[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Based on sequence variation in the N-terminus of the UL55 gene, which encodes glycoprotein B (gB), human cytomegalovirus (CMV) can be classified into four gBn genotypes. We assessed the distribution of CMV gBn genotypes and the correlation between CMV gBn DNA (detected by real-time PCR) and CMV-positive pp65 cells (identified by immunohistochemical staining) in a cohort of hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients. The distribution of gB genotypes was as follows: gBn1, 60% of patients; gBn2, 13.3%; mixed gBn1 and gBn3 infection, 26.7%; and gBn4 and other mixed infections, 0%. CMV gBn1 was the most common genotype. The detected level of CMV gB DNA correlated well with the number of CMV-positive pp65 cells detected by immunostaining (r = 0.585).
PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(12):e51224. · 3.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) reactivation is a common complication after liver transplantation (LT). Here, we investigated whether human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matching was related to HCMV infection and subsequent graft failure after LT for hepatitis B virus cirrhosis. This retrospective study reviewed 91 LT recipients. All the patients were grouped according to HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-DR locus matching. Clinical data were collected, including complete HLA-typing, HCMV viremia, graft failure, and the time of HCMV viremia. HLA typing was performed using a sequence-specific primer-polymerase chain reaction kit. HCMV was detected by pp65 antigenemia using a commercial kit. The incidence of HCMV infection post-LT was 81.32%. Graft failure was observed in 16 of 91 (17.6%) patients during the 4-year study. The incidence of HCMV viremia was 100% (5/5), 91.4% (32/35), and 72.5% (37/51) in HLA-A two locus, one locus, and zero locus compatibility, respectively. Nevertheless, the degree of the HLA-A, HLA-B, or HLA-DR match did not influence the time of HCMV viremia, graft failure, or the time of graft failure after a diagnosis of HCMV viremia (all P > 0.05). An interesting discovery was that the risk of HCMV viremia tended to be higher in patients with better HLA-A compatibility. Graft failure, time of HCMV viremia, and graft failure after a diagnosis of HCMV viremia appear to be independent of HLA allele compatibility.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The BK virus is the most common pathogen in renal transplant recipients. Limited information is available regarding JC virus or Simian virus infections in renal transplant recipients. This prospective study sought to investigate the rate of BK virus, JC virus, and Simian virus 40 infections and their influence on allograft function in the early stages after surgery.
In total, 50 renal transplant recipients and 20 healthy blood donors were studied. The BK virus, the JC virus, and the Simian virus 40 were detected by nested qualitative polymerase chain reaction assays in urine and plasma. The difference of glomerular filtration rate among BK virus-infected, JC virus-infected, and uninfected patients was compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test.
The polyomavirus viruria was detected in 46% of renal transplant recipients (4% of the BK virus and 42% of the JC virus viruria) and 10% of the healthy blood donors (5% for the BK virus and the JC virus viruria). No polyomavirus viremia was detected. No difference of glomerular filtration rate was found among the 3 groups (chi-square = 0.228; P = .892).
Polyomavirus infections are not uncommon, and the incidence of JC virus infection is much higher in renal transplant recipients than it is in BK virus. Neither BK virus nor JC virus infections appeared to influence graft function in the early stages after surgery.
Experimental and clinical transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation. 06/2011; 9(3):175-80.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical significance of C-reactive protein (CRP) values in determining the endpoint of antibiotic treatment for liver abscess after drainage.
The endpoints of antibiotic treatment in 46 patients with pyogenic liver abscess after complete percutaneous drainage were assessed by performing a retrospective study. After complete percutaneous drainage, normal CRP values were considered as the endpoint in 18 patients (experimental group), and normal body temperature for at least 2 wk were considered as the endpoints in the other 28 patients (control group).
The duration of antibiotic treatment after complete percutaneous drainage was 15.83 ± 6.45 d and 24.25 ± 8.18 d for the experimental and the control groups, respectively (P = 0.001), being significantly shorter in the experimental group than in the control group. The recurrence rate was 0% for both groups. However, we could not obtain the follow-up data about 3 patients in the control group.
CRP values can be considered as an independent factor to determine the duration of the antibiotic treatment for pyogenic liver abscess after complete percutaneous drainage.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2010; 16(38):4871-5. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The exact roles of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) compatibility, HLA antibodies and underlying diseases in acute rejection of liver transplants are not clear. Moreover, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, one of the most common infections after transplantation, is related to HLA genotype and the incidence of acute rejection.
Since there are controversial reports, we analyzed the impact of HLA matching, HLA antibodies and underlying diseases in 38 liver transplant recipients in China, and assessed the association of CMV infection and HLA compatibility.
The frequency of no HLA compatibility was high in patients without antigenemia (P=0.019). All 17 patients with HLA-A matching developed antigenemia (P<0.05). Patients with three HLA locus matches were not found in patients with acute rejection (P<0.05), and no relationship between HLA antibodies and acute rejection was found (P>0.05). In patients with acute rejection, no differences were found in the incidence of acute rejection in transplants for hepatitis B, tumors, or combined hepatitis B and tumors (P>0.05).
There are fewer acute rejections in transplants with more HLA compatibilities. Specific investigations of underlying diseases and HLA typing may be necessary in liver transplantation. The mechanisms of CMV infection and HLA matching should be further studied. HLA before transplantation should be examined for the prevention of acute rejection and CMV infection.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship of post transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) to active human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection and to preoperative hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection respectively.
The clinical data of 75 patients with liver transplantation was collected to analyze the association of PTDM with active HCMV infection and preoperative HBV infection.
The incidence of PTDM was 17.3% (13/75). The incidence of PTDM in the patients with active HCMV infection after liver transplantation was 23.1% (12/52) significantly higher than that of the patients without active HCMV infection (4.3%, 1/23, P < 0.05). The incidence of PTDM in the patients with preoperative HBV infection was 21.1%, not significantly different from that of the patients without infection (5.6%, P > 0.05).
PTDM may be related to active HCMV infection after liver transplantation, and unrelated to preoperative HBV infection.