Yan He

Guiyang Medical University, Kuei-yang, Guizhou Sheng, China

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Publications (15)6.6 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract To characterize the genetic profiles and relationships between ancient ethnic populations, we analyzed polymorphisms in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) isolated from the blood of 753 members of 12 ethnic groups (Buyi, Dong, Gelao, Hui, Man, Miao, Menggu, Mulao, Maonan, Qiang, She and Zhuang) living in the Guizhou Province of China. The 9-bp deletion of mtDNA was detected by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and PCR-PAGE, and 11 SNPs by restriction fragment length polymorphism and mini-sequencing. Thereafter, these genotyping results were verified by PCR-DNA sequencing. The mtDNA of these populations exhibited considerable diversity, both with respect to the haplogroups M and N, and subgroups thereof. The differences between the major ethnic groups reflected the maternal inheritance. These ethnic groups in Guizhou demonstrated a genetic profile that differed considerably from that of other Asian populations. Our findings indicate that the matrilineal genetic profiles of Guizhou groups are relatively complex and distinct, showing relationships that reflect national history and geography.
    Mitochondrial DNA 03/2014; · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the population genetics characteristics of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in Gelao, Mulao, Maonan ethnic groups from Guizhou. Minisequenceing and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) were used to analyze 12 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) of mitochondrial DNA in the 3 ethnic groups. A total of 30 haplotypes were detected in 156 samples. The distribution of H1, H23 had differed between Mulao, Maonan and Gelao, respectively, and so did M7 among the three groups. The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Mulao, Maonan had respectively differed from Gelao and the difference was also statistically significant (P < 0.05). There was a great similarity in the distribution of haplotypes of the mtDNA among the three ethnic groups, except for some difference in the distribution of certain haplotypes.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 10/2013; 30(5):626-631.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the frequency of a 9 bp deletion polymorphism of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in ethnic Miao, Buyi and Dong populations from Guizhou province. Polymerase chain reaction-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PCR-PAGE) was used to detect the 9 bp deletion. The result was verified with DNA sequencing. Two polymorphisms, including a standard pattern and a short pattern (the 9 bp deletion), were found among the three ethnic groups. The frequency of short pattern in 304 males was 23.0%. Respectively, those of Miao, Buyi and Dong ethnics were 28.6%, 26.8% and 13.7%. A statistically significant difference was detected among the three groups (P<0.05). The frequencies of the 9 bp polymorphism were relatively high among ethnic Miao, Buyi and Dong populations from Guizhou, and there was a significant difference between the three.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 04/2013; 30(2):233-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and its corresponding mRNA expression as well as gene polymorphism were investigated in the population who live in the endemic fluorosis area. In the study, 150 people were selected from the coal-burning endemic fluorosis area and 150 normal persons from the non-fluorosis area in Guizhou province of China. The blood samples were collected from these people. The activity of MPO in the plasma was determined by spectrophotometer; the expression of MPO mRNA was measured by employing real-time polymerase chain reaction; DNAs were extracted from the leucocytes in blood and five SNP genotypes of MPO promoter gene detected by a multiplex genotyping method, adapter-ligation-mediated allele-specific amplification. The results showed that the MPO activity and its corresponding mRNA in blood were significantly increased in the population living in the area of fluorosis. The different genotype frequencies of MPO, including -1228G/A, -585T/C, -463G/A, and -163C/T, and the three haplotypes with higher frequencies, including -163C-463G-585T-1228G-1276T, -163C-463G-585T-1228G-1276C, and -163C-463G-585T-1228A-1276T, were significantly associated with fluorosis. The results indicated that the elevated activity of MPO induced by endemic fluorosis may be connected in mechanism to the stimulated expression of MPO mRNA and the changed gene polymorphism.
