Wen-Wei Yan

Sichuan University, Hua-yang, Sichuan, China

Are you Wen-Wei Yan?

Claim your profile

Publications (12)15.31 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the regional spread of micrometastatic nodules in the mesorectum from low rectal cancer, and provide further pathological evidence to optimize radical resection procedure for rectal cancer. A total of 62 patients with low rectal cancer underwent low anterior resection and total mesorectal excision (TME) was included in this study. Surgical specimens were sliced transversely and serial embedded blocks were made at 2.5 mm interval, and paraffin sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin. The mesorectum on whole-mount sections was divided into three regions: outer region of mesorectum (ORM), middle region of mesorectum (MRM) and inner region of mesorectum (IRM). Microscopic spread were examined microscopically on the sections for the distribution in different mesorectal regions, frequency, types, involvement of lymphatic system and correlation with the primary tumor. Microscopic spread of the tumor in mesorectum and ORM was observed in 38.7% (24/62) and 25.8% (16/62) of the patients, respectively. Circumferential resection margin (CRM) involved by microscopic tumor foci occurred in 6.5% (4/62) of the patients, and distal mesorectum (DMR) involvement was recorded in 6.5% (4/62) with a spread extent within 3 cm of distal border of the main lesions. Most (20/24) of the patients with microscopic spread in mesorectum were in TNM stage III. Results of the present study support that complete excision of mesorectum without destruction of the ORM is essential for surgical management of low rectal cancer, and an optimal DMR clearance resection margin should not be less than 4 cm.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 06/2006; 28(5):361-3.
  • Source
    Jing Shi · Wen-Wei Yan · Xian-Rong Qi · Yoshie Maitani · Tsuneji Nagai ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A novel cationic liposome modified with soybean sterylglucoside (SG) and polyethylene glycol-distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-DSPE) as a carrier of antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) for hepatitis B virus (HBV) therapy was constructed. Characteristics of the cationic liposomes modified with SG and PEG (SG/PEG-CL) and their complexes with 15-mer phosphorothioate ODN (SG/PEG-CL-ODN complex) were investigated by incorporation efficiency, morphology, electrophoresis, zeta potentials, and size analysis. Antisense activity of the liposomes and ODN complexes was determined as hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) in HepG2 2.2.15 cells by ELISA. Their tissue and intrahepatic distribution were evaluated following intravenous injection in mice. The complexes gained high incorporation efficiency and intact vesicular structure with mean size at approximately 200 nm. The SG/PEG-CL-ODN complexes enhanced the inhibition of both HBsAg and HBeAg expression in the cultured HepG2 2.2.15 cells relative to free ODN. The uptake of SG/PEG-CL and nonmodified cationic liposomes (CL) was primarily by liver, spleen, and lung. Furthermore, the concentration of SG/PEG-CL was significant higher than that of CL in hepatocytes at 0.5 hr postinjection. The biodistribution of SG/DSPE-CL-ODN complex compare with free ODN showed that liposomes enhanced the accumulation of ODN in the liver and spleen, while decreasing its blood concentration. SG/PEG-CL-mediated ODN transfer to the liver is an effective gene delivery method for cell-specific targeting, which has a potential for gene therapy of HBV infections. SG and PEG-modified cationic liposomes have proven to be an alternative carrier for hepatocyte-selective drug targeting.
    Drug Delivery 11/2005; 12(6):349-56. DOI:10.1080/10717540590968215 · 2.56 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Yun Ma · Wen-Wei Yan ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection have a significantly increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus compared to controls or HBV-infected patients. Moreover, the incidence rate of post-liver transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) also appears to be higher among patients with HCV infection. PTDM is often associated with direct viral infection, autoimmune disorders, and immunosuppressive regimen. Activation of tumor necrosis factor-alpha may be the link between HCV infection and diabetes. In this article, we reviewed the epidemiologic association between HCV infection and PTDM, highlighting the most recent pathophysiologic insights into the mechanisms underlying this association.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2005; 11(39):6085-9. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v11.i39.6085 · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Xian-Rong Qi · Wen-Wei Yan · Jing Shi ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, a hepatocyte-specific targeting technology was developed by modifying cationic liposomes with soybean sterylglucoside (SG) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) (C/SG/PEG-liposomes). The liposomal transfection efficiencies in HepG(2) 2.2.15 cells were estimated with the use of fluorescein sodium (FS) as a model drug, by flow cytometry. The antisense activity of C/SG/PEG-liposomes entrapped antisense oligonucleotides (ODN) was determined as HBsAg and HBeAg in HepG(2) 2.2.15 cells by ELISA. The liposome uptake by liver and liver cells in mice was carried out after intravenous injection of (3)H-labeled liposomes. C/SG-liposomes entrapped FS were effectively transfected into HepG(2) 2.2.15 cells in vitro. C/SG/PEG-liposomes entrapped ODN, reduced the secretion of both HBsAg and HBeAg in HepG(2) 2.2.15 cells when compared to free ODN. After in vivo injection of (3)H-labeled C/SG/PEG-liposomes, higher radiation accumulation was observed in the hepatocytes than non-parenchymal cells of the liver. C/SG/PEG-liposomes mediated gene transfer to the liver is an effective gene-delivery method for hepatocytes-specific targeting, which appears to have a potential for gene therapy of HBV infections.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2005; 11(32):4947-52. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v11.i32.4947 · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the changes of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) expression on polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) in peripheral circulation and pancreatic microcirculation in cerulein-induced acute edematous pancreatitis (AEP). Fifty Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group (n = 10) and AEP group (n = 40). A model of AEP was established by subcutaneous injection of cerulein 5.5 and 7.5 mug/kg at 0 and 1 h after the beginning of experiment respectively. PECAM-1 expression on PMNs from splenic vein and inferior vena cava was determined by RT-PCR at mRNA level and determined by flow cytometry at protein level. In experimental rats, an increased PECAM-1 mRNA expression was seen from 4 to 8 h of AEP in peripheral circulation (0.77+/-0.25%, 0.76+/-0.28%, 0.89+/-0.30%, 1.00+/-0.21%), while in pancreatic microcirculation, expression decreased from 2 h and reached the lowest level at 6 h of AEP (0.78+/-0.29%, 0.75+/-0.26%, 0.62+/-0.28%, 0.66+/-0.20%). There were significant differences at 8-h time point of AEP between peripheral circulation and pancreatic microcirculation (1.00+/-0.21% vs 0.66+/-0.20%, P<0.05). Meanwhile, the difference at protein level was also found. A reverse expression of PECAM-1 on PMNs was found between peripheral circulation and pancreatic microcirculation, suggesting that inhibition of PECAM-1 expression may improve the pathological change of AEP.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2005; 11(5):661-4. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v11.i5.661 · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating-peptide (PACAP) is a late member of the secretin/glucagon/vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) family of brain-gut peptides. It is unknown whether PACAP takes part in the development of acute pancreatitis and whether PACAP or its antagonists can be used to suppress the progression of acute pancreatitis. We investigated the actions of PACAP and its receptor antagonists in acute pancreatitis on rats. Acute pancreatitis was induced in rats with caerulein or 3.5% sodium taurocholate. The rats were continuously infused with 5-30 microg/kg PACAP via jugular vein within the first 90 min, while 10-100 microg/kg PACAP6-27 and (4-Cl-D-Phe6, Leu17) VIP (PACAP receptor antagonists) were intravenously infused for 1 h. Biochemical and histopathological assessments were made at 4 h after infusion. Pancreatic and duodenal PACAP concentrations were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Chinese ink-perfused pancreas was fixed, sectioned and cleared for counting the functional capillary density. PACAP augmented caerulein-induced pancreatitis and failed to ameliorate sodium taurocholate-induced pancreatitis. ELISA revealed that relative concentrations of PACAP in pancreas and duodenum were significantly increased in both sodium taurocholate- and caerulein-induced pancreatitis compared with those in normal controls. Unexpectedly, PACAP6-27 and (4-Cl-D-Phe6, Leu17) VIP could induce mild acute pancreatitis and aggravate caerulein-induced pancreatitis with characteristic manifestations of acute hemorrhagic/necrotizing pancreatitis. Functional capillary density of pancreas was interpreted in the context of pancreatic edema, and calibrated functional capillary density (calibrated FCD), which combined measurement of functional capillary density with dry weight/wet weight ratio, was introduced. Hyperemia or congestion, rather than ischemia, characterized pancreatic microcirculatory changes in acute pancreatitis. PACAP may take part in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis in rats. The two PACAP receptor antagonsits might act as partial agonists. Calibrated functional capillary density can reflect pancreatic microcirculatory changes in acute pancreatitis.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2005; 11(4):538-44. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v11.i4.538 · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To examine the effects of analogs of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP)--PACAP6-27 (10, 100 microg/kg) and (4-Cl-D-Phe6, Leu17)VIP (10, 100 microg/kg) on the pancreata of normal rats and on the development of experimental acute pancreatitis. Male Wistar rats were allocated into normal control groups, experimental acute pancreatitis groups and PACAP analog intervention groups. Acute pancreatitis was induced with s.c. cerulein and intraductal sodium taurocholate; PACAP analogs were infused intravenously immediately after pancreatitis induction. Pancreatic morphology was observed at 4 h, and serum amylase, pancreatic water content and PACAP contents were measured. It was found that PACAP6-27 induced pancreatic edema, inflammatory cell infiltration, and elevation of serum amylase [(1464.33 +/- 265.6)-(1692.17 +/- 312.18)] IU/L vs (520.8 +/- 163.27) IU/L of control, P < 0.05); that PACAP6-27 aggravated vacuolization of pancreatic acinar cells in cerulein-induced pancreatitis with hemorrhage and fatty and parenchymal necrosis; and that the pathological changes of cerulein plus 100 microg/kg PACAP group were similar to those of sodium taurocholate-induced pancreatitis. Pancreatic hemorrhage, vacuolization of acinar cells and parenchymal necrosis in sodium taurocholate-induced pancreatitis were worsened by PACAP6-27. (4-Cl-D-Phe6, Leu17)VIP had similar effects. ELISA showed that pancreatic and duodenal levels of PACAP were increased in cerulein- and sodium taurocholate-induced pancreatitis. PACAP6-27 and (4-Cl-D-Phe6, Leu17)VIP could induce mild pancreatitis and aggravate experimental acute pancreatitis. PACAP probably plays a role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis.
    Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition 01/2005; 36(1):64-8.
  • Jing Shi · Wen-Wei Yan · Xian-Rong Qi · Li Yang · Li Zhang ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the biodistribution and the hepatocytes targeting of cationic liposome containing 3beta[N-( N',N'-dimethylaminoethane) carbamoyl] cholesterol (DC-Chol) and surface-modified liposomes with sterylglucoside (SG) and polyethylene glycol-distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-DSPE). Cationic liposomes (CL) composed of DC-Chol and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), SG/PEG modified cationic liposome (SG/PEG-CL), both contained trace 3H-cholesterol (3H-Chol) as radiolabel, were prepared. The liposomes encapsulating 125I-labled antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (125I-asODN) (SG/PEG-CL-asODN) were also prepared. The biodistribution of CL, SG/PEG-CL, SG/PEG-C2-asODN as well as 125I-asODN solution, were studied. The radioactivities in hepatocytes and non-hepatocytes after administration of CL and SG/PEG-CL were determined by infuseing method. CL and SG/PEG CL significantly aggregated in liver. The distribution of SG/PEG CL was significantly higher in hepatocytes (P < 0.01) and lower in non-hepatocytes (P < 0.01) than that of CL. The concentrations of SG/PEG-CL-asODN in liver and spleen were significantly higher than that of asODN solution (P < 0.01). Cationic liposome modified with SG/PEG changed the distribution of asODN. Cationic liposome can target hepatocytes more effective after being modified with SG.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 08/2004; 39(7):551-5.
  • Source
    Wen-Wei Yan · Zong-Guang Zhou · You-Dai Chen · Hong-Kai Gao ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To elucidate the role of COX-2 in the development of capillary leakage in rats with acute interstitial pancreatitis. Rats with acute interstitial pancreatitis were induced by caerulein subcutaneous injection. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to determine the gene expression of COX-2 in pancreatic tissues, spectrophotometry was used to assay the parameters of acute pancreatitis such as the serum amylase and plasma myeloperoxidase, and determination of capillary permeability in the pancreas by quantifying the permeability index (PI) assisted response of pancreatic microvascular via intravital fluorescence microscope video image analysis system. A significant increase of COX-2 expression, elevation of serum amylase, and plasma myeloperoxidase were detected in rats with acute edematous pancreatitis compared with control rats. The changes of pancreatic microvascular after caerulein injection were as following: (a) the decrease of pancreatic capillary blood flow (4th h, 0.56+/-0.09 nL/min, P<0.05; 8 th h, 0.34+/-0.10 nL/min, P<0.001); (b) reduction of functional capillary density (4 th h, 381+/-9 cm(-1), P>0.05; 8th h, 277+/-13 cm(-1), P<0.001); (c) irregular and intermittent capillary perfusion was observed at the 8th h and these vessels were also prone to permeation. COX-2 plays an important role in mediating capillary permeability in pancreatitis, thereby contributing to capillary leakage.