Wei Wang

Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan

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Publications (18)96.22 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and highly aggressive neoplasm that arises from the pleural, pericardial or peritoneal lining. Although surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and combinations of these therapies are used to treat MPM, the median survival of such patients is dismal. Therefore, there is a compelling need to develop novel therapeutics with different modes of action. Ganglioside GM2 is a glycolipid that has been shown to be overexpressed in various types of cancer. However, there is currently no literature regarding the use of GM2 as a potential therapeutic target in cases of MPM. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of the anti-GM2 antibody BIW-8962 as an anti-MPM therapeutic using in vitro and in vivo assays. Consequently, the GM2 expression in the MPM cell lines was confirmed using flow cytometry. In addition, eight of 11 cell lines were GM2-positive (73%), although the GM2 expression was variable. BIW-8962 showed a significant ADCC activity against the GM2-expressing MPM cell line MSTO-211H, the effect of which depended on the antibody concentration and effector/target ratio. In an in vivo orthotropic mouse model using MSTO-211H cells, BIW-8962 significantly decreased the incidence and size of tumors. Additionally, the GM2 expression was confirmed in the MPM clinical specimens. Fifty-eight percent of the MPM tumors were positive for GM2, with individual variation in the intensity and frequency of staining. These data suggest that anti-GM2 antibodies may become a therapeutic option for MPM patients This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Cancer Science 11/2014; · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acquired resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) is a serious problem in the management of EGFR mutant lung cancer. We recently reported that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) induces resistance to EGFR-TKIs by activating the Met/PI3K pathway. HGF is also known to induce angiogenesis in cooperation with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which is an important therapeutic target in lung cancer. Therefore, we hypothesized that dual inhibition of HGF and VEGF may be therapeutically useful for controlling HGF-induced EGFR-TKI-resistant lung cancer. We found that a dual Met/VEGF receptor 2 kinase inhibitor, E7050, circumvented HGF-induced EGFR-TKI resistance in EGFR mutant lung cancer cell lines by inhibiting the Met/Gab1/PI3K/Akt pathway in vitro. HGF stimulated VEGF production by activation of the Met/Gab1 signaling pathway in EGFR mutant lung cancer cell lines, and E7050 showed an inhibitory effect. In a xenograft model, tumors produced by HGF-transfected Ma-1 (Ma-1/HGF) cells were more angiogenic than vector control tumors and showed resistance to gefitinib. E7050 alone inhibited angiogenesis and retarded growth of Ma-1/HGF tumors. E7050 combined with gefitinib induced marked regression of tumor growth. Moreover, dual inhibition of HGF and VEGF by neutralizing antibodies combined with gefitinib also markedly regressed tumor growth. These results indicate the therapeutic rationale of dual targeting of HGF-Met and VEGF-VEGF receptor 2 for overcoming HGF-induced EGFR-TKI resistance in EGFR mutant lung cancer.
    American Journal Of Pathology 07/2012; 181(3):1034-43. · 4.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) induces resistance to reversible and irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) in EGFR mutant lung cancer cells by activating Met and the downstream phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway. Moreover, continuous exposure to HGF accelerates the emergence of EGFR-TKI-resistant clones. We assayed whether a new Met kinase inhibitor, E7050, which is currently being evaluated in clinical trials, could overcome these three mechanisms of resistance to EGFR-TKIs. The effects of E7050 on HGF-induced resistance to reversible (gefitinib), irreversible (BIBW2992), and mutant-selective (WZ4002) EGFR-TKIs were determined using the EGFR mutant human lung cancer cell lines PC-9 and HCC827 with an exon 19 deletion and H1975 with an T790M secondary mutation. PC-9 cells were mixed with HGF-producing fibroblasts, MRC-5 cells, and subcutaneously inoculated into severe combined immunodeficient mice, and the therapeutic effects of E7050 plus gefitinib were assayed. E7050 circumvented resistance to all of the reversible, irreversible, and mutant-selective EGFR-TKIs induced by exogenous and/or endogenous HGF in EGFR mutant lung cancer cell lines, by blocking the Met/Gab1/PI3K/Akt pathway in vitro. E7050 also prevented the emergence of gefitinib-resistant HCC827 cells induced by continuous exposure to HGF. In the in vivo model, E7050 plus gefitinib resulted in marked regression of tumor growth associated with inhibition of Akt phosphorylation in cancer cells. A new Met kinase inhibitor, E7050, reverses the three HGF-induced mechanisms of gefitinib resistance, suggesting that E7050 may overcome HGF-induced resistance to gefitinib and next-generation EGFR-TKIs.
