Takeshi Tsuchiya

The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan

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Publications (18)65.4 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sulforaphane (SUL) is an isothiocyanate naturally present in widely consumed vegetables, particularly in broccoli. SUL has recently been focused as a result of its inhibitory effects on tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo. We used endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) as an in vitro model to investigate the effect of SUL on the various steps of vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from blood of normal human volunteers were plated on fibronectin-coated 100 mm dishes and incubated for 7 days. The viability of EPCs, treated with SUL at different doses, was assessed by MTS assay. Cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry. To determine the relative contributions of caspase-8 and caspase-9 pathways to SUL-induced apoptosis, the effect of caspase inhibitors was determined. The expression of apoptosis-related proteins (Bax, Bcl-2) was investigated by Western blot test. Finally, the effect of SUL on the ability of EPCs to form vascular-like structures on Matrigel was investigated. We clearly demonstrated that SUL induced the dose-dependent inhibition of EPCs' viability by induction of apoptosis. All caspases (caspase-3, -8, and -9) were activated during apoptosis induction by SUL, but the effect of caspase-9 was more prominent than that of caspase-8. Also, the expression of Bax was upregulated by SUL treatment. In addition to apoptosis induction, SUL dose-dependently inhibited the tube-like formation by EPCs on Matrigel. The present results demonstrate the antivasculogenic/antiangiogenic activity of SUL in vitro and open premise for the use of SUL as a multipotent anticancer agent that targets both cancer cells and the angiogenic endothelium.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 12/2008; 16(2):534-43. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Id (inhibitor of DNA binding/differentiation) proteins belong to the helix-loop-helix transcriptional regulatory factors, and play important roles in tumor development. Previously, we and others have shown that targeting Id in tumor cells could have important clinical implications. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of Id inhibition in human pancreatic cancer cells. Id1 and Id3 were stably double-knockdown in human pancreatic cancer cell line MIA-Paca2 by means of RNA interference. Expression of Id and integrins were analyzed by flow-cytometry. Cell proliferation was evaluated by MTS assay. Migration was measured by wound closure assay. Adhesion assay was performed to evaluate binding capacity for different extracellular matrix proteins. Finally, in vivo properties of tumor cells were observed in a mouse model of peritoneal metastasis. Id1/Id3 double-knockdown resulted in decreased ability of pancreatic cancer cells to proliferate and migrate. In addition, Id1/Id3 double-knockdown caused decreased expression of integrins alpha3, alpha6, and beta1, and consequently reduced adhesion of tumor cells to laminin. Finally, peritoneal metastases of Id1/Id3 double-knockdown tumor cells were significantly reduced. We concluded that the Id proteins play a pivotal role in the development of peritoneal metastasis of pancreatic cancer, and consequently, their targeting would be a novel strategy for the prevention and treatment of pancreatic cancer.
    Journal of Surgical Research 12/2008; 161(1):76-82. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Plaunotol, a kind of isoprenoid extracted from a Thai medical plant, plau-noi, is structurally similar to geranylgeraniol (GGOH), another isoprenoid reported to exert strong anticancer effects. Recently, we have reported on its inhibitory effects on tumor angiogenesis and direct effects on gastric cancer cells. Here, we aimed to test whether plaunotol could have some therapeutic effect on colon cancer. Human colon cancer cell line DLD1 was used. Tumor cells were cultured in the presence of plaunotol or GGOH, and their proliferation was measured by MTS assay. Apoptosis was evaluated by Annexin V and propidium iodide double-staining or terminal-deoxynucleotidyl assay. The activation of caspase-3, -8, and -9 was analyzed by flow cytometry and Western blot analysis for PRRP cleavage. Plaunotol and GGOH strongly inhibited the proliferative activity of DLD1, dependent on induction of apoptosis. The induction of apoptosis by either plaunotol or GGOH was dependent on the activation of both caspase-8 and caspase-9 pathways. Plaunotol would be a potential anticancer agent against colon cancer, and since it is already available in Japan and Thailand for clinical use as an anti-ulcer/antigastritis agent, clinical trials will be designed to confirm the present findings.
    Journal of Surgical Research 06/2008; 153(2):246-53. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vaccines targeting tumour angiogenesis were recently shown to inhibit tumour growth in animal models. However, there is still a lack of information about the clinical utility of anti-angiogenic vaccination. Therefore, here, we aimed to test the clinical effects of a vaccine using glutaraldehyde-fixed human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Six patients with recurrent malignant brain tumours and three patients with metastatic colorectal cancer received intradermal injections of 5x10(7) HUVECs/dose (in total 230 vaccinations). ELISA and flow cytometry revealed immunoglobulin response against HUVECs' membrane antigens. ELISPOT and chromium-release cytotoxicity assay revealed a specific cellular immune response against HUVECs, which were lysed in an effectors:targets ratio-dependent manner. Gadolinium-contrasted MRI showed partial or complete tumour responses in three malignant brain tumour patients. Except for a DTH-like skin reaction at the injection site, no adverse effect of vaccination could be observed. Our results suggest that the endothelial vaccine can overcome peripheral tolerance of self-angiogenic antigens in clinical settings, and therefore should be useful for adjuvant immunotherapy of cancer.
