Yan Liu

Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China

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Publications (8)20.85 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the additive effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) plus traditional radiotherapy (RT) for patients with breast cancer and chest wall recurrence.
    Journal of breast cancer. 06/2014; 17(2):161-6.
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the effects of an mTOR inhibitor everolimus alone or in combination with letrozole on MCF-7/Aro (MCF-7 cells stably transfected with CYP19) in vitro and in vivo. In vitro studies, full-length CYP19 (aromatase) was cloned in a plasmid transfer vector pH ß-Aro and then transfected into MCF-7 stem cells which were ESA(+)CD44(+)CD24(-/low) sorted by flow cytometry. MTT assays were used to quantify the inhibitory effect of the drugs on MCF-7/Aro stem cells (SCs) and non-stem cells (NSCs). Apoptosis and the cell cycle distributions of stem cells were examined by flow cytometry. The tumorigenicity of stem cells after treatment was investigated by soft agar colony formation assays. In vivo studies, the BALB/c mice were injected with MCF-7/Aro SCs, and the different treatments were administered. After necropsy, the expression of KI67, CD31, AKT1, phospho-AKT (Thr308), and mTOR was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. In vitro, compared with MCF-7/Aro NSCs, there were greater resistance to the standard treatment doses of letrozole and everolimus in MCF-7/Aro SCs (17- and 15-fold, respectively). Treatment with everolimus or letrozole resulted in growth inhibition of SCs in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with single-agent therapy, the combination of everolimus with letrozole was more effective in the inhibition of cell growth (P < 0.001) and tumorigenicity (P < 0.01). In addition, an increase in G1 cell cycle arrest and increases in early apoptosis were observed in the combination treatment group compared with either single-agent group. In vivo, the xenograft tumor sizes were significantly decreased in everolimus alone group compared to control group, and everolimus plus letrozole therapy was much more effective compared with either single agent alone (P < 0.01). Compared with everolimus alone, the combination of everolimus and letrozole reduced the expression of KI67, mTOR, and phospho-AKT (Thr308; P < 0.01). Everolimus has effective inhibition on aromatase-overexpressing stem cell in vitro and in vivo. The combination everolimus and letrozole could be more effective than either drug alone.
    Tumor Biology 09/2013; · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chemotaxis plays an important role in metastasis. In our previous studies, we reported that protein kinase C ζ (PKCζ) mediated cancer cell chemotaxis by regulating cytoskeleton rearrangement and cell adhesion. To further study the molecular mechanism of chemotaxis, mass spectrometry-based approaches were employed to investigate the interactome of PKCζ and its changes upon stimulation by epidermal growth factor (EGF). As a result, 233 proteins were identified as potential PKCζ binding partners. Label free quantification was applied to examine the quantitative changes of these interactions involved in the EGF induced chemotaxis. Fifteen identified proteins were enriched and 9 proteins were reduced in the presence of EGF (≥1.5 folds, p ≤ 0.05). The interaction between cofilin-1 (CFL1) and PKCζ was evidenced and this interaction was enhanced in the EGF induced chemotaxis signaling transduction. In addition, novel PKCζ interacting proteins potentially related with chemotaxis were characterized, such as isoform 1 of nucleophosmin (NPM1). Furthermore, Western blotting and chemotaxis assays were also applied to validate the proteomics result and explore its biological implications. Collectively, the combination of quantitative proteomics and biological assays provides a powerful strategy for elucidating the signaling pathway of tumor cell chemotaxis.
