Tetsuo Shioi

Kyoto University, Kyoto, Kyoto-fu, Japan

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Publications (86)504.4 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Metastasis-associated protein, S100A4 is suggested as a marker for fibrosis in several organs. It also modulates DNA binding of p53 and affects its function. However, the functional role of S100A4 in the myocardium has remained unclear. Therefore, we investigated the role of S100A4 and its relationship with p53 in cardiac fibrosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: In Dahl-rat hypertensive heart disease model, S100A4 was upregulated in the hypertrophic myocardium and further activated during transition to heart failure (HF). It was expressed in various cells including fibroblasts. In in vitro cardiac fibroblasts, the knockdown of S100A4 significantly suppressed both cell proliferation and collagen expressions. S100A4 co-localized and interacted with p53 in the nucleus. S100A4 knockdown increased the expression of p53 downstream genes, p21 and mdm2, and concomitant knockdown of p53 recovered cell proliferation and collagen expression. Transverse aortic constriction (TAC) was performed in S100A4 knockout (KO) mice, which showed a similar baseline-phenotype to wild type (WT) mice. Although there was no difference in hypertrophic response, KO mice showed reduced interstitial fibrosis, decreased myofibroblasts, and suppressed expressions of collagens and profibrotic cytokines in the left ventricle. Also, DNA microarray analysis showed that S100A4 knockout in vivo had a significant impact on expressions of p53-associated genes. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that S100A4 modulates p53 function in fibroblasts and thereby mediates myocardial interstitial fibrosis through two distinct mechanisms; cell proliferation and collagen expression. Blockade of S100A4 may have therapeutic potential in cardiac hypertrophy and HF by attenuating cardiac fibrosis.
    Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 01/2013; · 5.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Heart failure is associated with changes in cardiac energy metabolism. Glucose metabolism in particular is thought to be important in the pathogenesis of heart failure. We examined the effects of persistent overexpression of phosphoglycerate mutase 2 (Pgam2), a glycolytic enzyme, on cardiac energy metabolism and function. Transgenic mice constitutively overexpressing Pgam2 in a heart-specific manner were generated, and cardiac energy metabolism and function were analyzed. Cardiac function at rest was normal. The uptake of analogs of glucose or fatty acids and the phosphocreatine/βATP ratio at rest were normal. A comprehensive metabolomic analysis revealed an increase in the levels of a few metabolites immediately upstream and downstream of Pgam2 in the glycolytic pathway, whereas the levels of metabolites in the initial few steps of glycolysis and lactate remained unchanged. The levels of metabolites in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle were altered. The capacity for respiration by isolated mitochondria in vitro was decreased, and that for the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in vitro was increased. Impaired cardiac function was observed in response to dobutamine. Mice developed systolic dysfunction upon pressure overload. Constitutive overexpression of Pgam2 modified energy metabolism and reduced stress resistance of heart in mice.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e72173. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Percutaneous transcatheter mitral valvuloplasty is the indicated treatment of choice for symptomatic native mitral valve stenosis, but there have been limited reports of successful procedures of balloon valvuloplasty for bioprosthetic mitral valve stenosis. We present the case of a 62-year-old woman suffering from progressive dyspnea due to bioprosthetic mitral valve stenosis. The measured mean pressure gradient across the mitral valve was 30 mmHg and the mitral valve area was 0.73 cm(2). Redoing mitral replacement was considered high risk and was refused by the patient. Percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty was performed with an Inoue balloon catheter inflated to 20 mm. The patient's symptoms immediately improved after the procedure, with no procedure-related complications. The mean pressure gradient across the valve decreased to 19 mmHg, and the mitral valve area increased to 1.21 cm(2) in postprocedural echocardiography. We conducted a literature search and identified 26 cases of balloon valvuloplasty for degenerated bioprosthetic valves. Of these, 14 cases were bioprosthetic mitral valves, and the results were favorable. However, more case reports are required to establish an evidence base for future expert recommendation of balloon valvuloplasty of prosthetic mitral valve. Meanwhile, balloon valvuloplasty will serve a niche role in highly selected patients with prosthetic mitral valve stenosis.