    Clinical Cancer Research 02/2012; 18(6):1663-71. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) grows rapidly and metastasizes to multiple organs. We examined the antimetastatic effects of the humanized anti-ganglioside GM2 (GM2) antibodies, BIW-8962 and KM8927, compared with the chimeric antibody KM966, in a SCID mouse model of multiple organ metastases induced by GM2-expressing SCLC cells. BIW-8962 and KM8927 induced higher antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and complement-dependent cytotoxicity than KM966 against the GM2-expressing SCLC cell line SBC-3 in vitro. These humanized antibodies inhibited the production of multiple organ metastases, increased the number of apoptotic cells, and prolonged the survival of the SCID mice. Histological analyses using clinical specimens showed that SCLC cells expressed GM2. These findings suggest that humanized anti-GM2 antibodies could be therapeutically useful for controlling multiple organ metastases of GM2-expressing SCLC.
    Cancer Science 09/2011; 102(12):2157-63. · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The tumor microenvironment is crucial to the progression of various malignancies. Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), which originates from the pleura, grows aggressively in the thoracic cavity. Here we describe an orthotopic implantation SCID mouse model of MPM and demonstrate that α-SMA-positive fibroblast-like cells accumulate in the tumors produced by the human MPM cell lines MSTO-211H and Y-Meso-14. We assessed the interaction between MPM cells and their microenvironments, focusing on tumor-associated fibroblasts. MSTO-211H and Y-Meso-14 cells produced fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and/or platelet-derived growth factor-AA (PDGF-AA); they also enhanced growth, migration, and production of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) by human lung fibroblast MRC-5 cells. MRC-5 cells stimulated HGF-mediated growth and migration of MSTO-211H and Y-Meso-14 cells in an in vitro coculture system. In the orthotopic model, tumor formation by MSTO-211H and Y-Meso-14 cells was significantly inhibited by TSU-68, an inhibitor of FGF, VEGF, and PDGF receptors; imatinib, an inhibitor of PDGF receptors; and NK4, an antagonist of HGF. Histological analyses of clinical specimens from 51 MPM patients revealed considerable tumor-associated fibroblasts infiltration and expression of HGF, together with FGF-2 or PDGF-AA, in tumors. These findings indicate that MPM instigates tumor-associated fibroblasts, promoting tumor progression via a malignant cytokine network. Regulation of this cytokine network may be therapeutically useful for controlling MPM.
    American Journal Of Pathology 09/2011; 179(3):1483-93. · 4.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI), such as gefitinib and erlotinib, show favorable response to EGFR mutant lung cancer. However, the responders acquire resistance almost without exception. We recently reported that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) induces EGFR-TKI resistance by activating MET that restores downstream mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling. The purpose of this study was to determine whether inhibition of PI3K, a downstream molecule of both EGFR and MET, could overcome HGF-mediated EGFR-TKI resistance in EGFR mutant lung cancer cells PC-9 and HCC827. We explored therapeutic effect of a class I PI3K inhibitor PI-103 on HGF-induced EGFR-TKI resistance in vitro and in vivo. Unlike gefitinib or erlotinib, continuous exposure with PI-103 inhibited proliferation of PC-9 and HCC827 cells, even in the presence of HGF. On the other hand, in gefitinib-resistant xenograft model by using PC-9 cells mixed with HGF high producing fibroblasts, PI-103 monotherapy did not inhibit tumor growth. However, PI-103 combined with gefitinib successfully regressed gefitinib-resistant tumor. In vitro experiments by considering short half-life of PI-103 reveal that transient exposure of PI-103 combined with gefitinib caused sustained inhibition of Akt phosphorylation, but not ERK1/2 phosphorylation, resulting in induction of tumor cell apoptosis even in the presence of HGF. These results indicate that transient blockade of PI3K/Akt pathway by PI-103 and gefitinib could overcome HGF-mediated resistance to EGFR-TKIs by inducing apoptosis in EGFR mutant lung cancer.
