[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Carboxymethyl α-cyclodextrin immobilized Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (CM-α-CD-Fe3O4) were synthesized for the selectively adsorptive extraction of five phenylarsonic acids including p-amino phenylarsonic acid, p-nitro phenylarsonic acid, p-hydroxy phenylarsonic acid, p-acylamino phenylarsonic acid and p-hydroxy-3-nitro phenylarsonic acid in chicken tissue. Using ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS), a highly sensitive analytical method was proposed for the determination of five phenylarsonic acids. It was shown that CM-α-CD-Fe3O4 could extract the five phenylarsonic acids in complex chicken tissue samples with high extraction efficiency. Under the optimal conditions, a high enrichment factor, ranging from 349 to 606 fold, was obtained. The limits of detection (LODs) (at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3) were in the range of 0.05-0.11 µg/kg for the five phenylarsonic acids. The proposed method was applied for the determination of five target phenylarsonic acids in chicken muscle and liver samples. Recoveries for the spiked samples with 0.2 µg/kg, 2.0 µg/kg and 20 µg/kg of each phenylarsonic acids were in the range of 77.2%-110.2%, with a relative standard deviation (RSD) of less than 12.5%.
PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e107147. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Discuss the relationship between obesity and hyperlipidemia in children and adolescent.
According to the BMI classification criteria of overweight and obesity screening in Chinese school-age child and adolescent, and the gender and nationality, age ( ≤1 year-old), we performed the 1:1:1 match of the obesity, overweight and normal, there were 321 subjects in each group. Using "national unified measurement and method of youth physical fitness research", we did physical measurements on the subjects, and collected fasting venous blood to do biochemical detections, including blood glucose (FPG), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C ) , low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C).
The differences of weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, SBP, DBP, TG, TC, LDL-C were statistically significant among the three groups (all P <0. 01 or 0. 05), the obese group was significantly higher than the normal group. With the increase of BMI, the abnormal rate of TG and TC were all upward trend, the obese group was significantly higher than the normal group, the differences were statistically significant( all P <0. 01 or 0. 05). After controlling factors of gender, nationality and age, TG was positively correlated with BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference and waist-high ratio (WHtR) (all P <0.01 or 0.05), HDL-C was negatively correlated with and BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference and WHtR (all P <0. 01 or 0. 05). After adjusting gender, nationality and age, with the increase of BMI, the risk for hyperlipidemia increased significantly, the risk of the obese group for hyperlipidemia was 1. 593 times than the normal group (95% CI 1. 144 -2. 220), it was statistically significance (P <0. 01). The level of TC, LDL-C and HDL-C in Muslim children and adolescents were higher than in Han., the level of TG were lower than in Han, but the differences were not statistically significant( All P > 0. 05) ). The abnormal rates of TC, LDL-C in Muslim children and adolescents were higher than in Han, the differences were statistically significant.
The blood lipids levels of obese children and adolescents were obviously higher than that of normal one, especially TG and TC; obesity significantly increased the risk for hyperlipidemia in children and adolescents; the abnormal rates of TC, LDL-C in Muslim children and adolescents were significantly higher than in Han; Whether it is associated with ethnic genetic, remains to be further research.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The intima-media thickness (IMT) of common carotid artery (CCA) can serve as an important indicator for the assessment of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). In this paper an improved approach for automatic IMT measurement with low complexity and high accuracy is presented. 100 ultrasound images from 100 patients were tested with the proposed approach. The ground truth (GT) of the IMT was manually measured for six times and averaged, while the automatic segmented (AS) IMT was computed by the algorithm proposed in this paper. The mean difference ± standard deviation between AS and GT IMT is 0.0231 ± 0.0348 mm, and the correlation coefficient between them is 0.9629. The computational time is 0.3223 s per image with MATLAB under Windows XP on an Intel Core 2 Duo CPU E7500 @2.93 GHz. The proposed algorithm has the potential to achieve real-time measurement under Visual Studio.
BioMed Research International 01/2014; 2014:740328. · 2.71 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aurora-A overexpression is common in various types of cancers and has been shown to be involved in tumorigenesis through different signaling pathways, yet how the deregulation affects cancer therapeutics remains elusive. Here we showed that overexpression of Aurora-A rendered esophageal cancer cells resistance to cisplatin (CDDP) by inhibiting apoptosis. By using an apoptosis array, we identified a downstream gene, p21-activated kinase 7 (PAK7). PAK7 was upregulated by Aurora-A overexpression at both mRNA and protein levels. Importantly, the expression levels of Aurora-A and PAK7 were correlated in ESCC primary samples. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay revealed that binding of E2F1 to the promoter of PAK7 was significantly enhanced upon Aurora-A activation, and knockdown of transcription factor E2F1 decreased PAK7 expression, suggesting that Aurora-A regulated PAK7 through E2F1. Furthermore, we demonstrated that PAK7 knockdown led to increased apoptosis, and Aurora-A-induced resistance to CDDP was reversed by downregulation of PAK7, suggesting PAK7 was a downstream player of Aurora-A that mediated chemoresistance of ESCC cells to CDDP. Our data suggest that PAK7 may serve as an attractive candidate for therapeutics in ESCC patients with Aurora-A abnormality.
PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(12):e113989. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel and efficient determination method for multi-class compounds including β-agonists, sedatives, nitro-imidazoles and aflatoxins in porcine formula feed based on a fast "one-pot" extraction/multifunction impurity adsorption (MFIA) clean-up procedure has been developed. 23 target analytes belonging to four different class compounds could be determined simultaneously in a single run. Conditions for "one-pot" extraction were studied in detail. Under the optimized conditions, the multi-class compounds in porcine formula feed samples were extracted and purified with methanol contained ammonia and absorbents by one step. The compounds in extracts were purified by using multi types of absorbent based on MFIA in one pot. The multi-walled carbon nanotubes were employed to improved clean-up efficiency. Shield BEH C18 column was used to separate 23 target analytes, followed by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) detection using an electro-spray ionization source in positive mode. Recovery studies were done at three fortification levels. Overall average recoveries of target compounds in porcine formula feed at each levels were >51.6% based on matrix fortified calibration with coefficients of variation from 2.7% to 13.2% (n=6). The limit of determination (LOD) of these compounds in porcine formula feed sample matrix was <5.0μg/kg. This method was successfully applied in screening and confirmation of target drugs in >30 porcine formula feed samples. It was demonstrated that the integration of the MFIA protocol with the MS/MS instrument could serve as a valuable strategy for rapid screening and reliable confirmatory analysis of multi-class compounds in real samples.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 12/2013; 947-948C:192-200. · 2.78 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Kidney-tonifying recipe can reduce the accumulation of advanced glycation end products, prevent neuronal degeneration and improve cognitive functions in ovariectomized rats. Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae alcohol extracts may dose-dependently inhibit non-enzymatic saccharification in vitro. This study aimed to examine the effect of Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae on advanced glycation end products and on learning and memory capabilities in ovariectomized rats. Ovariectomized rats were treated with Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae alcohol extracts (containing 1.5 g/kg crude drug) or 0.1% aminoguanidine for 12 weeks and behavioral testing was performed with the Y-electrical maze. This test revealed that Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae and aminoguanidine could improve the learning and memory capabilities of ovariectomized rats. Results of competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed that treatment with Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae or aminoguanidine reduced the accumulation of advanced glycation end products in the frontal cortex of ovariectomized rats, while increasing content in the blood and urine. Biochemical tests showed that treatment with Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae or aminoguanidine decreased superoxide dismutase activity in the serum and frontal cortex, and increased serum levels of glutathione peroxidase in ovariectomized rats. In addition, there was no apparent effect on malondialdehyde levels. These experimental findings indicate that Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae inhibits production of advanced glycation end products and its accumulation in brain tissue, and improves learning and memory capabilities in ovariectomized rats. These effects may be associated with an anti-oxidative action of the extract.