    Heart and Vessels 11/2012; · 2.13 Impact Factor
  • Tetsuo Shioi, Yasutaka Inuzuka
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    ABSTRACT: Heart failure is a typical age-associated disease. However, the mechanism by which heart function declines and heart failure increases in association with age is not clear. Recent advances in basic science clarify several important mechanisms of aging. The mechanisms identified are likely to serve as substrates by which heart function declines and predisposes elderly people to heart failure. One such mechanism is insulin/insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 signaling. Suppression of insulin/IGF-1 signaling prevents cardiac aging associated with improved protein homeostasis in the heart. However, the role of insulin/IGF-1 signaling in heart diseases is likely to be pleiotropic, and both protective and sensitizing effects have been described in different contexts. Reduction in function of extra-cardiac organs is likely to be another important mechanism by which heart failure increases with aging, since heart failure is a multiple organ system disease.
    Journal of Cardiology 10/2012; · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Conventional exercise training (ET) for elderly patients with heart failure (HF) includes low-intensity stretching and gait training. The effects of 2 types of low-intensity ET - machine-assisted cycling and conventional ET - on exercise capacity and endothelial function of elderly patients with HF was investigated in the present study. Twenty-seven elderly patients with HF (mean age: 79.5 years) were randomly assigned to either a machine-assisted cycling group or a conventional ET group. At baseline and after 2 weeks of ET, all patients were tested for 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) and digital reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT). After 2 weeks of ET, a significant increase in 6MWD was observed in both groups with no significant difference between the groups. RH-PAT index significantly increased in patients aged ≤80 (1.55±0.33 to 1.93±0.62, P=0.035) and a trend toward increase in RH-PAT index in the machine-assisted cycling group was observed (1.59±0.52 to 1.93±0.63, P=0.053), although no change was observed in the conventional ET group. In the multivariate model, patients' age and machine-assisted cycling were associated with the increases in RH-PAT index (P<0.05). Machine-assisted cycling appeared to be as effective as conventional ET on exercise capacity in elderly patients with HF. Additionally, machine-assisted cycling has the potential to improve endothelial function in these patients.
    Circulation Journal 05/2012; 76(8):1889-94. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) signaling plays an important role in many biological processes. The class IA isoform of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) is an important downstream effector of the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of persistent activation of PI3K on gene expression and markers of cellular senescence in murine hearts. Transgenic mice expressing a constitutively active PI3K in a heart-specific manner were analyzed at the ages of 3 and 20 months. Effects of persistent activation of PI3K on gene expression were comprehensively analyzed using microarrays. Upon comprehensive gene expression profiling, the genes whose expression was increased included those for several heat shock chaperons. The amount and nuclear localization of a forkhead box O (FOXO) protein was increased. In addition, the gene expression of insulin receptor substrate-2 decreased, and that of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) increased, suggesting that the persistent activation of PI3K modified the expression of molecules of insulin/IGF-1 signaling. The expression of markers of cellular senescence, such as senescence-associated beta-galactosidase activity, cell cycle inhibitors, proinflammatory cytokines, and lipofuscin, did not differ between old wild-type and caPI3K mice. The persistent activation of PI3K modified the expression of molecules of insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway in a transgenic mouse line. Markers of cellular senescence were not changed in the aged mutant mice.
    Life sciences 02/2012; 90(15-16):619-28. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Heart failure is associated with a change in cardiac energy metabolism. SIRT1 is a NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylase, and important in the regulation of cellular energy metabolism. To examine the role of SIRT1 in cardiac energy metabolism, we created transgenic mice overexpressing SIRT1 in a cardiac-specific manner, and investigated cardiac functional reserve, energy reserve, substrate uptake, and markers of mitochondrial function. High overexpression of SIRT1 caused dilated cardiomyopathy. Moderate overexpression of SIRT1 impaired cardiac diastolic function, but did not cause heart failure. Fatty acid uptake was decreased and the number of degenerated mitochondria was increased dependent on SIRT1 gene dosage. Markers of reactive oxygen species were decreased. Changes in morphology and reactive oxygen species were associated with the reduced expression of genes related to mitochondrial function and autophagy. In addition, the respiration of isolated mitochondria was decreased. Cardiac function was normal in transgenic mice expressing a low level of SIRT1 at baseline, but the mice developed cardiac dysfunction upon pressure overload. In summary, the constitutive overexpression of SIRT1 reduced cardiac function associated with impaired mitochondria in mice.
    Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 09/2011; 51(6):1026-36. · 5.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Cachexia, namely body wasting, is a common complication in cases of congestive heart failure (CHF). Although, neurohumoral and immune abnormalities are associated with the condition, precisely how the imbalance of catabolism and anabolism is responsible for the wasting process is not known. METHODS: We analyzed markers of cachexia in Dahl salt-sensitive rats which show marked hypertension with preserved systolic function at 11weeks and CHF at 17-19weeks of age. We also analyzed the change in hepatic metabolism associated with CHF since liver plays a central role in the systemic regulation of catabolism and anabolism. RESULTS: In CHF rats, a failure to grow was observed and blood hepatic protein levels were decreased associated with increased blood proinflammatory cytokine levels, indicating that Dahl rats serve as a model of cardiac cachexia. Food intake was reduced, and blood sugar and insulin levels were decreased. Despite the apparent fasting condition, blood fatty acid levels were decreased and triglycerides levels were increased. In CHF rats, liver incorporated more glucose, the gene expression related to gluconeogenesis was decreased, the gene expression related to lipogenesis was increased, and the triglyceride content of the liver was increased. The paradoxical production of triglycerides synthesis in fasting rats was associated with a proinflammatory response in liver. CONCLUSIONS: The Dahl salt-sensitive rat can be used as a model of cardiac cachexia. The cachexia was associated with abnormal hepatic metabolism that might work as a maladaptive response during the progression of CHF.
    International journal of cardiology 08/2011; · 7.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Among hemodialysis (HD) patients, those who have diabetes have poorer cardiovascular outcomes than non-diabetic patients, but the impact of diabetes on cardiovascular outcomes has not been fully elucidated in HD patients undergoing coronary revascularization. We identified 375 HD patients (203 diabetes, 172 non-diabetes) and 9,006 patients without HD (3,455 diabetes, 5,551 non-diabetes) in the database of the CREDO-Kyoto registry of patients undergoing their first coronary revascularization. In non-HD patients, significantly higher risks of death (10.8% vs. 7.7%, P < 0.0001; adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.29, P < 0.0001) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), a composite of death, myocardial infarction and stroke (18.8% vs. 13.3%, P < 0.0001; HR 1.36, P < 0.0001) were seen in diabetic patients than in non-diabetic patients through 4-year follow-up. Analysis in HD patients showed that the duration of HD before first coronary revascularization was significantly shorter in diabetic patients than in non-diabetic patients (median interval: 858 vs. 2,216 days, P < 0.0001). In contrast to the results in non-HD patients, the risks of death (41.9% vs. 39.1%, P=0.75; HR 0.98, P=0.93) and MACE (45.6% vs. 45.8%, P=0.83; HR 0.87, P=0.50) after first revascularization were comparable between diabetic and non-diabetic HD patients. There were significant interactions between HD and diabetes for death and for MACE. HD patients who require coronary revascularization have extremely poor outcomes irrespective of concomitant diabetes.
    Circulation Journal 06/2011; 75(7):1616-25. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score was proposed as a method to evaluate the complexity of coronary anatomy. However, the reproducibility of assessment for the SYNTAX score in unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease has not yet been adequately evaluated. The purpose of this study is to assess inter- and intra-observer variability for the assessment of the SYNTAX score in patients undergoing ULMCA stenting in daily clinical practice. The SYNTAX score of 101 consecutive patients who underwent ULMCA stenting with sirolimus-eluting stent was independently assessed by 2 experienced interventional cardiologists. One of the 2 cardiologists evaluated all the cases again 6 months after the initial assessment. The κ value for inter-observer variability in estimating the SYNTAX score was 0.62 according to the dichotomized analysis (≥ 33, < 33) and 0.58 according to the tertile analysis (< 23, 23 ≤ - < 33, ≥ 33), while the intra-observer variability was 0.78 and 0.69, respectively. Patients with a high SYNTAX score (≥ 33, n = 55) compared with those with low or intermediate score (< 33, n = 46) had a significantly higher rate of target-lesion revascularization (TLR) of the ULMCA lesion at 2 years (24% vs. 4.4%, P = 0.01). Both inter- and intra-observer variability for estimating the SYNTAX score were within an acceptable range and a high SYNTAX score showed a higher rate of TLR in patients undergoing ULMCA stenting in daily clinical practice.