    European Journal of Cancer 03/2008; 44(3):383-90. · 5.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Zoledronic acid (ZOL) is clinically available for the treatment of skeletal complications. In preclinical studies, strong anti-cancer activities against breast cancer, prostate cancer, and leukemia were reported. It also inhibited the proliferation of cultured human endothelial cells, suggestive of an anti-angiogenic activity. Since ZOL has the tendency to accumulate in bone, we investigated the effect of ZOL on endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), which originate from the bone marrow, and play important roles in angiogenesis. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were cultured for 7 d to differentiate into EPCs. Cells were treated without/with ZOL or with geranylgeraniol (GGOH). Their endothelial phenotype was confirmed by the expression of CD144 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 and the tube-like formation ability on Matrigel (Becton Dickinson, Bedford, MA). Annexin V/propidium iodide staining was used to analyze apoptosis. ZOL treatment, even at low doses, from d 2 to 7 of culture resulted in impaired EPC differentiation and could be restored by co-treatment with GGOH. On the other hand, treatment of putative EPCs with ZOL at concentrations higher than 10 mum resulted in induction of apoptosis. ZOL dose-dependently inhibited the differentiation of EPCs, the effect being observed even at low drug levels. At high concentrations, ZOL also induced the apoptotic death of putative EPCs. Since GGOH restored the inhibitory effect of ZOL on EPCs differentiation, the effect of ZOL appears to be dependent on the inhibition of prenylation of small-G-proteins. From these findings, we conclude that ZOL could be a potential anticancer agent by inhibiting angiogenesis.
    Journal of Surgical Research 03/2008; 151(1):115-20. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a component of green tea catechin with the strongest biological activity, has been focused in recent years because of its anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells, capable of priming naive T cells, and play the key roles in the activation of T-cell-mediated immune responses. We aimed to investigate the effect of EGCG on human monocyte-derived DCs (MODCs) and, consequently, on the T-cell-mediated immune response. The induction of apoptosis, and the detailed phenotypic and functional changes of MODCs, generated by culture of peripheral blood monocytes in the presence of GM-CSF and IL-4, induced by EGCG was investigated and compared with the effects of dexamethasone. Epigallocatechin gallate induced apoptosis and affected the phenotype of the developing DCs. The expressions of CD83, CD80, CD11c, and MHC class II, which are molecules essential for antigen presentation by DCs, were downregulated by EGCG. EGCG also suppressed the endocytotic ability of immature DCs, whereas dexamethasone-treated DCs had higher endocytotic ability than control DCs. Most importantly, mature DCs treated with EGCG inhibited stimulatory activity toward allogeneic T cells while secreting high amounts of IL-10. Epigallocatechin gallate induces immunosuppressive alterations on human MODCs, both by induction of apoptosis and suppression of cell surface molecules and antigen presentation.
    The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 02/2008; 121(1):209-14. · 12.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Historically, cancer therapy directly targeting tumor cells have yielded suboptimal clinical results, and therefore anti-angiogenic therapy that targets tumor cells indirectly through impairing tumor vasculature is now considered to be one of the novel approaches potentially effective against various types of cancer. In this study, we evaluated whether lysates of endothelium could be effectively pulsed in dendritic cells (DCs), to enhance their anti-tumor effects. For this purpose, we prepared DCs of BALB/c mouse, incubated them with lysates of autologous or xenogeneic endothelium, and tested their anti-tumor effects in two syngeneic models of colon cancer. DCs pulsed with the respective endothelium lysates significantly inhibited the growth of subcutaneous tumors as well as pulmonary metastases in mice, and their anti-tumor effect was superior to that of unpulsed DCs. Immunohistopathological analysis showed significant decrease in the mean vascular density of tumors, correlating well with the extent of tumor inhibition. In vitro analysis of splenocytes isolated from immunized mice revealed an induction of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and activation of natural killer cells, with a lytic activity against activated endothelium but not tumor cells. In addition, antibodies reacting with activated endothelium, but not tumor cells, were detected in murine sera by ELISA, and their function was confirmed by complement-dependent cytotoxicity assay. Our present results suggest that lysates of endothelium can be effectively pulsed in DCs and enhance their anti-tumor effects through induction of anti-angiogenesis, and therefore should have important clinical implications for adjuvant cancer therapy.
