[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the NOD mouse model, attempts to show MHC class II expression by pancreatic beta cells were unsuccessful so far. We readdressed this question by analysing I-A(g7) expression in single pancreatic beta cells.
Single-cell multiplex RT PCR and single-cell immunofluorescence were used to study MHC class II expression in NOD and NOD/SCID beta cells.
Pancreatic beta cells from NOD mice express the I-A(g7) protein as well as the corresponding mRNA. The frequency of MHC class II mRNA-expressing beta cells is drastically increased during the progression to overt diabetes. MHC class II protein is accumulated intracellularly, and invariant chain is co-expressed. Beta cells from 9- to 10-week-old NOD/SCID mice express MHC class II at the same low frequency as beta cells from 3-week-old NOD mice.
NOD beta cells express I-A(g7) and could be a direct target of autoreactive CD4+ T cells. This MHC class II expression is triggered by infiltrating lymphocytes.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Autoimmune diabetes results from destruction of pancreatic beta-cells by islet-infiltrating leukocytes. Different molecular mechanisms seem to be involved in this destruction but the results from many studies have not provided a clear picture so far. Therefore, we have developed a multiplex single-cell reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction to analyze the expression of genes of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) family in pancreatic beta-cells during the development of autoimmune diabetes in a TCR-HA x INS-HA double transgenic as well as a non-obese diabetic (NOD) animal model. To this end we have followed the expression of cell surface receptors of the TNFR family in NOD mice as well as in double transgenic mice that express in their T cells class II MHC-restricted TCR specific for peptide 111 - 119 from influenza hemagglutinin (TCR-HA) as well as hemagglutinin under the control of the rat insulin promoter (INS-HA). Both types of mice develop insulitis and diabetes spontaneously. The data show a significant increase in the expression of Fas and TNFR2 (p75) during the development of insulitis, whereas TNFR1 (p55) is already expressed in beta-cells before the onset of insulitis. As ligands for these receptors are already expressed at high levels during the phase of insulitis, it is possible that beta-cell death is regulated by intracellular inhibitors of apoptosis pathways.
European Journal of Immunology 05/2000; 30(4):1224-32. · 4.97 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The construction of various gene-deficient mice has facilitated the understanding of the role of various receptors and signaling pathways that control the generation of alphabeta lineage cells. A predominant role is occupied by the pre-TCR, which not only generates large numbers of alphabeta lineage cells but also controls TCRbeta allelic exclusion as well as commitment to the gammadelta lineage versus the alphabeta lineage.
Current Opinion in Immunology 05/1999; 11(2):135-42. · 8.77 Impact Factor