Tao Zhang

Nankai University, T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China

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Publications (125)318.2 Total impact

  • Qun Li, Ning Cheng, Tao Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: Neural oscillatory phenomenon generally exists in the nervous system through a dynamic form. It plays a very important role in the brain, especially in the higher cognitive activities, such as information processing, transfer and integration, consolidating memory and so on. Furthermore, the specific activity pattern of neural oscillations is often associated with cognitive functions and their alterations. Accordingly, how to quantitatively analyze the pattern of neural oscillations becomes one of the fundamental issues in the computational neuroscience. In this review, we addressed a variety of analytic algorithms, which are commonly employed in our recent studies to investigate the issues of neurobiology and cognitive science. In addition, we tried to classify these analytic algorithms by distinguishing their different metrics, synchronization and coupling modes. Finally, multidimensional analytic algorithms for potential application have also been discussed.
    Sheng li xue bao: [Acta physiologica Sinica] 04/2015; 67(2):143-54.
  • Lei An, Jingxuan Fu, Tao Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies showed that the spatial cognitive deficits of rats were induced by chronic melamine exposure, which was associated with the hippocampal oxidative damage. Currently, we examined the antioxidative effect of vitamins C and E combination on cognitive function in melamine-treated rats. Melamine was oral administrated to male adolescent Wistar at a dosage of 300 mg/kg/day for 28 days. After that, animals received vitamins C and E at a dose of 150 and 200 mg/kg respectively, intraperitoneally for the next 7 days. Cognitive behaviors were investigated using the Morris water maze test. The biochemical indexes were detected in the hippocampal homogenate. The treatment with vitamin complex significantly ameliorated cognitive deficits induced by melamine. ROS, MDA, NO contents were almost back to normal, while SOD, CAT, GSH-Px, NOS activities were improved as well. The neural apoptosis in the hippocampus were ameliorated by regulating the expression of anti-apoptotic protein (Bcl-2) and caspase-3. Additionally, histological observation showed that vitamin complex effectively alleviated the injuries of hippocampal neurons. These results suggest that the potential therapeutic for oxidative damage induced neuronal apoptosis after treatment of vitamins C and E combination, which is most likely related to the antioxidative effects. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 03/2015; 132. DOI:10.1016/j.pbb.2015.03.009 · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our previous study showed that hydrogen sulfide (H2S) could alleviate the cognitive deficits in vascular dementia (VD) rats associated with the improvement of synaptic plasticity. Neural oscillations are reported to interact with each other through either identical-frequency or cross-frequency coupling. This study examined whether impaired neural couplings could be alleviated by H2S in the hippocampal CA3-CA1 of VD rats and explored its possible mechanism. A VD rat model was established by two-vessel occlusion. Sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), a kind of H2S donor, was administered intraperitoneally (5.6 mg/kg/day) for 3 weeks. Local field potentials were simultaneously collected in the hippocampal CA3 and CA1. The effects of NaHS on the modulation of theta-gamma coupling were evaluated by using the measurements of both phase-phase coupling and phase-amplitude coupling, while several other approaches including behavior, electrophysiology, western blot, immunofluorescence staining were also employed. The results showed that NaHS significantly prevented spatial learning and memory impairments (p < 0.01). NaHS considerably alleviated the impairment of neural coupling in VD rats in an identical-frequency rhythm and between cross-frequency bands. Moreover, the expression of cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) was markedly attenuated in VD rats. NaHS elevated the expression of CBS to maintain the intrinsic balance of H2S. Interestingly, it was observed that NaHS increased the protein expression of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor 2A (NMDAR2A) in VD rats. In conclusion, the data suggest that NaHS played the neuroprotective role partly via modulating the expression of NMDAR2A in order to alleviate the impairments of neural couplings in VD rats.
