Yoshinobu Maeda

Okayama University, Okayama, Okayama, Japan

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Publications (71)312.45 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major cause of late death and morbidity after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation, but its pathogenesis remains unclear. We investigated the role of the programmed death-1 (PD-1) pathway in chronic GVHD using a well-defined mouse model of B10.D2 (H-2(d)) donor to BALB/c (H-2(d)) recipients. PD-1 expression on allogeneic donor T cells was upregulated continuously in chronic GVHD development, whereas PD-L1 expression in host tissues was transiently upregulated and declined to basal levels in the late posttransplant period. Blockade of the PD-1 pathway by anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 mAbs exacerbated clinical and pathologic chronic GVHD. Chimeric mice revealed that PD-L1 expression in host tissues suppressed expansion of IL-17(+)IFN-γ(+) T cells, and that PD-L1 expression on hematopoietic cells plays a role in the development of regulatory T cells only during the early transplantation period but does not affect the severity of chronic GVHD. Administration of the synthetic retinoid Am80 overcame the IL-17(+)IFN-γ(+) T cell expansion caused by PD-L1 deficiency, resulting in reduced chronic GVHD damage in PD-L1(-/-) recipients. Stimulation of the PD-1 pathway also alleviated chronic GVHD. These results suggest that the PD-1 pathway contributes to the suppression of Th17/Th1-mediated chronic GVHD and may represent a new target for the prevention or treatment of chronic GVHD.
    Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Primary cutaneous γδ T-cell lymphoma (PCGD-TCL) is an aggressive lymphoma consisting of clonal proliferation of mature activated γδ T-cells of a cytotoxic phenotype. Because PCGD-TCL is a rare disease, there are few clinicopathological study reports. In addition, T-cell receptor (TCR) γδ cells are typically immunostained in frozen sections or determined by TCRβ negativity. We retrospectively analyzed 17 primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas of the γδ phenotype (CTCL-γδ) in a clinicopathological and molecular study using paraffin-embedded sections. Eleven of 17 patients had CTCL-γδ without subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL) features and 6 had CTCL-γδ with SPTCL features. Immunophenotypically, some significant differences were found in CD8 and CD56 positivity between our patient series of CTCL-γδ patients with SPTCL features and SPTCL-γδ patients described in the previous literature. The univariate analysis of 17 CTCL-γδ patients showed that more than 60 years old age, presence of visceral organ involvement, and small-to-medium cell size were poor prognostic factors. In addition, the 5-year overall survival rate was 42.4% for the CTCL-γδ patients without SPTCL features and 80.0% for those with SPTCL features. Consequently, there was a strikingly significant difference in overall survival among SPTCL, CTCL-γδ with SPTCL features and CTCL-γδ without SPTCL features (P = 0.0005). Our data suggests that indolent subgroup may exist in CTCL-γδ. Studies on more cases including multinational areas are warranted to delineate the clinicopathological features and the significance in these rare lymphomas.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Cancer Science 05/2014; · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is a devastating complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We retrospectively studied 465 patients who underwent HSCT in the Okayama BMT Group between 2000 and 2009, and describe the detailed clinical features of 13 patients with BO. The 5-year cumulative incidence of BO was 3.43 %. The median time from transplantation to onset of BO was 15 months. In seven of the 13 patients, the primary symptom was only cough, indicating that cough was an important initial symptom for early diagnosis. The median duration from the onset of BO to the requirement of O2 supplementation was 13 months and the main cause of death was respiratory failure. History of chronic graft-versus-host disease was a significant risk factor. Furthermore, female recipients were at greater risk of BO than male recipients; however, no other previously reported risk factors were detected. It is currently difficult to prevent BO on the basis of the reported risk factors. A novel strategy for the early diagnosis and treatment of BO is required.
