Zhen Zhang

Zhongshan University, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (5)1.71 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To address the clinical pattern and characteristics of uveitis in a tertiary center for uveitis in China and compare the similarity and difference in the distribution of uveitis entities between China and other countries. A retrospective study was performed on the patients with uveitis referred to the Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center from January 1996 to December 2003. The clinical data including category, etiology, gender, and the age of the patients at uveitis presentation were analyzed and compared with studies published previously from other countries. There were 902 male and 850 female patients in our series. The mean age of these patients at uveitis presentation was 33.8 +/- 16.5 years. Anterior uveitis (800, 45.6%) was the most common anatomical entity, followed by panuveitis (727, 41.5%), posterior uveitis (119, 6.8%), and intermediate uveitis (106, 6.1%). Further classification with the etiology criteria revealed 16 entities in anterior uveitis, with idiopathic anterior uveitis being the most common entity (473, 27.0%). Twelve entities were identified in panuveitis, of which Behçet disease (289, 16.5%) and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome (278, 15.9%) were the predominant ones. No specific entity was recognized in the intermediate uveitis group. Although a number of specific entities were identified in posterior uveitis, toxoplasmosis was noted in only two patients in this group. Idiopathic anterior uveitis, Behçet disease, and VKH syndrome are the most common entities of uveitis in China. Ocular toxoplasmosis, ocular histoplasmosis, and birdshot retinochoroidopathy are less common or absent in China.
    Current Eye Research 12/2005; 30(11):943-8. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of uveitis associated with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). A history about low back pain was carefully reviewed in patients with uveitis and X-ray examination was performed if necessary. Forty-four patients were diagnosed as AS from January 1996 to June 2001 in Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center according to the modified New York criteria for AS. Data concerning these patients, especially with respect to the clinical features, diagnosis and treatment, were retrospectively analyzed. Of 44 patients, 41 were male. The age of the patients at onset of uveitis was (33 +/- 15) years old. All of the 34 patients who had a uveitis history over 40 days showed a recurrent inflammation. In 18 patients (52.9%), the interval between the relapse of uveitis was more than one year. Bilateral ocular involvement was found in 23 out of 34 patients with recurrent uveitis. However, none of them showed a bilateral inflammation at the onset of uveitis. All patients showed acute anterior uveitis with a duration of (27 +/- 12) days. All patients had definitely radiological evidences of bilateral sacroiliitis, although not all of them had typical history of lower back pain. Treatment with corticosteroids eyedrops and cycloplegic agent was used in all patients. Vision equal to or better than 1.0 was achieved in 82.5% of these patients. Uveitis associated with AS is characterized by acute nongranulamatous anterior uveitis with recurrent episodes in male. Diagnosis is made according to typical clinical features and radiological evidences of bilateral sacroiliitis. Treatment with corticosteroid eyedrops and cycloplegic is able to resolve the inflammation rapidly and leads to a good prognosis in most patients.
    [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology 07/2005; 41(6):515-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of uveitis associated with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA). A retrospective study was performed on the clinical data of 26 patients with uveitis associated with JCA, referred to Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center from 1996 to 2002. Taking of history, examination with slit-lamp microscope and ophthalmoscope were carefully performed in all of these patients. Laboratory tests including antinuclear antibodies, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, rheumatoid factor, C reactive protein and antistreptolysin O were used to disclose possible causes. Human leukocyte antigen B 27 and X-ray examination of sacroiliac joints and spine were carried out if necessary. Data about the treatment, visual outcome and complications were analyzed. Twenty-six patients, 11 males and 15 females, were included in the present studies. Age of onset of JCA and uveitis averaged 8 years and 9 years, respectively. Twenty-one patients had chronic anterior uveitis. Acute anterior uveitis and chronic panuveitis were noted in 3 and 2 patients, respectively. Twenty-two patients had bilateral uveitis, the other 4 had unilateral involvement. The