[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Many of the effects of resveratrol are consistent with the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), silent information regulator T1 (SIRT1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ co-activator 1α (PGC-1α), which play key roles in the regulation of lipid and glucose homeostasis, and in the control of oxidative stress. We investigated whether resveratrol has protective effects on the kidney in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Four groups of male C57BLKS/J db/m and db/db mice were used in this study. Resveratrol was administered via gavage to diabetic and non-diabetic mice, starting at 8 weeks of age, for 12 weeks. RESULTS: The db/db mice treated with resveratrol had decreased albuminuria. Resveratrol ameliorated glomerular matrix expansion and inflammation. Resveratrol also lowered the NEFA and triacylglycerol content of the kidney, and this action was related to increases in the phosphorylation of AMPK and the activation of SIRT1-PGC-1α signalling and of the key downstream effectors, the PPARα-oestrogen-related receptor (ERR)-1α-sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP1). Furthermore, resveratrol decreased the activity of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)-Akt phosphorylation and class O forkhead box (FOXO)3a phosphorylation, which resulted in a decrease in B cell leukaemia/lymphoma 2 (BCL-2)-associated X protein (BAX) and increases in BCL-2, superoxide dismutase (SOD)1 and SOD2 production. Consequently, resveratrol reversed the increase in renal apoptotic cells and oxidative stress, as reflected by renal 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG), urinary 8-OH-dG and isoprostane concentrations. Resveratrol prevented high-glucose-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in cultured mesangial cells through the phosphorylation of AMPK and activation of SIRT1-PGC-1α signalling and the downstream effectors, PPARα-ERR-1α-SREBP1. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: The results suggest that resveratrol prevents diabetic nephropathy in db/db mice by the phosphorylation of AMPK and activation of SIRT1-PGC-1α signalling, which appear to prevent lipotoxicity-related apoptosis and oxidative stress in the kidney.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bartter syndrome (BS) Type IV, associated with a G47R mutation in the BSND gene, is known to result in a mild renal phenotype. However, we report here on three brothers with varying degrees of renal dysfunction from mild to end-stage renal disease associated with renal barttin and ClC-K expression. The brothers had histories of polyhydramnios, prematurity, polyuria, deafness, and small body size. Laboratory findings showed hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, normotensive hyperreninemic hyperaldosteronism, and an increased urinary excretion of sodium, potassium and chloride, consistent with BS Type IV. Microscopic examination of renal tissue showed hyperplasia of cells at the juxtaglomerular apparatus with dilated atrophic tubules and tubulointerstitial fibrosis. A weak barttin signal related to CIC-K expression in the cytoplasm of tubule cells, but not the basement membrane, was noted. A sequence analysis of the BSND gene showed that the affected males were homozygous for a missense G47R mutation in exon 1 of BSND. These findings suggest that the G47R mutation results in a dramatic decrease in barttin expression, which appears to be related to the location of CIC-K being changed from the basement membrane to the cytoplasm in the tubule and might have varying effects on renal function associated with factors other than this gene.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nephropathies associated with thymoma or myasthenia gravis (MG) have rarely been observed. Furthermore, among the renal pathology of patients presenting with thymic and renal disease, focal segmental glomerulonephritis (FSGS) is the uncommon type. Herein, we report a case of a 50-year-old woman who suffered from intractable MG and FSGS resistant to standard therapy. After the start of low-dose tacrolimus treatment, the patient showed simultaneous and significant improvement of myasthenic symptoms and proteinuria. Although a satisfactory explanation of the underlying mechanism has not been offered yet, T cell dysfunction involved in both diseases might explain their association and improvement. This case suggests that low-dose tacrolimus treatment appears to be effective not only for improving intractable myasthenia symptoms but also for obtaining complete remission of FSGS.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dialysis adequacy indexed by Kt/V in hemodialysis (HD) patients is recommended as a single-pool Kt/V of at least 1.2 per session thrice weekly. But many patients cannot achieve this adequacy target. Although dialysis time is the most important as a factor influencing Kt/V, it is difficult to prolong dialysis time in practice because of its economic impact and poor patient compliance.Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of increasing blood flow rate on dialysis adequacy in HD patients with low Kt/V.Methods: This study enrolled 36 HD patients with single-pool Kt/V <1.2 per session thrice weekly, which was measured in dialyzer blood flow rate of 230 mL/min. We increased 15% of blood flow rate in patients <65 kg of body weight and 20% in patients >65 kg. And then we compared Kt/V and urea reduction ratio (URR) between before and after increasing blood flow rate.Results: The mean age was 48 ± 11 years (23–73 years), and the number of males was 25. Of the total patients, 24 patients had dry weight <65 kg. Mean dialysis duration was 52 ± 50 months (3–216 months). Mean Kt/V before increasing blood flow rate was 1.02 ± 0.09. It increased to 1.14 ± 0.12 after increasing blood flow rate (p < 0.001). Of the total 36 patients, 13 patients (36.1%) achieved adequacy target (Kt/V ≤ 1.2). Mean URR before increasing blood flow rate was 56.9 ± 4.0%. It also increased to 60.8 ± 4.1% (p < 0.001).Conclusion: Our data suggest that increasing blood flow rate by 15–20% of previous flow rate is effective in achieving dialysis adequacy in HD patients with low Kt/V.
