Ying Chen

Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Min-hou, Fujian, China

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Publications (8)12.24 Total impact

  • New Mathematics and Natural Computation 11/2014; 10(03):211-224. DOI:10.1142/S1793005714500124
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    ABSTRACT: Bone marrow (BM)-derived mononuclear cell (MNC) preparations are increasingly used in experimental studies exploring the potential effect of progenitor cell-derived therapies in cardiocirculatory diseases. We analyzed the cellular BM composition, side-effects and other process-related variables of BM harvest and BM-MNC preparation in 80 patients with cardiovascular disease. BM (median 828 mL, range 223-1038 mL) was collected from the iliac crest. After BM harvest the MNC fraction was enriched by semi-automatic apheresis to reduce the total volume of the transplant. Autologous red blood cells (RBC) were salvaged from the initial BM harvest and autotransfused to the patients. There were no serious side-effects related to BM collection, particularly no serious bleeding complications. Twenty- five of 80 (31%) patients developed mild pain. BM harvest resulted in the collection of a median of 2.8 × 10(9) MNC, containing a median of 66.5 × 10(6) CD34/45 cells, 39.5 × 10(6) CD133/45 cells and 50.3 × 10(6) CD34/CD133 cells. Apheresis technology-based MNC enrichment of harvested BM resulted in a progenitor cell recovery of 69-75.3% of total cells. Additional salvage of RBC from the initial BM harvest resulted in the recovery of a median of 175.0 mL autologous RBC mass. Transfusion of salvaged RBC was well tolerated and resulted in a significant increase in hemoglobin levels. Collection of BM of up to 1 L in combination with in vitro processing using a semi-automated apheresis device is a safe and feasible approach to increasing the number of progenitor cells necessary for cellular therapies, particularly when combined with RBC salvage.
    Cytotherapy 06/2012; 14(8):1005-10. DOI:10.3109/14653249.2012.690509 · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Little is known of the effect of anticoagulation on peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) harvest during large-volume leukapheresis (LVL). Because of the interaction of heparin with stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1α, it has been proposed that a heparin-based anticoagulation may result in an increased PBPC collection efficiency compared with standard citrate-based anticoagulation. We conducted a prospective randomized trial to address the effect of both anticoagulation regimes on safety, subjective comfort and CD34 (+) collection efficiency in 90 adult patients undergoing standardized LVL. Anticoagulation consisted of either citrate (group C) or a combination of heparin and low-dose citrate (group H). The overall incidence of adverse reactions (AR) during LVL was 17%. AR consisted only of citrate-related AR; no bleeding complications were observed. Determination of parameters of the acid-base balance revealed a higher frequency of metabolic alkalosis in group C. Analysis of serum SDF-1α revealed no differences in SDF-1α plasma levels. There were no differences in the CD34 (+) cell collection efficiency, resulting in the harvest of equal CD34 (+) cell yields independent of the anticoagulation used. Our data show no clinical relevant effect of a heparin containing anticoagulation in terms of an increased overall CD34 (+) cell collection during LVL, although this regime shows some benefits in terms of the incidence and subjective tolerance towards AR. Based on our results the decision between a citrate- and heparin-substituted anticoagulation for LVL should be driven by patient-related factors, and should concern potential contraindications of both methods.
    Cytotherapy 12/2011; 14(3):350-8. DOI:10.3109/14653249.2011.635643 · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Citrate is the anticoagulation of choice in apheresis procedures. Citrate anticoagulation results in a short-term increase in serological markers of bone turnover, with uncertain clinical significance. To understand the effect of calcium supplementation on serological bone turnover markers during an acute citrate load as a mimic of citrate anticoagulation during apheresis procedures. A placebo-controlled, crossover study was conducted in 22 healthy volunteers. Volunteers received a standardized citrate load at a fixed dose of 1.5 mg/kg of body weight/min for 80 min for three times and a single placebo infusion as a control. Each intervention was separated by a wash-out interval of 2 to 3 weeks. During two citrate infusions, volunteers received an additional calcium supplementation, consisting of either oral administration of calcium carbonate or an i.v. bypass infusion of calcium gluconate. Serial blood samples were collected for the determination of ionized calcium (iCa), intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and markers of bone remodeling, C-telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX) and osteocalcin (OC). The infusion of citrate without calcium supplementation resulted in an increase in the bone formation marker OC and the bone resorption marker CTX, in addition to the changes in iPTH and iCa. The administration of calcium by either oral administration or as an i.v. bypass infusion attenuated the observed changes in CTX, but showed no effects on the elevation of the bone formation marker OC. There was no difference in the attenuation of CTX between the two calcium formulations. However, the i.v. application of calcium gluconate had a superior effect in reducing the change of serum iPTH and iCa as compared to the oral administration of calcium carbonate. Calcium supplementation is an effective method in damping the citrate-related transient increase of the serological bone resorption marker CTX. As a mimic for the citrate-based apheresis procedure, our data may enforce the prophylactic application of calcium supplementation to attenuate the short-term elevation of bone resorption related to an acute citrate load.