Neural Regeneration Research 06/2013; 8(18):1644-54. · 0.14 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is essential for the development of nervous system and locates at many cell types. Relatively, little is known about IGF-1 expression on the brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs). For in vivo study, we examined the expressions of IGF-1 and IGFBP-2 after focal cerebral ischemia for 12 hours, 24 hours, 3 days and 7 days utilizing a permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model in rats. For in vitro study, the levels of IGF-1 and insulin-like growth factors binding protein 2 (IGFBP-2) in the cultured media or primarily cultured BMECs injured by glucose deprivation (OGD) were examined. Then we elucidated the protective effects of IGF-1 on cortical neurons injured by OGD and the possible mechanism. In addition, we detected the effect of BMECs conditioned media (BMECs-CM) on insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) expression in neurons. The results showed that IGF-1 increased in serum and brain tissue, while IGFBP-2 decreased in brain tissue of MCAO-injured rats. In primarily cultured BMECs, the expressions of IGF-1 and IGFBP-2 were all significantly higher under OGD conditions in culture. IGF-1 administration improved the neuron viability upon normoxia or OGD and upregulated the p-Akt expression. This effect was reversed by the LY294002, a specific inhibitor of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Furthermore, conditioned medium from OGD-induced BMECs remarkably suppressed neuron viability and the expression of IGF-1R simultaneously. These data demonstrate that future therapeutic strategies that prioritize the early recovery of IGF-1 system in BMECs might be a promising therapeutic intervention in ischemic injury. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel, sensitive, and robust method has been developed to detect 9 β2-agonists in porcine urine to monitor illegal use of β2-agonists in swine rearing. The method based on the molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) rapid extraction followed ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) detection. The cleaning efficiency of MIP cartridges was demonstrated by comparing with common ion exchange solid phase extraction. The presented method was validated in accordance with the European Commission Decision 2002/657/EC. The linearity, decision limit (CCα), detection capability (CCβ), recovery, precision, robustness, and stability were studied in detail. CCα and CCβ values were from 0.006 ng/mL to 0.03 ng/mL and from 0.02 ng/mL to 0.08 ng/mL, respectively. The mean recoveries and repeatability varied from 68.8% to 94.2% and from 2.8% to 10.1%. The proposed method was applied to test 170 porcine urine samples from the Shaanxi province in China and two urine samples were confirmed as clenbuterol positive and the concentrations of clenbuterol in positive urine samples were about 0.08 ng/mL and 0.1 ng/mL, respectively. The developed method was demonstrated to be more sensitive and robust for the determination of 9 β2-agonists in porcine urine. The method was proven to be simple and easy in operation with high selectivity and good reproducibility.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel molecularly imprinted membrane (MIM) with ractopamine (RAC) as the template and the hydrophilic PVDF membrane as the support was synthesized for the selective absorption of RAC and its structure analogues. The absorption behavior and selectivity of the MIM were studied. The experimental results showed that the MIM had the good selectivity to three β-agonists including RAC, RIT, and formoterol (FOM) than that of nonimprinted membrane. The adsorption capacity for three compounds was above 1.88 μg/cm(2) of per membrane. Based on the clean-up and enrichment of porcine urine samples with the MIM, a sensitive determination method of three β-agonists in porcine urine samples by using MIM followed ultra performance chromatography coupled MS/MS detection was developed. The LOD and LOQ for RAC, RIT, and FOM were below 0.006 and 0.02 ng/mL, respectively. The mean recoveries, repeatability, and reproducibility of three compounds in porcine urine samples varied from 67.9 to 86.3%, from 3.3 to 10.8%, and from 5.3 to 8.5%, respectively. The presented method was applied to test 50 real porcine urine samples. It was demonstrated to be more sensitive and robust for the determination of RAC, RIT, and FOM in porcine urine.
Journal of Separation Science 02/2013; · 2.59 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Many studies have demonstrated the overexpression and amplification of the miR-17-92 cluster in malignant human cancers, including B-cell lymphomas and lung cancers. The purpose of this study was to investigate for the first time, the expression of the miR-17-92 cluster in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The miR-17-92 cluster was found to be overexpressed in 21 out of 28 (75%) esophageal cancer samples. It was also found that overexpression of the miR-17-92 cluster could promote cellular growth in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, inhibition of miR-19a by antisense oligonucleotides (ONs) induced apoptosis, while antisense ONs against miR-17-5p, miR-18a, miR-20a and miR-92-1 did not exhibit such an effect. In addition, it was found that antagomir-19a treatment could impair tumor growth in vivo. Using Human Apoptosis RT2 Profiler PCR Array 384HT, we found that tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was up-regulated 12-fold in cells transfected with miR-19a antisense ONs compared to the cells treated with the control scramble ONs. MiR-19a was predicted to target the 3' untranslated region of TNF-α mRNA, and this was confirmed by luciferase reporter assay. Taken together, we conclude that the miR-17-92 cluster is overexpressed in ESCC and that TNF-α is a novel target of miR-19a.
International Journal of Oncology 04/2011; 38(4):1013-22. · 2.66 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the protective effects of insulin like growth factor 1(IGF-1) on cortical neurons under condition of hypoxia and the possible mechanism.
Cerebral cortical neurons from newborn rats were cultured under the condition of oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) . On day 7, neurons were treated with IGF-1 or IGF-1 plus LY294002 or PD98059 under condition of OGD or normal condition. MTT assay was used to analyze the viability of neurons in each group. The expression of total Akt and p-Akt were analyzed by Western blot.