Hemodialysis International 01/2004; 8(1):85-85. · 1.44 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a Korean case, consistent with a biochemical diagnosis of trifunctional protein (TFP) deficiency, in which molecular diagnosis revealed a novel mutation in the alpha-subunit of TFP and the rare combination of two intergenic region (C/C and G/G) polymorphisms.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We evaluated the anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effect of nonselective NOS inhibitor, N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), in experimental bacterial meningitis in the newborn piglet. Meningitis was induced by intracisternal injection of 10(8) colony forming units of Escherichia coli. L-NAME 10 mg kg(-1) was given intravenously 30 min before induction of meningitis. L-NAME significantly attenuated the increase in intracranial pressure and decrease in cerebrospinal fluid glucose concentration observed in the meningitis group. Systemic and cerebral perfusion pressure were even higher compared to the control and meningitis groups. However, the meningitis-induced increase in tumor necrosis factor-alpha level, leukocyte numbers and lactate level in the cerebrospinal fluid was not significantly attenuated with L-NAME administration. Reduced cerebral cortical cell membrane Na+, K+ -ATPase activity and increased lipid peroxidation products, indicative of meningitis-induced brain cell membrane dysfunction, were significantly improved with L-NAME treatment. Decreased brain glucose and ATP levels were also significantly improved with L-NAME treatment. These findings suggest that L-NAME was effective in attenuating the acute inflammatory responses and brain injury in neonatal bacterial meningitis.
Neurological Research 01/2002; 23(8):862-8. · 1.18 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of hypothermia on bilirubin-induced alterations in brain cell membrane function and energy metabolism in the developing brain. Thirty-seven newborn piglets were divided randomly into four groups: normothermic control (NC, n=9); hypothermic control (HC, n=7); normothermic bilirubin infusion (NB, n=11); and hypothermic bilirubin infusion (HB, n=10) groups. In bilirubin infusion groups (NB and HB), a loading dose of bilirubin (35 mg/kg) was given over 5 min, followed by a continuous infusion (25 mg/kg/h) for 4 h. The control groups (NC, HC) received a bilirubin-free buffer solution. Sulfadimethoxine was administered to animals in all experimental groups. Rectal temperature was maintained between 38.0 and 39.0 degrees C in normothermic groups, and between 34.0 and 35.0 degrees C in hypothermic groups for 4 h after the start of bilirubin infusion. The final blood and brain bilirubin concentrations in the bilirubin infusion groups (NB and HB) were not significantly different. Decreased cerebral cortical cell membrane Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity and increased lipid peroxidation products observed in the NB group, indicative of bilirubin-induced brain damage, were significantly attenuated in the HB group. Hypothermia also significantly improved the bilirubin-induced reduction in brain ATP and phosphocreatine levels and increase in blood and brain lactate levels. In summary, hypothermia significantly attenuated the bilirubin-induced alterations in brain cell membrane function and energy metabolism in the newborn piglet. These findings suggest the possibility that hypothermia could be a good neuroprotective therapeutic modality in neonatal bilirubin encephalopathy.
