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ABSTRACT: We evaluated the use of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in Japan from 1999 to 2008. MMF was administered to 301 patients, including 157 for the prevention of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), 94 for the treatment of acute GVHD and 50 for the treatment of chronic GVHD. The three most common doses were 500 mg twice daily, 250 mg three times daily and 1,000 mg twice daily, given to 63, 54 and 45 patients, respectively. The incidence of grade II-IV acute GVHD was 30.0% and grade III-IV was 20.0% in the GVHD prevention group. Among treated patients, disappearance or improvement of subjective symptoms occurred in 57.0% of acute GVHD patients and in 52.0% of chronic GVHD patients. With regard to safety, the following major adverse events (grade 3 or more) were recorded: 31 infections, 31 neutropenia, 28 thrombocytopenia, 25 diarrhea and 1 renal disorder. A total of 116 patients developed grade 3 or 4 adverse events, but 79 were successfully treated with supportive treatment. Thus, our findings suggest that MMF is safe and effective for the prevention and treatment of GVHD in patients who have received an allogeneic stem cell transplant.
International journal of hematology 04/2011; 93(4):523-31. · 1.17 Impact Factor