    International journal of hematology 03/2014; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Follicular lymphoma (FL) of the gastrointestinal tract, particularly duodenal follicular lymphoma (DFL), is a rare variant of FL with indolent clinical behavior, and this disease is included in 2008 WHO classifications. In contrast to nodal follicular lymphoma (NFL), DFL occurs most frequently in the second part of the duodenum, lacks follicular dendritic cell meshworks, and has memory B-cell characteristics. However, its molecular pathogenesis is still unclear. In the present study, we examined 10 DFL, 18 NFL, 10 gastric MALT lymphoma samples by gene expression analysis. Quantitative RT-PCR experiments and immunohistochemical analysis for 72 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues from an independent series, including 32 DFL, 19 gastric MALT lymphoma, and 27 NFL samples were performed for validation of microarray data. Gene expression profiles of the 3 lymphoma types were compared using 2,918 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and results suggested that DFL shares characteristics of MALT lymphoma. Among these DEGs, CCL20, and MAdCAM-1 were up-regulated in DFL and MALT but down-regulated in NFL. In contrast, protocadherin gamma subfamily genes were up-regulated in DFL and NFL. Quantitative RT-PCR and immunohistochemical studies demonstrated concordant results. Double immunofluorescence studies revealed that CCL20 and CCR6 were co-expressed in both DFL and MALT. We hypothesize that increased expression of CCL20 and MAdCAM-1 and co-expression of CCL20 and CCR6 may play an important role in tumorigenesis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Cancer Science 03/2014; · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We recently reported frequent detection of antibiotic-resistant bacteria on the oral mucosa during the period of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and suggested an association between oral mucositis and antibiotic-resistant bacterial infection. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp. were frequently detected, and the oral cavity may be a reservoir of the gene mediating methicillin resistance, mecA. Here, we examined the frequency of mecA carriers in patients undergoing HCT. Fifty-nine patients (male (M) = 37, female (F) = 22, 47.3 ± 11.0 years) receiving HCT were enrolled in this study. Buccal swab samples were obtained four times from day -7 to day +20 (once/week), and mecA was detected by PCR. Fifty-two subjects without systemic disease, who completed dental treatment, especially periodontal treatment (M = 21, F = 31, 55.4 ± 14.2 years), were also enrolled as controls and checked for mecA on the oral mucosa. Seventy-six percent (45/59) of the HCT patients carried mecA at least once in the study period (days -7 to +20), while no control subjects had mecA. The frequency of mecA carriers was 19.2 % from days -7 to -1, while it was significantly increased on days +7 to +13 and +14 to +20, with frequencies of 60.9 and 63.2 %, respectively (P < 0.01, ANOVA). mecA was detected in oral mucosa of patients undergoing HCT. The high detection frequency of staphylococci resistant to penicillin and beta-lactams in our recent report was supported.
    Supportive Care in Cancer 02/2014; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cases of low-grade B-cell lymphoma presenting primarily in the bone marrow are rare, and its clinicopathology remains unclear. We retrospectively examined patients with low-grade B-cell lymphoma presenting primarily in the bone marrow. Fourteen patients met the inclusion criteria, including 5 with lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL), 3 with chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), 2 with follicular lymphoma (FL), and 4 with low-grade B-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (LGBCL-NOS). The median age was 69.5 years (range, 42–89 years), and a slight male predominance was noted (9 men and 5 women, 1.8: 1). Immunohistochemically, all cases were positive for CD20. One case was positive for CD138. Both cases of FL were positive for CD10 and B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2), and immunoglobulin heavy locus IgH/BCL-2 rearrangement was observed by fluorescence in situ hybridization. The myeloid differentiation primary response gene (88) (MYD88) L265P mutation was observed in 3 of 5 LPL, 1 of 2 FL, and 2 of 4 LGBCL-NOS patients. Paraproteinemia was observed in 10 patients; immunoglobulin M and G paraproteinemia were observed in 6 and 3 patients, respectively. In this patient series, 3 patients had died at a median follow-up of 36.5 months; the cause of death of 1 LPL patient was malignant lymphoma itself. Thus, low-grade B-cell lymphoma presenting primarily in the bone marrow has various subtypes, and approximately one-third of the patients had LGBCL-NOS. The immunophenotypic features and MYD88 L265P mutation data of LGBCL-NOS suggested that some cases present with characteristics similar to those of LPL or marginal zone lymphoma.