    Bone 05/2011; 49(3):506-12. DOI:10.1016/j.bone.2011.05.014 · 4.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was purposed to investigate the short-term effects of citrate administration on bone metabolism in the healthy blood donor volunteers. A crossover, placebo-controlled trial were conducted on 22 healthy blood donor volunteers. The volunteers received either a standardized infusion of citrate at 1.5 mg/(kg.min) or the equal volume of placebo normal saline, were washout for 2-3 weeks. During washout serial blood samples were collected and analyzed for bone biochemical markers and electrolytes, such as bone formation marker osteocalcin (OC), bone resorption marker carboxyterminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), intact parathyroid hormone ((i)PTH), ionized calcium ((i)Ca(2+)) and phosphorus (P(i)). Serial urine samples were collected and analyzed for Ca(2+), P(i) and creatinine concentration. The results showed that compared with placebo group, infusion of citrate increased serum levels of OC and CTX (p < 0.0001). The greatest increase of OC and CTX levels occurred at the completion of the intervention. The increment of CTX was higher than OC (p = 0.02), and the OC/CTX ratio decreased (p < 0.01). Infusion of citrate also induced profound increase in serum (i)PTH level (p < 0.0001) and urinary calcium excretion (p < 0.0001), and decrease in serum (i)Ca(2+) (p < 0.0001) and P(i) (p < 0.01) levels. The decrease of (i)Ca(2+) level in female was higher than that in male (p = 0.007), but the changes of (i)PTH, OC, and CTX levels showed no differences between female and male. Changes of OC and CTX levels were closely related to each other (r = 0.56, p < 0.0001) and changes of both markers were negatively correlated with the change of serum (i)Ca(2+) concentration during the citrate intervention(r(OC) = -0.44, r(CTX) = -0.44, p < 0.0001). Increased levels of (i)PTH showed positively correlation with OC (r = 0.34, p = 0.02) and borderline correlation with CTX (r = 0.29, p = 0.06) in male. No such relationship was observed in female. All bone markers and electrolyte levels returned to baseline within 24 hours. It is concluded that the citrate load at the dose as a single platelet apheresis results in profound increase of bone turnover, which is characterized by a short-term increase of bone resorption and excretion of calcium. The possible effect of citrate on bone mass of long-term frequent platelet apheresis donor is worth concerning.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 06/2010; 18(3):785-9.
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, as physical resources of sensor nodes are limited, such as storage and computing power, frequent faults and reconfiguration caused by failure nodes may occur. We propose a multi-agent-based adaptive task allocation algorithm in wireless sensor network (WSNs). The algorithm applies multi-agent theory and technology to the adaptive task allocation in WSNs to recover the network with the minimum cost. Simulation experiment demonstrates that unexecuted tasks of unavailable nodes can effectively migrate to other health nodes in WSNs by the algorithm, and the experiment results show that the algorithm can save more energy and help to improve the performance of the whole network.
    Information Engineering and Computer Science, 2009. ICIECS 2009. International Conference on; 01/2010
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    ABSTRACT: In distributed sensor networks, which have limited resources, such as energy and storage, and work in a dynamic environment, the networks should effectively allocate some real-time tasks on those limited resources. Additionally, we should do our best to maximize the lifetime of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) and the accuracy of the results. Due to most of previous works focusing on static task allocation for WSNs and only a few works having paid attention to dynamic resource allocation for sensor networks, this paper present an effectively adaptive task allocation (EATA) in WSNs which applied dynamic alliance. Instead of being aid of manual adjustment, each node can autonomously adjust its parameters and state by means of EATA according to tracking the change of environment, such as energy depletion. By comparing with static task allocation, experiment results show that our scheme can save a great deal of energy and prolong the lifetime of the network.
    GCC 2010, The Ninth International Conference on Grid and Cloud Computing, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China, 1-5 November 2010; 01/2010
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    ABSTRACT: Monocytes are a common source for generating dendritic cells (DCs). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficiency of a platform for monocyte collection and enrichment in a clinical setting. The platform was based on the combination of two semiautomated devices; the Cobe Spectra Auto PBSC for mononuclear cells (MNC) collection followed by counterflow elutriation for monocyte enrichment (Gambro BCT Elutra). Twenty-four patients with various types of epithelial cancer participated in the study. MNC collections were first performed as large volume leukapheresis (LVL). Subsequently, MNC products were processed with an elutriation system for monocyte isolation. LVL resulted in the collection of MNC at a median of 8.1 x 10(9) cells, containing of 31.4% monocytes. A similar efficacy was also shown in patients with lower peripheral blood counts. Elutriation of the MNC product with the Cobe Elutra device resulted in the enrichment of monocytes at a median of 2.7 x 10(9) cells, with a recovery of 80.2% and a purity of 90.7%. These monocytes were then successfully developed into DCs for clinical therapy after in vitro manipulation. These data suggest that the combination of the Cobe Spectra Auto PBSC and the Gambro BCT Elutra is an effective platform for monocyte enrichment in clinical practice according to GCP standards and GMP guidelines, and can be easily implemented in the clinical routine under current DC protocols.
    Journal of Clinical Apheresis 01/2008; 23(5):157-62. DOI:10.1002/jca.20173 · 1.58 Impact Factor