[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Advances in the care of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer arise from well-designed clinical trials. In the present document we address specific challenges in the design of clinical trials for metastatic colorectal cancer regarding staging and standard of care according to prognosis, as well as some relevant methodological issues
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Studies suggest a relationship between hypertension and outcome in bevacizumab-treated patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). We performed a retrospective analysis of two phase II studies (BECA and BECOX) to determine if hypertension and proteinuria predict outcome in elderly patients with mCRC treated with bevacizumab.
Patients ≥70 years of age received either capecitabine 1250 mg/m2 bid days 1-14 + bevacizumab 7.5 mg/kg day 1 every 21 days (BECA study) or capecitabine 1000 mg/m2 bid days 1-14 with bevacizumab 7.5 mg/kg and oxaliplatin 130 mg/m2 day 1 (BECOX study). The primary objective was to correlate hypertension and proteinuria with overall response rate (ORR), time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS). Secondary objectives included identification of risk factors associated with the development of hypertension and proteinuria and determining whether development of hypertension or proteinuria in the first 2 cycles was related to ORR, disease-control rate (DCR), TTP or OS.
In total, 127 patients (median age 75.5 years) were included in the study. Hypertension correlated with DCR and OS; proteinuria correlated with ORR and DCR. Proteinuria or hypertension in the first 2 cycles did not correlate with efficacy. Risk factors for hypertension were female gender (odds ratio [OR] 0.241; P = 0.011) and more bevacizumab cycles (OR 1.112; P = 0.002); risk factors for proteinuria were diabetes (OR 3.869; P = 0.006) and more bevacizumab cycles (OR 1.181; P<0.0001). Multivariate analysis identified as having prognostic value: baseline lactate dehydrogenase, haemoglobin, number of metastatic lesions and DCR.
This analysis of two phase II studies suggests that hypertension is significantly correlated with OS but not with ORR and TTP, whereas proteinuria is correlated with ORR but not with OS and TTP. Both hypertension and proteinuria are associated with the duration of bevacizumab treatment and do not represent an independent prognostic factor.
PLoS ONE 01/2015; 10(1):e0116527. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0116527 · 3.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Subgroup analyses of clinical studies suggest that bevacizumab plus XELOX is effective and tolerable in elderly patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). The prospective BECOX study examined the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab plus XELOX, followed by bevacizumab plus capecitabine in elderly patients with mCRC.
Patients aged ⩾70 years with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0 out of 1 and confirmed mCRC were included. Patients received bevacizumab 7.5 mg kg−1 and oxaliplatin 130 mg m−2 on day 1, plus capecitabine 1000 mg m−2 bid orally on days 1–14 every 21 days; oxaliplatin was discontinued after 6 cycles. The primary end point was time to progression (TTP).
The intent-to-treat population comprised 68 patients (65% male, median age 76 years). Median TTP was 11.1 months; median overall survival was 20.4 months; overall response rate was 46%. Grade 3 or 4 adverse events included diarrhoea (18%) and asthenia (16%). Grade 3 or 4 adverse events of special interest for bevacizumab included deep-vein thrombosis (6%) and pulmonary embolism (4%).
Bevacizumab plus XELOX was effective and well tolerated in elderly patients in the BECOX study. The adverse-event profile was similar to previous reports; no new safety concerns were identified. Fit elderly patients with mCRC should be considered for treatment with bevacizumab plus XELOX.
British Journal of Cancer 06/2014; 111(2). DOI:10.1038/bjc.2014.346 · 4.84 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This phase II trial studied the antitumor effect and toxicity of weekly irinotecan (CPT-11, 125 mg/m(2) 60 min iv infusion, weekly for 4 wk plus 2 wk rest) as second-line chemotherapy in patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) resistant or refractory to prior 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) therapy. Sixty-nine patients with adenocarcinoma (57% in the colon and 43% in the rectum) were enrolled. The median number of treatment cycles received per patient was 4 (range, 1-6). Overall response rate was 18% (95% CI, 9-26), with 4 complete responses (6%) and 8 partial responses (12%), and a median duration of response of 8.1 mo (95% CI, 4.2-12.1). Stable disease was observed in 19 patients (28%). The median time to disease progression was 5.2 mo (95% CI, 4.3-6.1), and the median overall survival was 13.3 mo (95% CI, 9.8-16.8 months). The toxicity profile was favorable: grade 3/4 delayed diarrhea was observed in 10 patients (14.5%) in one cycle each, and grade 3/4 neutropenia in 6 patients (8.7%) and 6 cycles (3.3%). No febrile neutropenia or infection was documented. Grade 3/4 nausea and vomiting were reported in 1 (1.4%) and 7 patients (10.1%), respectively. In conclusion, this phase II trial showed a response rate and a toxicity profile of weekly CPT-11 in line with the results of prior phase II studies.
Medical Oncology 02/2003; 20(1):37-43. DOI:10.1385/MO:20:1:37 · 2.63 Impact Factor