% confidence interval: 2.27 - 2.92) was highly related with repeat PCIs. The frequency of repeat PCIs was 14.5% in this cross-sectional investigation, and their associated factors included male, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and previous MI and left main disease during drug eluting stent era.
    Chinese medical journal 02/2013; 126(3):446-9. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Data from epidemiological studies related to the association of cholecystectomy and pancreatic cancer (PaC) risk are inconsistent. We conducted a meta-analysis of observational studies to explore this relationship. We identified studies by a literature search of Medline (from 1 January 1966) and EMBASE (from 1 January 1974), through 30 June 2011, and by searching the reference lists of pertinent articles. Summary relative risks with their 95% confidence intervals were calculated with a random-effects model. Between-study heterogeneity was assessed using Cochran's Q statistic and the I (2). A total of 18 studies (10 case-control studies, eight cohort studies) were included in this meta-analysis. Analysis of these 18 studies found that cholecystectomy was associated with a 23% excess risk of PaC (SRR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.12-1.35), with moderate heterogeneity among these studies (p (heterogeneity) = 0.006, I (2) = 51.0%). Sub-grouped analyses revealed that the increased risk of PaC was independent of geographic location, gender, study design and confounders. There was no publication bias in the current meta-analysis. The results of this meta-analysis suggest that individuals with a history of cholecystectomy may have an increased risk of pancreatic cancer.
    Cancer Causes and Control 01/2012; 23(1):59-67. DOI:10.1007/s10552-011-9856-y · 3.20 Impact Factor
  • International journal of cardiology 09/2011; 153(1):81-2. DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.08.068 · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • The American Journal of Cardiology 04/2011; 107(8). DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2011.02.067 · 3.43 Impact Factor
  • The American Journal of Cardiology 04/2011; 107(8). DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2011.02.274 · 3.43 Impact Factor
  • The American Journal of Cardiology 04/2011; 107(8). DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2011.02.079 · 3.43 Impact Factor
  • The American Journal of Cardiology 04/2011; 107(8):36A. DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2011.02.077 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether thrombus aspiration plus intra-infarct-related artery bolus administration of tirofiban via the aspiration catheter is superior to thrombus aspiration alone in improving myocardial perfusion in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary angioplasty. In this single center retrospective study, 108 patients with STEMI who underwent angioplasty after thrombus aspiration plus intra-infarction related artery 500 µg tirofiban administration, with subsequent 12-hour intravenous infusion of 0.1 µg×kg(-1)×min(-1) after angioplasty (thrombus aspiration + tirofiban group) and 108 matched control patients with STEMI who underwent angioplasty after thrombus aspiration (thrombus aspiration group). The primary end points included thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow immediately after angioplasty, complete ST-segment elevation resolution (> 70%) at 90 minutes after angioplasty and the peak of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and troponin I (TnI). The secondary end points were the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in the hospital and at 9 months follow-up as well as major adverse cardiac events (MACE: cardiac death, target vessel revascularization, re-infarction) at 9 months and any bleeding events. Baseline characteristics of the two groups were well-balanced. The TIMI 3 flow rate (97.22% vs. 87.04%, P = 0.011) and the complete ST-segment resolution rate (66.67% vs. 50.91%, χ(2) = 6.129, P = 0.047)were significantly higher in the thrombus aspiration + tirofiban group than in the thrombus aspiration group. The peak of CK-MB (83.9 U/L vs. 126.1 U/L, P = 0.034) and TnI (42.7 ng/ml vs. 72.5 ng/ml, P = 0.029) were significantly lower in the thrombus aspiration + tirofiban group than in the thrombus aspiration group. LVEF in the hospital favored thrombus aspiration + tirofiban the group (45.7% ± 10.8%, 42.9% ± 9.9%, t = 1.99, P = 0.049). There was a tendency to decreased MACE rate at 9-month follow-up, which favored thrombus aspiration + tirofiban the group (logrank χ(2) = 2.865, P = 0.09). Bleeding events were similar between the two groups. Thrombus aspiration plus intra-infarct-related artery bolus administration of tirofiban in patients with STEMI undergoing primary angioplasty may improve myocardium perfusion, attenuate myocardial ischemia and result in a better clinical prognosis compared to thrombus aspiration alone.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 10/2010; 38(10):880-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Renal artery stenosis (RAS) with a bifurcation lesion is a challenge for interventional therapy. The aim of this study is to summarize our experience in RAS with a bifurcation lesion. Five patients with RAS involving bifurcation lesion are described. In cases 1 to 3, a single-stent strategy was first adopted. However, these three patients were converted to a two-stent strategy for bailout stent implantation in the side branches. In cases 4 and 5, a simultaneous kissing stent technique was performed. Angiography showed that the reference vascular diameter of the main branch was much larger than those of the side branches. Although obvious residual stenosis existed in cases 1 to 3 after stent implantation, no obvious residual stenosis was seen in cases 4 and 5. Renal artery duplex sonography was performed in cases 1 through 5 at 6, 7, 7, 8, and 6 months, respectively, after the procedures. No evidence of restenosis or occlusion was seen. In conclusion, stent implantation with the simultaneous kissing stent technique may result in more simple and more satisfactory immediate angiographic results.
    Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 08/2010; 11(8):561-7. DOI:10.1631/jzus.B1001001 · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of DES in the setting of primary PCI in our single center. From September 2004 to November 2008, 464 patients undergoing primary PCI for STEMI were included at the 28th Division in Beijing Anzhen Hospital. The adverse events were compared among different types of DES. The major adverse cardiac events [MACE, including sudden cardiac death, stent thrombosis, target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), reinfarction and coronary artery bypass graft], all-cause death, major bleeding, anti-platelet therapy and secondary prevention of coronary heart disease of different types of DES were no significant differences. The cumulative incidence of MACE and stent thrombosis were 9.3% and 1.1% respectively, different types of DES were 9.4%, 5.1%, 5.9%, 6.6% (P = 0.483) and 3.1%, 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0% (P = 0.092) respectively. The patients in the DES group had longer duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (average 16.2 ± 6.7 months). No major bleeding occurred in all patients with the long-term and low-dose aspirin (100 mg). Different types of DES have the same results in the setting of primary PCI, and were long-term safe and effective with a reasonable strategy for anti-platelet therapy and secondary prevention.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 08/2010; 90(30):2103-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether early catheterization laboratory activation would reduce median door-to-balloon time in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Consecutive patients with STEMI underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from January 2006 to December 2008 in Beijing Anzhen Hospital were analyzed. Patients were divided into three groups. Group A included patients without prehospital ECG (n = 168), group B included patients with prehospital ECG (n = 224) and group C included patients with prehospital ECG and early telephonic notification to activate catheterization laboratory (n = 114). Primary end point was door-to-balloon time, secondary end points included peak Troponin I elevation, left ventricular ejection fraction, length of hospital stay, hospital mortality and 30 days follow-up mortality. Baseline characteristics were similar among groups. Door-to-balloon time and door-to-catheter laboratory time (110 minutes, 94 minutes and 85 minutes, respectively, all P < 0.01; 91 minutes, 74 minutes and 64 minutes, respectively, all P < 0.01) were significantly shorter in group B and C than those in group A. The percentage of patients with door-to-balloon time less than 90 minutes increased significantly from 32% in group A to 43% in group B and 59% in group C (P < 0.01). Early activation of catheterization laboratory by prehospital ECG and telephonic notification could markedly reduce door-to-balloon time in patients with STEMI.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 07/2010; 38(7):625-8.
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    ABSTRACT: We developed a new combined strategy of thrombus aspiration plus intra-infarct-related artery (IRA) bolus administration of tirofiban via the aspiration catheter in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This strategy can reduce the distal embolism and achieve highly localized concentrations of tirofiban, which can improve myocardial reperfusion without increasing the risk of bleeding. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this combined strategy is superior to thrombus aspiration alone in improving myocardial perfusion in patients with STEMI undergoing primary angioplasty. This single center study included 108 matched control patients with STEMI, angioplasty after thrombus aspiration, and 108 study patients with STEMI plus intra-IRA administration of 500 microg of tirofiban. Both groups had subsequent 12-hour intravenous infusion of 0.1 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1) of tirofiban after angioplasty. The primary end points were Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow immediately after angioplasty, ST-segment elevation resolution (STR) (> 70%) at 90 minutes after angioplasty, and the peak of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and troponin I (TnI). The secondary end points were the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in the hospital and at nine months follow-up, cardiac death, target vessel revascularization (TVR), re-infarction and the combination of these three as major adverse cardiac events (MACE) within nine months and any bleeding events. Baseline characteristics of the two groups were well-balanced. The TIMI 3 flow showed a better tendency in the intra-IRA group than in the aspiration alone group (97.22% vs. 87.04%, chi(2) = 7.863, P = 0.049). The peak of CK-MB (83.9 (68.9 - 310.5) U/L vs. 126.1 (74.7 - 356.7) U/L, P = 0.034) and TnI (42.7 (14.7 - 113.9) ng/ml vs. 72.5 (59.8 - 135.3) ng/ml, P = 0.029) were lower in the intra-IRA group than in the aspiration alone group. LVEF in the hospital favored the intra-IRA group, (45.7 +/- 8.3)% to (42.9 +/- 12.1)%, t = 1.98, P = 0.049. There was a tendency towards a lower MACE at 9-month follow-up in the intra-IRA group although it did not reach statistical difference (Log-rank chi(2) = 2.865, P = 0.09). There was no statistical difference in any bleeding events between the two groups. Thrombus aspiration plus intra-IRA bolus administration of tirofiban combined with angioplasty may be related with improved myocardium perfusion, saved more myocardium, and resulted in a better clinical prognosis.