Brain Research 01/2002; 922(2):276-81. · 2.88 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In experimental animals and humans, hypothyroidism is associated with fluid retention and generalized oedema, increased antidiuretic hormone (ADH), decreased atrial natriuretic hormone (ANH), and decreased renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), which subsequently can be corrected by thyroid hormone replacement. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of thyroxine therapy on RAAS and neurohormones affecting water and electrolyte metabolism and the reason for these changes in patients with primary myxoedema.
We measured changes in the plasma renin activity (PRA), serum aldosterone (Aldo), ADH, ANH levels, serum and 24 h urinary electrolytes and osmolalities, and cardiac function in 22 female patients with primary myxoedema before and after correction of hypothyroidism. We also evaluated age-, sex-, and BMI-matched 15 healthy control subjects (Cont).
It took an average of 4.3 months (range, 3-9 months) to normalize thyroid function. The mean reductions of body weight and estimated plasma volume were 1.8+/-1.0 kg (P=0.002) and 8.5% (P<0.001), respectively. In addition, serum Na+ and osmolality and the haematocrit were significantly elevated after correction of hypothyroidism (P<0.01 and P<0.001, respectively). Increased F(E)Na and C(OSM) (P<0.05) levels in patients with hypothyroidism (Ho) compared with those in Cont did not change after thyroxine therapy (Eu). However, C(H(2)O), U(E)K, F(E)K, and TTKG levels as well as creatinine clearance (Ccr) were markedly increased in Eu compared with Ho and Cont (P<0.01, respectively). Increased plasma ADH concentration and decreased plasma ANH concentration were normalized compared to Cont after thyroxine therapy (P<0.001 and P<0.01, respectively). Low PRA and serum Aldo concentration in Ho were significantly increased in Eu (P<0.001 and P<0.01, respectively). In addition, increased left ventricular mass index and decreased cardiac output in Ho were normalized compared to Cont after thyroxine therapy (P<0.01, respectively)
These findings suggest that the exaggerated upregulation of RAAS after correction of hypothyroidism in patients with primary myxoedema is associated with an increase in Ccr and a decrease in plasma volume resulting from water diuresis, natriuresis, osmotic diuresis and inappropriate changes in plasma ADH and ANH levels. The improved renal function coincided with an amelioration of cardiac function. These changes seem to be an adaptive response for preventing excessive plasma volume and weight loss after thyroxine therapy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We evaluated the anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects of the selective neuronal nitric oxide synthase inhibitor 7-nitroindazole and aminoguanidine, which predominantly inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase, during the early phase of experimental bacterial meningitis in the newborn piglet. Meningitis was induced by intracisternal injection of 10(8) colony-forming units of Escherichia coli in 100 microl of saline. 7-Nitroindazole significantly attenuated the meningitis-induced acute inflammatory responses such as increased intracranial pressure, decreased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) glucose concentration, and CSF leukocytosis at 2 h. However, meningitis-induced CSF leukocytosis at 4 h and increased CSF lactate and tumor necrosis factor alpha levels were not significantly attenuated. Reduced cerebral cortical cell membrane Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity and increased lipid peroxidation products, indicative of meningitis-induced brain cell membrane dysfunction, were also significantly improved with 7-nitroindazole treatment. In contrast, although aminoguanidine significantly attenuated the increase in the CSF tumor necrosis factor alpha level, it failed to attenuate the acute inflammation and the ensuing brain injury in bacterial meningitis. In summary, 7-nitroindazole, but not aminoguanidine, significantly attenuated the acute inflammatory responses and brain injury during the early phase of neonatal bacterial meningitis.
Biology of the Neonate 08/2001; 80(1):53-9. · 1.90 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects of a poly (ADP-ribose) synthetase inhibitor 3-aminobenzamide during the early phase of experimental bacterial meningitis in the newborn piglet. Meningitis was induced by intracisternal injection of 10(8) colony forming units of Escherichia coli in 100 microl of saline. 3-Aminobenzamide, given 30 mg kg(-1) as a bolus i.v. injection 30 min before induction of meningitis, significantly attenuated the meningitis-induced acute inflammatory responses such as increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lactate concentration, CSF leukocytosis and increased CSF tumor necrosis factor-alpha level. However, meningitis-induced increase in intracranial pressure and decrease in CSF glucose level were not significantly improved. Increased cerebral cortical cell membrane lipid peroxidation products (conjugated dienes) and decreased brain ATP/phosphocreatine levels observed in the meningitis group were also significantly improved with 3-aminobenzamide treatment. However, the improvement of reduced Na+, K+-ATPase activity did not reach a statistical significance (p = 0.06). In summary, 3-aminobenzamide significantly attenuated the acute inflammatory responses and the ensuing brain injury during the early phase of neonatal bacterial meningitis. These findings suggest that poly (ADP-ribose) synthetase inhibitors such as 3-aminobenzamide might be a promising novel anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective adjuvant therapy in neonatal bacterial meningitis.
