[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present article describes the design and synthesis of new biprivileged molecular scaffolds with diverse structural features. Commercially available, simple heterocyclic building blocks such as 4-fluoro-3-nitrobenzoic acid, 2-chloro-3-nitrobenzoic acid, and indoline were utilized for the synthesis of the novel heterocycles. Pictet-Spengler-type condensation was used as a key step to construct tetracyclic indolo-benzodiazepines and indolo-quinoxalines linked with substituted benzimidazoles. Analysis of single crystals of representative compounds showed that these molecular skeletons have the potential to present various substituents with distinct three-dimensional orientations.
Chemistry - An Asian Journal 07/2012; 7(7):1684-90. DOI:10.1002/asia.201200121 · 3.94 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Diversity-oriented synthesis of novel benzimidazole linked indolo-benzodiazepine/quinoxaline ring systems using poly(ethylene glycol) as soluble polymer support is described. Commercially available 4-fluoro-3-nitrobenzoic acid and indoline were utilized for the construction of these annulated biheterocyclic compound libraries having multiple privileged structures with three-point structural diversity. A reagent based diversification approach coupled with the Pictet-Spengler-type condensation was used to construct the tetracyclic indolo-benzodiazepines/quinoxalines on substituted benzimidazoles.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The synthesis of indoline substituted nitrobenzene on a PEG support and its further elaboration to structurally diverse benzene-fused pyrazino/diazepino indoles is disclosed. A reagent based diversification approach coupled with Pictet-Spengler type condensation reactions furnished these fused polycyclic scaffolds. Microwave irradiation was used as a means of rate acceleration for soluble polymer-supported reactions. The efficiency of these fused heterocyclic molecules to inhibit the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (VEGFR-3) was examined in vitro using kinase receptor activation enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (KIRA-ELISA). Based on the preliminary results obtained, a small set of potential drug candidates were identified as novel leads in this therapeutic area to be further explored as anti-metastatic agents.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Synthesis of amino acid and indoline-substituted dinitrobenzene on a soluble polymer support (PEG) and its further reductive double-ring closure to afford structurally diverse indolo-fused pyrazino-/diazepinoquinoxalinones is described. Traceless synthesis of quinoxalinones coupled with application of the Pictet-Spengler-type condensation reaction furnished these novel scaffolds. These hitherto novel heterocycles are synthesized in shorter times under microwave irradiation conditions in comparison with that of classical reaction conditions.