Compared with the control, the neuron viability was significantly higher in IGF-1 treated group under normal or OGD condition (P<0.05). The protective effects of IGF-1 were attenuated in the presence of LY294002 but not PD98059. The result of Western blot showed IGF-1 upregulated the expression of p-Akt, which was inhibited by LY294002.
PI3K pathway may play an important role in neuroprotection afforded by IGF-1.
Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences 01/2011; 36(1):21-6.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The miR-17 family, composed of miR-17-5p, miR-20a/b, miR-106a/b and miR-93, has been demonstrated to take part in critical pathways that regulate cellular life and death decisions during normal development and in malignancy. Previous studies have shown that the expression of miR-17 family members has close relationship with the expression of c-Myc. Another study has reported p21 is a direct target of miR-17 family and their silencing of p21 contributes to tumor cell proliferation in part. Since c-Myc is a potent transcriptional repressor of p21, these findings suggest that c-Myc may negatively modulate p21 expression through an additional pathway except transcriptional suppression. In the study presented here, we compared p21 mRNA in the nucleus and cytoplasm of c-Myc stable transfectants with its control, which indicated further repression of p21 by c-Myc at the post-transcriptional level. Stem-loop and conventional real-time PCR showed elevated expression of some members in miR-17 family and their primary transcripts when c-Myc was stably overexpressed. To further investigate the relationship of c-Myc, miR-17 family and p21, we antagonized the expression of each miR-17 family member by transfection of their antisense oligonucleotides respectively in transfectants constitutively overexpressing c-Myc or not, and found that the restoration of p21 expression by treatment above was much stronger in the presence of c-Myc. These results suggest c-Myc could further repress p21 expression at the post-transcriptional level through some, but not all, members of miR-17 family.
International Journal of Oncology 11/2010; 37(5):1315-21. · 2.66 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The abnormality of serine/threonine kinase Aurora-A is seen in many types of cancers. Although in physiological context it has been shown to play a vital role in cellular mitosis, how this oncogene contributes to tumorigenesis remains unclear. Here we demonstrate that Aurora-A overexpression enhances both the expression level and transcriptional activity of c-Myc. The inhibition of c-Myc expression by RNA interference significantly impaired the oncogenic potential of Aurora-A, resulting in attenuated cellular proliferation and transformation rates as well as fewer centrosomal aberrations. Furthermore, downregulation of c-Myc effectively overcame Aurora-A-induced resistance to cisplatin in esophageal cancer cells. Taken together, our results suggest an important role for c-Myc in mediating the oncogenic activity of Aurora-A, which may in turn allow for future targeting of c-Myc as a potential therapeutic strategy for tumors with Aurora-A overexpression.
Experimental and Molecular Medicine 10/2010; 42(11):759-67. · 2.57 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Epidemiological and experimental studies have indicated selenium could reduce the risk of some cancers. In our present study, growth inhibition and apoptosis were detected upon methylseleninic acid (MSA) treatment in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell lines EC9706 and KYSE150. MSA reduced beta-catenin protein levels, while there was no significant change observed on transcriptional levels. Moreover, we found MSA accelerated the degradation of beta-catenin and activated glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK-3beta). Some targets of beta-catenin/TCF pathway and apoptosis-related genes altered after MSA treatment. Notably, utilizing the inducible 293-TR/beta-catenin cell line, we found the apoptotic phenotypes induced by MSA were partially reversed by the overexpression of beta-catenin. Overall, our data indicate the effects induced by MSA in ESCC cells may act on the inhibition of beta-catenin/TCF pathway.
Cancer letters 05/2010; 296(1):113-22. · 5.02 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aurora kinase A (AURKA) is an essential mitotic serine/threonine kinase and its abnormal expression is observed in many malignancies, yet the exact role for AURKA in tumorigenesis still remains elusive. Here, through a transcription factor array, we show that the transcription activity of E2F1 was increased by AURKA overexpression. Meanwhile, the E2F1 protein level was found to be upregulated and a correlation between AURKA and E2F1 expression was observed in cancer specimens. Further analysis revealed that AURKA increased E2F1 protein stability by inhibiting proteasome-dependent degradation of this protein. Additionally, a microRNA cluster, miR-17-92, was found to be upregulated upon AURKA overexpression, and this stimulation was largely repressed by E2F1 knockdown. Chromatin immunoprecipitation further demonstrated that AURKA enhanced E2F1 occupancy to the promoter of the miR-17-92 cluster. These data reveal a novel link between AURKA and microRNAs via the regulation of E2F1, providing new clues for understanding the role of AURKA in tumorigenesis.