Neurological Research 07/2001; 23(4):410-6. · 1.18 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was done to determine the effects of hypothermia on brain cell membrane function and energy metabolism after transient hypoxia-ischemia (HI) in the newborn piglet. Cerebral HI was induced by temporarily complete occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries with surgical clips and simultaneous breathing with 8% oxygen for 30 min, followed by release of carotid occlusion and normoxic ventilation for 4 hr. Rectal temperature was maintained between 38.0 and 39.0 degrees C in normothermic groups, and between 34.0 and 35.0 degrees C in hypothermic groups for 4 hr after HI. During HI, heart rate, glucose and lactate level in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid increased, and base excess, pH and blood pressure decreased significantly in both normothermic and hypothermic groups. After HI, these abnormalities returned to normal in normothermic group, but lactic acidosis persisted in hypothermic group. Decreased cerebral Na+,K+- ATPase activity and increased lipid peroxidation products, indicative of HI- induced brain injury, were more profound in hypothermic group than in normothermic group. Brain ATP and phosphocreatine levels were not different between normothermic and hypothermic groups. In summary, hypothermia applied immediately after HI for 4 hr did not improve the recovery of brain cell membrane function and energy metabolism in the newborn piglet.
Journal of Korean Medical Science 07/2001; 16(3):335-41. · 1.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was done to determine the effects of hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia on brain cell membrane function and energy metabolism during the immediate reoxygenation-reperfusion period after hypoxia-ischemia (HI). Forty-five newborn piglets were divided randomly into four experimental groups: normoxia control (NC, n=9); HI/reoxygenation-reperfusion (RR) control (HC, n=11); HI/RR hyperglycemia (HE, n=12); and HI/RR hypoglycemia (HO, n=13) group. Animals were subjected to transient HI for 30 min followed by 2 h of RR. Cerebral HI was induced by temporary but complete occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries with surgical clips and simultaneous breathing with 8% oxygen. Glucose was unregulated in HC group, and controlled by modified glucose clamp technique immediately after HI in HE (350 mg/dl) and HO (50 mg/dl) groups. During HI, heart rate, base deficit, glucose and lactate level in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid increased, and arterial pH, oxygen saturation and blood pressure decreased significantly in HC, HE and HO groups. During RR, these abnormalities returned to normal values, but lactic acidosis persisted especially in HO group. Cerebral Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity decreased, and lipid peroxidation products increased significantly in HC group than in NC group, and these abnormalities were significantly aggravated in HE, but not in HO, group. Brain ATP and phosphocreatine levels in HE group were significantly reduced compared to the corresponding values in NC, HC and HO groups. In summary, hyperglycemia, but not hypoglycemia immediately after HI interfered with the recovery of brain cell membrane function and energy metabolism. These findings suggest that post-hypoxic-ischemic hyperglycemia is not beneficial and might even be harmful in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.
Brain Research 06/2001; 901(1-2):102-8. · 2.88 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We evaluated the anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects of hypothermia during the early phase of experimental Escherichia coli meningitis in the newborn piglet. Hypothermia significantly attenuated the meningitis-induced acute inflammatory responses such as increased intracranial pressure, decreased glucose level, increased lactate concentration, increased tumor necrosis factor-alpha level and leukocytosis in the cerebrospinal fluid. Decreased cerebral cortical cell membrane Na+,K+-ATPase activity and increased lipid peroxidation products, indicative of meningitis-induced brain damage, were significantly improved with hypothermia. Hypothermia also significantly improved the meningitis-induced reduction in brain ATP and phosphocreatine levels. In summary, hypothermia significantly attenuated the acute inflammatory responses and the ensuing brain injury in experimental neonatal bacterial meningitis.