    Circulation Journal 03/2011; 75(5):1130-7. · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • Tsuneaki Kawashima, Tetsuo Shioi
    Circulation Journal 02/2011; 75(2):268-9. · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • Journal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/2011; 57(14).
  • Journal of Cardiac Failure - J CARD FAIL. 01/2011; 17(9).
  • Journal of Cardiac Failure - J CARD FAIL. 01/2011; 17(9).
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    ABSTRACT: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a serious complication of atherosclerosis associated with increasing mortality attributable to heart failure. Activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase [PI3K(p110 alpha)] is considered a new strategy for the treatment of heart failure. However, whether PI3K(p110 alpha) provides protection in a setting of MI is unknown, and PI3K(p110 alpha) is difficult to target because it has multiple actions in numerous cell types. The goal of this study was to assess whether PI3K(p110 alpha) is beneficial in a setting of MI and, if so, to identify cardiac-selective microRNA and mRNA that mediate the protective properties of PI3K(p110 alpha). Cardiomyocyte-specific transgenic mice with increased or decreased PI3K(p110 alpha) activity (caPI3K-Tg and dnPI3K-Tg, respectively) were subjected to MI for 8 weeks. The caPI3K-Tg subjected to MI had better cardiac function than nontransgenic mice, whereas dnPI3K-Tg had worse function. Using microarray analysis, we identified PI3K-regulated miRNA and mRNA that were correlated with cardiac function, including growth factor receptor-bound 14. Growth factor receptor-bound 14 is highly expressed in the heart and positively correlated with PI3K(p110 alpha) activity and cardiac function. Mice deficient in growth factor receptor-bound 14 have cardiac dysfunction. Activation of PI3K(p110 alpha) protects the heart against MI-induced heart failure. Cardiac-selective targets that mediate the protective effects of PI3K(p110 alpha) represent new drug targets for heart failure.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 04/2010; 30(4):724-32. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with a change in cardiac energy metabolism. However, the mechanism by which this change is induced and causes the progression of CHF is unclear. We analyzed the cardiac energy metabolism of Dahl salt-sensitive rats fed a high-salt diet, which showed a distinct transition from compensated left ventricular hypertrophy to CHF. Glucose uptake increased at the left ventricular hypertrophy stage, and glucose uptake further increased and fatty acid uptake decreased at the CHF stage. The gene expression related to glycolysis, fatty acid oxidation, and mitochondrial function was preserved at the left ventricular hypertrophy stage but decreased at the CHF stage and was associated with decreases in levels of transcriptional regulators. In a comprehensive metabolome analysis, the pentose phosphate pathway that regulates the cellular redox state was found to be activated at the CHF stage. Dichloroacetate (DCA), a compound known to enhance glucose oxidation, increased energy reserves and glucose uptake. DCA improved cardiac function and the survival of the animals. DCA activated the pentose phosphate pathway in the rat heart. DCA activated the pentose phosphate pathway, decreased oxidative stress, and prevented cell death of cultured cardiomyocytes. Left ventricular hypertrophy or CHF is associated with a distinct change in the metabolic profile of the heart. DCA attenuated the transition associated with increased energy reserves, activation of the pentose phosphate pathway, and reduced oxidative stress.
    Circulation Heart Failure 02/2010; 3(3):420-30. · 6.68 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Cardiac Failure - J CARD FAIL. 01/2010; 16(9).
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    ABSTRACT: Heart failure is a typical age-associated disease. Although age-related changes of heart are likely to predispose aged people to heart failure, little is known about the molecular mechanism of cardiac aging. We analyzed age-associated changes in murine heart and the manner in which suppression of the p110alpha isoform of phosphoinositide 3-kinase activity modified cardiac aging. Cardiac function declined in old mice associated with the expression of senescence markers. Accumulation of ubiquitinated protein and lipofuscin, as well as comprehensive gene expression profiling, indicated that dysregulation of protein quality control was a characteristic of cardiac aging. Inhibition of phosphoinositide 3-kinase preserved cardiac function and attenuated expression of the senescence markers associated with enhanced autophagy. Suppression of target of rapamycin, a downstream effector of phosphoinositide 3-kinase, also prevented lipofuscin accumulation in the heart. Suppression of phosphoinositide 3-kinase prevented many age-associated changes in the heart and preserved cardiac function of aged mice.