    Human pathology 01/2014; · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several high-risk HLA-allele mismatch combinations (HR-MMs) for severe acute GVHD have been identified by analyzing transplant outcomes in Japanese unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients. In this study, we reanalyzed the effects of HR-MMs in three transplantation time periods. We confirmed that the incidence of grade III-IV acute GVHD in the HR-MM group was significantly higher than that in the low-risk (LR) MM group (hazard ratio [HR] 2.74, p<0.0001) in the early time period (1993-2001). However, the difference in the incidence of grade III-IV acute GVHD between the HR-MM and LR-MM groups was not statistically significant (HR 1.06, p=0.85 and HR 0.40, p=0.21, respectively) in the mid (2002-2007) and late (2008-2011) time periods. Similarly, survival in the HR-MM group was significantly inferior to that in the LR-MM group (HR 1.46, p=0.019) in the early time period, whereas the difference in survival between the two groups was not statistically significant in the mid and late time periods (HR 1.06, p=0.75 and HR 0.82, p=0.58, respectively). In conclusion, the adverse impact of HR-MM has become less significant over time periods. Unrelated transplantation with a single HR-MM could be a viable option in the absence of a matched unrelated donor or an unrelated donor with a single LR-MM.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 01/2014; · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary complications in patients with hematological malignancies are often caused by infection but are sometimes associated with an underlying disease such as organizing pneumonia (OP). Here, we report a case of life-threatening steroid-resistant OP associated with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and successfully performed allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HSCT). A 33-year-old female with refractory anemia with excess blasts-1 that had progressed from refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts and concomitant Sweet's syndrome was admitted. Multiple pulmonary infiltrates were revealed on a chest computed tomography scan, which progressively worsened even after chemotherapy and corticosteroid therapy. No evidence of infection was observed in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. A histological examination of a transbronchial lung biopsy specimen showed lymphocyte invasion with fibrosis, indicating that the pulmonary infiltrates were OP associated with MDS. Before transplantation, she suffered from respiratory failure and required oxygen supplementation. She developed idiopathic pneumonitis syndrome on day 61 that responded well to corticosteroid therapy, and the OP pulmonary infiltrates improved gradually after HSCT, She was discharged on day 104 and is well without recurrence of OP or MDS 2 years after HSCT.
    SpringerPlus 01/2014; 3:3.
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a major late complication of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). In a previous study, impaired thymic negative selection of the recipients permitted the emergence of pathogenic T cells that cause chronic GVHD using MHC class II-deficient (H2-Ab1 KO) B6 into C3H model and CD4+ T cells isolated from chronic GVHD mice caused chronic GVHD when administered into the secondary recipients. In this study, we evaluated the kinetics of regulatory T cell (Treg) reconstitution in wild type B6 into C3H model. After myeloablative conditioning, host Tregs disappeared rapidly, followed by expansion of Tregs derived from the donor splenic T cell inoculum. However, the donor splenic T cell-derived Treg pool contracted gradually and was almost completely replaced by newly generated donor bone marrow (BM)-derived Tregs in the late post-transplant period. Next, we compared the effects of cyclosporine (CSA) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors on Treg reconstitution. Administration of CSA significantly impaired Treg reconstitution in the spleen and thymus. In contrast, BM-derived Treg reconstitution was not impaired in mTOR inhibitor-treated mice. Histopathological examination indicated that mice treated with CSA, but not mTOR inhibitors, showed pathogenic features of chronic GVHD on day 120. Mice treated with CSA until day 60, but not mTOR inhibitors, developed severe chronic GVHD followed by adoptive transfer of the pathogenic CD4+ T cells isolated from H2-Ab1 KO into C3H model. These findings indicated that long-term use of CSA impairs reconstitution of BM-derived Tregs and increases the liability to chronic GVHD. The choice of immunosuppression, such as calcineurin inhibitor-free GVHD prophylaxis with mTOR inhibitor, may have important implications for the control of chronic GVHD after BMT.