Wei Wang

Central South University, Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China

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Publications (14)44.55 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was systematic investigation of the differentially expressed genes during carcinogenesis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using cDNA microarray technology. The differentially expressed genes between 22 fresh HCC tissues and para-carcerous liver tissues (PCLT) were displayed using cDNA microarray technology. The result was verified by the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Among the 8,464 human genes, 507 (5.99%) genes were expressed differentially at the mRNA levels between HCC and PCLT. Two hundred (2.36%) genes were down-regulated, whereas 307 (3.63%) genes were up-regulated. The mRNA expression levels of RhoC and protocadherin LKC detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were consistent with the microarray experiment. This study describes a gene expression profiling of HCC, which provides an extensive list of potential molecular markers for early diagnosis and molecular targets for the development of drugs to treat patients with primary HCC.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 12/2009; 54(12):2729-2735. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most deadly human cancers because of its high incidence of metastasis. Our previous work identified a strong correlation between increased expression of RhoC and HCC metastasis. Here, we investigate to define the role of RhoC in HCC metastasis. Furthermore, we sought to determine whether inhibition of the expression of RhoC might block the metastasis of HCC in vivo. A stable retroviral small interfering RNA approach was employed to selectively knockdown the expression of RhoC in vitro and in vivo. Invasion and migration assay, MTT and fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis, Rho activity assay, and immunofluorescence staining were carried out to characterize RhoC in vitro. An anti-RhoC retroviral gene delivery BALB/c nude mice model was established to investigate whether knockdown of the expression of RhoC might inhibit the metastasis of HCC in vivo. We confirmed the correlation of RhoC expression and metastatic potentials of HCC cell lines. We also showed that suppression of RhoC expression resulted in inhibition of invasion and migration without an apparent effect on cell survival and proliferation in HCCLM3 cells. Furthermore, a similar effect of RhoC on autotaxin-induced invasion of HCCLM3 cells was also observed. Significantly, we successfully adopted an HCC metastatic mouse model that allowed us to show that knockdown of the RhoC expression resulted in inhibition of metastasis of HCC in vivo for the first time. Our results show a critical role of RhoC in metastasis of HCC, implicating RhoC as a potential therapeutic target to block HCC metastasis.
    Clinical Cancer Research 12/2008; 14(21):6804-12. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The angiogenesis induced by tumor cells is essential for metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma. Available information suggests that RhoC participates in angiogenesis through regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor expression in tumor cells. For its broad functions in cell migration and cytoskeletal organization, we hypothesized that RhoC regulating angiogenesis does not exclusively depend on regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor expression. To address this question, in the present study, we used a retroviral small interfering RNA approach to selectively knockdown the expression of RhoC in a neovascularization model in vivo and in vitro. Our present results indicate that RhoC is the downstream regulator of vascular endothelial growth factor in endothelial cells and is essential for angiogenesis induced by vascular endothelial growth factor, notwithstanding that RhoC regulates the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in tumor cells. Furthermore, we show that knockdown of RhoC is associated with the inhibition of invasion and migration but not apoptosis of endothelial cells. Knockdown of RhoC results in inhibition of endothelial cell organization through restraining the reorganization of F-actin filaments, which represses endothelial cell network and sprout formation. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that knockdown of RhoC inhibits angiogenesis induced by tumor cells not only through effecting the release of vascular endothelial growth factor, but also through inhibiting endothelial cell migration and organization, which implies that it blocks tumor metastasis by specifically inhibiting RhoC in endothelial cells.
