[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT:
To determine the regulatory mechanism for human tyrosine hydroxylase, we examined modulations of the activity of the enzyme from human pheochromocytoma by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase, calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II and polyanion. The most remarkable activation was observed when the enzyme was assayed at physiological pH (pH 7) after being subjected to phosphorylation by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase. Calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II and polyanion also modulated the enzyme activity. The results suggest that tyrosine hydroxylase may be regulated similarly in both human and rat.