ABSTRACT: We established an interleukin-6 (IL-6)-dependent cell line from murine plasmacytoma MOPC-104E cells. This cell line (designated PIL-6) was found to respond to murine and to human IL-6, but not to any other cytokines. We used this cell line to investigate the involvement of IL-6 production in type II collagen-induced arthritis in DBA/1 mice. Only marginal IL-6 activity was detected in sera from DBA/1 mice inoculated with Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) alone, with an unrelated protein (bovine serum albumin) plus FCA, or with type II collagen plus Freund's incomplete adjuvant. However, enhanced IL-6 activity was observed in DBA/1 mice that had been injected with type II collagen plus FCA to induce arthritis. The elevated level of serum IL-6 activity was associated with high levels of IL-6 produced when lymph node cells from arthritic mice were stimulated in vitro with type II collagen. We also found that the L3T4+ T cell subset is responsible for the enhanced production of IL-6 in arthritic mice. The results are discussed in the context of potential roles of IL-6 in the induction and/or expression of chronic, progressive arthritis.
Arthritis & Rheumatism 06/1989; 32(5):594-600. · 7.87 Impact Factor