    Cancer Science 11/2008; 99(10):2012-8. · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our previous study identified RhoC as an invasion and metastasis marker in hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Recent document suggested RhoGTPase is required for autocrine motility factor signaling. In this study, we questioned whether there is a correlation between expression of autocrine motility factor receptor and RhoC. Furthermore, we questioned whether elevated expression of autocrine motility factor correlates with metastasis and poor prognosis of HCC. The mRNA expression level of AMFR and RhoC were examined by RT-PCR in 25 cases of HCC and pericarcinomatous liver tissues (PCLT). In addition, the correlation between the expression level of AMFR and clinical pathologic parameters was analyzed. Furthermore, follow-up information was collected to evaluate the prognostic value of AMFR for HCC patients. Our results showed that the expression of AMFR and RhoC significantly increased in HCC compared with PCLT; extrahepatic metastatic lesions expressed significantly higher levels of AMFR and RhoC than corresponding intrahepatic HCC tissues. There is a highly significant correlation of AMFR expression levels with tumor vein invasion, number of tumor nodes, and tumor stage. Anticipatively, positive correlation was observed between mRNA expression of AMFR and RhoC gene. Furthermore, the HCC patients with high-expression of AMFR had significant high recurrence/metastasis and shorter survival than those with low-expression of AMFR. Together, our findings suggested a strong correlation between the expression of AMFR and RhoC and also a correlation between overexpression of them and invasion and metastasis of HCC. Furthermore, our data indicated AMFR as a potential prognosis for HCC.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 04/2007; 52(3):770-5. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Because of its role in cell migration, the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein family verprolin-homologous protein (WAVE) 2 has been implicated in cancer metastasis. Evidence to support such a role of WAVE2 in human cancer, however, is lacking. We thus examined the expression of WAVE2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues to test whether the levels of WAVE2 expression correlated to the progression of HCC. Samples of 112 HCC patients were determined immunohistochemically for WAVE2 expression and the correlation of WAVE2 levels with prognosis was analyzed. Among the 112 cases, 31 paired HCC and paracarcinomatous liver tissue specimens were analyzed for WAVE2 levels by reverse transcription-PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Among 112 cases of HCCs, the immunohistochemistry data indicated significant increase of WAVE2 expression levels in 71 cases. Importantly, the increased WAVE2 expression correlated with the multiple tumor nodules (P = 0.008), the absence of capsular formation (P = 0.035), Edmondson-Steiner grade (P = 0.009), vein invasion (P = 0.023), and a shortened median survival time (326 versus 512 days; P = 0.003). Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed the WAVE2 expression level was an independent factor for prognosis. The immunohistochemistry data were further confirmed by results of reverse transcription-PCR and Western analysis of 31 HCC cases, in which the WAVE2 mRNA and protein in HCC tissues were significantly elevated when compared with paracarcinomatous liver tissue (P < 0.001). WAVE2 expression is elevated in HCC tissues, which correlates with a poor prognosis, suggesting WAVE2 as a candidate prognostic marker of HCC.
    Clinical Cancer Research 10/2006; 12(19):5673-9. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis is one of the mechanisms most critical to the postoperative recurrence and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Thus, finding the molecular markers associated with angiogenesis may help identify patients at increased risk for recurrence and metastasis of HCC. This study was designed to investigate whether CD105 or CD34 could serve as a valid prognostic marker in patients with HCC by determining if there is a correlation between CD105 or CD34 expression and postoperative recurrence or metastasis. Immunohistochemical staining for the CD105, CD34 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibodies was performed in 113 HCC tissue specimens containing paracarcinomatous tissue and in 14 normal liver tissue specimens. The quantitation of microvessels identified by anti-CD105 and anti-CD34 monoclonal antibodies and the semiquantitation of VEGF expression identified by anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody were analyzed in conjunction with the clinicopathological characteristics of the HCC and any available follow-up information about the patients from whom the specimens were obtained. CD105 was not expressed in the vascular endothelial cells of any normal liver tissue or paracarcinomatous liver tissue but was expressed in the vascular endothelial cells of all HCC tissue. In contrast, CD34 was expressed in the vascular endothelial cells of normal liver tissue, paracarcinomatous tissue, and HCC tissue in the following proportions of specimens: 86.7%, 93.8%, and 100%, respectively. The microvascular densities (MVDs) of HCC determined by using an anti-CD105 mAb (CD105-MVD) and an anti-CD34 mAb (CD34-MVD), were 71.7 +/- 8.3 (SD) and 106.3 +/- 10.4 (SD), respectively. There was a significant correlation between CD105-MVD and CD34-MVD (r = 0.248, P = 0.021). Although CD34-MVD was significantly correlated with VEGF expression (r = 0.243, P = 0.024), CD105-MVD was more closely correlated (r = 0.300, P= 0.005). The correlation between microscopic venous invasion and CD105-MVD, but not CD34-MVD, was also statistically significant (r = 0.254, P = 0.018). Univariate analysis showed that CD105-MVD was significantly correlated with the 2-year overall survival rate (P = 0.014); CD34-MVD was not (P = 0.601). Multivariate analysis confirmed that CD105-MVD was an independent prognostic factor and that CD34-MVD was not. The anti-CD105 mAb is an ideal instrument to quantify new microvessels in HCC as compared with anti-CD34 mAb. CD105-MVD as compared with CD34-MVD is relevant a significant and independent prognostic indicator for recurrence and metastasis in HCC patients.