    European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 01/2008; 33(10):1191-8. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (p38 MAPKs) function in a wide variety of signaling pathways. However, the role of p38s is cell type- and stimulus-dependent. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of p38 MAPK inhibitor on human colon cancer cells. The effect of p38 MAPK inhibitor, FR167653, on DLD-1 and SW480 was investigated related to cell proliferation, apoptosis induction and caspase activity. Additionally, the effect of FR167653 on colon cancer cell migration, MMPs production and ability to adhere to extracellular matrix was investigated. Inhibitor of p38 MAPK dose-dependently suppressed the proliferative activity of both cell lines, and increased the induction of cell apoptosis. The caspase-3, 8, and 9 activities were accompanied in the pathway. Neither cell migration, MMPs production, nor the ability to adhere extracellular matrix were affected by FR167653. Inhibitor of p38 MAPK suppressed the proliferation of colon cancer cells by induction of cell apoptosis through the caspase activation. The present results suggest the pro-oncogenic role ofp38 in colon cancer, and its inhibition would be a novel strategy for the prevention and treatment of colon cancer.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 01/2008; 55(84):930-5. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although some isoprenoids, such as taxans and geranylgeraniol (GGOH), have been reported to have strong anticancer activities, the effect of plaunotol, the isoprenoid extracted from the leaves of Plau-noi, on cancer has not yet been evaluated. Here, we aimed to investigate the effect of plaunotol on gastric cancer cell lines. Three gastric cancer cell lines, namely MKN-45, MKN-74 and AZ-521 were used. Plaunotol was tested at 10, 20, 30 and 40 micromol/L. Plaunotol dose-dependently inhibited the growth of all gastric cancer cells, dependent on the induction of apoptosis. Caspases-8, -9 and -3, were found to be activated in the apoptotic cells. The expression of Bax protein was increased, but Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL protein expressions were not significantly affected. Plaunotol should be a promising new antitumor agent, and since it is already available for clinical use in Japan, its anticancer properties should be confirmed in clinical trials.
    Planta Medica 09/2007; 73(10):1068-73. · 2.35 Impact Factor
  • Ejc Supplements - EJC SUPPL. 01/2007; 5(4):113-114.
  • Ejc Supplements - EJC SUPPL. 01/2007; 5(4):118-118.
  • Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 01/2007; 64(6):1012-3; discussion 1013. · 5.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Id genes (inhibitor of DNA binding/differentiation) play important roles in tumour growth. We have previously described crucial roles of Id gene over-expression in endothelial cells for tumour angiogenesis. Here, we have evaluated direct effects of Id gene down-regulation on tumour cells, namely on cell proliferation, motility, and adhesion to lung microvasculature during haematogenous metastasis. For this purpose, Id genes were stably down-regulated by RNA interference in human colorectal cancer cells. These cells showed delayed proliferation, inhibited motility and decreased expression of integrin alpha6 and consequently reduced adhesion to lung microvasculature in mice. Static adhesion assays and laminar flow assays revealed decreased laminin binding capacity of these cells, and blocking experiments confirmed that it could be attributed to decreased expression of integrin alpha6. The present results indicate important roles of Id genes in tumour cells during early steps of haematogenous metastasis and suggest dual effects from their therapeutic inhibition.
    European Journal of Cancer 04/2006; 42(5):668-73. · 5.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sulforaphane (SUL), one of the isothiocyanates (ITCs), has recently been focused due to its inhibitory effects on tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo, which is dependent on the direct effect on cancer cells. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the potential anti-angiogenic effect of SUL and its mechanism of action. Using the human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) as a model of angiogenesis, we investigated the effect of SUL on the various steps of angiogenesis, including the proliferation of endothelial cells, tubular formation, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) production. Sulforaphane induced a dose-dependent decrease in the proliferative activity of endothelial cells, which was dependent on cell apoptosis. Also SUL inhibited tube formation on matrigel, but did not affect MMP production. The present results demonstrate the anti-angiogenic activity of SUL and its potential use as an anti-cancer drug is suggested.
