Yan Ren

Beijing Genomics Institute, Bao'an, Guangdong, China

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Publications (8)19.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The analysis of membrane proteins is still a technical obstacle in proteomic investigation. A fundamental question is how to allow the hydrophobic proteins fully solubilizing in a proper solvent environment. We propose that the denatured membrane proteins in high denaturant solution are fully ionized and separated through ion exchange chromatography. The membrane proteins prepared from a mouse liver were dissolved in 4 mol/L urea, 20 mmol/L Tris-HCl buffer (pH 9.0), and loaded onto a tandem chromatography coupled with Q-Sepharose FF and Sephacryl S-200HR. With a linear NaCl gradient elution, the bound proteins were eluted and collected followed by sodium-dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) to further separate the eluted proteins. The protein bound on SDS-PAGE were excised and in-gel digested by trypsin, while the digested peptides were delivered to reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ion-trap mass spectrometry for the peptide identifications. Of a total of 392 proteins identified, 306 were membrane proteins or membrane associated proteins reported by literature. Based on the calculation of hydrophobicity, the GRAVY (grand average of hydropathicity) scores of 83 proteins are over or equal to 0.00. Taking all the evidence, we have established an effective approach which is feasible in the investigation towards mouse liver membrane proteomics.
    Se pu = Chinese journal of chromatography / Zhongguo hua xue hui 02/2010; 28(2):115-22.
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    ABSTRACT: The aldo-keto reductase (AKR) proteins catalyze reduction of diverse aldehydes and play detoxification roles in many organisms. Since many substrates are shared among AKR, it is generally accepted that these enzymes can functionally compensate each other in response to oxidative stress. Their overall abundances are the important factor that partially reflects the capacity of antioxidant and detoxification in tissues. In this study, the strategy was proposed for generation of Pan-AKR antibodies to recognize most AKR proteins in mouse tissues. Derived from bioinformatic analysis, several consensus peptides with different potential antigenicities were synthesized, conjugated to hemocyanin from keyhole limpets and further delivered to rabbits to generate polyclonal antibodies. Three Pan-AKR antibodies exhibited the immune specificities and immune sensitivities, Pan-AKR-P1 for AKR1B and AKR1C, Pan-AKR-P3 for AKR1C and Pan-AKR-P4 for all the AKR proteins. Pan-AKR-P4 antibody was employed to 2-DE Western blot to examine the AKR abundances in mouse liver and kidney, resulting in seven immune-reactive spots from each tissue. Protein identification with MS revealed that most immune-positive spots were the members of AKR superfamily. Furthermore, Pan-AKR-P4 antibody was implemented to compare the different abundances of the AKR proteins in liver and kidney between normal and diabetic mice, suggesting that diabetes did cause some abnormal changes in the AKR protein abundances.
    Proteomics 09/2009; 9(22):5090-100. · 4.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A fundamental issue for sepsis therapy is to control the development of inflammation at an early stage. With cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) surgery, the mouse model has clearly shown the septic signs triggered by chronic insult. To monitor the plasma proteomic responses to sepsis, the mouse blood was collected at intervals after sham and CLP surgery followed by the sample treatment to remove high abundance serum albumin. The treated mouse plasma proteins were well resolved by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE). The image analysis revealed that these 2-DE spots observed from the sham and the CLP samples 4 h after surgery were comparable, whereas more than 30 different spots appeared on the 2-DE gels between the sham and CLP mouse plasma 24 h after surgery, indicating that some plasma proteins responded to the inflammatory development. These differential spots were verified by MALDI-TOF/TOF MS, resulting in 13 unique sepsis-responsive proteins. More importantly, most of them exhibited multiple spots as difference on the 2-DE gels. Furthermore, these isospots were incubated with PNGase F to eliminate N-linked oligosaccharides on proteins and then evaluated by Western blot as well as mass spectrometry. The results of PNGase F digestion suggested that most sepsis-associated proteins remained in N-glycosylation status but changed their N-glycans during septic development.
    Journal of Proteome Research 08/2007; 6(7):2812-21. · 5.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The transformation of distally related genomic DNAs into plant was proposed as a novel technique to breed new cultivars. For example, a restorer rice line, RB207, was successfully developed and stabilized through the transformation of genomic DNAs of Echinochloa crusgalli (E. crusgalli) into a rice line, R207. Although the phenotypes of this variant line are apparently different from its receptor, the molecular bases are not elucidated yet. Herein, we have systematically studied the differential proteomes from the tissues of E. crusgalli, R207, and RB207 in an attempt to find an explanation regarding the phenotypic changes of RB207. The 2-DE method was employed to separate the leaf and embryo proteins of these plants followed by protein identification with mass spectrometry. In the leaf, 953 +/- 15, 1084 +/- 11, and 1091 +/- 11 silver-stained spots were detected, whereas in the embryo, 986 +/- 3, 884 +/- 10, and 892 +/- 14 spots were found from E. crusgalli, R207, and RB207, respectively. In comparison to the 2-DE images of the two rice lines, which showed many similarities, the ones of the E. crusgalli and rice were found to be so different that they were incomparable. There were some differentially expressed 2-DE spots between the two rice cultivars, 72 in leaf and 53 in embryo, respectively. The results of protein identification suggested that, regardless of leaves or embryos, none of the E. crusgalli genes were encoded in the new rice cultivar, RB207. The fact that 60% of the differentially expressed spots between R207 and RB207, however, were verified as the proteins involved in metabolism and photosynthesis makes a rather convincing argument that the DNA fragments transferred from E. crusgalli to rice are responsible for exerting the unknown influence to the expression of rice genes.
