W C Kim

University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States

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Publications (4)5.74 Total impact

  • Thay Q. Lee, Steven L. Barnett, William C. Kim
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    ABSTRACT: To test the stability and strength of tibial trays fixed with cortical screws and tibial trays fixed with cancellous screws under axial and anterior-posterior shear loading conditions. Five matched human fresh frozen cadaver knees without prior pathology were used as paired specimens for comparison of cortical to cancellous screw fixation of tibial trays. Current cementless fixation of tibial trays in total knee arthroplasty is obtained by using a combination of stems, keels, posts, pegs, and screws. To date there has been no study comparing isolated cortical and cancellous screw fixation in cementless arthroplasty. An Instron machine and a video digitizing system were used to examine tibial tray lift-off, subsidence, and anterior-posterior load to failure at the bone-implant interface in five matched pairs of knees and compare the difference between cancellous and cortical screw fixation. Non-destructive cyclic testing showed a significant difference between the two types of screws for tibial tray subsidence with cancellous fixation greater than cortical (P < 0.05), but not for lift-off (P > 0.05). Load to failure testing in anterior-posterior direction did not result in a significant difference between the two types of screws for initial stiffness and ultimate load (P > 0.05), but did result in a significant difference of energy absorbed to failure (P < 0.01). The difference in amount of subsidence between cortical and cancellous fixation could possibly be due to microfractures of the underlying trabecular bone with cancellous fixation. Neither screw type was able to completely fix the tibial tray to bone and prevent micromotion. Although the load at failure for anterior-posterior shear was similar for the two screw types, the energy absorbed was greater for the cortical screws which may be a result of additional strength provided by the cortical bone surrounding the screw.
    Clinical Biomechanics 05/1999; 14(4):258-64. · 1.88 Impact Factor
  • T Q Lee, M I Danto, W C Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Synthetic femurs were used to assess the initial bone-implant interface stability of three total hip systems: Wright Medical Technology's Infinity smooth trochanteric module (S-TM), Infinity porous-coated trochanteric module (PC-TM), and Johnson and Johnson S-ROM with a porous surface. The hips were implanted into synthetic femurs, rigidly fixed, and subjected to internal rotation and cyclic, axial compressive loads. The results showed that all three implants achieved good initial implant stability and would be expected to permit bone ingrowth. The porous-coated implants showed greater initial implant stability with less axial micromotion compared with the smooth implants. This finding suggests that surface texture plays a role in initial stability of uncemented prostheses if the bone behaves similar to the material used in this study.
    Orthopedics 09/1998; 21(8):885-8. · 0.98 Impact Factor
  • T Q Lee, W C Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Thirty-six patellae were used to geometrically assess anatomically based patellar resection criteria for total knee arthroplasty. The plane of resection was defined in the coronal plane by three distinct anatomic landmarks on the undersurface of the patella: the medial and lateral edges of the quadriceps tendon insertion and the lateral edge of the patellar ligament insertion. The depth of the resection plane is defined by the anatomic landmark points approximately 1 mm posterior to the posterior aspect of the superior and inferior ligament insertions. Following resection, the resected patellae were geometrically characterized using two dimensional rectangular Cartesian coordinate system. The anatomically based patellar resection yielded a simple, consistent, and reliable method for patellar resection for total knee arthroplasty. The proportionate geometric characteristics of both the remaining anterior piece and the resected posterior piece were remarkably uniform. Following resection, the remaining patellar thickness was 65.6+/-5.3% (mean+/-SD) of the original thickness. The maximum width to height ratio of the resected surface was approximately 1:1. The thickness to diameter ratio of the resected portion of the patella was approximately 1:5. The apex of the patella was slightly off to the medial-distal quadrant from the geometric center of the resected surface. The results of this study indicate that anatomically based patellar resection criteria may help reduce the surgical variations associated with patellar resurfacing in total knee arthroplasties with dome-shaped prostheses.
    The American journal of knee surgery 02/1998; 11(3):161-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Patellofemoral joint kinematics, contact areas, and contact pressures were measured concomitantly before and after total knee arthroplasty in 10 fresh frozen human cadaver knees using an Instron machine, a custom patellofemoral joint testing jig, axial bone markers, a continuous video digitizing system, and Fuji pressure sensitive film. The implant used in this study was the Kirschner Performance Knee System with an all polyethylene, domed patellar component. For all tests, the patella was aligned in its anatomically neutral position. Patellofemoral joint contact areas decreased as much as 19-fold after total knee arthroplasty. Mean patellofemoral joint contact pressures increased as much as 32-fold, and peak patellofemoral joint contact pressures increased as much as 22-fold after total knee arthroplasty. No statistically significant differences between preoperative and postoperative specimens were observed with respect to the patellofemoral, patellotibial, or patellar tilt angles from 30 degrees to 120 degrees knee flexion. Thus, the elevated patellofemoral joint contact pressures observed after total knee arthroplasty in vitro are not a primary consequence of iatrogenically altered patellofemoral kinematics.
    Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 08/1997; · 2.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

37 Citations
5.74 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1998
    • University of California, Irvine
      • Department of Orthopedic Surgery
      Irvine, CA, United States