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 07/2004; 10(14):2095-8. · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the role of inducible cyclooxygenase (COX-2) mRNA expression in local microvessels in rats with acute interstitial pancreatitis (AIP) induced by caerulein injection. The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect COX-2 gene expression in pancreatic tissue. Parameters of acute pancreatitis, such as serum amylase (AMS) and plasma myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities, were assayed using spectrophotometry. Intravital fluorescence microscopy with fluorescein isothiocyanate-labelled erythrocytes was used to study the pancreatic microvessels of rats with AIP and normal control rats. Highly significant increases in COX-2 expression and AMS and MPO activity were seen in rats with AIP compared with controls. After caerulein injection, pancreatic capillary blood flow was decreased (4 hours, p > 0.05; 8 hours, p < 0.001), functional capillary density was reduced (4 hours, p > 0.05; 8 hours, p < 0.001), and there was irregular and intermittent capillary perfusion at 8 hours. There was also a positive correlation between the level of COX-2 expression and MPO activity (plasma, r = 0.5449, p < 0.05; tissue, r = 0.5698, p < 0.05). The correlations between increased COX-2 expression and decreased capillary perfusion and blood flow and increased oedema following AIP may show that COX-2 expression can induce neutrophil sequestration to the pancreas, which may be one of the cascading inflammatory factors in the development of AIP.
    Asian Journal of Surgery 04/2004; 27(2):93-8. DOI:10.1016/S1015-9584(09)60320-1 · 0.91 Impact Factor
  • Wen-wei Yan · Xian-rong Qi · Lai Wei · Ran Fei · Xu Cong · Yu Wang ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To prepare fluorescein sodium (FS) cationic liposomes and investigate the influence of cationic lipid (DC-chol) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) with different molecule weight (MW) on cationic liposome incorporation efficiency, cellular delivery and fluidity of liposome membrane. Using FS as a model material for encapsulation, the liposomes were prepared and separated (by sephadex G-50 1 cm x 20 cm column), and the liposome incorporation efficiencies was measured. The interaction between the FS and cationic liposomes was investigated by measuring the change of fluorescent spectrum. The cellular uptake of different liposome forms by choosing HepG2 2.2.15 as an in vitro cell culture assay model, and the influence of PEG on the fluidity of liposome membrane with the technique of fluorescence polarization were investigated. Cationic lipid and different PEGs showed great effects on increasing liposome incorporation efficiency (from 0.64% to 86.57%), cellular uptake (from 2.18% to 48.46%) and fluidity of liposome membrane. The effect of PEG was MW dependent, and with the increase of MW, the incorporation efficiency and transfection was improved, and the fluidity of liposome membrane increased. Addition of cationic lipid and high MW PEG into cationic liposomes can enhance the cellular delivery and fluidity of cationic liposomes. Also, they can improve the incorporation efficiency of cationic liposomes.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 10/2003; 38(9):698-701.
  • Tian-yuan Fan · Shu-li Wei · Wen-wei Yan · Wu-xiao Ding ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the preparation of pulsatile release tablets, the release of the drug in vitro and the pharmacokinetics in vivo. Diltiazem hydrochloride (DIL) was used as model drug. The pulsatile release tablets were prepared by film-coated method using ethylcellulose and Eudragit L. The effect of formulation on pulsatile release of diltiazem hydrochloride was investigated under release rate test. The mechanism of pulsatile release of drug was proved by the test of water-uptake. The pharmacokinetic and bioavailability study in eight human subjects was performed by HPLC method. The release of diltiazem hydrochloride effected by the formulation of the core tablets and the composition and thickness of the coating film. In vitro, the delayed-release time T10 was 4.4 h, the maximum release time Trm was 8.0 h and the pulsed-release time Trm-10 was 3.6 h. In vivo, the delayed-release time Tlag was 4.9 h, the peak time was 8.0 h and the pulsed-release time was 3.1 h. The relative bioavailability was 105%. The release of drug from pulsatile release tablets of diltiazem hydrochloride was shown to be in pulsed way both in vitro and in vivo.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 04/2002; 37(3):221-5.

Publication Stats

59 Citations
15.31 Total Impact Points


  • 2004-2005
    • Sichuan University
      • Department of General Surgery
      Hua-yang, Sichuan, China
    • Tianjin First Central Hospital
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China
  • 2003-2005
    • Peking University
      • School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China