ABSTRACT: To explore the applying stages of change model on nutrition intervention on "eating more vegetables and fruits, eating less salt" in farmers, and evaluate the change of behavioral stages.
The questionnaires were used to do baseline and evaluation survey on 500 farmers in trial group and control group respectively. Applying stages of change model to divide farmers into five stages according to their behavior of eating more vegetables and fruits. The intervention ways were used in trial group, especially in five stages farmers. After one year,the changes of behavioral stages in two groups were evaluated.
There were statistical significance on proportion of behavioral stages between before intervention and after intervention in trial group (P < 0.05): the upgrade of behavior stages has been gained, the proportion of preparation, action, maintenance increased by 15.1%, 20.7% and 16.1% for eating more vegetables and fruits. With the rise of behavioral stage, the awareness rates of healthy knowledge, the average daily intake of vegetables and fruits, folic acid and urine potassium levels have rised, and the average daily intake of salts, diastolic pressure, homocysteine and urine sodium levels have reduced increasingly (P < 0.05).
After intervention, through applying SOC model to analyse and show that the proportion of behavioral stages about eating more vegetables and fruits on farmers have changed from precontemplation to action and maintenance, the upgrade of behavior stages has been gained; The higher stages farmers have higher levels of heathy knowledge, more positive healthy belief and attitude, lower risk factors of chronic diseases than the lower stages farmers, the stages of change model has the practicability on behavior change.
Wei sheng yan jiu = Journal of hygiene research 07/2011; 40(4):457-60.
ABSTRACT: To study the effect of applying a "Stage of Behaviors Change (SOC)" model in nutrition intervention and health education, in order to promote health awareness and action in farmers.
People aged 18-65 recruited from two villages of Tianjin were classified into two groups, the intervention group and the control group. All subjects were categorized into 5 stages and a one year nutrition intervention was conducted.
The rates of planning, taking an action on and keeping balanced diet increased 15%-20%, the rates of accepting, taking an action on and keeping daily physical activity increased 10%-20%, and the awareness on nutrition knowledge increased 30% after intervention in the intervention group. BMI, blood pressure, serum total cholesterol, homocysteine, folic acid, urine potassium and sodium in the intervention group was significantly different before and after intervention and between two groups.
The effect of applying SOC model for nutrition intervention and health education in farmers was good, which promoted a continuous change of knowledge-attitude-practice.
Wei sheng yan jiu = Journal of hygiene research 11/2010; 39(6):719-22.
Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 01/2005; 25(12):1073.
ABSTRACT: In order to study the effect of Isomaltooligosaccharides on Human and mouse intestinal flora in vivo.
1. 30 health subjects (15 male, 15 female) were randomly selected from the clinic of Tianjin CDC. They were provide 15 g Isomaltooligosaccharides once a day for 7 days; 2. 40 BABL/c mice were divided into 4 groups, 3 experimental groups and 1 control group. These 3 experimental groups were fed different dose of Isomaltooligosaccharides by gavage for 7 days. Feces of both human and mice were determined before and at the end of the experiment.
The results showed that the reproduction of Bifidobacteria and Lactobacillus greatly increased, and the growth of Clostridium perfriengenes was significantly inhibited both in mice and human intestinal tracts.
Isomaltooligosaccharides could regulate and improve the intestinal flora in both mice and human intestine.
Wei sheng yan jiu = Journal of hygiene research 02/2003; 32(1):54-5.