    BMC Cancer 02/2006; 6:110. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our objective was to investigate the expression of HMGA1 mRNA and protein in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the correlation between its expression and clinical pathological characteristics and prognosis. HMGA1 expression was determined at both the mRNA level and the protein level in 30 HCC tissues and their corresponding paracancer liver tissues (PCLTs) and 2 normal liver tissues by RT-PCR and IHC. Follow-up study was done on the 30 patients involved in this research. HMGA1 mRNA was detected in nine cases of HCC tissues and two PCLTs, for a positivity rate of 30% and 6.7%, respectively (P < 0.05), whereas no HMGA1 mRNA expression was found in normal liver tissues. Clinicopathological analysis revealed that HMGA1 mRNA expression was significantly correlated with Edmondson's grade (P < 0.05). HMGA1 protein was detected in four HCC tissues by IHC and located mainly in the nuclei; no positive staining was found in PCLTs. Follow-up study showed that HMGA1 mRNA-positive patients had a higher risk of recurrence/metastasis and a shorter survival than negative cases (P < 0.05). Our findings indicate that HMGA1 may be involved in the carcinogenesis and invasiveness of HCC and the determination of HMGA1 can be of great value in predicting the prognosis of patients with HCC.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 10/2005; 50(10):1764-70. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To identify the role of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) mRNA expression in peripheral blood one week after surgery as a predictor for recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Published studies fulfilling the selection criteria were identified by searching several databases online. After a methodology assessment using a quality scale designed by European Lung Cancer Working Party, data in each research were aggregated by means of meta-analysis. Altogether 368 cases were included in the 9 selected studies, which fulfilled the selection criteria. The quality scores ranged from 35% to 84% with a median score of 55%. The 'design' subscore had the lowest median value (38%). By aggregating the data, a high chi2 value (77.576) was presented. The fail-safe number was 136 and 64 for P = 0.05 and 0.01, respectively. AFP mRNA expression in peripheral blood 1 wk after surgery correlated with the recurrence of HCC and was a good predictor for tumor recurrence.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2005; 11(17):2656-61. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the difference in gene expression between solitary large hepatocellular carcinoma (SLHCC) and nodular hepatocellular carcinoma (NHCC). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products of 8464 human genes were spotted on a chip in array. DNAs were then fixed on a glass plate. Total RNA was isolated from freshly excised human SLHCC (n = 7) and NHCC (n = 15) tissues, and was reversely transcribed to cDNAs with the incorporation of fluorescent dUTP for preparation of hybridization probes. The mixed probes were then hybridized to the cDNA microarray. After highly stringent washing, cDNA microarray was scanned for the fluorescent signals to display the difference between the two kinds of HCC. In addition, the expression of RhoC and protocadherin LKC was also detected with the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. Among the 8464 human genes, 668 (7.89%) genes were expressed differentially at the mRNA levels between SLHCC and NHCC. Three hundred and fifty five (4.19%) genes, including protocadherin LKC, were up-regulated, whereas 313 (3.70%) genes, including RhoC, were down-regulated. The mRNA expression levels of RhoC and protocadherin LKC were confirmed by RT-PCR. Analysis of differentially expressed genes confirmed that our molecular data obtained by cDNA microarray were consistent with the published biochemical and clinical observations of SLHCC and NHCC. cDNA microarray is an effective technique in screening the difference in gene expression between SLHCC and NHCC. Many of these differentially expressed genes are involved in the invasion and metastasis of HCC. Further analysis of these genes will help to understand the different molecular mechanisms of SLHCC and NHCC.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2005; 10(24):3569-73. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of cysteine-rich61 (Cyr61), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and nephroblastoma overexpressed gene (Nov) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and to evaluate the relationship between Cyr61, CTGF and Nov genes expression with invasion and metastasis of HCC. Thirty-one HCC specimens were divided into small hepatocellular carcinoma (SHCC), nodular hepatocellular carcinoma (NHCC), solitary large hepatocellular carcinoma (SLHCC) according to their diameter and number of nodes. Reverse transcription polymerse chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of Cyr61, CTGF and Nov genes in 31 resected specimens of hepatocellular carcinoma and para-cancerous normal liver tissues semi-quantitatively and the relation between their expression levels and clinical pathological parameters were compared. The expressions of Cyr61 and CTGF mRNA in carcinoma tissues were significantly higher than those in para-cancerous normal liver tissues (P<0.01). The expressions of Cyr61 and CTGF mRNA in HCC with venous invasion were higher than those in HCC without venous invasion. CTGF expression in HCC Edmondson's grade III-IV was significantly higher than that in HCC Edmondson's grade I-II (P = 0.022). There was no obvious correlation between Nov mRNA and clinical-pathological features. Compared to NHCC, SLHCC had better cell differentiation, easier capsule formation, less microscopic venous invasion, milder liver cirrhosis. The expressions of Cyr61 and CTGF mRNA in NHCC were significantly higher than those in SLHCC and SHCC. Cyr61 and CTGF genes may play an important role in hepatocellular carcinogenesis and correlate with recurrence and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma. SLHCC has better biological behaviors than NHCC.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2004; 10(23):3414-8. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the expression of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17) mRNA in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to evaluate the relationship between ADAM17 mRNA expression and clinicopathological features of HCC. Hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) from 31 cases were divided into small HCC (SHCC), nodular HCC (NHCC) and solitary large HCC (SLHCC) according to tumor diameter and the number of nodes. ADAM17 mRNA expressions were compared among those groups by means of semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The relationship between ADAM17 mRNA expression level and clinicopathological features of HCC was evaluated. NHCC had lower differentiation and was more frequently of microvascular invasion (10/12) than SHCC (3/11) and SLHCC (3/8) (P<0.05), but no statistical difference was observed between SHCC and SLHCC comparing their clinicopathological features. ADAM17 mRNA expression was detected in 77.4% (24/31) of HCC tissues and was significantly higher than that in paired non-cancerous liver tissues in which only 35.5% (11/31) of the samples were detected of the expression (P<0.05). The expression of ADAM17 mRNA was much higher in NHCC than in SHCC and SLHCC (P<0.05), while no significant difference was discovered between SHCC and SLHCC. The quantities of ADAM17 mRNA were significantly higher in poorly differentiated HCC than in well or moderately differentiated HCC, but no statistical difference was found concerning liver cirrhosis, tumor capsule formation or microvascular invasion of the cancer. The increased expression of ADAM17 may play a key role in the development of HCC. The expression levels of ADAM17 mRNA varied among different pathological types of HCC. Lower mRNA expression of ADAM17 mRNA in SLHCC may be associated with the better molecular pathological features of SLHCC.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2004; 10(18):2735-9. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rho, a ras homologous gene, encodes a group of GTP-binding proteins. Our previous study suggested that one member of the Rho gene family, RhoC, was related to the progression of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study is to elucidate correlation of Rho overexpression with invasion and metastasis of HCC. The expression level of RhoC mRNA and protein in 25 cases of HCC and adjacent non-cancerous liver tissue was examined by RT-PCR and Western blot. Mutation of RhoC gene was examined by PCR-SSCP. The expression of RhoC mRNA and protein was found in all HCC and adjacent non-cancerous liver tissue. The expression level of RhoC mRNA and protein was significantly higher in tumor tissue than in adjacent non-cancerous liver tissue (1.8 +/- 1.1 vs 1.0 +/- 0.7; 33 992 +/- 10 384 vs 17 342 +/- 9998, P < 0.01). The degree of RhoC overexpression was even more marked in metastatic lesions than in primary tumors (P < 0.01). Overexpression of the rhoC gene was significantly correlated with such clinic-pathological findings as cell differentiation, portal vein invasion, number of primary tumor nodules and metastatic lesions (P < 0.05). Mutation of RhoC gene was found in none of the HCC specimens examined. Overexpression of RhoC gene may play an important role in carcinogenesis and progression of HCC.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 06/2004; 26(5):279-82.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-2alpha/endothelial PAS domain protein1 (EPAS1) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Expression of HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 was investigated immunohistochemically on paraffin-embedded sections from 97 patients with HCC. To further confirm that HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 in HCC tissues also correlated with angiogenesis, a parallel immunohistchemistry study of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was performed on these 97 cases. HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 could be detected in 50 of 97 cases (51.6%), including 19 weakly positive (19.8%), and 31 strongly positive (31.1%), the other 47 cases were negative (48.4%). The expression of HIF-2alpha/EPAS1was significantly correlated with tumor size, capsule infiltration, portal vein invasion, and necrosis. A parallel immunohistochemical analysis of VEGF demonstrated its positive correlation with capsule infiltration, portal vein invasion, and HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 overexpression, which supported the correlation of HIF-2alpha/EPAS1up-regulation with tumor angiogenesis. No apparent correlation was observed between HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 and capsular formation, presence of cirrhosis, and histological grade. HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 is expressed in most of HCC with capsular infiltration and portal vein invasion, which indicates a possible role of HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 in HCC metastasis.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2004; 10(4):525-30. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of RhoC gene in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to evaluate the relationship between RhoC gene expression and invasion and metastasis of HCC. mRNA expression level of RhoC gene was examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in 25 cases of HCC and para-cancerous normal liver tissues. In addition, mutation of RhoC gene was examined by polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP). The mRNA expression levels of RhoC in tumor tissues were significantly higher than those in para-cancerous normal liver tissues (1.8+/-1.1 vs 1.0+/-0.7, P<0.01). The metastatic lesions outside of liver also showed significantly higher RhoC mRNA levels than corresponding tumor tissues in liver (3.3+/-0.5 vs 2.0+/-0.7, P<0.01). There were significant associations between RhoC gene expression and certain clinical and pathological findings, including cell differentiation, vein invasion, number of tumor nodes and metastatic lesions. Mutation of RhoC gene was not found by PCR-SSCP. The RhoC gene may be related to malignant transformation and development of HCC and may play an important role in the invasion and metastasis of HCC by overexpression but not mutation.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2003; 9(9):1950-3. · 2.55 Impact Factor