[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells (DCs), the most abundant antigen-presenting cells in the lung, have been drawing attention for their roles in specific allergic responses to aeroallergens with support of Th lymphocytes, and in persistent inflammatory changes in allergic asthma. To identify genetic factors that may be involved in the asthma susceptibility and development of the disease phenotypes, we examined association of DC-specific DCNP1 polymorphisms with the disease risk. The case-control study revealed association of the nucleotide variants with serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels specific for Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f 1) and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p 1), major aeroallergens of dust mites, among subjects with asthma. In particular, the T-allele-carrying genotype frequencies for one of the variants (c.-1289C>T) located in the promoter region were found increased in the asthmatic group with low levels of the mite-specific IgE (odds ratio (OR)=0.63 (0.48-0.83) for Der p 1). Results from functional analyses indicated that the promoter variant would affect the gene expression by modulating DNA-protein interaction. We propose that the genetic polymorphism of DCNP1 may influence production of specific IgE by altering DC functions in the mite allergen presenting and/or processing. The functional relevance of the genetic variation would provide an important insight into the genetic basis of allergic response to the mite antigens.
Genes and Immunity 07/2007; 8(5):369-78. · 3.68 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Allergy is regarded as a multifactorial condition. Its onset and severity are influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Identification of genetic factors involved in asthma development and related phenotypes is a major task in understanding the genetic background of asthma. The possible involvement of IL18 polymorphisms in asthma was examined in a Korean asthma cohort.
Direct sequencing was performed to discover single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL18 gene. Single-base extension (SBE) method was employed for genotyping. Genotypic influence of IL18 was analysed using logistic and multiple-regression models.
Although no polymorphisms in the IL18 gene showed significant association with the risk of asthma development, analyses of the association with specific serum IgE levels to Dermatophagoides farinae (D.f.) and D. pteronyssinus (D.p.) among asthmatic patients revealed significant associations with two completely linked SNPs, i.e. -148G>C and +13925A>C(Ser35Ser) (P = 0.01-0.11 for D.f. and P = 0.005-0.11 for D.p.). Both C allele of -148G>C and C allele of +13925A>C showed gene dose-dependent effects on the levels of specific IgE. The lowest IgE levels in homozygotes of minor alleles (1.13 and 1.22 of D.f.; 1.38 and 1.33 of D.p., respectively), intermediate IgE levels in heterozygotes (1.60 and 1.70 of D.f.; 1.84 and 1.92 of D.p., respectively), and the highest levels in homozygotes for major allele (1.93 and 1.93 of D.f.; 2.24 and 2.24 of D.p., respectively), were found.
The genetic relevance of IL18 to specific IgE might offer an important step in understanding the genetic background of allergic diseases.