T Ishigaki

Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

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Publications (248)404.67 Total impact

  • E Murase, T Ishiguchi, M Ikeda, T Ishigaki
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    ABSTRACT: In an effort to reduce patient radiation dose during selective fallopian tube catheterization, the diagnostic adequacy of fluoroscopic images was compared with digital radiographic images in both a phantom study and a clinical study. For the phantom study polyethylene tubes with inner diameters of 1.30, 0.95, 0.80, 0.57, and 0.45 mm were used. Randomly selected tubes with/without stenoses, recorded by digital radiographic and last-image hold fluoroscopic images, were presented to five blinded radiologists, and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were performed. For the clinical study tubal visualization as well as detectability of stenoses and occlusions were analyzed in 14 women using a 2-way analysis of variance for nonrepeated measures. The phantom study showed no significant differences between the two imaging techniques for 0.57-mm-diameter and larger tubes; in contrast, fluoroscopic images provided significantly lower detectability of stenoses in 0.45-mm-diameter tubes (p < 0.05). The clinical study showed inferior tubal visualization and diagnostic performance for fluoroscopic images. Although fluoroscopic images have inferior diagnostic capability in detection of tubal stenoses and occlusions, these images may be adequate for documenting tubal patency with spill into the peritoneal cavity.
    CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology 04/2012; 23(2):126-30. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We first report a multi-level-cell (MLC) spin-transfer torque memory (SPRAM) with series-connected magnetotunnel junctions (MTJs). The series MTJs (with different areas) show multi-level resistances by a combination of their magnetization directions. A four-level operation by spin-transfer-torque writing was experimentally demonstrated. A scheme for the write/read operation of the MLC SPRAM was also presented.
    01/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: Inflamed atherosclerotic plaques may rupture and cause acute myocardial infarction, stroke and other thrombotic events. Early detection of these unstable plaques could, in many cases, prevent such potentially fatal events. 11C-choline or 18F-labelled choline derivatives for visualizing the synthesis of phospholipids, are promising markers of plaque inflammation with potential advantages over 18F-FDG. Their potential for plaque characterization in humans is, however, unclear. In this study the prevalence and distribution of 11C-choline uptake in the aortic and common carotid arterial walls of elderly male patients was evaluated with combined PET/CT. Additionally, the localization of radiotracer uptake and calcification was correlated in various vessel segments. Image data from 93 consecutive male patients between 60 and 80 years old who had undergone whole-body 11C-choline PET/CT assessment for prostate cancer were evaluated retrospectively. 11C-choline uptake and calcification were analysed qualitatively and semiquantitatively and compared. 11C-choline uptake was found in 95% of patients, calcification in 94% throughout all vessel segments. In 6% of the patients radiotracer uptake was colocalized with calcifications, whereas less than 1% of calcification sites showed increased radiotracer uptake. Both 11C-choline uptake and calcification in the aortic and common carotid arterial walls are common in elderly men. Radiotracer uptake and calcification are, however, only rarely colocalized. 11C-choline has the potential to provide information about atherosclerotic plaques independent of calcification measurement.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 06/2009; 36(10):1622-8. · 4.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ground-glass opacity (GGO) of lung cancer is identified only subjectively on computed tomography (CT) images as no quantitative characteristic has been defined for GGOs. We sought to define GGOs quantitatively and to differentiate between GGOs and solid-type lung cancers semiautomatically with a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD). High-resolution CT images of 100 pulmonary nodules (all peripheral lung cancers) were collected from our clinical records. Two radiologists traced the contours of nodules and distinguished GGOs from solid areas. The CT attenuation value of each area was measured. Differentiation between cancer types was assessed by a receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. The mean CT attenuation of the GGO areas was -618.4 +/- 212.2 HU, whereas that of solid areas was -68.1 +/- 230.3 HU. CAD differentiated between solidand GGO-type lung cancers with a sensitivity of 86.0% and specificity of 96.5% when the threshold value was -370 HU. Four nodules of mixed GGOs were incorrectly classified as the solid type. CAD detected 96.3% of GGO areas when the threshold between GGO and solid areas was 194 HU. Objective definition of GGO area by CT attenuation is feasible. This method is useful for semiautomatic differentiation between GGOs and solid types of lung cancer.
    Japanese journal of radiology 03/2009; 27(2):91-9. · 0.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the possibility of using computer analysis of high-resolution CT images to radiologically classify the shape of pulmonary nodules. From a total of 107 HRCT images of solid, solitary pulmonary nodules with prior differentiation as benign (n=55) or malignant (n=52), we extracted the desired pulmonary nodules and calculated two quantitative parameters for characterizing nodules: circularity and second central moment. Using discriminant analysis for two thresholds in differentiating malignant from benign states resulted in a sensitivity of 76.9%, a specificity of 80%, a positive predictive value of 78.4%, and a negative predictive value of 78.6%.
    Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics 08/2008; 32(5):416-22. · 1.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of the reconstructed thickness of axial images on image quality of CT pancreatic arteriography with 16-channel multislice CT. In 31 consecutive patients, raw data of arterial-phase scanning with 0.5 mm collimation were reconstructed in the following three ways: 0.5 mm thickness (effective thickness of 0.75 mm) at 0.4 mm intervals in Group 1; 1 mm thickness at 0.5 mm intervals in Group 2; and 2 mm thickness at 1 mm intervals in Group 3. For the visualization of major arteries and small arteries of the pancreatic head, four blinded readers independently performed side-by-side comparison of the CT arteriographic images generated from each axial dataset for the same patient using a three-dimensional volume-rendered technique. In all comparisons using a continuous rating scale, CT arteriographic images generated from thinner axial images were found to be significantly superior (p<0.01). The difference was more pronounced for small arteries. The degree of degradation from Group 1 to Group 2 was markedly smaller than that from Group 1 to Group 3 or from Group 2 to Group 3. For small arteries, paired images were assigned a grade of "almost equivalent" in 73%, 6% and 15% of the comparison between Group 1 and Group 2, Group 1 and Group 3, and Group 2 and Group 3, respectively. We concluded that the image quality of CT pancreatic arteriography, especially for small arteries, can be improved by reconstructing axial images with thinner thickness from the data obtained with submillimetre collimation.
    The British journal of radiology 03/2008; 81(962):99-106. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we selected medical image diagnosis as a task to investigate how expertise influences the relations between perceptual and conceptual processing. In an experiment, participants, namely five novices and five experts, made diagnoses on 13 CT images. We obtained two types of data concerning verbal protocols and manipulating computational systems. The segments related to perceptual and conceptual processing were extracted from these data, and the interrelations of the two components were analyzed. Consequently, we confirmed three salient features in the experts: (1) the experts verbalized more types of findings and more types of hypotheses than novices; (2) the experts generated several hypotheses in the early phases of the task; and (3) they newly verbalized many perceptual features during conceptual activities, and verbalized conceptual words during perceptual activities. These results suggest that expertise in medical image diagnosis involves not only the development of both perceptual and conceptual processing, but also the development of an ability to connect the two components.
    International Journal of Human-Computer Studies. 01/2008;
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of liquid crystal display (LCD) monitors on the detectability of diffuse pulmonary diseases depicted on chest radiographs by comparing them with a high-resolution cathode ray tube (CRT) monitor. A group of 17 radiologists interpreted 87 soft-copy images on LCD monitors with pixel arrays of 1024 x 1280, 1200 x 1600, 1536 x 2048, and 2048 x 2560 and on a CRT monitor with a pixel array of 2048 x 2560. They were asked to indicate their individual confidence levels regarding the presence of diffuse pulmonary diseases. The luminance distributions of all monitors were adjusted to the same distributions, and the ambient illumination was 200 lux. Observer performance was analyzed in terms of the receiver operating characteristics (ROC). The average ROC curves for the five monitor types were similar, and there were no statistically reliable effects of the five monitor types on the readers' diagnostic performances (P = 0.7587). The detectability of diffuse pulmonary disease on the LCD monitors with a spatial resolution equal to or higher than a matrix size of 1024 x 1280 was found to be equivalent to that on the high-resolution CRT monitor.
    Radiation Medicine 07/2007; 25(5):211-7.
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    ABSTRACT: We compared the efficacies of (18)F-FDG PET and (99m)Tc-bone scintigraphy for the detection of bone metastases in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). We examined 47 patients (32 women, 15 men; mean age +/- SD, 57.0 +/- 10.7 y) with DTC who had undergone total thyroidectomy and were hospitalized to be given (131)I therapy. All patients underwent both whole-body (18)F-FDG PET and (99m)Tc-bone scintigraphy. The skeletal system was classified into 11 anatomic segments and assessed for the presence of bone metastases. Bone metastases were verified either when positive findings were obtained on >2 imaging modalities--(201)Tl scintigraphy, (131)I scintigraphy, and CT--or when MRI findings were positive if vertebral MRI was performed. Bone metastases were confirmed in 59 of 517 (11%) segments in 18 (38%) of the 47 study patients. The sensitivities (visualization rate) for bone metastases on a segment basis using (18)F-FDG PET and (99m)Tc-bone scintigraphy were 50 of 59 (84.7%) and 46 of 59 (78.0%), respectively; the difference between these values was not statistically significant. There were only 2 (0.4%) false-positive cases in a total of 451 bone segments without bone metastases when examined by (18)F-FDG PET, whereas 39 (8.6%) were false-positive when examined by (99m)Tc-bone scintigraphy. Therefore, the specificities of (18)F-FDG PET and (99m)Tc-bone scintigraphy were 449 of 451 (99.6%) and 412 of 451 (91.4%), respectively; the difference between these values was statistically significant (P < 0.001). The overall accuracies of (18)F-FDG PET and (99m)Tc-bone scintigraphy were 499 of 510 (97.8%) and 458 of 510 (89.8%), respectively; the difference between these was also statistically significant (P < 0.001). The specificity and the overall accuracy of (18)F-FDG PET for the diagnosis of bone metastases in patients with DTC are higher than those of (99m)Tc-bone scintigraphy, whereas the difference in the sensitivities of both modalities is not statistically significant. In comparison with (99m)Tc-bone scintigraphy, (18)F-FDG PET is superior because of its lower incidence of false-positive results in the detection of bone metastases of DTC.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 06/2007; 48(6):889-95. · 5.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We experienced a case of relapsed malignant lymphoma with multiple bone marrow or bone lesions. The case was diagnosed as follicular lymphoma by cytological biopsy of the right iliac bone, with (67)Ga scintigraphy showing abnormal, intense uptake in multiple bones. After about 10 months of systemic chemotherapy, a relapse was suspected because of pain in the bilateral legs and a high level of lactate dehydrogenase. Assessment of the lesions in the patient was difficult by computed tomography because the affected sites were localized mainly in the bone marrow. (18)F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) was useful for detecting accurately the relapse sites in the bone marrow and enabled us to determine the field for radiotherapy. There are only a few reports of FDG-PET findings for such bone marrow malignant lymphomas. Therefore, we report the findings of FDG-PET for this case and review some of the literature about bone marrow lymphomas.
    Radiation Medicine 05/2007; 25(3):130-4.
  • Huadong Miao, Hiroshi Fukatsu, Takeo Ishigaki
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the clinical value of diffusion-weighted (DW) and T2-weighted (T2W) imaging in detecting prostate cancer using a 3-Tesla (3T) magnetic resonance (MR) system. Thirty-seven patients with suspected prostate cancer underwent T2W and DW imaging at 3T using an 8-channel phased-array coil. These images and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps were read retrospectively and blindly. The results were compared with histopathologic findings, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to compare the cancer detection performance of T2W and DW imaging. The areas under the ROC curves for DW imaging and T2W imaging were 0.89 and 0.82, respectively. The performance of DW imaging in prostate cancer detection was significantly better than that of T2W imaging (P=0.0371). With a 3T MR system, the performance of DW imaging in detecting prostate cancer was better than that of T2W imaging. DW imaging appears to be a robust and reliable method to examine the whole prostate within an acceptable scan time in clinical settings.
    European Journal of Radiology 03/2007; 61(2):297-302. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    Yoko Hattori, Hiroshi Fukatsu, Takeo Ishigaki
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    ABSTRACT: We measured the sound level and frequencies of the acoustic noise generated by a 3 Tesla (T) MR scanner, and investigated the subjective sound level for 30 healthy volunteers with either earplugs, headphones or both. The sound level of 3T was found to be higher than that of 1.5T in all sequences. The peak sound pressure level of 3T ranged from 125.7 dB for MR angiography to 130.7 dB for single shot EPI on the linear scale. The equivalent noise level was from 110.0 dB for FLAIR to 115.8 dB for T1-IR on the A-weighted scale, which exceeded 99 dB, the level regulated by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). The study of the subjective sound level showed that the effect of noise reduction was not significantly different between earplugs and headphones. However, the use of both devices could reduce the subjective sound level significantly better than either one alone (P < 0.01). Thus we propose wearing both devices for ear-protection during 3T examinations.
    Nagoya journal of medical science 02/2007; 69(1-2):23-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the capabilities of 16-channel multislice CT in acquiring almost exclusively arterial-phase images of the pancreas and depicting small pancreatic arteries in coronal reformatted images. In 45 consecutive patients, arterial-phase contrast enhancement was measured in the aorta and its branches, portal venous system, and pancreas. Coronal reformatted images of 1.2- or 1.3-mm slice thickness at 0.8- or 0.9-mm intervals were generated from axial images acquired with 0.5-mm collimation. Two radiologists evaluated the quality of imaging in the arterial phase and the visibility of the pancreatic arteries in coronal reformatted images. Mean enhancement in the aorta and its branches was greater than 300 HU, while that in the portal venous system and pancreas was less than 100 HU. The images were judged to be suitable for delineating the pancreatic arteries in all patients. The following arteries were visualized: anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal (39 patients), posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal (41), anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal (39), posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal (33), dorsal pancreatic (42), its right branch (34), and transverse pancreatic (37). Multislice CT can depict small pancreatic arteries using coronal reformatted images generated from almost exclusively arterial-phase axial images acquired with 0.5-mm collimation.
    Abdominal Imaging 01/2007; 32(2):215-23. · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) is an excellent modality for non-invasive functional imaging of malignant lymphoma and is highly sensitive and specific for the detection of lymphoma lesions. Here, we report the findings of FDG-PET for three cases of diffuse large B cell type lymphoma (DLBCL) with extranodal tumors in the breast, stomach, and liver plus spleen, respectively. The whole body FDG-PET findings showed no evidence of lymph node (LN) involvement or distant metastasis. Strong FDG accumulations were observed in the only extranodal sites by whole body FDG-PET. Therefore, we could confirm that these cases were extranodal primary origins. Whole body PET is useful to determine the primary sites, that is, extranodal origin DLBCL with its clear images.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 01/2007; 20(10):689-93. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of our study was to assess the capabilities of MDCT for the diagnosis of an anomalous pancreaticobiliary ductal junction using high-resolution multiplanar reformatted (multiplanar reconstruction) images. This study included nine patients with and 54 without an anomalous pancreaticobiliary ductal junction confirmed on direct cholangiopancreatography. Multiplanar reconstruction images with 0.5-mm continuous slices were generated from isotropic or nearly isotropic pancreatic phase images. By mainly interpreting the multiplanar reconstruction images using the Scrolling mode, two blinded reviewers independently determined whether the confluence of the pancreatic and biliary ducts joined in the pancreatic parenchyma (in other words, outside the duodenal wall). The results were correlated with the findings of direct cholangiopancreatography. The diagnostic capabilities of CT for revealing associated pancreatobiliary diseases were assessed in patients with this anomaly. Interobserver agreement in the classification of the duct confluence was high (kappa = 0.804). The duct confluence was identified in all patients except four without an anomalous pancreaticobiliary ductal junction. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of CT for diagnosing an anomalous pancreaticobiliary ductal junction were 100% (9 of 9 patients), 87% (47 of 54 patients), 89% (56 of 63 patients), 75% (9 of 12 patients), and 100% (47 of 47 patients) in the final decisions, respectively. CT showed all associated pancreatobiliary diseases except bile duct stones in two patients. MDCT enabled the diagnosis of an anomalous pancreaticobiliary ductal junction by showing whether the pancreatic and biliary ducts join within the pancreatic parenchyma on high-resolution multiplanar reconstruction images.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 10/2006; 187(3):668-75. · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the combination of intraarterial and intravenous concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CIAIV-CCRT) for the treatment of high-risk uterine cervical cancer. Between January 2000 and November 2004, we reviewed 45 cervical cancer patients treated by CIAIV-CCRT. The numbers of patients with stage IB2, IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB, and IVA were 3, 6, 14, 1, 17, and 4, respectively. Patients with stage III and IVA or patients with tumors >3 cm in diameter were enrolled in this study. Two sessions of CCRT were administered every 3 weeks using a combination of 70 mg/m2 x h(-1) cisplatin or 50 mg/m2 x h(-1) nedaplatin via the bilateral uterine artery and 2800 mg/m2 x 96 h(-1) 5-fluorouracil intravenously. Patients concurrently received external beam radiation therapy and brachytherapy. A nonrandomized control group of 47 patients who underwent radiation therapy alone between 1993 and 2000 was used for comparison. Of the 45 patients, 28 (62%) exhibited complete response and 16 (36%) exhibited partial response. One IIIB patient (2%) did not show any response. The 5-year overall survival (OAS) rates in the CCRT group and control group were 80.6% and 54.9%, respectively. With regard to late toxicities, no statistically significant differences were observed between the two groups. In uni- and multivariate analyses, positive pelvic lymph node showed a statistically significant influence on the OAS in the CIAIV-CCRT group (P = 0.049). These preliminary results suggest that CIAIV-CCRT can improve the prognosis of patients with high-risk cervical cancer.
    Gynecologic Oncology 10/2006; 102(3):493-9. · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of our study was to assess whether it is possible to reduce the dose and rate of contrast material injection in elderly patients in triple-phase contrast-enhanced CT of the pancreatobiliary region with an MDCT scanner. One hundred twelve patients were divided into three groups: contrast injection at 0.08 mL/kg body weight/s (an upper limit of 5 mL/s) over 30 seconds in patients 60 years old or younger (group 1, n = 49), the same contrast injection as group 1 in patients more than 60 years old (group 2, n = 32), and contrast injection at 0.07 mL/kg body weight/s (an upper limit of 4.5 mL/s) over 30 seconds in patients more than 60 years old (group 3, n = 31). Contrast enhancement in the aorta, portal venous system, pancreas, and liver was assessed quantitatively. Two radiologists blinded to the patients' clinical information and the injection protocol used to acquire the CT images graded the degree of contrast enhancement using a 5-point scoring system. The results for the different groups were statistically compared. Contrast enhancement in the main phases for all organs was significantly more intense in group 2 than in groups 1 and 3. Cases in which pancreatic enhancement in the pancreatic phase was graded as excessive were more frequently observed in group 2. No statistically significant differences were observed between groups 1 and 3 in either quantitative or visual assessment for enhancement of any organ in any phase. We recommend reducing the dose and rate of contrast material injection by at least 10% for elderly patients undergoing MDCT examination of the pancreatobiliary region.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 09/2006; 187(2):505-10. · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of curved multiplanar reformatted (MPR) images obtained by multislice CT for the depiction of the main pancreatic duct (MPD) and detection of resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. This study included 28 patients with pancreatic carcinoma (size range 12-40 mm) and 22 without. Curved MPR images with 0.5-mm continuous slices were generated along the long axis of the pancreas from pancreatic-phase images with a 0.5- or 1-mm slice thickness. Seven blinded readers independently interpreted three sets of images (axial images, curved MPR images, and both axial and curved MPR images) in scrolling mode. The depiction of the MPD and the diagnostic performance for the detection of carcinoma were statistically compared among these images. MPR images were significantly superior to axial images in depicting the MPD, and the use of both axial and MPR images resulted in further significant improvements. For the detection of carcinoma, MPR images were equivalent to axial images, and the diagnostic performance was significantly improved by the use of both axial and MPR images. High-resolution curved MPR images can improve the depiction of the MPD and the diagnostic performance for the detection of carcinoma compared with axial images alone.
    European Radiology 09/2006; 16(8):1709-18. · 4.34 Impact Factor
  • Mitsuru Ikeda, Takeo Ishigaki, Shigeki Itoh
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    ABSTRACT: To access the influence of anatomic noise on the detectability of subtle lung nodules depicted on chest radiographs. From normal chest radiography images, 132 square regions were extracted, of which the centers were on the upper margin of a rib, the inside of a rib, the lower margin of a rib, and the central region between two adjoining ribs. Simulated nodules were digitally superimposed at the centers of these extracted square images. Twelve radiologists viewed 50 soft-copy images consisting of these 792 processed images, including the noise-added images. The observer's confidence level for the square images containing single nodules was used as an index of observer performance. Results indicated statistically reliable effects of the relationship between rib structures and nodule positions on the detection performance (P < 0.001). The nodule detectability on the images with a center located between two adjoining ribs was significantly the best, whereas it was significantly the worst on the noise-added images with a center located between two adjoining ribs. The rib structures overlying a subtle lung nodule on chest X-ray images have a detrimental effect on nodule detection performance as anatomic noise, regardless of the nodule location on ribs.
    European Journal of Radiology 08/2006; 59(1):49-55. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new processing parameter (T-type parameter) setting for gray scale was developed to improve the image quality of digital mammograms. To clarify the usefulness of this parameter setting, we have evaluated the image quality of digital mammograms (hard copy images) processed with this parameter, and compared it with S/F mammography. Mammograms were made under the same radiographic conditions by the S/F and FCR systems (type 1, S/F; type 2 and 3, FCR with new T-type parameters; type 4 and 5, FCR with conventional parameters). A total of 49 images from 10 cases was selected for evaluation testing. Evaluation items were the contrast visibility of mammary glands and adipose tissues together with their granularity and sharpness. Eleven medical doctors participated in evaluating the images. The FCR hard copy images processed with the T-type parameter settings were significantly preferred over the conventional S/F images for the contrast visibility of mammary glands and adipose tissue. As for the other items (except for granularity), the FCR hard copy images processed with the T-type parameter settings were subjectively evaluated as slightly better than or equal to the S/F images. In contrast, the conventional S/F images were significantly preferred over the FCR hard copy images processed with the conventional parameter settings. The image quality of FCR hard copy images processed with the T-type parameter settings was preferred over that of conventional S/F images as evaluated by medical doctors who specialized in mammography interpretation.
    Nagoya journal of medical science 07/2006; 68(3-4):131-8.

Publication Stats

3k Citations
404.67 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1992–2009
    • Nagoya University
      • • Division of Radiology
      • • Department of Radiological Technology
      • • Graduate School of Medicine
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 2006–2007
    • National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology
      • Department of Radiology
      Ōbu, Aichi-ken, Japan
    • Fujita Health University
      • Faculty of Radiological Technology
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
    • Kasugai Municipal Hospital
      Касугай, Aichi, Japan
    • National Hospital Organization Minami Kyoto Hospital
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 1998–2004
    • Gifu University
      Gihu, Gifu, Japan
  • 2002
    • Anjo Kosei Hospital
      Anjō, Aichi, Japan
  • 2001
    • Aichi Medical University
      • Department of Radiology
      Masaki-chō, Ehime, Japan
    • Niigata University
      • Department of Radiological Technology
      Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan
  • 1996–1998
    • Nagoya Memorial Hospital
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 1994
    • Michigan State University
      • Department of Radiology
      East Lansing, MI, United States
  • 1993
    • Gifu National College of Technology
      Gihu, Gifu, Japan