    Journal of Proteome Research 03/2013; 12(3):1478-86. · 5.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to identify and validate circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in human plasma for use as breast cancer (BC) biomarkers and to analyze their relationship to clinicopathologic features and its preliminary biological function. Genome-wide expression profiling of miRNAs in BC was investigated by microarray analysis. miR-155 was up-regulated greater than two-fold in BC compared with Normal Adjacent Tissue (NAT), whereas let-7b, miR-381, miR-10b, miR-125a-5p, miR-335, miR-205 and miR-145 were down- regulated greater than two-fold. Our hypothesis was that circulating miRNAs are also present and differentially expressed in the serum of BC patients compared to controls. Using real-time PCR (RT-PCR), we analyzed miR-205 and miR-155 in archived serum from 30 participants, 20 with breast cancer and 10 healthy people. miR-205 was down-regulated in BC patient serum while miR-155 was up-regulated. Furthermore, we analyzed the relationship between the expression levels of these two miRNAs and the clinicopathologic parameters of BC patients. High expression of miR155 was associated with clinical stage, molecular type, Ki-67 and p53 in BC patients (P<0.05). By contrast, we found no significant correlation between miR-205 and BC patient clinicopathologic parameters. Functional analysis showed that ectopic expression of miR-205 significantly inhibits cell proliferation and promotes apoptosis. miR-205 was down-regulated and miR-155 was up-regulated in BC patient serum. miR-155 was positive correlated with clinical stage and ki-67 and negatively correlated with p53 status.
    Chinese Journal of Cancer Research 02/2013; 25(1):46-54. · 0.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to examine the expression level of Nucleophosmin (NPM1) protein in colon cancer tissues and to investigate the potential role of NPM1 in the regulation of cell migration and invasiveness. Immunohistochemical assay was performed to examine the expression pattern of NPM1 in 31 groups of colonic carcinoma samples, including colon tumors, adjacent normal tissues, and matched metastatic lymph nodes from the same patients. Small interfering RNA technique and exogenous expression of wild type NPM1 methods were used to further verify the function of NPM1. High-expression of NPM1 correlates with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.0003) and poor survival rate of human colon cancer patients (P = 0.017). SiRNA-mediated reduction of NPM1 was also shown to inhibit the migration and invasiveness of metastatic colon cancer HCT116 cell line. In addition, the exogenous expression of NPM1 in HT29 cells, a NPM1 low expression and low invasive colon cancer cell line, enhanced cell migration and invasiveness along with increased cell proliferation. The current study uncovered the critical role of NPM1 in the regulation of colon cancer cells migration and invasion, and NPM1 may serve as a potential marker for the prognosis of colon cancer patients.
    Journal of Biomedical Science 05/2012; 19:53. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the effects of a mammalian target of mTOR inhibitor everolimus alone or in combination with trastuzumab on stem cells from HER2-overexpressing primary breast cancer cells and the BT474 breast cancer cell line in vitro and in vivo. For the in vitro studies, we sorted ESA(+)CD44(+)CD24(-/low) cells as stem cells from primary breast cancer cells and BT474 cells using flow cytometry. The MTT assay was used to quantify the inhibitory effect of the drugs on total cells and stem cells specifically. Stem cell apoptosis, cell cycle distributions, and their tumorigenicity after treatment were investigated by flow cytometry or soft agar colony formation assays. For the in vivo studies, BALB/c mice were injected with BT474 stem cells, and the different treatments were administered. After necropsy, the expression of Ki67, CD31, AKT1, and phospho-AKT (Thr308) was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. For the in vitro studies, Treatment with everolimus resulted in stem cell growth inhibition in a dose-dependent manner. The combination of everolimus with trastuzumab was more effective at inhibiting cell growth (P < 0.001) and tumorigenicity (P < 0.001) compared with single-agent therapy. In addition, an increase in G1 cell cycle arrest and an increased population of cells in early apoptosis were seen in the combination treatment group compared with either of the single-agent groups (P < 0.01). For the in vivo studies, everolimus plus trastuzumab therapy was much more effective at reducing tumor volume in mice compared with either single agent alone (P < 0.05). Compared with everolimus alone, the combination of everolimus and trastuzumab reduced the expression of Ki67, AKT1, and phospho-AKT (Thr308) (P < 0.05). We conclude that everolimus has effective inhibitory effects on HER2-overexpressing stem cells in vitro and vivo. Everolimus plus trastuzumab is a rational combination treatment that may be promising in human clinical trials.