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 12/2013; · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT While the use of PCR-based clonality analysis of formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue has recently become widespread, the detection sensitivity for lymphoma subtypes using FFPE samples is not well known. Here, we analyzed T-cell receptor γ chain (TCRG) gene rearrangement clonality in 100 cases of T or NK/T cell lymphoma and examined detection sensitivity according to lymphoma subtypes. Clonality was detected in approximately 80% of the major T-cell lymphoma subtypes: peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, 84% (21/25 cases); angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, 71% (15/21 cases); and adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, 80% (8/10 cases). The number of clonal peaks differed according to subtype. TCRG gene rearrangement was not detected in 63 cases of B-cell lymphoma or reactive lesions. Thus, clonality analysis can effectively and reliably detect TCRG gene rearrangement in T-cell lymphoma cases and could, therefore, be a useful diagnostic tool in routine practice.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 12/2013; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major concern in transplantation patients. Gut GVHD is accompanied by diarrhea, abdominal pain, and/or melena. Although oral treatment with corticosteroids (CSs) is effective in treating gut GVHD, it can cause adverse reactions that affect the entire body. Topical administration of CSs can be effective in treating diseases in which lesions are limited locally, because adverse reactions can then be alleviated. In this study, we examine and discuss an enteric-coated beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) capsule (BDP-EC) formulated at Okayama University Hospital. The BDP-EC did not dissolve in solution 1 (pH1.2), and began disintegrating in solution 2 (pH6.8) after 5min, with a mean dissolution rate at 15min of 85%. We then used the capsule to treat a patient who developed gut GVHD after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Clinically, the frequency of diarrhea decreased after BDP-EC administration. In addition, we were able to decrease the prednisolone equivalent dose. Symptoms associated with adverse reactions to BDP were not observed during the hospitalization period. These findings suggest that the administration of BDP-EC in the early stages of gut GVHD may allow a reduction in the initial doses of systemic CSs.
    Acta medica Okayama 10/2013; 67(5):319-24. · 0.65 Impact Factor
  • Yoshinobu Maeda
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    ABSTRACT: In addition to reduced-intensity conditioning, which has expanded the eligibility for hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) to older patients, increased availability of alternative donors, including HLA-mismatched unrelated donors, has increased access to allogeneic HCT for more patients. However, acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a lethal complication, even in HLA-matched donor-recipient pairs. The pathophysiology of GVHD depends on aspects of adaptive immunity and interactions between donor T-cells and host dendritic cells (DCs). Recent work has revealed that the role of other immune cells and endothelial cells and components of the innate immune response are also important. Tissue damage caused by the conditioning regimen leads to the release of exogenous and endogenous "danger signals". Exogenous danger signals called pathogen-associated molecular patterns and endogenous noninfectious molecules known as damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) are responsible for initiating or amplifying acute GVHD by enhancing DC maturation and alloreactive T-cell responses. A significant association of innate immune receptor polymorphisms with outcomes, including GVHD severity, was observed in patients receiving allogeneic HCT. Understanding of the role of innate immunity in acute GVHD might offer new therapeutic approaches.
    International journal of hematology 08/2013; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) consists of a heterogeneous group of lymphomas. Patients generally show an aggressive clinical course and very poor outcome. Although the 2008 World Health Organization classification of PTCL-NOS includes 3 variants, low-grade lymphoma is not included. Of 277 PTCL-NOS cases recorded in our consultation files, we examined the clinicopathologic characteristics of 10 patients with T-cell lymphomas composed of small-sized cells with slight nuclear atypia. Eight patients showed extranodal involvement (5 patients, spleen; 3 patients, thyroid), and 5 patients were at clinical stage I or II. Histologically, all samples presented diffuse infiltrate of small lymphoid cells, with few mitotic figures. Immunohistologically, all samples were positive for CD3, and CD20 was detected in 5 samples. All samples showed a low Ki-67 labeling index (mean, 1.05%), and 7 samples were positive for central memory T-cell markers. Clonal T-cell receptor γ chain and/or α-β chain gene rearrangements were detected in all 10 patients. Five patients received chemotherapy, whereas for 3 patients, treatment consisted only of observation following surgical resection of the spleen or thyroid. Nine patients were alive at a median follow-up time of 19.5 months, whereas 1 patient died of an unrelated disease. The present study strongly indicates that T-cell lymphoma with small-sized lymphoma cells and a low Ki-67 labeling index is a distinct variant. Recognition of this novel lymphoma subtype, which should not be defined merely as PTCL-NOS, should be seriously considered.