    Clinical Cancer Research 07/2011; 17(8):2260-9. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors improve the prognosis of patients with EGFR mutant lung cancer, the prognosis of patients with nonmutant EGFR lung cancer, especially those with metastases, is still extremely poor. We have assessed the therapeutic efficacy of E7080, an orally available inhibitor of multiple tyrosine kinases including VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) and VEGFR-3, in experimental multiple organ metastasis of lung cancer cell lines without EGFR mutations. E7080 markedly inhibited the in vitro proliferation of VEGF-stimulated microvascular endothelial cells. Intravenous inoculation into natural killer cell-depleted severe combined immunodeficient mice of the small cell lung cancer cell lines H1048 (producing low amounts of VEGF) and SBC-5 (producing intermediate amounts of VEGF) resulted in hematogenous metastases into multiple organs, including the liver, lungs, kidneys, and bones, whereas intravenous inoculation of PC14PE6, a non-small cell lung cancer cell line producing high amounts of VEGF, resulted in lung metastases followed by massive pleural effusion. Daily treatment with E7080 started after the establishment of micrometastases significantly reduced the number of large (>2 mm) metastatic nodules and the amount of pleural effusion, and prolonged mouse survival. Histologically, E7080 treatment reduced the numbers of endothelial and lymph endothelial cells and proliferating tumor cells and increased the number of apoptotic cells in metastatic nodules. These results suggest that E7080 has antiangiogenic and antilymphangiogenic activity and may be of potential therapeutic value in patients with nonmutant EGFR lung cancer and multiple organ metastases.
    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 06/2011; 10(7):1218-28. · 5.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peritoneal carcinomatosis, often associated with malignant ascites, is the most frequent cause of death in patients with advanced gastric cancer. We previously showed that the CXCR4/CXCL12 axis is involved in the development of peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastric cancer. Here, we investigated whether epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligands are also involved in the development of peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastric cancer. The functional involvement of expression of the ErbB family of receptors and/or EGFR ligands was examined in CXCR4-expressing human gastric cancer cells and fibroblasts, clinical samples (primary tumors and ascites), and an animal model. High concentration of the EGFR ligands amphiregulin and heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF), as well as of CXCL12, were present in malignant ascites. Human gastric cancer cell lines and primary gastric tumors, with high potential to generate peritoneal carcinomatosis, expressed high levels of EGFR and CXCR4 mRNA and protein. Both amphiregulin and HB-EGF enhanced the proliferation, migration, and functional CXCR4 expression in highly CXCR4-expressing gastric cancer NUGC4 cells. Amphiregulin strongly enhanced the proliferation of NUGC4 cells, whereas HB-EGF markedly induced the migration of fibroblasts. Moreover, HB-EGF and CXCL12 together enhanced TNFα-converting enzyme (TACE)-dependent amphiregulin shedding from NUGC4 cells. In an experimental peritoneal carcinomatosis model in mice, cetuximab effectively reduced tumor growth and ascites formation. Our results strongly suggest that the EGFR ligands amphiregulin and HB-EGF play an important role, interacting with the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis, in the development of peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastric cancer, indicating that these two axes may be potential therapeutic targets for peritoneal carcinomatosis of gastric carcinoma.