    Biological trace element research 02/2013; · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate allelic frequencies of interluekin-10 (IL-10) gene promoter in Miao, Dong and Buyi ethnics of Guizhou. TaqMan MGB-based real-time PCR was used to determine the genotypes of IL-10 -819 and IL-10 -592 in 589 Miao, Dong and Buyi ethnics of Guizhou. The allelic frequency of IL-10 -819 in Miao ethnics was significantly different from those in Dong or Buyi ethnics. Allelic frequencies of IL-10 -592 in Miao ethnics was significantly different from those in Dong or Buyi ethnics. In Miao, Dong and Buyi ethnics, the distributions of genotype frequencies of IL-10 -819 and IL-10 -592 were statistically different from Han ethnics from Guizhou and Taiwan of China as well as South Koreans. There is a heterogeneity in the frequencies of polymorphisms of IL-10 promoter among different ethnic groups.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 02/2013; 30(1):116-20.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate polymorphisms of homocysteine metabolism enzyme-related genes methionine synthase (MS) and methionine synthase reductase (MSR) in Buyi, Dong, Miao ethnics from Guizhou. Genotypes of MS and MSR genes of healthy individuals from the three ethnic groups were determined with a TaqMan-MGB probe genotyping method and compared. For Buyi, Dong and Miao ethnics from Guizhou, frequencies of MS gene 2756G allele were respectively 12.0%, 8.9% and 15.4%. However, no significant difference was found by statistics. Frequencies of MS A2756G alleles for the three ethnic groups are similar to those of Han Chinese from Beijing and Henan, Hui ethnics from Ningxia as well as European populations, but differ significantly from those of Japanese, Indians, Africans and Nigerians (P < 0.05). Frequencies of MSR gene 66 G allele were respectively 32.3%, 30.4% and 21.2% for Buyi, Dong and Miao ethnics. Miao is significantly lower than Buyi and Dong (P< 0.05). Frequencies of MSR gene A66G alleles for the three ethnic groups are similar to those of Han Chinese from Beijing and Guangdong, Japanese, Africans and Nigerians populations, but differ significantly from those of Indians and European (P< 0.05). The distributions of MS gene A2756G and MSR gene A66G polymorphisms have differed significantly between the three ethnic groups and individuals from various regions.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 12/2012; 29(6):723-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association between both regulated upon activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) -403G/A, -28C/G gene polymorphism and the susceptibilities to hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, among people with Dong and Han ethnicities, in Guizhou. A total of 229 individuals with HBV persistence infection, 161 HBV clearanced patients and another 200 controls were recruited to conduct a case-control study among residents with Dong or Han ethnicities. Allelic frequencies of both RANTES-403G/A and -28C/G were identified by TaqMan-MGB probe. Both RANTES-403G/A and -28C/G polymorphism in the HBV-persistent group, when compared to the HBV-clearances group, no significant difference was found (P > 0.05). from the univariate analysis showed that subjects carrying -403AG and -28GG genotype had higher risk on the susceptibility to HBV persistence infection. The distributions of RANTES-28C/G gene polymorphism between Dong minority and Han ethnicities regarding HBV persistence showed statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). There was no difference on the distributions of RANTES-403G/A gene polymorphism between Dong minority and Han ethnicities. Patients that carrying both RANTES-403AG and -28GG genotype had higher risk on the persistence to HBV, while RANTES-403A had contributed to the clearance of HBV infection.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 12/2012; 33(12):1279-82.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association between interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene promoter microsatellite polymorphisms and the susceptibility to hepatitis B virus infection in Han, Yi and Yao ethnicities in GuiZhou province. 