[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A meta-analysis and systematic review assessing randomised controlled trials (RCTs) was sought to determine whether subcutaneous injection of insulin with hypertonic glucose promotes healing in postoperative incisions with aseptic fat liquefaction. We searched the Cochrane library, Pubmed, EMBASE, National Science Digital Library (NSDL) and China Biological Medicine Database (CBMdisc) for literature published from 1 January 1990 to 30 September 2011. RCTs that evaluated subcutaneous injection of insulin with hypertonic glucose as a treatment for postoperative wound with fat liquefaction were sought. Wound healing was the primary endpoint. Jadad score and Cochrane Collaboration's tool were used for assessing quality of studies and risk of bias. We abstracted data regarding time to wound healing, cost and adverse effects. The random-effects inverse variance model was used for all analyses using weighted mean difference and 95% confidence interval. Eight trials (414 participants) were identified that met the inclusion criteria. Subcutaneous injection of insulin with hypertonic glucose significantly reduces time to healing by 6·33 days compared with conventional drainage, with less cost. There was no report concerning adverse effects. Subcutaneous injection of insulin with hypertonic glucose may improve the healing process in postoperative wounds with aseptic fat liquefaction.
International Wound Journal 02/2012; · 1.60 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To perform a systematic review of prospective studies to confirm the role of breastfeeding in mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV).
A database was constructed from MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, National Science Digital Library, and China Biological Medicine Database and through contact with experts in this field from January 1, 1990, to August 31, 2010.
All studies were peer reviewed and met the preset inclusion standards.
Data regarding HBV intrauterine infection, MTCT, maternal blood and breast milk infectiousness, infant immunoprophylaxis methods and response, and adverse events. The Mantel-Haenszel fixed-effects model was used for all analyses using odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals.
Ten qualified studies were included. All were clinical controlled trials, involving 751 infants in the breastfeeding group and 873 infants in the nonbreastfeeding group. As indicated by infant peripheral blood hepatitis B surface antigen or HBV DNA positivity at age 6 to 12 months, the odds ratio of MTCT of HBV in the breastfeeding group compared with that in the nonbreastfeeding group was 0.86 (95% confidence interval, 0.51-1.45) (from 8 clinical controlled trials, P = .56; I(2) = 0%, P = .99). As indicated by infant peripheral blood hepatitis B surface antibody positivity at age 6 to 12 months, the odds ratio of development of hepatitis B surface antibodies in the breastfeeding group compared with that in the nonbreastfeeding group was 0.98 (95% confidence interval, 0.69-1.40) (from 8 clinical controlled trials, P = .93; I(2) = 0%, P = .99). No adverse events or complications during breastfeeding were observed.
Breastfeeding after proper immunoprophylaxis did not contribute to MTCT transmission of HBV.