ABSTRACT: Apolipoprotein E (ApoE), an important glycoprotein in the transport, uptake and redistribution of cholesterol, is necessary in nerve tissue repair. The APOE gene (APOE) is involved in neurodegenerative diseases, the best-known association being that between the APOE ε4 allele and Alzheimer's disease. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory neurological disease. The aim of this study was to assess (multicentre assessment) the possible influence of the APOE gene on the susceptibility of primary progressive MS (PPMS) in Hungary.
Polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism were carried out on DNA isolated from 135 volunteers.
The number of PPMS patients without the ε2 allele was found to be remarkably high, whilst the ε2 allele was overrepresented in the RRMS group. A markedly high frequency of the ε4 allele was found in the PPMS group and a very low frequency in the HC group. With regards to the clinical parameters, significant differences were observed between the RRMS and PPMS groups. Differences were also detected regarding the EDSS and MSSS scores when the patients were grouped by the presence or absence of the ε2 allele. All of the observed differences in the clinical parameters disappeared when the patients were further stratified by the type of MS.
Our findings suggest that the presence of the ε2 and ε4 alleles may play a role in the development of the disease. However, if any type of the disease has already developed the alleles show no association with the clinical parameters.
Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift 01/2010; 140:w13119. · 1.68 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is associated with clinical activity in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and the development of progressive disease. Our aim was to investigate the TNF-alpha -376 polymorphism in primary progressive MS (PPMS) patients. Polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism were carried out on 45 PPMS patients, 45 age and sex-matched RRMS patients and 45 healthy controls (HC). The GG genotype and the guanine allele (G) were detected significantly more often in the PPMS group as compared with the HC group (p=0.027; p=0.032). The G allele may be one of the factors responsible for progression in PPMS.
Journal of neuroimmunology 03/2009; 208(1-2):115-8. · 2.84 Impact Factor
Journal of the Neurological Sciences 10/2007; 260(1-2):296-7. · 2.35 Impact Factor