    Brain Topography 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10548-015-0430-x · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Since melamine was illegally added to raw milk for increasing the apparent protein content, such a scandal has not been quite blown out. Previous studies showed that melamine induced apoptosis and oxidative damage in both in vivo and in vitro experiments. It is well known that autophagy is closely related to oxidative stress. In the present study, we examined whether autophagy played an important role in protecting PC12 cells, which were damaged by melamine. Immunofluorescence assay showed that melamine enhanced the number of punctuate dot, indicating the increase of autophagosomes. Western blot assay presented that melamine significantly elevated the expression level of autophagy markers including LC3-II/LC3-I ratio, beclin-1, and Atg 7. Rapamycin further enhanced the effect, whereas 3-methyadenine (3-MA) inhibited it. MTT assay exhibited that rapamycin significantly enhanced the cell viability (P < 0.01), while 3-MA considerably reduced it in melamine-treated PC12 cells (P < 0.01). Furthermore, flow cytometry assay showed that rapamycin considerably reduced the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level of the cells (P < 0.01), but 3-MA increased the generation of ROS (P < 0.01). Additionally, the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was notably increased by rapamycin in melamine-treated PC12 cells (P < 0.01), while the activity of which was prominently decreased by 3-MA (P < 0.01). Malondialdehyde (MDA) assay showed that rapamycin remarkably decreased the MDA level of the cells (P < 0.05), while 3-MA increased it (P < 0.01). Consequently, this study demonstrated that autophagy protected PC12 cells from melamine-induced cell death via inhibiting the excessive generation of ROS. Regulating autophagy may become a new targeted therapy to relieve the damage induced by melamine.
    Molecular Neurobiology 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12035-014-9073-2 · 5.29 Impact Factor
  • Chenguang Zheng, Tao Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: It is believed that phase synchronization facilitates neural communication and neural plasticity throughout the hippocampal-cortical network, and further supports cognition and memory. The pathway from ventral hippocampus to medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is thought to play a significant role in emotional memory processing. Therefore, the information transmission on the pathway was hypothesized to be disrupted in depressive state, which could be related to its impaired synaptic plasticity. In this study, local field potentials (LFPs) from both ventral CA1 (vCA1) and mPFC were recorded in both normal and chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) model rats under the urethane anesthesia. The LFPs of all rats were recorded before and after the long term potentiation (LTP) induced on vCA1-mPFC pathway in order to figure out the correlation of oscillatory synchronization of LFPs and synaptic plasticity. Our results showed the vCA1-to-mPFC unidirectional phase coupling of theta rhythm, rather than the power of either region, was significantly enhanced by LTP induction, with less enhancement in the CUS model rats compared to that in the normal rats. In addition, theta phase coupling was positively correlated with synaptic plasticity on vCA1-mPFC pathway. Moreover, the theta-slow gamma phase-amplitude coupling in vCA1 was long-term enhanced after high frequency stimulation. These results suggest that the impaired synaptic plasticity in vCA1-mPFC pathway could be reflected by the attenuated theta phase coupling and theta-gamma cross frequency coupling of LFPs in depression state. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Neuroscience 02/2015; 292. DOI:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2015.01.071 · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In an effort to accelerate translational bioinformatics research, this study presents a universal software tool, named as Sequence Relation Drawing program (SRD). It can be used to dynamically visualize the relationship between molecular sequences and their categories based on undirected graphs in similarity analysis of gene and protein sequences. SRD consists of two components: a Window-based application and a computerized database. Researchers can import their datasets into the database, which will make the software run faster and occupy less memory. Pre-computed sequence relations and other user-defined information can also be imported into the system, and then be visualized in several interactive perspectives. Sequences could be partitioned into several categories, and several windows are provided and linked for the visualization involving intro-category, extra-category and category-category relationships, respectively. An example is also provided, which is HIV Pestiferous Map Analysis. Given the sequences of the envelope glycoprotein gene and their similarities, SRD could help to investigate traits of the spread of the AIDS disease, which may help biologists or clinicians to control the AIDS disease transmission in molecular epidemiology study. The SRD software can be download from http://www.nkbiox.com/srd/index.htm. - See more at: http://eurekaselect.com/129304#sthash.rpvOz0il.dpuf