    Clinical Cancer Research 06/2011; 17(11):3619-30. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), arises from the mesothelial cells, is difficult to be diagnosed at an early stage, and is refractory to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Therefore, the establishment of novel effective therapies is necessary to improve the prognosis for many patients with this disease. Recent studies have demonstrated that angiogenesis plays a significant role in MPM progression, suggesting the importance of tumor vessels as therapeutic targets. To explore molecular pathogenesis and evaluate the efficacy of vascular targeting therapy in MPM, we developed orthotopic implantation SCID mouse models of MPM. We found that selective VEGF inhibitors were effective only in the treatment of high-VEGF-producing MPM models. On the other hand, multiple kinase inhibitor E7080, with inhibitory activity against various angiogenic cytokine receptors, suppressed the progression and prolonged survival of both high-VEGF-producing and low-VEGF-producing MPM models. Further understanding of the functional characteristics of tumor angiogenesis may be essential to improve targeting therapies in MPM. In this review, we introduce current status of clinical strategies and novel therapeutic approaches against angiogenesis in MPM.
    Frontiers in Bioscience 01/2011; 16:740-8. · 3.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The secondary T790M mutation in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is the most frequent cause of acquired resistance to the reversible EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI), gefitinib and erlotinib, in lung cancer. Irreversible EGFR-TKIs are expected to overcome the reversible EGFR-TKI resistance of lung cancer harboring T790M mutation in EGFR. However, it is clear that resistance may also develop to this class of inhibitors. We showed previously that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) induced gefitinib resistance of lung cancer harboring EGFR-activating mutations. Here, we investigated whether HGF induced resistance to the irreversible EGFR-TKI, CL-387,785, in lung cancer cells (H1975) harboring both L858R activating mutation and T790M secondary mutation in EGFR. CL-387,785 sensitivity and signal transduction in H1975 cells were examined in the presence or absence of HGF or HGF-producing fibroblasts with or without HGF-MET inhibitors. HGF reduced susceptibility to CL-387,785 in H1975 cells. Western blotting and small interfering RNA analyses indicated that HGF-induced hyposensitivity was mediated by the MET/phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway independent of EGFR, ErbB2, ErbB3, and ErbB4. Hyposensitivity of H1975 cells to CL-387,785 was also induced by coculture with high-level HGF-producing lung fibroblasts. The hyposensitivity was abrogated by treatment with anti-HGF neutralizing antibody, HGF antagonist NK4, or MET-TKI. We showed HGF-mediated hyposensitivity as a novel mechanism of resistance to irreversible EGFR-TKIs. It will be clinically valuable to investigate the involvement of HGF-MET-mediated signaling in de novo and acquired resistance to irreversible EGFR-TKIs in lung cancer harboring T790M mutation in EGFR.
    Clinical Cancer Research 12/2009; 16(1):174-83. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a biologically heterogeneous malignant disease with a poor prognosis. We reported previously that the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibody, bevacizumab, effectively inhibited the progression of VEGF-high-producing (but not VEGF-low-producing) MPM cells in orthotopic implantation models, indicating the need for novel therapeutic strategies to improve the poor prognosis of this disease. Therefore, we focused on the multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor E7080 and assessed its therapeutic efficacy against MPM cells with different proangiogenic cytokine production profiles. The efficacy of E7080 was assayed in orthotopic implantation of severe combined immunodeficient mouse models with three human MPM cell lines (MSTO-211H, NCI-H290, and Y-MESO-14). With regard to proangiogenic cytokine production profiles, MSTO-211H and Y-MESO-14 cells were MPM cells producing high levels of fibroblast growth factor-2 and VEGF, respectively. NCI-H290 cells produced low levels of fibroblast growth factor-2 and VEGF compared with the other two cell lines. E7080 potently suppressed the phosphorylation of VEGF receptor-2 and FGF receptor 1 and, thus, inhibited proliferation of endothelial cells, but not that of the MPM cell lines, in vitro. Orthotopically inoculated MSTO-211H cells produced only thoracic tumors, whereas NCI-H290 and Y-MESO-14 cells also developed pleural effusions. Treatment with E7080 potently inhibited the progression of these three MPM cell lines and markedly prolonged mouse survival, which was associated with decreased numbers of tumor-associated vessels and proliferating MPM cells in the tumor. These results strongly suggest broad-spectrum activity of E7080 against MPM with different proangiogenic cytokine production profiles in humans.
