Eighth International Conference on Intelligent Systems Design and Applications, ISDA 2008, 26-28 November 2008, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 3 Volumes; 01/2008
ABSTRACT: In a case-control study in a veterans hospital in Taiwan, we compared 237 histology-confirmed prostate carcinoma cases with 481 controls, frequency matched by age, for their consumption of vegetarian food, namely soybean products, rice, wheat protein and other vegetables. The multivariable logistic regression analysis showed a significant association with such food (odds ratio (OR)=0.67, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.47, 0.94). This beneficial effect presented for men with body mass index (BMI) < or =25 kg m(-2) (OR=0.50, 95% CI=0.32, 0.76) but not for men with greater BMI. The OR of prostate carcinoma for men with BMI < or =25 kg m(-2) was 1.74 (95% CI=1.21, 2.51), compared with men with higher BMI (>25 kg m(-2)). Other significant risk factors associated with the disease included higher income (OR=2.40, 95% CI=1.07, 5.42), physical activity (OR=1.75, 95% CI=1.08, 2.83), being married (OR=2.49, 95% CI=1.40, 4.43) and coffee consumption (OR=1.88, 95% CI=1.07, 3.30). Stratified analysis also showed that the consumption of fish/shellfish had an adverse association for men with higher BMI. This study suggests that the intake of the low fat local vegetarian food has a protective effect against prostate carcinoma for thin men in this study population.
British Journal of Cancer 10/2005; 93(9):1057-61. · 5.04 Impact Factor
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 04/2001; 66(3):287-94. · 1.02 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Although prostate carcinoma remains a rare disease among Chinese men, its incidence is on the rise. The authors conducted a hospital-based case-control study to identify risk factors for prostate carcinoma in northern Taiwan.
Patients at a selected veterans hospital or 2 military hospitals who were newly diagnosed with prostate carcinoma between August 1995 and July 1996 were included as cases (n = 90). Controls (n = 180) were comprised noncancer patients who were treated in emergency rooms and departments other than those of urology and cardiology at the same hospitals; controls were matched to cases by age (+/-5 years) and admission date (+/-4 months). Subjects were interviewed in person to elicit information regarding sociodemographic characteristics, life-style, diet, height, and weight.
Cases and controls were similar in terms of age and the majority of sociodemographic characteristics. However, cases tended to have received more education and were less likely to have blue-collar jobs than controls. The consumption of pork was moderately higher for cases than for controls, although this difference was not statistically significant. Cases were more likely than controls to engage in exercise (odds ratio [OR] = 2.16; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.18-3.96) and to have a body mass index > or = 24.75 kg/m2 at ages 40-45 years (OR = 2.00; 95%CI = 1.05-3.82). In addition, cases were less likely to cook vegetables with pork lard (OR = 0.47; 95%CI = 0.24-0.91).
The higher frequency of exercise and lower use of pork lard for cooking among cases reported in the current study suggest that cases tended to have relatively affluent life-styles compared with controls. Because less affluent families are likely to consume more vegetables than meat, these preliminary findings indicate that vegetable intake appears to have a protective effect.
Cancer 09/1999; 86(3):484-91. · 4.77 Impact Factor