Publications (3)0 Total impact
Article: Hybrid embryos produced by transferring panda or cat somatic nuclei into rabbit MII oocytes can develop to blastocyst in vitro.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The developmental potential of hybrid embryos produced by transferring panda or cat fibroblasts into nucleated rabbit oocytes was assessed. Both the panda-rabbit and the cat-rabbit hybrid embryos were able to form blastocysts in vitro. However, the rates of attaining the two-cell, four-cell, eight-cell, morula, or blastocyst stages for panda-rabbit hybrids were significantly greater than those of cat-rabbit hybrids (P<0.05). Transferring the rabbit fibroblasts into nucleated rabbit oocytes, 31.0% of the blastocyst rate was obtained, which was significantly higher than that of both the panda-rabbit and the cat-rabbit hybrid embryos (P<0.05). Whether or not the second polar body (PB2) was extruded from the one-cell hybrid embryos (both panda-rabbit and cat-rabbit hybrids) significantly affected their developmental capacity. Embryos without an extruded PB2 showed a higher capacity to develop into blastocysts (panda-rabbit: 19.2%; cat-rabbit: 4.3%), while embryos with extruded PB2 could only develop to the morula stage. The hybrid embryos formed pronucleus-like structures (PN) in 2-4 hr after activation, and the number of PN in one-cell embryos varied from one to five. Tracking of the nucleus in the egg after fusion revealed that the somatic nucleus could approach and aggregate with the oocyte nucleus spontaneously. Chromosome analysis of the panda-rabbit blastocysts showed that the karyotype of the hybrid embryos (2n=86) consisted of chromosomes from both the panda (2n=42) and the rabbit (2n=44). The results demonstrate that (1) it is possible to produce genetic hybrid embryos by interspecies nuclear transfer; (2) the developmental potential of the hybrid embryos is highly correlated to the donor nucleus species; and (3) the hybrid genome is able to support the complete preimplantation embryonic development of the hybrids.Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A Comparative Experimental Biology 09/2005; 303(8):689-97.
Article: [Effects of 6-dimethylaminopurine and passages of embryonic stem cells on the development in vitro of interspecific reconstructed oocytes].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The development of reconstructed oocytes and the survival rate of cloned animal were affected by many factors during nuclear transfer. The genetic constitution and the genetic state of donor nucleus were proposed to be primary factors, which affected the survival rate of cloned animal. In addition, the survival rate of cloned animal might be influenced by nuclear transfer technique itself and passages of donor cells as well as the activation methods of oocytes. We reconstructed oocytes with outbreeding Kunming albino mouse ES cells and enucleated rabbit oocytes, and analyzed the effects of the passages of ES cells and 6-DMAP on the development of interspecific reconstructed oocytes. The interspecific reconstructed ES-rabbit oocytes were activated either by combined two set electric pulses and 6-DMAP or by two set electric pulses alone. The rate of cleavage was significantly higher for the group (86.2%) treated with 6-DMAP than the group (64.2%, P < 0.05) treated with electric pulses only, and the rate of blastocysts was 17.0% and 13.4% respectively, which were not significantly different between two groups. When ES cells that had been passed for 24 and 14 generations were used as donors, the cleavage rates of the reconstructed oocytes were 88.5% and 82.1%, respectively (P > 0.05), and the rates of blastolation were 16.7% and 15.4%, respectively (P > 0.05). The results show that 6-DMAP increases the cleavage rate of reconstructed oocytes derived from ES cells, and affects slightly the developmental rate of blastocysts. There are no differences when high passage and low passage ES cells are used as nuclear donors.Shi yan sheng wu xue bao 05/2003; 36(2):145-8.
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ABSTRACT: In order to study the effects of different donor cells and passages on development of nuclear transfer embryos, we constructed embryos by electrofusing several kinds of donor cells into enucleated M II oocytes from Kun Ming (KM) mouse. These cells include 2-cell embryonic blastomeres, KMW embryonic stem (ES) cells, fetal fibroblast, ear fibroblast, tail tip fibroblast, sertoil cells and spermatogonia. Meanwhile, we compared the effects of passage numbers of fetal fibroblast cells on developmental competency after nuclear transfer. We found that 7.4% of reconstructed embryos from 2-cell embryonic blastomeres and 0.7% from ES cell could develop to blastocyst in vitro; embryos from fetal fibroblast could only develop to morula stage with the rate of 0.2%; embryos from spermatogonia could only develop to 8-cell stage and the rate was 0.3%; embryos respectively from ear fibroblast, sertoli cell and tail tip fibroblast could only develop to 4-cell stage. Although 2-cell development rate of embryos reconstructed from fetal fibroblast in first passage was significantly lower than those from the 2nd, the 3rd and the 4th passage, embryos from different passages could develop to 8-cell stage except the 3rd passage. The result indicated that it is more difficult for terminally differentiated cell nuclei to be reprogrammed in enucleated M II oocytes than for low differentiated cell nuclei. The reason of low development rate from ES cells maybe that most of ES cells was at S stage of the cell cycle, which out of coordination with M II oocytes. We could conclude that culture and passage of donor cells might be benefit to nucleus reprogramming.Acta Genetica Sinica 04/2003; 30(3):215-20.