500 volunteers were selected from Guizhou province. Allelic frequency of IL-10.G and IL-10.R loci was identified by short tandom repeat polymerase chain reaction. The relativity between allelic frequency and HBV infection was analyzed. Genotype data from H-W analysis on all the IL-10 polymorphisms indicated that it was a random distribution. Very high HBV infection rates were found in the native ethnic minorities of Guizhou province. The overall HBV infection rate among the total population was 67.00%, with the HBV infection rates of Yi nationality in Weining, Yi nationality in Qianxi, Yao nationality in Libo and Han nationality in Libo as 51.85%, 42.86%, 79.52% and 84.30%, respectively. The polymorphisms distribution of IL-10.G and IL-10.R were statistically different among the ethnic groups (P < 0.05). The polymorphisms distribution of IL-10.R had no significant difference between HBV infection group and non-infection group, as well as among HBV natural removal group and non-infected group in all the ethnic groups. The frequency of IL-10.G 459 bp (19CA) was significantly higher in non-infection group than in the infected group (P < 0.05). The frequency of IL-10.G 471 bp (25CA) was significantly higher in the non-infection group than in the HBV natural removal group (P < 0.05). The polymorphisms distribution of IL-10.G did not show significant difference between the HBV infection group and the HBV natural removal group in all the ethnic groups. We did not find any differences in allelic and genotypic frequencies of IL-10.G between infection group and non-infection group in Yi nationality in Weining, and Yao nationality in Libo (P > 0.05), as well as HBV natural removal group and non-infected group (P > 0.05). The polymorphisms distribution of IL-10.R and IL-10.G did not show significant difference in Yi, Yao and Han ethnics population living in Guizhou province. IL-10.G seemed to influence the susceptibility of HBV infection in Han, Yao and Yi ethnics population of Guizhou province.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 07/2012; 33(7):730-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association of IL-10 gene promoter polymorphism with susceptibility to hepatitis B viral infection in Han, Yi and Yao ethnic groups from Guizhou province. Five hundred volunteers from Guizhou province were selected to undertake PCR-RFLP for detection of IL-10 gene promoter -592 polymorphism. The genotypic distributions of IL-10-592 were 32.53%-51.43% (AA), 40.74%-54.82% (AC), 5.79%-18.52% (CC) whereas the allelic frequencies were 59.94%-72.38% for the A allele, and 27.62%-40.06% for the C allele in Han, Yi and Yao ethnic from Guizhou. The distributions of allele and genotype frequencies of IL-10-592 were statistically different between Yao ethnic in Libo and Yi ethnic in Qianxi, Yao ethnic in Libo and Han ethnic in Libo,Yi ethnic in Qianxi and Yi ethnic in Weining,Yi ethnic in Weining and Han ethnic in Libo (P < 0.05). IL-10-592 polymorphism was associated with HBV infection in Yi ethnic in Qianxi and the whole population. IL-10-592 gene polymorphisms influenced the susceptibility to HBV infection in Han, Yao, Yi sub-populations in Guizhou. Result of the study suggested that IL-10-592 gene polymorphisms might serve as a risk factor to HBV infection.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 05/2008; 29(5):444-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether the changes in nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) and in learning and memory associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) are influenced by both beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) and cholesterol in vivo, we examined the effects of intracerebroventricular injection of Abeta(1-42) and/or a high-cholesterol diet on brain levels of nAChRs and learning and memory in rats. The levels of nAChR subunit proteins and the corresponding mRNA were measured by Western blotting and RT-PCR, respectively; and learning and memory were evaluated with the Morris Water Maze examination. Injection of Abeta(1-42) resulted in deposition of this peptide, activation of astrocytes, decreased levels of the alpha7 and alpha4 protein subunits of the nAChR, and elevated expression of alpha7 mRNA, as well as impaired learning and spatial memory. A high-cholesterol diet activated astrocytes and, more importantly, potentiated the toxic effects of Abeta on nAChR subunit levels and on learning and memory. These findings may be highly relevant to the mechanisms underlying the cognitive deficits associated with AD.
    Journal of Neuroscience Research 02/2008; 86(1):183-93. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the frequencies of GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms in Dong, Yi and Yao ethnic groups from Guizhou. In 321 volunteers who were population-based, GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms were analyzed by a multiplex-PCR procedure, whereas GSTP1 polymorphism was analyzed by PCR-RFLP method. Null genotype for GSTM1 and GSTT1 was 59.6%-71.2% and 39.4%-72.5%, respectively. The genotypic distribution of GSTP1 was 63.3%-75% for AA, 23.2%-35.8% for AG, 0-1.9% for GG, whereas the allelic frequencies were 81.2%-86.6% for the A allele, and 13.4%-18.8% for the G allele. There is a significant relationship between GSTT1 frequencies and ethnic populations.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 11/2007; 24(5):589-91.