Neurochemical Research 05/2001; 26(4):369-74. · 2.13 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of renin-secreting juxtaglomerular cell tumor which developed in a hypertensive 47-yr-old Korean man. Presumptive clinical diagnosis was made before surgery based on the high level of plasma renin and the radiologic evidence of renal mass. Grossly, a round, bulging, well-encapsulated mass of 3 x 3 cm was located in the mid-portion of the right kidney. On microscopic examination, the tumor was composed of ovoid to polyhedral cells with bland nuclei, indistinct nucleoli and light eosinophilic cytoplasm. The immunostaining for renin showed strong positivity in the cytoplasm of tumor cells. The characteristic rhomboid shaped renin protogranules were observed in ultrastructural analysis.
Journal of Korean Medical Science 05/2001; 16(2):233-6. · 1.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In order to evaluate the role of anti-endothelial cell antibody (AECA) in acute rejection in renal transplantation, serum AECA IgG titers were measured in 68 healthy controls, 111 chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients and 58 first renal transplant recipients. The AECA titer in hemodialysis patients was higher than in healthy controls (13.9 +/- 5.0 vs. 4.8 +/- 2.3 U/mL, p < 0.01). In transplant recipients, AECA titers were not affected by dialysis mode (HD vs. CAPD vs. non-dialysis; 9.6 +/- 7.6 vs. 7.9 +/- 3.9 vs. 11.9 +/- 3.1 U/mL, p > 0.05). After renal transplantation, AECA titer was decreased significantly (vs. 4.7 +/- 3.6 U/mL. p < 0.01). The serum AECA IgG titers increased significantly in recipients with acute rejection (6.9 +/- 3.1 vs. 13.5 +/- 9.9 U/mL, p < 0.01), but decreased to 5.6 +/- 3.0 U/mL (p < 0.01) after formal rejection therapy. In the recipients with acute rejection (n = 27), the pre-renal transplant AECA titer was higher than in that without acute rejection (14.0 +/- 8.6 vs. 7.7 +/- 3.8 U/mL, p < 0.01). The results of this study lead us to conclude that pre- and post-renal transplant AECA titer might be a useful predictor for acute rejection and useful for monitoring acute rejection in renal transplant recipients.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 03/2001; 16(1):24-9.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was performed to elucidate the mechanism of improved oxygenation after surfactant replacement therapy in respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn infants. In 26 newborns with RDS, end tidal-CO2 tension (PetCO2), arterial blood gas analysis and pulmonary function tests were measured at baseline, 30 min, 2 hr and 6 hr after surfactant administration. The changes in dead space/tidal volume ratio (VD/VT ratio=(PaCO2-PetCO2)/PaCO2), oxygenation index and arterial-alveolar partial pressure difference for oxygen ((A-a)DO2) were elucidated and correlated with pulmonary mechanics. Oxygenation index and (A-a)DO2 improved, and VD/VT ratio decreased progressively after surfactant administration, becoming significantly different from the baseline at 30 min and thereafter with administration of surfactant. Pulmonary mechanics did not change significantly during the observation period. VD/VT ratio showed close correlation with OI and (A-a)DO2, but not with pulmonary mechanics. These results suggest that decreased physiologic dead space resulting from the recruitment of atelectatic alveoli rather than improvement in pulmonary mechanics is primarily responsible for the improved oxygenation after surfactant therapy in the RDS of newborn.
Journal of Korean Medical Science 03/2001; 16(1):51-6. · 1.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Infiltration of mononuclear cells and glomerular enlargement accompanied by glomerular cell proliferation are very early characteristics of the pathophysiology of diabetes. To clarify the mechanism of early diabetic nephropathy, we measured [3H]-thymidine incorporation and cell numbers to show the influence of a high ambient glucose concentration and the osmotic effect on rat mesangial cell proliferation. We also measured the effect of high glucose on the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and vascular adhesion molecule-1 by flow cytometry and semiquantitative RT-PCR in mesangial cells and the adhesion of leukocytes to mesangial cells.