ophthalmologic examination revealed that 33 of the 48 affected eyes showed mild aqueous humor flare, 24 had few cells in the anterior chamber. Complicated cataract, band keratopathy and secondary glaucoma were noted in 30, 20 and 12 eyes, respectively. The laboratory examination revealed positive antinuclear antibodies in 18 cases and rheumatoid factor positive in one case. In acute episode, patients were treated with extensive topical cycloplegic agents and corticosteroids eyedrops. In the 6 cases with severe uveitis, 3 patients were treated with cyclosporine A (5 mg.kg(-1).d(-1)) and the other 3 were treated with chlorambucil (0.1 mg.kg(-1).d(-1)). The intraocular inflammation in all of these patients was satisfactorily controlled with these treatments. Visual acuity improvement was noted in 32 affected eyes but not in the other 16 eyes which had already serious complications before the treatment. Uveitis associated with JCA is characterized by a chronic and recurred iridocyclitis, which usually developed within 5 year after JCA onset. Although the intraocular inflammation associated with JCA is usually white uveitis, complications such as cataract, secondary glaucoma and keratopathy occur frequently in these patients. The diagnosis is mainly based on typical clinical manifestations, the history of arthritis and positive antinuclear antibodies. Adequate application of cycloplegic agents, corticosteroids eyedrops, immunosupressives and the regular follow-up should be kept in mind in the treatment of these patients.
    [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology 05/2005; 41(4):346-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To quantify aqueous flare and cells in the eyes of patients with inflammation of anterior uvea by FC-2000 laser flare cell meter (LFCM), and to compare these results with those obtained with slit lamp microscopy. Aqueous flare and cells of 194 eyes of 110 patients with inflammation of anterior uvea and 52 eyes of 52 healthy subjects were graded into 0, 1+, 2+, 3+ and 4 + scale based on a previously described system using slit lamp microscopy. LFCM was also used for evaluation of aqueous flare and cells. All eyes in normal individuals were graded as "0" scale of both flare and cells by silt lamp microscopy. Flare of grade 0, 1+ and 2+ were noted in 74, 98 and 18 eyes, and cell of grade 0, 1+, 2+, 3+ and 4+ were noted in 124, 26, 19, 14 and 11 eyes in uveitis patients, respectively. LFCM examination revealed that the mean flare values in uveitis eyes with flare of grade 0, 1+ and 2+ were 7.9, 29.5 and 189.0 photon count/ms, respectively. In patients with flare of grade 3+ and 4+, LFCM readings were unreliable because of increased background noise. There was significant correlation between slit lamp examination and the laser flare measurement for flare of grade 0, 1+ and 2+ (r = 0.75, P < 0.001). The mean flare values were significantly higher in patients with flare of grade 0, 1+ and 2+ than that in normal controls (5.3 pc/ms) (t = 5.872, P < 0.05). The mean cell numbers in the eyes with cell of grade 0, 1+, 2+, 3+ and 4+ were 1.5, 12.1, 33.9, 84.9 and 193.1 count/0.5 mm(3), respectively. The results of slit lamp examination showed significant correlation with laser cell counts measurement (r = 0.72, P < 0.001). The mean cell numbers were significantly higher in uveitis patients than that in normal controls (0.9 count/0.5 mm(3)) (t = 7.351, P < 0.05). Our results indicate that LFCM is able to evaluate precisely the mild and moderate breakdown of blood aqueous barrier and inflammation of the anterior uvea tract, therefore it provides an important parameter for the treatment of anterior uveitis.
    [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology 08/2004; 40(8):510-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the role of GATA-3 (a transcript factor that has influences on Th2 cell differentiation) in the development of anterior chamber associated immune deviation (ACAID). Immunohistochemistry and Western blot were used to determine the localization and relative protein levels of GATA-3 respectively at different time points after anterior chamber injection of 50 microgram interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein (IRBP). GATA-3 was detected weakly in normal spleen and increased significantly at 5, 7, 14 and 21 days after anterior chamber inoculation. It was detected mainly in CD(4)(+) T cells in spleen. The expression of GATA-3 increases earlier than development of ACAID. It suggests that GATA-3 play an important role in Th2 commitment during ACAID development.
    [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology 05/2002; 38(4):213-6.

Publication Stats

75 Citations
1.71 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005
    • Zhongshan University
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2002
    • Sun Yat-Sen University
      • State Key Laboratory of Oncology
      Guangzhou, Guangdong Sheng, China