    Chinese medical journal 04/2010; 123(7):877-83. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the regenerative capacity and proliferation related to cell cycle modulators in irradiated livers after partial hepatectomy (PH) in rats. Two experimental groups were given a single dose of either 4-Gy or 8-Gy photon radiation to the whole liver following PH. The control group underwent only PH, without irradiation. The liver specimens were analysed for apoptosis, proliferation and cell cycle related genes between 0.5 and 12 days. Mean change in weight of the remnant liver in the 8-Gy group was significantly lower than in the control and 4-Gy groups. The apex of proliferating cell nuclear antigen labelling and bromodeoxyuridine incorporation index in two irradiated groups were also apparently lower than that in control group. After PH, transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGFbeta1), and the type II receptor of TGFbeta (TGFbetaR-II), anti-tumour protein 53(p53) and anti-tumour protein21(p21) protein expression in the irradiated livers was higher than in unirradiated ones. Significant apoptosis was noted in 8-Gy group. However, the maximal value of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) mRNA and protein expression in the irradiated group was suppressed and restoration of liver function was delayed. Whole liver lower dose irradiation can attenuate regenerative capacity following partial hepatectomy in rats.
    International Journal of Radiation Biology 12/2009; 85(12):1114-25. DOI:10.3109/09553000903242115 · 1.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the components of retrieved materials from the culprit lesion in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients by manual aspiration during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Visible retrieved materials were collected, fixed in formalin and processed for paraffin embedding, sectioned and stained with hematoxylin and eosin (HE). The retrieved materials were microscopically divided into erythrocyte-rich thrombi, platelet/fibrin-rich thrombi, combined thrombi (similar proportions of erythrocytes and platelet/fibrin components), atherosclerotic plaque materials and edematous components. Based on pathological findings, thrombus materials were classified into fresh (< 1 d), lytic (1-5 d), fresh/lytic and organized thrombi (> 5 d) after formation. All patients were further classified into plaque positive and plaque negative groups. Clinical and angiographic data were also obtained for analyzing possible association between pathological findings and surrogates of myocardial reperfusion, including myocardial blush grade (MBG), enzymatic estimated infarction size (peak CK and CK-MB levels), left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) which were assessed 16 h after procedure. Visible samples were collected from 49 patients by manual catheter aspiration (thrombus components in 46 patients, atherosclerotic plaque only in 3 patients). Frequency of erythrocyte-rich thrombi, platelet/fibrin-rich thrombi and combined thrombi were 41.3% (19/46), 30.4% (14/46) and 28.2% (13/46), respectively. The incidence of fresh, lytic, fresh/lytic and organized thrombi were 47.8% (22/46), 32.6% (15/46), 10.9% (5/46) and 8.7% (4/46), respectively. Plaque materials were found in 57.1% (28/49) patients, including ruptured plaque accompanied by thrombus formation [8.2% (4/49)], fibrous plaque [6.1% (3/49)] and thickened intima [2.0% (1/49)]. Baseline characteristics did not differ between plaque positive (n = 28) and plaque negative (n = 21) groups. Ratios of MBG 3 were higher in plaque positive group than in plaque negative group [82.1% (23/28) vs. 52.4% (11/21), P = 0.025]. Peak CK and CK-MB levels were lower in the former than in the later [(1705 +/- 1647) U/L vs. (2629 +/- 2013) U/L, P = 0.042; (146 +/- 136) microg/L vs. (258 +/- 215) microg/L, P = 0.016; respectively]. Furthermore, LVEF were higher in plaque positive group than in plaque negative group (0.59 +/- 0.10 vs. 0.52 +/- 0.08, P = 0.012). Manual catheter aspiration during primary PCI in STEMI patients is an effective way for removing thrombus and plaque materials, and plaque debulking before stenting or pre-dilation and this procedure might probably improve myocardial reperfusion, limit infarction size and improve cardiac function.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 09/2009; 37(9):785-9.
