ABSTRACT: Early clinical trials with the Endeavor zotarolimus eluting stent (ZES) in western populations demonstrated low rates of target lesion revascularization with a favorable safety profile including low late stent thrombosis with up to 5 years of follow-up. The aim of this clinical registry study was to evaluate real world clinical performance of the ZES coronary system in Chinese patients.
The China Endeavor Registry is a prospective, multicenter registry assessing the safety of the ZES system in a real world patient population. It was conducted at 46 centers in China in routine treatment of patients with coronary artery stenosis, including patients with clinical characteristics or lesion types that are often excluded from randomized controlled trials. The registry included 2210 adult patients who underwent single-vessel or multi-vessel percutaneous coronary intervention. The primary end point was the rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 12 months.
The 12-month rate of MACE for all patients in the registry was 3.03%. Cardiac death or myocardial infarction rate was 1.28% and target lesion revascularization rate was 1.66%, non-target lesion target vessel revascularization (TVR) was 0.52%, TVR was 2.18%, and target vessel failure was 3.22%. There was only one case of emergent cardiac bypass surgery. The 12-month overall incidence of all Academic Research Consortium (ARC)-defined stent thrombosis was 0.43%.
Mid-term results from the real-world China Endeavor Registry suggest that Endeavor ZES was safe and effective in Chinese patients.
Chinese medical journal 10/2011; 124(20):3255-9. · 0.86 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Off-label application of drug-eluting stents (DES) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was not uncommon in daily practice, however DES in treating Chinese patients with complex lesion subset was under-investigated. The primary objective of the FIREMAN registry was to evaluate the long term efficacy and safety of the Firebird sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) in treating patients with complex coronary lesions. Here we report the mid-term of one-year clinical outcomes and eight-month angiographic follow-up results of FIREMAN registry.
The FIREMAN registry was a prospective multi-center registry, which included 1029 consecutive patients undergoing PCI with Firebird SES implantation between September 2006 and July 2007 in 45 centers in China. The clinical follow-up was designed to be performed at 1, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30 and 36 months post index procedure, and non-mandatory angiographic follow-up at 8 months was planned. One hundred percent site monitoring was conducted.
Long lesions (59.2%), multi-vessel disease (50.4%), and small vessel disease (31.6%) were mostly found in angiography. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) occurred in 51 (5.1%) patients at 1 year clinical follow-up, including cardiac mortality in 6 (0.6%), non-fatal myocardial infarction in 11 (1.1%), and target lesion revascularization in 36 (3.5%) of the patients. Definite and probable stent thrombosis (ST) by Academic Research Consortium (ARC) definition occurred in 12 (1.36%) patients at one-year clinical follow-up. The 8-month binary restenosis rate was 5.7% in-segment and 4.3% in-stent, respectively. Late lumen loss was (0.21 ± 0.40) mm in-segment and (0.23 ± 0.36) mm in-stent, respectively. Furthermore, Cox regression analysis revealed that diabetes, small vessel diameter, and chronic total occlusion were independent predictors of ST.
The results showed that the Firebird SES was effective and safe in treating Chinese patients with complex coronary lesions and occurrence of ST rate at one-year clinical follow-up was acceptable, however further long-term follow-up was still necessary. (NCT00552656)
Chinese medical journal 03/2011; 124(6):817-24. · 0.86 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To determine whether the combination of traditional risk factors and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) assessment could provide accurate prognostic information on a population-based study including 1137 adults with subclinical artherosclerosis and with coronary risk factors.
Participants underwent coronary angiography examination before the minimal stenotic diameters, segment diameters, percent stenosis, plaque areas. Other parameters were analyzed by the computer-assisted Coronary Angiography Analysis System. The Framingham Risk Score for each participant was assessed. During the 1 year follow-up period, all kinds of endpoint cardiovascular events were screened. Endpoint events were defined as death from coronary heart disease, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) or unstable angina pectoris.
During the 1 year of follow-up period, a total of 124 participants developed an endpoint event, which was significantly associated with the Framingham Risk Score, calcium of plaques and the plaque areas (all Ps<0.05). The QCA score incorporated with the QCA parameters was related to the endpoint events. The Framingham Risk Score was combined with QCA score through logistic regression for prediction of end-point events. Data from the ROC analysis showed the accuracy of this prediction algorithm was superior to the accuracy when variables themselves were used. The event-free survival rate was inferior to the control group in participates under high risk, when being screened with this prediction algorithm (P<0.05).
The risk of cardiovascular attack in subclinical artherosclerosis individual seemed to be associated with the Framingham Risk Score, calcium of plaques and the plaque areas. When the traditional risk factors (the Framingham Risk Score) were combined with QCA, the new method could provide more prognostic information on those adults with subclinical artherosclerosis.
Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 12/2010; 31(12):1383-8.
ABSTRACT: This post-marketing surveillance registry is aimed at determining the safety and reliability of the CYPHER Select Sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) in routine clinical practice.
Little information and angiographic follow-up data in large-scale "real world" registry is available for the CYPHER Select SES, an advanced-generation SES.
This was a prospective multicenter (20 centers) registry. 1189 consecutive patients who received at least 1 CYPHER Select SES during daily clinical practice were enrolled. Patients who underwent emergency stenting for acute myocardial infarction were excluded.
The procedure's success rate was 98.3% for CYPHER Select SES implantation, and follow-up rates were 98% with 100% data auditing. Target lesion revascularization (TLR) at 12 months occurred in 60 (5.14%) cases, cardiac death in 13 cases (1.11%), Q wave myocardial infarction (MI) in 5 cases (0.43%), non-Q-MI in 9 cases (0.77%), target vessel revascularization (TVR) in 67 cases (5.74%), and MACE defined as cardiac death, nonfatal MI and TLR in 76 cases (6.51%). MACE-free survival rate at 12 months was 93.7%. Angiographic follow-up at 9 months was performed in 418 (68.3%) lesions treated by CYPHER Select SES. The binary restenosis rate was 4.8% in-stent and 9.6% in-segment. Subgroup analysis showed diabetes, bifurcation lesion and combined use of different stents were independent risk factors of cumulative MACE. In-segment MLD </=2.25 mm at post-procedure and ostial lesion was independent predictors of in-segment restenosis.
In this registry, the MACE, TLR, angiographic late loss and binary restenosis rates of CYPHER Select SES were similar to those reported in SES randomized trials and "real world" registries. The safety and efficacy of CYPHER Select SES shown in this registry are consistent with those seen in SES studies.
International journal of cardiology 04/2008; 125(3):339-46. · 7.08 Impact Factor