    Human pathology 05/2013; · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: D cyclins positively regulate the cell cycle and mediate the pathogenesis of some lymphomas. Cyclin D1 overexpression is the hallmark of mantle cell lymphoma, whereas cyclins D2 and D3 are reportedly not as specific to certain lymphomas as cyclin D1. In this study, cyclin D2 was found to be overexpressed in 98% of de novo CD5-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) (50/51) and in 28% of CD5-negative DLBCLs (14/51). A statistically significant difference was observed between these two groups (p<0.0001). In contrast, no statistical difference was found in the cyclin D3 expression between CD5-positive (18/51) and CD5-negative (24/51) DLBCLs (p=0.23). Based on these findings, cyclin D2 is therefore considered to be closely associated with de novo CD5-positive DLBCLs. This insight may be useful for overcoming the inferior survival of this aggressive lymphoma. Virtual slides The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1382856320966453.
    Diagnostic Pathology 05/2013; 8(1):81. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and classical Hodgkin lymphoma (BCLu-DLBCL/CHL), also known as gray-zone lymphoma, has overlapping clinical and biological characteristics of both diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL). These lymphomas are typically associated with mediastinal disease, and extranodal involvement is rare. In the present report, we describe a case of a 78-year-old woman with BCLu-DLBCL/CHL found to have extranodal lesions and no evidence of mediastinal disease. Although biopsy specimens were histologically similar to nodular sclerosis CHL, the tumor cells were positive for CD30 and mature B-cell markers, such as CD20, CD79a, PAX5, BOB.1, and OCT-2, but negative for CD15. Furthermore, the patient had extranodal lesions and an increased level of soluble IL-2 receptor. These findings are unusual in CHL. Therefore, we diagnosed the patient with BCLu-DLBCL/CHL. She received adriamycin, bleomycin, vincristine, and dacarbazine therapy and exhibited partial response. Some cases without mediastinal disease, such as our case, have been reported; however, these cases are rare and further studies are required.
    Medical Molecular Morphology 03/2013; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A previous Japanese study revealed that a human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-A or -B allele mismatch was associated with higher overall mortality, whereas an HLA-C or -DRB1 allele mismatch did not affect mortality after serologically matched unrelated bone marrow transplantation (BMT). This study reanalysed 3003 adult patients who underwent unrelated BMT from a serologically HLA-A, -B, or -DR matched unrelated donor between 1993 and 2009 using the latest database, that included 1966 HLA-matched unrelated BMT and 187, 31, 524, and 295 unrelated BMT with a single HLA-A, -B, -C, or -DRB1 allele mismatch, respectively. As opposed to our previous findings, HLA-C and -DRB1 mismatches had a significant negative impact [hazard ratio (HR) 1·35, P < 0·001, and HR 1·45, P < 0·001] on survival in the period 2000-2009. The negative impact of each single HLA allele mismatch was not significantly different among the HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DRB1 mismatches (P = 0·79). An interaction test revealed that the effects of single HLA-C and -DRB1 allele mismatches significantly differed over the two time periods (P = 0·032 and P = 0·0072, respectively). In conclusion, the impact of a single HLA allele mismatch changed over time. In the recent cohort, the negative impact of HLA-DRB1 and -C mismatches became apparent.
    British Journal of Haematology 03/2013; · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Chronic GVHD often presents with clinical manifestations that resemble those observed in autoimmune diseases. Standard treatment is 1-2mg/kg/day of prednisone or an equivalent dose of methylprednisolone, with continued administration of a calcineurin inhibitor for steroid sparing. However, the prognosis of steroid-refractory chronic GVHD remains poor. Classically, chronic GVHD was said to involve predominantly Th2 responses. We are now faced with a more complex picture, involving possible roles for thymic dysfunction, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), B cells and autoantibodies, and Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokines, as well as regulatory T cells (Tregs), in chronic GVHD. More detailed research on the pathophysiology of chronic GVHD may facilitate the establishment of novel strategies for its prevention and treatment.