    Tumor Biology 04/2012; 33(5):1349-62. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent evidence has suggested that breast cancer contains a rare population of cells called cancer stem cells (CSCs), which have an extensive self-renewal ability and contribute to metastasis and therapeutic resistance. This study evaluated the in vitro and in vivo effects of RAD001 (Everolimus) alone or in combination with docetaxel on stem cells from primary breast cancer cells and two breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231). In In vitro studies, we sorted ESA(+)CD44(+)CD24(-/low) cells as stem cells using flow cytometry from primary breast cancer cells, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines. MTT assays were used to quantify the inhibitory effect of the drugs on total cells and stem cells. Apoptosis and the cell cycle distributions of stem cells were examined by flow cytometry. The tumourigenicity of stem cells after treatment was investigated by soft agar colony formation assays. In In vivo studies, the BALB/c mice were injected with MDA-MB-231 stem cells and the different treatments were administered. After necropsy, the expression of Ki67, CD31, AKT1, and phospho-AKT (Thr308) was analysed by immunohistochemistry. In In vitro studies, all three populations of stem cells were resistant to the standard treatment doses of docetaxel compared with total cells treated with the same drug. Treatment with RAD001 resulted in growth inhibition of all stem cells in a dose-dependent manner. An additive growth inhibitory effect of the combination treatment on the three stem cells was observed in in vitro compared with treatment with RAD001 alone (P<0.001). In addition, an increase in G2/M cell cycle arrest and an increased population of cells in early apoptosis were seen in the combination treatment group compared with either single-agent group (P<0.01). In vivo, the volumes of the xenograft tumours significantly decreased in RAD001 alone group compared to control group (P=0.008), and RAD001 plus docetaxel therapy was much more effective at reducing tumour volume in mice compared with either single-agent alone (P<0.05). Compared with RAD001 alone, the combination of RAD001 and docetaxel reduced the expression of Ki67, CD31, AKT1 and phospho-AKT (Thr308) (P<0.05). We conclude that the combination treatment of RAD001 and docetaxel can inhibit the growth of stem cells in vitro and in vivo by inhibiting cell proliferation, inducing apoptosis, cell cycle arrest and reducing the expression of Ki67, CD31, AKT1 and phospho-AKT (Thr308). These data indicate that combination treatment with RAD001 and docetaxel may represent an effective therapy for breast cancer. However, further studies are required to evaluate the drug interaction between RAD001 and docetaxel in the clinical setting.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 03/2012; 48(10):1581-92. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MiR-145 could regulate tumor growth, apoptosis, migration, and invasion. In our present study, we investigated its role in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Expression of miR-145 was decreased in breast tumor tissues at T3&4 stages in comparison with those at T1&2. Over-expression of miR-145 mimics enhanced protein levels of E-cadherin and dampened those of α-SMA and Fibronectin, indicative of its inhibitory role in EMT occurrence. Mechanistic studies showed that miR-145 mimics inhibited Oct4 expression and miR-145 inhibitor enhanced it. Over-expression of Oct4 reversed miR-145-regulated expression of EMT markers, suggesting that Oct4 mediated the inhibitory effects of miR-145. MiR-145 could inhibite the expression of Snail, ZEB1, and ZEB2, while over-expression of Oct4 rescued the effects. Furthermore, Oct-4 induced over-expression of transcription factor Snail, ZEB1 and ZEB2 was mediated by β-catenin. Expression of Slug and Twist were not altered by miR-145/Oct4. Taken together, our results have revealed a novel role of miR-145 on EMT. It inhibits EMT by blocking the expression of Oct4, and downstream transcriptional factors, Snail, ZEB1 and ZEB2.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(9):e45965. · 3.73 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

44 Citations
20.85 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2014
    • Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China
  • 2012–2013
    • Tianjin Medical University
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China