Cells exposed to high D-glucose (30 mmol/l) caused an increase in [3H]-thymidine incorporation and cell numbers at 24 and 48 h and normalized at 72 h (p < 0.05), whereas these changes were not found in high mannitol (30 mmol/l), IL-1 beta, or TNF alpha-stimulated mesangial cells. Cells exposed to high-glucose (15, 30, or 60 mmol/l) or osmotic agents (L-glucose, raffinose and mannitol) showed that intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression began to increase after 24 h, reached its maximum at 24 and 48 h and gradually decreased afterwards. The stimulatory effects of high glucose and high mannitol on mRNA expression were observed as early as 6 h and reached its maximum at 12 h. Up-regulation of ICAM-1 protein and mRNA was also found in IL-1-beta and TNF-alpha-stimulated mesangial cells. Neither vascular adhesion molecule-1 protein nor mRNA expression was, however, affected by high glucose and high mannitol. Notably, the protein kinase C inhibitors calphostin C and staurosporine reduced high glucose- or high mannitol-induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 mRNA expression and high glucose-induced proliferation. Furthermore, the NF-kappa B inhibitor N-tosyl-L-phenylalanine chloromethyl ketone reduced high glucose- or high mannitol-induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 mRNA expression and high glucose-induced proliferation. Results showed that high glucose (15, 30 mmol/l) or high concentrations of osmotic agents remarkably increased the number of adherent leukocytes to mesangial cells (p < 0.01) compared with control cells (5 mmol/l D-glucose). Functional blocking of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 on mesangial cells with rat intercellular adhesion molecule-1 monoclonal antibody, calphostin C, staurosporine, or N-tosyl-L-phenylalanine chloromethyl ketone significantly inhibited high glucose- or high mannitol-induced increase in leukocyte adhesion (p < 0.05).
These results suggest that high glucose can upregulate intercellular adhesion molecule-1 protein and mRNA expression but not vascular adhesion molecule-1 expression in mesangial cells and promote leukocyte adhesion through up-regulation of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 through osmotic effect, possibly depending on the protein kinase C nuclear factor-kappa B (PKC-NF-kappa B) pathway. High glucose itself can also promote mesangial cell proliferation through the PKC-NF-kappa B pathways. We conclude that hyperglycaemia in itself seems to be an important factor in the development of early diabetic nephropathy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) vascular dysfunction has been observed in various organs, but the involvement of the intestine has not yet been reported. This study was performed to evaluate the association of intestinal protein loss in this disease with other clinical parameters reflecting vascular permeability or disease severity.
Twenty patients with HFRS were included in this study. Intestinal protein loss was measured by (99m)Tc-human serum albumin ((99m)Tc-HSA) scintigraphy in the acute stage, and quantitative analysis of protein loss was measured by the faecal clearance of alpha 1-antitrypsin (C(AT)) in the acute and the recovery stages. C(AT) was then compared with clinical parameters reflecting disease activity and vascular permeability.
(99m)Tc-HSA scintigraphy was positive in 13 (65%) patients, and C(AT) in the acute stage was significantly increased as compared with C(AT) in the recovery stage (40.5+/-24.1 vs 9.2+/-4.2 ml/day, P<0.001). C(AT) was associated with serum albumin levels, frequency of hypotensive episodes, severity of acute renal failure, and degree of thrombocytopenia.
Our data suggest that the increased vascular permeability of HFRS is associated with the increased intestinal loss of plasma proteins, which might represent one of the parameters of disease severity in HFRS.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two new acylated flavonol glycosides, named amurenosides A and B, together with quercetin 3-(2,6-di-O-alpha-rhamnopyranosyl-beta-galactopyranoside), have been isolated from the whole plant of Vicia amurensis. Their structures were elucidated as quercetin 3-O-alpha-L-(3-feruloylrhamnopyranosyl)(1-->6)-[alpha-L-rhamnopyra nosyl(1-->2)]-beta-D-galactopyranoside and quercetin 3-O-alpha-L-(2-feruloylrhamnopyranosyl)(1-->6)-[alpha-L-rhamnopyra nosyl(1-->2)]-beta-D-galactopyranoside on the basis of various NMR techniques, FAB mass spectrometry and chemical reactions.
CHEMICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN 09/2000; 48(8):1242-5. · 1.56 Impact Factor