    Journal of Proteome Research 05/2007; 6(4):1354-63. · 5.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Snake venom is a complex mixture of proteins and peptides, and a number of studies have described the biological properties of several venomous proteins. Nevertheless, a complete proteomic profile of venom from any of the many species of snake is not available. Proteomics now makes it possible to globally identify proteins from a complex mixture. To assess the venom proteomic profiles from Naja naja atra and Agkistrodon halys, snakes common to southern China, we used a combination strategy, which included the following four different approaches: (i) shotgun digestion plus HPLC with ion-trap tandem MS, (ii) one-dimensional SDS/PAGE plus HPLC with tandem MS, (iii) gel filtration plus HPLC with tandem MS and (iv) gel filtration and 2DE (two-dimensional gel electrophoresis) plus MALDI-TOF (matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight) MS. In the present paper, we report the novel identification of 124 and 74 proteins and peptides in cobra and viper venom respectively. Functional analysis based upon toxin categories reveals that, as expected, cobra venom has a high abundance of cardio- and neurotoxins, whereas viper venom contains a significant amount of haemotoxins and metalloproteinases. Although approx. 80% of gel spots from 2DE displayed high-quality MALDI-TOF-MS spectra, only 50% of these spots were confirmed to be venom proteins, which is more than likely to be a result of incomplete protein databases. Interestingly, these data suggest that post-translational modification may be a significant characteristic of venomous proteins.
    Biochemical Journal 12/2004; 384(Pt 1):119-27. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The nucleocapsid protein (N protein) has been found to be an antigenic protein in a number of coronaviruses. Whether the N protein in severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) is antigenic remains to be elucidated. Using Western blot and Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), the recombinant N proteins and the synthesized peptides derived from the N protein were screened in sera from SARS patients. All patient sera in this study displayed strong positive immunoreactivities against the recombinant N proteins, whereas normal sera gave negative immunoresponses to these proteins, indicating that the N protein of SARS-CoV is an antigenic protein. Furthermore, the epitope sites in the N protein were determined by competition experiments, in which the recombinant proteins or the synthesized peptides competed against the SARS-CoV proteins to bind to the antibodies raised in SARS sera. One epitope site located at the C-terminus was confirmed as the most antigenic region in this protein. A detailed screening of peptide with ELISA demonstrated that the amino sequence from Codons 371 to 407 was the epitope site at the C-terminus of the N protein. Understanding of the epitope sites could be very significant for developing an effective diagnostic approach to SARS.
    Genomics Proteomics & Bioinformatics 09/2003; 1(3):198-206.
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    ABSTRACT: In order to develop clinical diagnostic tools for rapid detection of the SARS-CoV (severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus) and to identify candidate proteins for vaccine development, the C-terminal portion of the nucleocapsid (NC) gene was amplified using RT-PCR from the SARS-CoV genome, cloned into a yeast expression vector (pEGH), and expressed as a glutathione S-transferase (GST) and Hisx6 double-tagged fusion protein under the control of an inducible promoter. Western analysis on the purified protein confirmed the expression and purification of the NC fusion proteins from yeast. To determine its antigenicity, the fusion protein was challenged with serum samples from SARS patients and normal controls. The NC fusion protein demonstrated high antigenicity with high specificity, and therefore, it should have great potential in designing clinical diagnostic tools and provide useful information for vaccine development.
    Genomics Proteomics & Bioinformatics 09/2003; 1(3):193-7.
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    ABSTRACT: In the face of the worldwide threat of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) to human life, some of the most urgent challenges are to develop fast and accurate analytical methods for early diagnosis of this disease as well as to create a safe anti-viral vaccine for prevention. To these ends, we investigated the antigenicity of the spike protein (S protein), a major structural protein in the SARS-coronavirus (SARS-CoV). Based upon the theoretical analysis for hydrophobicity of the S protein, 18 peptides were synthesized. Using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), these peptides were screened in the sera from SARS patients. According to these results, two fragments of the S gene were amplified by PCR and cloned into pET-32a. Both S fragments were expressed in the BL-21 strain and further purified with an affinity chromatography. These recombinant S fragments were confirmed to have positive cross-reactions with SARS sera, either by Western blot or by ELISA. Our results demonstrated that the potential epitope regions were located at Codons 469-882 in the S protein, and one epitope site was located at Codons 599-620. Identification of antigenic regions in the SARS-CoV S protein may be important for the functional studies of this virus or the development of clinical diagnosis.
    Genomics Proteomics & Bioinformatics 09/2003; 1(3):207-15.