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the polymorphism of seven Y-specific STR loci in Shui ethnic population of Guizhou, China, and to obtain the polymorphism information in this minority. One trinucleotide STR locus and six tetranucleotide STR loci were simultaneously amplified with fluorescently labeled primers, and genotypes were determined with ABI PRISM 377 DNA Sequencer. Allele frequencies, genetic diversity and haplotype diversity were calculated. Among 94 unrelated males, 6, 4, 6, 2, 3, 5, 4 alleles were observed in loci DYS19, DYS389 I, DYS389 II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392 and DYS393, respectively. Altogether, 27 haplotypes were identified for the seven Y-STR loci. The genetic diversity values for each locus ranged from 0.124 (DYS389 I) to 0.630 (DYS19). The haplotype diversity value was 0.868. High haplotype diversities were found in Shui population of Guizhou. The study suggests that these seven Y-STR loci are valuable Y-specific markers for establishing a Y-STR database, understanding ethical origin and migrations and for personal identification.
    Hereditas (Beijing) 01/2007; 28(12):1495-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To understand the patrilineal genetic structure of Baiyue ethnic group in Guizhou province, we studied the frequencies of Y-chromosome haplotypes which consisted of 10 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by using the PCR-RFLP method. Five haplotypes were found in Baiyue ethnic group in Guizhou, among which H8 was the most common, whereas that of Miao in Guizhou tended to be H8, H11 and H12 haplotypes. Compared with Miao in Guizhou, the Guizhou Baiyue (excluding Sui and Dong) was significantly different and could be regarded as an independent ethnic group. Differences were also found in the same ethnic group among different areas.
    Hereditas (Beijing) 12/2006; 28(11):1350-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common human enzymopathy. To date, about 126 mutations in the G6PD gene have been detected, among which 17 mutations were found in Chinese. The most common mutations are: 1376 G-->T and 1388 G-->A, both in exon 12; 95 A-->G in exon 2, which amounted to more than 50% of mutations representing various regions and ethnic groups in China. A large-scale screening and genotypic analysis was held in Shui people in Sandu of Guizhou. To investigate the incidence and the molecular basis of G6PD deficiency of Guizhou Shui people, NBT qualitative and G6PD/6PGD quantitative methods were used to detect G6PD deficiency in 1,090 Shui people from the general people belonging to Sandu of Guizhou. By means of mis-matched primers amplified the G6PD gene, the products were 234 bp, 280 bp and 345 bp in length, then restriction enzyme analysis was used to detect the most common Chinese G6PD mutations, 1376 G-->T, 1388 G-->A and 95 A-->G. The results showed that out of the 1,090 samples, 98 G6PD deficiency samples were found. The incidence of G6PD deficiency was 8.99%. 24 cases of 1376 G-->T, 12 cases of 1388 G-->A, 9 cases of 95 A-->G were detected. A sample with 1376 G-->T and 95 A-->G mutation was found in a girl. It was reported for the first time. In conclusion: 1376 G-->T, 1388 G-->A, 95 A-->G mutations are the common G6PD mutations in Shui people in Sandu of Guizhou. The results indicates that different national minorities of Chinese may originated from a common ancestor.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 03/2005; 13(1):147-50.
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    ABSTRACT: Non-recombination region of Y-chromosome is a useful marker in tracing evolutionary history of paternal lineage. In the present study, total 92 individuals from Shui ethnic group in Sandu Shui Ethnic Group Autonomous County of Guizhou Province were inspected with 11 SNP sites including M7, M9, M15, M45, M89, M95, M119,M122, M130, M134 and YAP on Y-chromosome.All the subjects were required to be unrelated and without intermarriage with other ethnic groups within three generations. The haplotypes were analyzed by PCR-RFLP method. Four haplotypes H5,H8,H9 and H11 were detected with frequencies of 0.054, 0.044, 0.315 and 0.587, respectively.Principle component indicated that the paternal lineage of Shui ethnic group is much closer to Li ethnic group of Hainan Province and Bouyei ethnic group of Guizhou Province,which belong to the group of Zhuang-Dong branch of Sino-Tibetan language family. In addition genetic study of Shui coincides with its linguistic distribution.
    Hereditas (Beijing) 06/2003; 25(3):249-52.