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS 03/2010; 67(12):2069-76. · 5.62 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Overexpression of ErbB2 is associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer. Targeting of ErbB2 is a very common therapeutic strategy in ErbB2-overexpressed breast cancer. Herceptin is the first approved and most widely used agent for ErbB2-targeting therapy in breast cancer. Even though the clinical application has been performed for more than 10 years, the exact mechanism underlying how Herceptin exhibits its effects has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we found that Herceptin could inhibit the expression of survivin in ErbB2-overexpressed cell lines. Overexpression of survivin could abrogate the inhibition of cell growth induced by Herceptin. Herceptin could reduce survivin expression at the transcriptional level. The beta-catenin/T-cell factor (TCF) pathway played a very crucial role in this cascade. We found that Herceptin could reduce tyrosine phosphorylation levels of ErbB2 and beta-catenin. Herceptin treatment induced degradation of beta-catenin protein, resulting in reduced binding affinity of beta-catenin/TCF4 to the promoter region of survivin. When we cross-mutated the TCF4 binding sites in the promoter region of survivin, the reduction of survivin promoter activity almost diminished. Taken together, we showed that Herceptin could inhibit survivin expression through the ErbB2-beta-catenin/TCF4-survivin pathway in ErbB2-overexpressed breast cancer cells. This indicates that there may be a new cascade axis from ErbB2 to survivin.
Cancer Science 02/2010; 101(5):1156-62. · 3.48 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine whether functional polymorphisms in the cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme genes affect the risk of developing larynx and hypopharynx squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We investigated CYP1A1, CYP1B1, CYP2E1, and CYP3A4 polymorphisms in 278 patients with laryngeal and hypopharyngeal SCC and 278 control subjects by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Subjects with the CYP1A1 3798CC or TC genotype had an odds ratio (OR) of 3.26 (95% confidence interval CI=1.76-6.03) or 1.56 (95% CI=1.06-2.31), compared with those with the TT genotype. An increased risk was also associated with the CYP1A1 462Val/Val genotype (OR=2.39, 95% CI=1.11-5.16), compared with the TT genotype. Haplotype analysis suggested a synergistic effect of these two polymorphisms. A multiplicative joint effect between the CYP1A1 3798T>C polymorphism and smoking was observed. The OR (95% CI) of the TC or CC genotype for nonsmokers and smokers of >20 pack-years were 1.85 (0.99-3.44) or 8.15 (4.35-15.26), respectively (P(trend)<0.05). The CYP1A1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms are associated with an increased risk of developing smoking-related laryngeal and hypopharyngeal SCC in a Han Chinese population.
Cancer genetics and cytogenetics 01/2010; 196(1):76-82. · 1.54 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chromosome 1 open reading frame 10 (C1orf10) is either down-regulated or absent in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues compared to its corresponding normal counterparts, and it is involved in heat shock and ethanol response and is expected to protect esophageal epithelium from damage. In the present study, we sequenced DNA samples from 32 individuals to search for genetic variants in the promoter region, coding region, and the untranslated region of C1orf10. Genotypes were analyzed in 991 patients and 984 controls. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by logistic regression. Luciferase assays were carried out to find the functional SNPs. Six strongly linked single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) spanning a region of 7 kb, -1747G/T, -1139G/C, -1079G/A, -900G/T, Gly480Ser, and 4666G/A were identified (D'= 1, r(2 )= 1). Only one SNP -1139G/C was selected to analyze the association between C1orf10 genotypes and risk of ESCC. Subjects with the -1139CC genotype had a greater risk of developing ESCC compared with those with the -1139GG genotype (adjusted OR = 1.34; 95% CI, 1.02-1.76). There appears to be an interaction between the -1139G/C polymorphism and tobacco smoking that contributes to the risk for ESCC. However, we did not detect any obvious difference in reporter gene assay driven by each allele of C1orf10 promoter or 3' UTR. These data showed that C1orf10 haplotypes containing -1747G/T, -1139G/C, -1079G/A, -900G/T, Gly480Ser, and 4666G/A are significantly associated with susceptibility to ESCC.
Cancer Science 07/2009; 100(9):1695-700. · 3.48 Impact Factor