    Acta medica Okayama 02/2013; 67(1):1-8. · 0.65 Impact Factor
  • Supportive Care in Cancer 09/2012; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have reported previously that duodenal follicular lymphoma (FL) is distinct from nodal FL and showed more resemblance to mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, and that FL frequently involved the duodenal second portion. In the present study, we examined duodenal FLs and gastric/colonic FLs to clarify the clinicopathological and immunological differences between the tumor types. We analyzed 8 samples of gastric FL, 17 of duodenal ones, and 5 of colonic/rectal ones, and characterized them by immunohistochemistry, immunogenotyping, and histology. Gastric and colonic FLs presented in submucosal to subserosal areas, whereas duodenal ones presented in the mucosal to submucosal layers. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that duodenal FLs exhibited the following phenotypes: CD10 (+), B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) (+), BCL-6 (+), activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) (-), BACH2 (+), CD27 (+), MUM-1 (-), Blimp-1 (-), and loose CD21 network (duodenal pattern). Gastric/colonic FLs exhibited the following phenotypes: CD10 (+), BCL-2 (+), BCL-6 (+), AID (+), BACH2 (+), CD27 (-), MUM-1 (-), Blimp-1 (-), and a dense CD21 network (nodal pattern). Expression of AID and CD27 in lymphoma cells and the CD21 network pattern were considerably different between duodenal FLs and gastric/colonic ones. Moreover, in situ hybridization revealed that, in the duodenal FLs, BACH2 was expressed at the periphery of the tumor follicle and tumor villi. The number of immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable domains VH4 and VH5 were higher in duodenal follicular lymphomoas than in gastric FLs. The lymphoma cells of duodenal FLs are different from those of gastric/colonic FLs, and duodenal FL is distinct even within the gastrointestinal tract. Somatic hypermutation in immunoglobulin genes and CD27 expression are hallmarks of memory B cells. We suggest that duodenal FL cells are in the memory B-cell stage, and require BACH2 instead of AID for ongoing mutation.Modern Pathology advance online publication, 17 August 2012; doi:10.1038/modpathol.2012.127.
    Modern Pathology 08/2012; · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKL) is an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoma for which a new chemotherapeutic regimen called SMILE (steroid, methotrexate, ifosfamide, L-asparaginase, and etoposide) recently showed promising results. The amount of EBV-DNA was prospectively measured in whole-blood and plasma samples by real-time quantitative PCR from 26 patients registered in the SMILE phase II study. Before treatment, the EBV-DNA was detected in 22 samples of whole blood with a median number of 3,691 copies/mL (range: 0-1.14 × 10(7)), but 15 samples of plasma with a median of 867 copies/mL (range: 0-1.27 × 10(7)). Results of these 2 measurements of EBV-DNA well correlated (R(2) = 0.994, P < 0.001). The overall response rate to SMILE was significantly higher in patients with less than 10(5) copies/mL of EBV-DNA in whole blood at enrollment (90% vs. 20%, P = 0.007) and in patients with less than 10(4) copies/mL of EBV-DNA in plasma (95% vs. 29%, P = 0.002). The incidence of grade 4 toxicity of SMILE other than leukopenia/neutropenia was significantly higher in patients with 10(5) copies/mL of EBV-DNA or more in whole blood (100% vs. 29%, P = 0.007) than that of others and in patients with 10(4) copies/mL or more in plasma (86% vs. 26%, P = 0.002). These findings suggest that whole blood is more sensitive for clinical use than plasma. The EBV-DNA amount in whole blood was useful for predicting tumor response, toxicity, and prognosis after SMILE chemotherapy for ENKL.
    Clinical Cancer Research 06/2012; 18(15):4183-90. · 7.84 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
312.45 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2014
    • Okayama University
      • • Department of Hematology, Oncology and Respiratory Medicine
      • • Department of Pathology and Oncology
      • • Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences
      • • Department of Periodontal Science (Periodontology and Endodontology)
      • • Medical School
      Okayama, Okayama, Japan
  • 2011
    • Kameda Medical Center
      • Department of Medicine
      Kameda, Niigata, Japan
  • 2010
    • Osaka City University
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2009
    • Aichi Cancer Center
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2002–2008
    • University of Michigan
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Ann Arbor, MI, United States
  • 2002–2006
    • Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital
      Matuyama, Ehime, Japan