ABSTRACT: Little is known of the effect of anticoagulation on peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) harvest during large-volume leukapheresis (LVL). Because of the interaction of heparin with stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1α, it has been proposed that a heparin-based anticoagulation may result in an increased PBPC collection efficiency compared with standard citrate-based anticoagulation.
We conducted a prospective randomized trial to address the effect of both anticoagulation regimes on safety, subjective comfort and CD34 (+) collection efficiency in 90 adult patients undergoing standardized LVL. Anticoagulation consisted of either citrate (group C) or a combination of heparin and low-dose citrate (group H).
The overall incidence of adverse reactions (AR) during LVL was 17%. AR consisted only of citrate-related AR; no bleeding complications were observed. Determination of parameters of the acid-base balance revealed a higher frequency of metabolic alkalosis in group C. Analysis of serum SDF-1α revealed no differences in SDF-1α plasma levels. There were no differences in the CD34 (+) cell collection efficiency, resulting in the harvest of equal CD34 (+) cell yields independent of the anticoagulation used.
Our data show no clinical relevant effect of a heparin containing anticoagulation in terms of an increased overall CD34 (+) cell collection during LVL, although this regime shows some benefits in terms of the incidence and subjective tolerance towards AR. Based on our results the decision between a citrate- and heparin-substituted anticoagulation for LVL should be driven by patient-related factors, and should concern potential contraindications of both methods.
Cytotherapy 12/2011; 14(3):350-8. · 3.63 Impact Factor