Publications (3)2.6 Total impact
Article: [Resistance against oral antibiotics to Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from adult respiratory tract infections].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The resistance against oral antibiotics to Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) isolated from adult patients with respiratory tract infections in the Kurume area in 1998 was studied. The frequency of resistant strains, which were isolated penicillin-intermediate S. pneumoniae and resistant S. pneumoniae (PISP, PRSP) were both 41.2%. We examined the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of oral antibiotics and the susceptibility ratio of the strains for the drugs based on the breakpoint MIC. The breakpoint MIC of pneumonia against oral beta-lactam antibiotics to PISP, PRSP, which were determined by Japan Society of Chemotherapy, were high in the order of FRPM > CDTR, CFPN > CFTM > CFDN, CPDX. In the case of the new oral quinolones, DU6859a > SPFX > LVFX > CPFX showed good results, in this order, DU6859a showed the most significant inhibitory effect to PISP, PRSP (MIC90 0.06 microgram/ml). By serotyping the percentage of 19, 6, 23 was 42.9%, 21.4% and 14.3%.Kansenshogaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases 12/1999; 73(12):1187-93.
Article: Prognostic significance of febrile episodes in lung cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The prognostic significance of neutropenic fever in lung cancer patients receiving chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy was investigated. Male patients and patients with squamous cell lung cancer had a higher incidence of febrile episodes than female patients and patients with other cell types, but the differences were not significant. Patients with a poor performance status had a significantly higher incidence of febrile episodes. An indwelling central venous catheter was an important risk factor for febrile episodes, indicating that bacteremia was one of the major causes of fever. The median survival time of the patients who developed febrile episodes during chemotherapy was significantly shorter than that of patients without fever (6.1 vs 12.0 months), whether or not cases of early death within 3 months were excluded (8.9 vs 13.1 months). The prevention of infectious complications during anticancer treatment by the use of rh G-CSF and the early initiation of antimicrobial chemotherapy, although the results are inconclusive, may be worthwhile.Supportive Care Cancer 08/1998; 6(4):396-401. · 2.60 Impact Factor
Article: Sarcoidosis: correlation of HRCT findings with results of pulmonary function tests and serum angiotensin-converting enzyme assay.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We examined correlations between findings on chest high resolution computed tomography (HRCT), pulmonary function and values of serum angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) in 25 patients with sarcoidosis. The most frequent CT features were small nodular opacities. The small nodules, representing the confluence of epithelioid granulomas, are strongly correlated with peribronchovascular, perilobular, and centrilobular lesions, where there is an abundance of lymphatic plexus. This strongly suggests the importance of the lymph vessels in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis. The pulmonary functions tests showed obstructive defects in 6 and mixed-type defects in 2 of the 25 patients. Furthermore, an elevation of V50/V25 ratio suggesting small-airway disease was detected in many patients who showed normal values of FEV1.0% and %VC. This fact indicates that small-airway disease was manifested earlier in sarcoidosis patients. Statistically significant negative correlations were found between visual score and %VC, %FVC, FEV1.0%, %TLC, and %DLco, but there was no significant correlation between visual score and serum ACE. ACE is derived from granuloma-forming epithelioid cells, and the activity of ACE decreased rapidly in mature granulomas. Epithelioid cells in the mature granulomas which can be recognized on HRCT scan have stopped or are about to stop the release of ACE. In this study, serum ACE activity was found to be elevated and correlated with %V25 and V50/V25 at an early stage of the disease. The results of this study provide meaningful insights into the process of sarcoidosis in lung.The Kurume Medical Journal 02/1998; 45(3):247-56.