    Circulation 10/2009; 120(17):1695-703. · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia presenting at cardiology departments. A limited understanding of the molecular mechanisms responsible for the development of AF has hindered treatment strategies. The purpose of this study was to assess whether reduced activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K, p110alpha) makes the compromised heart susceptible to AF. Risk factors for AF, including aging, obesity, and diabetes, have been associated with insulin resistance that leads to depressed/defective PI3K signaling. However, to date, there has been no link between PI3K(p110alpha) and AF. To address this question, we crossed a cardiac-specific transgenic mouse model of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with a cardiac-specific transgenic mouse expressing a dominant negative mutant of PI3K (dnPI3K; reduces PI3K activity). Adult ( approximately 4.5 months) double-transgenic (dnPI3K-DCM), single-transgenic (DCM-Tg, dnPI3K-Tg), and nontransgenic mice were subjected to morphological, functional/ECG, microarray, and biochemical analyses. dnPI3K-DCM mice developed AF and had depressed cardiac function as well as greater atrial enlargement and fibrosis than DCM-Tg mice. AF was not detected in other groups. Aged DCM-Tg mice ( approximately 15 months) with a similar phenotype to dnPI3K-DCM mice (4.5 months) did not develop AF, suggesting loss of PI3K activity directly contributed to the AF phenotype. Furthermore, increasing PI3K activity reduced atrial fibrosis and improved cardiac conduction in DCM-Tg mice. Finally, in atrial appendages from patients with AF, PI3K activation was lower compared with tissue from patients in sinus rhythm. These results suggest a link between PI3K(p110alpha) and AF.
    American Journal Of Pathology 09/2009; 175(3):998-1009. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-kinase)-protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway is essential in the induction of physiological cardiac hypertrophy. In contrast, protein kinase C beta2 (PKCbeta2) is implicated in the development of pathological cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Thus far, no clear association has been demonstrated between these two pathways. In this study, we examined the potential interaction between the PI3-kinase and PKCbeta2 pathways by crossing transgenic mice with cardiac specific expression of PKCbeta2, constitutively active (ca) PI3-kinase, and dominant-negative (dn) PI3-kinase. In caPI3-kinase/PKCbeta2 and dnPI3-kinase/PKCbeta2 double-transgenic mice, the heart weight-to-body weight ratios and cardiomyocyte sizes were similar to those observed in caPI3-kinase and dnPI3-kinase transgenic mice, respectively, suggesting that the regulation of physiological developmental hypertrophy via modulation of cardiomyocyte size proceeds through the PI3-kinase pathway. In addition, we observed that caPI3-kinase/PKCbeta2 mice showed improved cardiac function while the function of dnPI3-kinase/PKCbeta2 mice was similar to that of the PKCbeta2 group. PKCbeta2 protein levels in both dnPI3-kinase/PKCbeta2 and PKCbeta2 mice were significantly upregulated. Interestingly, however, PKCbeta2 protein expression was significantly attenuated in caPI3-kinase/PKCbeta2 mice. PI3-kinase activity measured by Akt phosphorylation was not affected by PKCbeta2 overexpression. These data suggest a potential interaction between these two pathways in the heart, where PI3-kinase is predominantly responsible for the regulation of physiological developmental hypertrophy and may act as an upstream modulator of PKCbeta2 with the potential for rescuing the pathological cardiac dysfunction induced by overexpression of PKCbeta.
    AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology 02/2009; 296(3):H566-72. · 3.63 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
504.40 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1994–2013
    • Kyoto University
      • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine
      Kyoto, Kyoto-fu, Japan
  • 2003–2009
    • Harvard Medical School
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1999–2008
    • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
      • Department of Medicine
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2005–2007
    • Kitasato University
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2000
    • Brigham and Women's Hospital
      • Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
      Boston, MA, United States
  • 1998
    • University of Wisconsin, Madison
      • Cardiovascular Research Center
      Madison, MS, United States
  • 1997
    • Mitsubishi Kyoto Hospital
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan