Ying Wang

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (8)9.12 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background and Objectives We have developed a light-activated technology for rapidly sealing skin surgical wounds called photochemical tissue bonding (PTB). The goals of this study were to evaluate parameters influencing PTB in order to optimize its clinical efficacy and to determine whether PTB can be used to seal wounds in moderately to highly pigmented skin.Study Design/Materials and Methods Application of Rose Bengal (RB) followed by exposure to 532 nm was used to seal linear incisions (1.5 mm deep, 2 cm long) in lightly pigmented (Yorkshire) and darkly pigmented (Yucatan) swine skin. The force required to open the seal (the bonding strength) was measured by in situ tensiometry. Reflectance spectra, epidermal transmission spectra, and histology were used to characterize the skin. The relationships of RB concentration and fluence to bonding strength were established in Yorkshire skin. Surface temperature was measured during irradiations and cooling was used while sealing incisions in Yucatan skin. Monte Carlo simulations were carried out to estimate the effect of epidermal melanin on the power absorbed in the dermis at the incision interface.ResultsThe lowest fluence, 25 J/cm2, delivered at an irradiance of 0.5 W/cm2 substantially increased the bonding strength (∼10-fold) compared to controls in Yorkshire swine skin. Increasing the fluence to 100 J/cm2 enhanced bonding strength by a further 1.5-fold. Application of 0.1% RB for 2 minutes produced the greatest bonding strength using 100 J/cm2 and limited the penetration of RB to an ∼50 μm band on the dermal incision wall. Reflectance spectra indicated that Yorkshire skin had minimal melanin and that Yucatan skin was a good model for highly pigmented human skin. In Yucatan skin, the bonding strength increased 1.7-fold using 0.1% RB and 200 J/cm2 at 1.5 W/cm2 with cooling and epinephrine. Monte Carlo simulation indicated that absorption of 532 nm light by epidermal melanin in dark skin decreased the power absorbed along the incision in the dermis by a factor of 2.7.Conclusions These results suggest that in lightly pigmented skin the PTB treatment time can be shortened without compromising the bonding strength. Sealing incisions using PTB in moderately and highly pigmented skin will require a careful balance of irradiance and cooling. Lasers Surg. Med. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Lasers in Surgery and Medicine 11/2014; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The paper uses the research means of numerical simulation for marine pollution problem of the ocean dumps from offshore industries, which is concerned by the coastal countries; it adopts ECOM Water Quality Model. It has carried out the simulation research on those projects influence on the environment of sea area. By taking COD of wastewater as the research object, the paper confirmed the influence range of COD emission on marine ecological environment.
    Advanced Materials Research. 09/2013; 779-780:1365-1368.
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    ABSTRACT: The article analyses and predicts the hydrodynamic feature of Zhifu bay on the basis of Ecomsed model, thus the calculation accuracy is improved. And then it predicts erosion-deposition characteristics of the study sea area. The paper assesses the influence of the sea wall backout in aspects of hydrodynamic and erosion-deposition environment. Simulating results show that the velocity of flow will increase after the sea wall backout and the ability of water exchange will be improved gradually. Research shows that the deposition-dominating areas are located at the north and east of study area, while the southeast side area is dominated by erosion. The accretion tendency will weaken in south of study area together with the accretion thickness 1cm/a annually, while the accretion thickness is 5cm/a in southeast of study area.
    Advanced Materials Research. 08/2013; 726-731:4746-4750.
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    Applied Mechanics and Materials 12/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Acute systemic inflammatory response to severe skin burn injury mediates burn-induced acute lung injury. Ulinastatin is potentially an effective intervention, because it attenuates the systemic inflammatory response induced by endotoxin and improves myocardial function during ischemic shock and reperfusion. Rats received full-thickness burn wounds to 30% total body surface area followed by delayed resuscitation. The treatment group received 50,000 U/kg of ulinastatin and the burn group was given vehicle only. A sham group was not burned but otherwise was treated identically. After killing, blood and lung samples were harvested for histology and measurement of inflammatory mediators. Administration of ulinastatin significantly decreased the mRNA and protein levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1β, -6, and -8 both locally and systemically in burn-injured rats. The secretion of neutrophil elastase and myeloperoxidase in the lung and the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 on the surface of lung epithelium were inhibited by ulinastatin. Ulinastatin also reduced the increase in pulmonary microvascular permeability. Consistent with these findings, ulinastatin ameliorated the lung edema and pulmonary oxygenation in burn-injured rats. These results indicate that the inhibitory effects of ulinastatin on inflammatory mediator production, neutrophil activation, and microvascular permeability are associated with the recovery of pulmonary functions in severe burn-induced acute lung injury and suggest that ulinastatin may serve as a potential therapeutic administration in critical burn care.
    The Journal of trauma 09/2011; 71(5):1297-304. · 2.35 Impact Factor
  • Chuan Gu, Ying Wang, Min Yao, Yong Fang
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the feasibility of photochemical tissue bonding (PTB) technique in repairing limbal stem cell (LSC) deficiency and the effect on cornea wound healing. LSCs were isolated from limbus of New Zealand rabbits by tissue block culture method, and then the LSCs of 2nd passage were cultured on de-epithelialized human amniotic membrane (HAM) for 3 weeks to prepare the HAM/LSC grafts. The LSC deficiency models of the left eyes were established by 0.5 mol/L NaOH in 24 New Zealand female rabbits, aged 3-4 months and weighing 1.5-2.0 kg. HAM/LSC grafts were used to repair the cornea wounds by sutures (suture group, n = 12) or by PTB technique (PTB group, n = 12). The gross was observed including the corneal transparency, erythema, and new blood vessel formation after surgery. At 3 and 28 days, the inflammatory cytokine of interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) were assayed by ELISA method; and the amount of new blood vessels were quantified by immunohistochemistry staining at 28 days. All animals survived to the end of the experiment. At 3 days, there was no obvious difference in the corneal transparency between 2 groups; at 28 days, the corneal transparency of PTB group was higher than that of suture group, and new blood vessels decreased. HE staining showed that mass inflammatory cells infiltrated between graft and cornea basal layer at 3 days, and no new blood vessel formed. inflammatory cells infiltration significantly decreased at 28 days in PTB group; the amount of new blood vessels was (2.0 +/- 0.8)/HP in PTB group and was (6.3 +/- 1.3)/HP in suture group, showing significant difference (t = 7.966, P = 0.002). At 28 days, the concentrations of inflammatory cytokine of IL-1beta, IL-6, and TNF-alpha in suture group were significantly higher than those in PTB group (P < 0.05); however, no significant differences were observed between 2 groups at 3 days (P > 0.05). PTB technique can be used to fix HAM/LSC grafts, which can decrease inflammatory cell infiltration and new vessel formation, and improve the outcomes when compared with suture technique.
    Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 09/2011; 25(9):1110-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) sealed with sutures has been routinely used to treat ocular surface defects (OSD). However, the sutures used to secure the graft on the cornea cause additional injury, infection, and scarring. A new light-activated technique, called photochemical tissue bonding (PTB), has been developed for securing amniotic membrane (AM) over the corneal surface. The purpose of this study was to compare PTB versus traditional sutures in AMT for repair of OSD. An OSD was created in the left eye of 40 rabbits. The eyes were randomized into two repair groups: AMT using sutures and AMT using PTB with 0.1% Rose Bengal (RB) and 532 nm laser at 0.4 W/cm(2) for 200 seconds. Eyes were examined for re-epithelialization, inflammation, neovascularization, and scarring histologically and biochemically on postoperative days 1, 3, 14, and 28. PTB strongly bonded AM over corneal defects. Corneal re-epithelialization did not differ significantly between the suture and PTB groups. Histology, immunohistology and Western blotting revealed that the numbers of inflammatory cells and the level of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in the PTB group were dramatically lower than those in the suture group on postoperative day 3. Many fewer neo-vessels were present in the PTB group (2.91 ± 1.00) compared to the suture group (4.33 ± 1.15) at day 28 (P < 0.05). The collagen fibers in the PTB group were well organized and orientated as assessed by second harmonic generation microscopy, suggesting that PTB treatment led to less corneal scarring. PTB is a superior method for securing AM over OSD with improved wound healing compared to sutures.
    Lasers in Surgery and Medicine 08/2011; 43(6):481-9. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hydrogen has been reported to selectively quench detrimental reactive oxygen species, particularly hydroxyl radical, and to prevent myocardial or hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury in multiple models. The aim of this study is to investigate whether hydrogen protects against severe burn-induced acute lung injury in rats. Rats were divided into four groups: sham plus normal saline, burn injury plus normal saline, burn injury plus hydrogen-rich saline, and burn injury plus edaravone. Animals were given full-thickness burn wounds (30% TBSA) using boiling water, except the sham group that was treated with room temperature water. The rats in hydrogen group received 5 ml/kg of hydrogen-rich saline, sham and burn controls obtained the same amount of saline, and the edaravone group was treated with 9 mg/kg of edaravone in saline. Lactated Ringer's solution was given at 6 hours postburn. The lungs were harvested 12 hours postburn for laboratory investigations. Severe burns with delayed resuscitation rapidly caused lung edema and impaired oxygenation in rats. These dysfunctions were ameliorated by administration of hydrogen-rich saline or edaravone. When compared with the burn injury plus normal saline group, hydrogen-rich saline or edaravone group significantly attenuated the pulmonary oxidative products, such as malondialdehyde, carbonyl, and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine. Furthermore, administration of hydrogen-rich saline or edaravone dramatically reduced the pulmonary levels of pulmonary inflammation mediators and myeloperoxidase. Intraperitoneal administration of hydrogen-rich saline improves pulmonary function by reducing oxidative stress and inflammatory response in severe burn-induced acute lung injury.
    Journal of burn care & research: official publication of the American Burn Association 03/2011; 32(3):e82-91. · 1.55 Impact Factor