Tatsuya Nakatani

National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (501)1063.26 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) genetic polymorphism is associated with the clinical significance of prostate cancer. Prostates were obtained from 194 deceased men 45 years or older who did not have a history of prostate cancer. Serial sections and histological examinations of the prostate were performed. The MnSOD genotypes of the specimens were determined by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Of the 194 men, 31 and 26 had clinically insignificant and significant prostate cancer. Clinically significant cancer comprised 29% and 58% of the cancers in men <70 and >70 years old, respectively. The age-specific proportion of significant cancer significantly increased with the advance of age (p<0.001). MnSOD AA, as compared with the other genotypes (VA and VV together), was associated with significant prostate cancer across all ages, odds ratio (OR) 2.34, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.99-5.49, and in men older than 69 years (OR 4.89, 95% CI 1.51-15.8), but not in men younger than 70 years. The genotype was not associated with clinically insignificant cancer regardless of age. The comparison between significant and insignificant cancer, the OR (95% CI) for MnSOD AA was 5.04 (1.05-24.2) (sensitivity 0.57, specificity 0.78, positive predictive value 0.78) in men older than 69 years. MnSOD polymorphism is strongly associated with the clinical significance of prostate cancer in men older than 69 years, but not in men younger than 70 years suggesting that oxidative stress may be involved in the progression of the disease. MnSOD may be a clinically useful marker to predict the potential of progression of prostate cancer.
    PLoS ONE 07/2015; 10(7):e0131325. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0131325 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In hemodialysis patients, previous reports have described a high prevalence of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs), but no longitudinal studies have been performed to determine the clinical significance of CMBs in these patients. In this study, we investigated whether the presence of CMBs was a predictor of future strokes in hemodialysis patients. Cranial MRI, including T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, was performed on 179 hemodialysis patients with no past history of cerebrovascular events. The patients were followed prospectively until death or renal transplantation. We used the Cox proportional hazards model with inverse probability of treatment weighting using the propensity score to compare the event-free survivals of patients with/without CMBs. For sensitivity analyses, stratification by propensity score quintile and regression adjustment were used. CMBs were detected in 45 of the 179 patients. During a median follow-up period of 5.0 years, stroke occurred in 24 patients, including 12 with intracerebral hemorrhage and 12 with cerebral infarctions. Cox proportional hazards analysis with inverse probability of treatment weighting using the propensity score revealed that the presence of CMBs was a strong and significant predictor of intracerebral hemorrhage (hazard ratio, 26.53; 95% confidence interval, 2.88-244.90) but not cerebral infarction (hazard ratio, 0.91; 95% confidence interval, 0.25-3.34). Sensitivity analyses yielded similar results. This study showed that the presence of CMBs was an independent and strong predictor of intracerebral hemorrhage in stroke-free hemodialysis patients, indicating that hemodialysis patients with CMBs should be carefully monitored for future onset of intracerebral hemorrhage. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    Stroke 06/2015; 46(8). DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.009324 · 5.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperuricemia has been reported to affect renal hemodynamics in rat models. We evaluate the relationship between serum uric acid and intrarenal hemodynamic parameters in humans, utilizing the plasma clearance of para-aminohippurate (CPAH ) and inulin (Cin). Renal and glomerular hemodynamics were assessed by simultaneous measurement of CPAH and Cin in 58 subjects. Of these, 19 subjects were planned to provide a kidney for transplantation; 26 had diabetes without proteinuria; and 13 had mild proteinuria. Renal and glomerular hemodynamics were calculated using Gomez`s formulae. Cin was more than 60 ml/min/1.73m(2) in all subjects. Serum uric acid levels correlated significantly with vascular resistance at the afferent arteriole (Ra) (r = 0.354, p = 0.006) but not with that of the efferent arteriole (Re). Serum uric acid levels (β = 0.581, p = <0.001) were significantly and independently associated with Ra after adjustment for several confounders (R(2) = 0.518, p = <0.001). These findings suggest, for the first time in humans, that higher serum uric acid levels are associated significantly with Ra in subjects with Cin > 60 ml/min/1.73m(2). The increase in Ra in subjects with higher uric acid levels may be related to dysfunction of glomerular perfusion. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Kidney and Blood Pressure Research 06/2015; 40(3):315-322. DOI:10.1159/000368507 · 2.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated therapeutic outcomes in consecutive patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with targeted anticancer agents from 2008 to 2014 in order to determine the efficacy of adverse event management for such agents and the best sequence in which to use them. We analyzed 132 consecutive patients who had taken targeted anticancer agents for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Of these, 101 patients received therapy between 2008 and 2011 (pioneer group) and 31 patients received therapy between 2011 and 2014 (contemporary group). Patients of the contemporary group were provided with aggressive adverse event management and education on such management, were treated according to a standard therapeutic strategy, and were able to receive axitinib as a second-line drug. We analyzed the incidence of hand-foot syndrome. Furthermore, we compared relative dose intensity between patients in the pioneer and contemporary groups who took sunitinib as first-line therapy. We also compared overall survival between the two groups to determine whether adverse event management improved prognosis. The incidence of hand-foot syndrome was significantly reduced by aggressive adverse event management. Relative dose intensity was significantly higher in the contemporary group than in the pioneer group. Median survival time was significantly longer in the contemporary group than in the pioneer group. Our results suggest that aggressive management of adverse events associated with targeted drugs, the use of sunitinib as a first-line therapy, and the availability of axitinib as a second-line therapy all contribute to prolonged survival for metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients.
    The Canadian Journal of Urology 06/2015; 22(3):7798-7804. · 0.98 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 04/2015; 34(4):S227. DOI:10.1016/j.healun.2015.01.627 · 6.65 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 04/2015; 34(4):S205. DOI:10.1016/j.healun.2015.01.563 · 6.65 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 04/2015; 34(4):S67. DOI:10.1016/j.healun.2015.01.171 · 6.65 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 04/2015; 34(4):S190-S191. DOI:10.1016/j.healun.2015.01.521 · 6.65 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 04/2015; 34(4):S185-S186. DOI:10.1016/j.healun.2015.01.506 · 6.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether glomerular hemodynamic parameters in nondiabetic subjects, including healthy subjects, are associated with glycemic status indices, by simultaneous measurement of inulin (Cin) and para-aminohippuric acid (CPHA) clearance. Twenty-six subjects (age 49.5 ± 13.3 years; 13 men and 13 women; 14 healthy subjects and 12 subjects with mild proteinuria) were enrolled. Cin and CPAH were measured simultaneously. All 26 subjects were nondiabetics. Estimated preglomerular resistance, estimated postglomerular resistance, and estimated glomerular hydrostatic pressure (Pglo) were calculated according to Gomez' formula. Pglo correlated significantly and positively with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in both healthy subjects (r = 0.532, P = 0.0498) and subjects with mild proteinuria (r = 0.681, P = 0.015). While there was no significant correlation between estimated preglomerular resistance and HbA1c, estimated postglomerular resistance correlated significantly and positively with HbA1c both in healthy subjects (r = 0.643, P = 0.013) and subjects with mild proteinuria (r = 0.589, P = 0.044). Glomerular filtration fraction, estimated Pglo and estimated postglomerular resistance in total subjects were associated significantly with HbA1c after adjustment for age, gender, and body mass index. These results demonstrate that, even in nondiabetic subjects, glycemic status is associated with estimated postglomerular resistance, but not estimated preglomerular resistance. It is suggested that increased estimated postglomerular resistance associated with higher HbA1c levels, even within the normal range, causes increased estimated Pglo, leading to increased FF. Thus, hemodynamic abnormalities associated with higher HbA1c levels may be related to glomerular hypertension, even in nondiabetic subjects. © 2015 The Authors. Physiological Reports published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the American Physiological Society and The Physiological Society.
    03/2015; 3(3). DOI:10.14814/phy2.12321
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Patients aged 60 years and older stand for the fastest growing group of patients with end-stage renal disease worldwide, and the need for kidney transplants among this population is rising. In Japan, living donor kidney transplantation is mainly performed to deal with the severe shortage of deceased donors, and the number of spousal transplants is currently increasing. Patients and methods: A total of 164 patients with ESRD underwent living donor kidney transplantation at our institution, of whom 21 patients aged 60 years and older had spousal kidney transplantation. ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation was performed in 5 of the 21 cases. We analyzed these recipients. Results: Patient and graft survival rates were 100%. The incidence of acute rejection was 23.8%. Eight patients experienced cytomegalovirus viremia, two patients experienced Pneumocystis jiroveci infection, and one experienced bacterial pneumonia. Two patients developed cancers and underwent curative operation after transplantation. Conclusions: Elderly kidney transplantation from spousal donors is associated with age-related immune dysfunction, which may develop infections and malignancies and could be immunologically high risk due to the high rate of ABO-incompatibility and poor histocompatibility. An effort to minimize the adverse effect of immunosuppression and to reduce the risk of acute rejection may be needed for an excellent long-term outcome. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Urologia Internationalis 01/2015; 95(1). DOI:10.1159/000368324 · 1.43 Impact Factor
  • Taro Iguchi · Tatsuya Nakatani
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    ABSTRACT: ESWL (extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy) is widely used for upper urinary stones and successfully treats most patients with uncomplicated kidney stones. ESWL is still of high strategic importance despite ureteroscopy and PNL occupy an essential place in the treatment of urinary stones by technologic advancements. However ESWL is just one of treatment tool and the best procedure should be selected for the patients. Moreover urolithiasis is one of lifestyle-related diseases and should be treated as systemic illness in the daily medical practice.
    Clinical calcium 01/2015; 25(1):97-104.
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    ABSTRACT: A 68-year-old man was introduced to our hospital for the treatment of lung and mediastinum lymph node metastases that originated from an urachal carcinoma 4 years after a partial cystectomy. First-line chemotherapy with an S-1 and cisplatin combination was ineffective. The patient received FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab chemotherapy as salvage chemotherapy. Stability was achieved after eight cycles of FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab therapy. We conducted a biopsy of the metastatic tumor, and the pathology of the biopsy tissue was partially necrotic. To our knowledge, this case represents the first report of a metastatic urachal carcinoma treated with FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab.
    Urology Case Reports 12/2014; 33(2). DOI:10.1016/j.eucr.2014.11.004
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the difference in improvement of lower urinary tract symptoms between morning and evening dosing of α1 -blocker naftopidil. A total of 177 male patients with nocturia were included in the present study and randomized to morning or evening dosing of naftopidil. The International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life index and nocturia quality of life index were compared between the two study groups at 12 weeks. A total of 143 patients (morning group: n = 70, evening group: n = 73) were analyzed as a result of the dropout of 34 patients because of failure to give consent, adverse events and failure to attend. Nocturia, quality of life index and nocturia quality of life index at 12 weeks were significantly better in the evening group compared with the morning group. In a multivariate model, both the dosing time of naftopidil and the initial nocturia quality of life index were significantly associated with change in nocturia quality of life index. Evening dosing of naftopidil seems to be more effective in treating nocturia in male patients with lower urinary tract symptoms. © 2014 The Japanese Urological Association.
    International Journal of Urology 11/2014; 22(3). DOI:10.1111/iju.12669 · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 62-year-old man was referred to our hospital for an axillary mass. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a right axillary tumor and a left renal tumor. Needle biopsies of lung tumor and renal tumor were performed, but a definite diagnosis was impossible. Because his performance status worsened and the lung tumor grew day by day, chemotherapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin was started without definite diagnosis. However, the chemotherapy could not be continued because of interstitial pneumonia and the patient died because of the progression of disease. The final histopathologic diagnosis was pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma based on immunohistochemical staining.
    Urology Case Reports 11/2014; 2(6). DOI:10.1016/j.eucr.2014.07.007
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    ABSTRACT: Background There have been few reports of the differences in safety between the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, everolimus and temsirolimus. The purpose of this study is to compare the adverse event profiles of both agents and to estimate the risk factors for non-infectious pneumonitis in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma on the basis of our real-world clinical experience. Methods Data from 218 consecutive patients that received either everolimus or temsirolimus for advanced renal cell carcinoma at five Japanese centers were retrospectively analyzed. Chi-squared test and univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to investigate the differences in adverse event profiles and the risk factors associated with non-infectious pneumonitis, respectively. Results A total of 196 patients were evaluable. In the everolimus group compared with temsirolimus, stomatitis (56 vs 30 %, p
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2014; 20(4). DOI:10.1007/s10147-014-0764-5 · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of imidafenacin (IM), a novel short half-life anticholinergic, as add-on therapy for male LUTS with nocturia and nocturnal polyuria. Materials and methods: This multicenter, prospective, randomized, open-labelled study was conducted and involved men who had frequency, urgency, and nocturia despite receiving a stable dose of α1-blocker for ≥1 month. Subjects were randomised to control (α1-blocker alone), IM twice/day (α1-blocker +0.1 mg imidafenacin twice daily), or IM nightly (α1-blocker plus 0.1 mg imidafenacin nightly) group; the treatment period was 8 weeks. Primary endpoints included improvements in night-time frequency and Nocturia Quality of Life Questionnaire (N-QOL) scores. Secondary endpoints included changes from the baseline in frequency volume chart variables, and post-void residual volume. Results and limitations: Compared with the controls, IM twice/day and IM nightly patients had a significantly lower night-time frequency (changes from baseline: 0.1 ± 0.8 in control, -0.6 ± 0.9 in IM twice/day, and -0.4 ± 1.0 in IM nightly, p = 0.5227, 0.0006 and 0.0143, respectively). The hours of undisturbed sleep and N-QOL score were significantly improved in IM twice/day group, though not IM nightly group. Nocturnal urine volume was significantly reduced in IM nightly group, although total urine volume remained unchanged. Conclusions: A short half-life anticholinergic is suggested to be safe and effective as an add-on therapy for residual nocturia in patients with male LUTS receiving α1-blocker treatment. Anticholinergic administration nightly could reduce the nocturnal urine volume.
    World Journal of Urology 09/2014; 33(5). DOI:10.1007/s00345-014-1399-x · 2.67 Impact Factor
  • T Watanabe · J Kotani · Y Murata · O Seguchi · M Yanase · T Nakatani
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    ABSTRACT: Using serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), integrated-backscatter IVUS, and optical coherence tomography, we observed rapidly progressive cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) and donor-transmitted plaque in the left anterior descending artery. Late-phase everolimus-resistant CAV had a rapidly progressive course (maximal intimal thickness [MIT] increased by 0.5 mm between years 3 and 4 after cardiac transplantation, from MIT growth <0.5 mm at year 1). Conversely, the donor-transmitted plaque grew slowly (0.1 mm increase during the same period). Tissue characteristics in the 2 segments were also different; CAV had eccentric, noncalcified, and lipid-rich components and was associated with macrophage accumulation, whereas donor-transmitted atherosclerosis presented with typical features of atherosclerosis (ie, fibrocalcific plaque). CAV with late-phase progression involves everolimus resistance and features of vulnerable plaques seen in nontransplantation patients and is independent of donor-transmitted atherosclerosis.
    Transplantation Proceedings 09/2014; 46(7):2456-61. DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2014.03.014 · 0.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aims The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. The aim of the present study was to investigate intrarenal RAS activity in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Methods We measured urinary angiotensinogen, a reliable biomarker of intrarenal RAS activity, in 14 controls without T2DM, 25 T2DM patients without nephropathy, 11 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients without T2DM and 46 CKD patients with T2DM. Associations between urinary angiotensinogen and clinical parameters were examined. Results Compared with the controls, urinary [angiotensinogen:creatinine] were significantly higher in T2DM patients without nephropathy (4.70 ± 2.22 vs. 8.31 ± 5.27 μg/g, p = 0.037). Age, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and fasting plasma glucose correlated significantly and positively with the log{urinary [angiotensinogen:creatinine]} (r = 0.632, p = 0.007; r = 0.405, p = 0.027; r = 0.583, p = 0.003, respectively) in T2DM patients without nephropathy. In contrast, the urinary [angiotensinogen:creatinine] were not significantly different between CKD patients with and without T2DM (22.7 ± 27.8 vs. 33.5 ± 40.8 μg/g, p =0.740); although they were significantly higher when compared with non-CKD patients. In the CKD patients with T2DM systolic blood pressure, serum creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate and urinary [albumin:creatinine] correlated significantly with the log{urinary [angiotensinogen:creatinine]} (r = 0.412, p = 0.004; r = 0.308, p = 0.037; r= -0.382, p = 0.001, r = 0.648, p < 0.001, respectively). Conclusions Our findings indicate that poor glycemic control is significantly associated with intrarenal RAS activity in T2DM patients without nephropathy, and that decreased renal function is significantly associated with intrarenal RAS activity in CKD patients with T2DM.
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 07/2014; 105(1). DOI:10.1016/j.diabres.2014.04.019 · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Using rituximab, we have performed successful ABO-incompatible kidney transplantations in recipients without splenectomy as well as in those with high pretransplant anti-A/B antibody titers. A common and increasingly recognized toxicity of rituximab is late-onset neutropenia (LON), defined as unexplained grades III to IV neutropenia occurring at least 4weeks after the last dose of rituximab in the absence of an alternative explanation. Patients and methods: Between May 2006 and December 2011, 25 patients who received rituximab underwent successful ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation and were enrolled as the subjects in this study. The incidence rate and clinical features of LON as well as the relationship between LON and acute rejection in these patients were studied. Results: Twelve recipients (48%) experienced LON 2 to 12months after transplantation. Five of the 12 patients (41.6%) who developed LON had an episode of biopsy-confirmed acute cellular rejection, as compared with one of the 13 patients (7.7%) who did not develop LON. Moreover, 3 patients who experienced LON developed steroid and deoxyspergualin-resistant acute cellular rejection requiring OKT-3 administration. Conclusions: The frequency of acute cellular rejection was higher in ABO-incompatible kidney transplant recipients with LON than in those without LON. Our findings suggested that these recipients who developed LON after rituximab administration may be at an increased risk for acute cellular rejection.
    Transplant Immunology 06/2014; 31(2). DOI:10.1016/j.trim.2014.06.001 · 1.46 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
1,063.26 Total Impact Points


  • 1996–2015
    • National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center
      • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
    • Osaka City University
      • • Department of Urology
      • • Graduate School of Medicine
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2014
    • Osaka University
      Suika, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2008
    • University of Yamanashi
      Kōhu, Yamanashi, Japan
  • 2005–2008
    • Claude Bernard University Lyon 1
      Villeurbanne, Rhône-Alpes, France
    • Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
      • Department of Pediatric Internal Medicine
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 2004
    • Kansai Medical University
      • Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine
      Moriguchi, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2003
    • Shirasagi Hospital
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1998–2003
    • Osaka City General Hospital
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
    • University of Lyon
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 2000
    • Izumi City Hospital
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1999
    • Rakuwakai Otowa Hospital
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 1994
    • Kanagawa Children's Medical Center
      Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
  • 1990–1993
    • Hokkaido University
      Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan
  • 1984
    • The Cardiovascular Institute
      Tōkyō, Japan