    Angiogenesis 02/2006; 9(2):83-91. · 4.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inhibitor of DNA binding (Id) proteins are essential for cell differentiation, proliferation, migration, invasion and angiogenesis. Recently, they have been shown to correlate with less differentiated phenotypes, high malignant potential and poor clinical outcome in various kinds of tumors. In an attempt to develop new strategies for the treatment of peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer, we prepared an Id1, 3 double-knockdown gastric cancer cell line, MKN45, by RNA interference and investigated its effects on the development of metastatic nodules in the peritoneal cavity. Both cell proliferation and migration capabilities were decreased in Id1, 3 double-knockdown cells, as was their ability to bind to laminin, which could be explained by the decreased expression of integrin alpha6. These are important steps in the metastatic process. In a mouse model, the number of peritoneal metastatic nodules formed by Id1, 3 double-knockdown cells was reduced compared to mock-transfected control cells, as was the size of individual tumors. In this study, we clearly demonstrated that Id1, 3 double-knockdown significantly impaired the ability of gastric cancer cells to form peritoneal metastasis. Id should be considered an ideal target for the treatment and prevention of gastric cancer, and RNA interference is an attractive and promising strategy to achieve it.
    Cancer Science 12/2005; 96(11):784-90. · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cimetidine, one of the most popular histamine-2 receptor antagonists, has been reported to improve survival in gastrointestinal cancer patients and to activate cell-mediated immune response in surgical patients. NKT cells are a population of T cells that share characteristics with natural killer cells, and their main functions are production of immunoregulatory cytokines and cytolytic activities. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of cimetidine on the cell-mediated immunoresponse. Six healthy adult volunteers were given 800 mg of cimetidine per day orally, and their blood samples were taken prior to and at days 1, 3, 5, and 7 days post-administration of cimetidine. Leukocyte counts and differentials were obtained by the conventional hemogram, and the leukocyte subsets were analyzed by flow cytometry. Cimetidine administration caused leukocytosis, dependent on the increase of neutrophils, as well as of the CD3-positive T lymphocytes, and the subset of CD4-positive cells among them. On the other hand, the NK cell subpopulation was decreased, and the NKT cell subpopulation was not affected. The present results suggest that cimetidine is a modulator of the cellular immunity, and may be used as the activator of the tumor specific immunoresponse.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 11/2005; 32(11):1576-7.
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    ABSTRACT: CD11b belongs to the integrin family and is expressed on neutrophils, monocytes, natural killer cells, and a subset of lymphocytes. Although CD11b expressed on neutrophils and monocytes has been extensively investigated and has been reported to play an important role in the migration of these subsets of leukocytes, the function of CD11b expressed on a subset of B cells has not yet been clarified. To elucidate the functional activity of CD11b expressed on B cells, we characterized the CD11b-expressing cells among the B-cell population and investigated their migratory ability. Isolated peripheral blood CD19 + B cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. The migratory ability of B cells was evaluated by the transwell assay, and the contribution of CD11b to this ability was investigated by using an anti-CD11b blocking mAb. The majority of CD27 - IgD + naive B cells were CD11b - , whereas most CD27 + memory cells were CD11b +. Among the CD27 + memory cells, expression of CD11b was stronger on the IgD - cells than on the IgD + cells. In the transwell assay, the migrating cells were predominantly CD27 + IgD - cells, most of which expressed CD11b. The addition of an anti-CD11b blocking mAb resulted in the significant reduction of the number of migrating B cells. Memory B cells express CD11b and, in contrast with naive B cells, have high migratory ability. CD11b plays an essential role in the homing process of memory cells.
    Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 08/2005; 116(1):192-7. · 12.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Analysis of specific properties of tumor endothelium should be useful for development of novel antiangiogenic strategies. However, the isolation of pure endothelial cells from tumor tissues is still a fundamental problem. In this study, we have attempted to develop a reliable method for the isolation of endothelial cells from murine tumors. We found that the labeling with 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate-acetylated-low density lipoprotein (Dil-Ac-LDL), commonly used for this purpose, can result in the contamination of isolated endothelium by macrophages due to the overlapping staining patterns of these two distinct cell types. Therefore, we chose the CD16, which is expressed on macrophages but not endothelial cells, to better distinguish them when labeled with Dil-Ac-LDL. By using this method, we obtained pure populations of endothelial cells and macrophages from murine colorectal cancer tissues, showing characteristic morphological and functional properties of the either cell type. The endothelial cells were long spindle-shaped, spread on gelatin, formed tube-like structures on Matrigel and expressed MECA-32 but not CD68. In contrast, the macrophages were round-shaped, partially spread on gelatin, formed unorganized aggregates on Matrigel and expressed CD68 but not MECA-32. The additional analysis of normal and tumor tissues revealed a positive correlation between the relative numbers of tumor endothelial cells and macrophages, calculated as % total cells, as well as the respective relative number and tumor weight. The present method is hoped to be useful for the evaluation of tumor angiogenesis and antitumor immunity.
    Journal of Immunological Methods 01/2005; 295(1-2):183-93. · 2.23 Impact Factor