[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In vivo dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging tools provide non-invasive methods for analyzing various functional changes associated with disease initiation, progression and responses to therapy. The quantitative application of these tools has been hindered by its inability to accurately resolve and characterize targeted tissues due to spatially mixed tissue heterogeneity. Convex Analysis of Mixtures - Compartment Modeling (CAM-CM) signal deconvolution tool has been developed to automatically identify pure-volume pixels located at the corners of the clustered pixel time series scatter simplex and subsequently estimate tissue-specific pharmacokinetic parameters. CAM-CM can dissect complex tissues into regions with differential tracer kinetics at pixel-wise resolution and provide a systems biology tool for defining imaging signatures predictive of phenotypes.
The MATLAB source code can be downloaded at the authors' website www.cbil.ece.vt.edu/software.htm
Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Multi-probe dynamic biomedical imaging promises powerful tools for the visualization and elucidation of complex biological processes. Recent research aims to simultaneously dissect the spatial-temporal distributions of source signals that often represent a composite of multiple biomarkers independent of spatial resolution. We report a hybrid unmixing method for separating non-negative dependent imaging biomarker mixtures. The geodesic-principled algorithm exploits partial-volume modeling, non-negative clustered component analysis, and convex pyramid analysis, aided by a spatial-temporal coordinated information visualization aid. We demonstrate the principle of the approach on dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging data and observed the expected vascular permeability and perfusion patterns due to tumor-induced angiogenesis and responses to therapy.
Signals, Systems and Computers, 2007. ACSSC 2007. Conference Record of the Forty-First Asilomar Conference on; 12/2007