  • Chinese medical journal 06/2009; 122(10):1223-6. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To retrospectively investigate the difference in survival of pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients treated by radical surgery with or without adjuvant radiation therapy. Forty-four patients with pancreatic cancer underwent surgical resection with a curative intent, and were divided into two groups: surgery alone (n = 24) or surgery combined with postoperative external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) (n = 20). Survival as an endpoint was analyzed between the two groups. All 44 patients completed their scheduled treatment. The median survival time of the patients treated with radical resection alone was 379 days versus 665 days for those treated with combined therapy. The 1-, 3-, 5-year survival rates of the patients treated with radical resection alone were 46.3%, 8.3%, 4.2% versus 65.2%, 20.2%, 14.1% for the patients treated with combined therapy, respectively, with a significant difference between the two groups (P = 0.017). The failures in local-regional relapse were significantly lower in the postoperative EBRT group than that in the surgery alone group (P < 0.05), while the additional postoperative radiation therapy did not increase the complication rate (P > 0.05). Postoperative external beam radiation therapy can improve the survival in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 05/2009; 31(4):308-11.
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    ABSTRACT: A growing volume of data suggests that simple manual thrombus aspiration followed by direct stenting improves myocardial reperfusion and clinical outcome compared with conventional primary PCI, but there is still limited data comparing the in vivo performance among different devices. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and operability of thrombus aspiration by the Diver CE (Invatec, Brescia, Italy) and ZEEK (Zeon Medical Inc., Tokyo, Japan) aspiration catheters in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and their impact on 3-month outcome. From September 2004 to June 2008, 298 consecutive patients with STEMI who received manual thrombus aspiration were involved in a single center retrospective analysis. Of them, 229 and 69 were treated with Diver CE and ZEEK aspiration catheters, respectively. Primary endpoints were myocardial blush grade (MBG), thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade, ST-segment elevation resolution (STR), device pushability and trackability as judged by the frequency of usage of dual guide wires and aspiration efficacy as indicated by size distribution of aspirated thrombi. Secondary endpoints were 3-month outcome including left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), as well as cardiac death, target lesion revascularization (TLR), re-infarction and their combination as major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Baseline characteristics were not different between the two groups expect for a higher frequency of temporary cardiac pacing in the ZEEK group (ZEEK) than in the Diver CE group (Diver CE) (0.44% vs 5.8%, P = 0.002). Visible retrieved thrombi were achieved in 65.9% of the Diver CE and 68.1% of the ZEEK (P = 0.74). Aspirated thrombi were categorized as small thrombi (< 3.5 mm), moderate thrombi (3.5-7.0 mm) and large thrombi (> 7.0 mm). Small thrombi were more frequently seen in the Diver CE (61.6% vs 42.6%), whereas moderate and larger thrombi were more frequently found in the ZEEK (38.4% vs 57.4%) (P = 0.021). Rates of dual wire utilization were 1.7% of the Diver CE and 7.2% of the ZEEK (P = 0.052). There were no differences in MBG, STR and TIMI flow grade between the two groups. No differences were found in cardiac death, TLR, re-infarction, MACE, LVEDD and LVEF between the Diver CE and the ZEEK during 3-month follow-up. Both Diver CE and ZEEK manual aspiration catheters are effective for thrombectomy in STEMI. In clinical practice, ZEEK presents a stronger aspiration capacity for moderate to large thrombi compared with Diver CE, but Diver CE displays a trend towards better pushability and trackability than ZEEK. Differences in aspiration capacity and operability between Diver CE and ZEEK in this setting do not influence myocardial reperfusion and 3-month outcome.
    Chinese medical journal 04/2009; 122(6):648-54. · 1.02 Impact Factor