    Clinical Cancer Research 12/2009; 15(23):7229-37. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancers with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-activating mutations show good clinical response to gefitinib and erlotinib, selective tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) to EGFR, but these tumors invariably develop drug resistance. Host stromal cells have been found to have a considerable effect on the behavior of cancer cells. Little is known, however, about the role of host cells on the sensitivity of cancer cells to receptor TKIs. We have therefore assessed the effect of crosstalk between stromal cells and lung cancer cells harboring EGFR mutations on susceptibility to EGFR-TKIs. We evaluated the gefitinib sensitivity of lung cancer cells with EGFR-activating mutations, PC-9 and HCC827, when cocultured with fibroblasts and coinjected into severe combined immunodeficient mice. We also examined the effect of lung cancer cells to fibroblast recruitment. Both human fibroblast cell lines and primary cultured fibroblasts produced various levels of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). Lung cancer cells markedly recruited fibroblasts. The lung cancer cells became resistant to EGFR-TKIs when cocultured in vitro with HGF-producing fibroblasts and coinjected into severe combined immunodeficient mice. Importantly, combined use of gefitinib plus anti-HGF antibody or the HGF antagonist, NK4, successfully overcame the fibroblast-induced EGFR-TKI resistance both in vitro and in vivo. Colocalization of fibroblasts and HGF was detected in both xenograft tumors in mouse model and lung cancer patient specimens. These findings indicate that crosstalk to stromal fibroblasts plays a critical role in lung cancer resistance to EGFR-TKIs and may be an ideal therapeutic target in lung cancer with EGFR-activating mutations.
    Clinical Cancer Research 11/2009; 15(21):6630-8. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: HM1.24 antigen (CD317) was originally identified as a cell surface protein that is preferentially overexpressed on multiple myeloma cells. Immunotherapy using anti-HM1.24 antibody has been performed in patients with multiple myeloma as a phase I study. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-tumor activity of mouse-human chimeric and humanized anti-HM1.24 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against lung cancer cells in vitro. Human peripheral blood lymphocytes and monocytes separated from mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were used as effector cells. Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) of chimeric and humanized anti-HM1.24 mAbs against lung cancer cells were determined by chromium-release assay. In some experiments, target or effector cells were pretreated with various cytokines. Chimeric and humanized anti-HM1.24 mAbs effectively induced ADCC against lung cancer cells mediated more efficiently by lymphocytes than monocytes. The cytotoxic activity correlated with the level of HM1.24 expression on lung cancer cells. Natural killer cells were identified as the major effector cells in ADCC mediated by the anti-HM1.24 mAb. The treatment of lymphocytes or monocytes with IL-2, IL-12, IL-15, M-CSF, or IFN-gamma significantly increased the ADCC activity. Moreover, the culture of lung cancer cells with IFN-beta or IFN-gamma augmented their susceptibility to ADCC and CDC. PBMCs from patients with lung cancer induced a level of ADCC comparable to that induced by PBMCs from healthy donors. Chimeric or humanized anti-HM1.24 mAbs have potential as a new therapeutic tool in lung cancer, and in combination with interleukins and interferons, could be useful for enhancing ADCC.
    Lung Cancer 01/2009; 63(1):23-31. · 3.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: HM1.24 antigen (CD317) was originally identified as a cell surface protein that is preferentially overexpressed on multiple myeloma cells. Immunotherapy using anti-HM1.24 antibody has been performed in patients with multiple myeloma as a phase I study. We examined the expression of HM1.24 antigen in lung cancer cells and the possibility of immunotherapy with anti-HM1.24 antibody which can induce antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). The expression of HM1.24 antigen in lung cancer cells was examined by flow cytometry as well as immunohistochemistry using anti-HM1.24 antibody. ADCC was evaluated using a 6-h (51)Cr release assay. Effects of various cytokines on the expression of HM1.24 and the ADCC were examined. The antitumor activity of anti-HM1.24 antibody in vivo was examined in SCID mice. HM1.24 antigen was detected in 11 of 26 non-small cell lung cancer cell lines (42%) and four of seven (57%) of small cell lung cancer cells, and also expressed in the tissues of lung cancer. Anti-HM1.24 antibody effectively induced ADCC in HM1.24-positive lung cancer cells. Interferon-beta and -gamma increased the levels of HM1.24 antigen and the susceptibility of lung cancer cells to ADCC. Treatment with anti-HM1.24 antibody inhibited the growth of lung cancer cells expressing HM1.24 antigen in SCID mice. The combined therapy with IFN-beta and anti-HM1.24 antibody showed the enhanced antitumor effects even in the delayed treatment schedule. HM1.24 antigen is a novel immunological target for the treatment of lung cancer with anti-HM1.24 antibody.
    Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy 12/2008; 58(6):967-76. · 3.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-activating mutations responds favorably to the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib. However, 25% to 30% of patients with EGFR-activating mutations show intrinsic resistance, and the responders invariably acquire resistance to gefitinib. Here, we showed that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), a ligand of MET oncoprotein, induces gefitinib resistance of lung adenocarcinoma cells with EGFR-activating mutations by restoring the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway via phosphorylation of MET, but not EGFR or ErbB3. Strong immunoreactivity for HGF in cancer cells was detected in lung adenocarcinoma patients harboring EGFR-activating mutations, but no T790M mutation or MET amplification, who showed intrinsic or acquired resistance to gefitinib. The findings indicate that HGF-mediated MET activation is a novel mechanism of gefitinib resistance in lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR-activating mutations. Therefore, inhibition of HGF-MET signaling may be a considerable strategy for more successful treatment with gefitinib.
    Cancer Research 12/2008; 68(22):9479-87. · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive malignancy, which has a poor prognosis with a median survival of less than 1 year. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been reported to be an ideal therapeutic target, and a multitargeted antifolate, pemetrexed, has been clinically used for the treatment of MPM. We examined the therapeutic efficacy of the antihuman VEGF neutralizing antibody, bevacizumab, in combination with pemetrexed against two different human MPM cells, EHMES-10 and MSTO-211H, orthotopically inoculated into severe combined immunodeficient mice. Bevacizumab inhibited a VEGF-induced proliferation of the human endothelial cells in a dose-dependent manner, but it had no effect on the proliferation of the two MPM cell lines in vitro. The orthotopically inoculated EHMES-10 cells (VEGF high expressing) produced thoracic tumors and a large volume of bloody pleural effusion, whereas the MSTO-211H cells (VEGF low expressing) produced thoracic tumors and a small volume of bloody effusions. Treatment with bevacizumab effectively inhibited the production of thoracic tumors and dramatically prevented the production of pleural effusion by the EHMES-10 cells but not the MSTO-211H cells. Treatment with bevacizumab reduced the number of enlarged tumor-associated vessels and proliferating tumor cells. Moreover, treatment with bevacizumab in combination with pemetrexed more effectively suppressed the formation of the pleural effusion and prolonged the survival compared with the control and monotherapy in the EHMES-10 cell-bearing severe combined immunodeficient mice. These results suggest that the combined use of bevacizumab and pemetrexed may therefore be promising for controlling the progression of MPM highly expressing VEGF.
    Clinical Cancer Research 11/2007; 13(19):5918-25. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Division of Medical Oncology and Surgical Oncology
    01/2007;
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    ABSTRACT: Division of Medical Oncology and Surgical Oncology