Are you X. Zhang?

Claim your profile

Publications (4)14.09 Total impact

  • Journal of Hepatology - J HEPATOL. 01/2010; 52.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neural progenitor cells (NPCs) have the potential to survive brain ischemia and participate in neurogenesis after stroke. However, it is not clear how survival responses are initiated in NPCs. Using embryonic mouse NPCs and the in vitro oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) model, we found that angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) could prevent NPCs from OGD-induced apoptosis, as evidenced by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling and annexin V labeling. Ang1 significantly elevated tunica intima endothelial kinase 2 (Tie2) autophosphorylation level, suggesting the existence of functional Tie2 receptors on NPCs. NPCs under OGD conditions exhibited reduction of Akt phosphorylation, decrease of the Bcl-2/Bax ratio, activation of caspase-3, cleavage of PARP, and downregulation of beta-catenin and nestin. Ang1 reversed the above changes concomitantly with significant rising of survival rates of NPCs under OGD, but all these effects of Ang1 could be blocked by either soluble extracellular domain of Tie2 Fc fusion protein (sTie2Fc) or the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-1(4H)-benzopyran-4-one (LY294002). Our findings suggest the existence of an Ang1-Tie2-PI3K signaling axis that is essential in initiation of survival responses in NPCs against cerebral ischemia and hypoxia.
    Neuroscience 06/2009; 160(2):371-81. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Hepatology 04/2009; 50. · 9.86 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In order to investigate the contamination levels of trace metals, surface water samples were collected from six regions along Yangtze River in Nanjing Section. The concentrations of trace metals (As, B, Ba, Be, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, Sb, Se, Sn, Sr, V and Zn) were determined using inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). Total concentrations of the metals in the water samples ranged from 825.1 to 950.4 μg/L. The result was compared with international water quality guidelines. Seven metals levels were above the permissible limit as prescribed by guidelines. A preliminary risk assessment was then carried out to determine the human health risk via calculating Hazard Quotient and carcinogenic risk of the metals. Hazard Quotients of all metals were lower than unity, except As. The carcinogenic risk of As and Cd was higher than 10−6, suggesting that those two metals have potential adverse effects on local residents.
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 03/2009; · 1.11 Impact Factor