    Current Bioinformatics 02/2015; 10(5):69-78. DOI:10.2174/157489361001150309141803 · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Perchlorate is used in fireworks and China is the largest fireworks producer and consumer in the world. Information regarding human exposure to perchlorate is scarce in China, and exposure via indoor dust ingestion (EDIindoor dust) has rarely been evaluated. In this study, perchlorate was found in indoor dust (detection rate: 100%, median: 47.4 µg/g), human urine (99%, 26.2 ng/mL), drinking water (100%, 3.99 ng/mL), and dairy milk (100%, 12.3 ng/mL) collected from cities that have fireworks manufacturing areas (Yueyang and Nanchang) and in cities that do not have fireworks manufacturing industries (Tianjin, Shijiazhuang, Yuxi and Guilin) in China. In comparison with perchlorate levels reported for other countries, perchlorate levels in urine samples from fireworks sites and non-fireworks sites in China were higher. Median indoor dust perchlorate concentrations were positively correlated (r = 0.964, p < 0.001) with outdoor dust perchlorate levels reported previously. The total daily intake (EDItoal) of perchlorate, estimated based on urinary levels, ranged from 0.090 to 27.72 µg/kg body weight (bw)/day for all studied participants; the percentage of donors who had EDItotal exceeding the reference dose (RfD) recommended by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) was 79%, 48%, and 25% for toddlers (median: 1.829 µg/kg bw/day), adults (0.669 µg/kg bw/day), and children (median: 0.373 µg/kg bw/day), respectively. Toddlers (0.258 µg/kg bw/day) had the highest median EDIindoor dust, which was 2 to 5 times greater than the EDIindoor dust calculated for other age groups (the range of median values: 0.044 to 0.127 µg/kg bw/day). Contribution of indoor dust to EDItotal was 26%, 28%, and 7% for toddlers, children, and adults, respectively. Indoor dust contributed higher percentage to EDItotal than that by dairy milk (0.5-5%).
    Environmental Science and Technology 01/2015; 49(4). DOI:10.1021/es504444e · 5.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations of glucocerebrosidase (GBA) confer susceptibility to Parkinson's disease in several ethnical populations, with a high incidence especially in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. Although there are several studies that have investigated a similar association in a Chinese population, small sample sizes and few positive outcomes have made it difficult to obtain conclusive results from these individual studies. Therefore, the present study used a meta-analysis approach, pooling the appropriate data from published studies to investigate the association of GBA mutations and Parkinson's disease in a Chinese population. Nine studies containing 6536 Chinese subjects (3438 cases and 3098 healthy controls) and examining the GBA mutations of L444P, N370S and several other mutations were included. Review Manager 5.2 software was applied to analyze the pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The results showed a significant association of Parkinson's disease risk with overall GBA mutations (OR = 6.34, 95% CI = 3.77-10.68, p<0.00001), and with the subgroup of L444P mutation (OR = 11.68, 95% CI = 5.23-26.06, p<0.00001). No such association was observed for the subgroup with N370S mutation or other mutations, in part because of the small sample size or rare events. Thus, for the rare occurrence of GBA mutations, studies with larger sample size are necessary to minimize the sampling error and to obtain convincing results.
    PLoS ONE 12/2014; 9(12):e115747. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0115747 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although levels of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in human blood are well documented, information on elimination of these chemicals is limited. In this study, PFOS and PFOA were analyzed in 81 whole blood-urine paired samples from general adults and pregnant women in Tianjin, China. PFOS and PFOA were detected in 48 and 76 % of adult urine (AU) samples, with geometric mean (GM) concentrations of 0.011 and 0.008 ng/mL, respectively; whereas relatively low PFOS and PFOA concentrations were found in maternal urine (MU) samples, with GM concentrations of 0.006 and 0.003 ng/mL, respectively. For PFOA, the coefficients of Pearson's correlation between whole blood concentrations and creatinine-adjusted and creatinine-unadjusted urinary concentrations were 0.348 (p = 0.013) and 0.417 (p = 0.002), respectively. The GM urinary elimination rates of PFOS (PFOSUER) and PFOA (PFOAUER) were 16 and 25 %, respectively, for adults. These results indicate that urine is an important pathway of excretion of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). The partitioning ratios of PFAS concentration between urine and whole blood (PFASU/B) in pregnant women (PFOSU/B, 0.0004; PFOAU/B, 0.0011) were significantly lower (p = 0.025 for PFOSU/B, p = 0.017 for PFOAU/B) than the ratios found in non-pregnant women (PFOSU/B, 0.0013; PFOAU/B, 0.0028). Furthermore, our results suggest a clear gender difference in the urinary elimination of PFOA, with male adults (31 %) having significantly higher PFOAUER than that of female adults (19 %). PFOSUER was significantly inversely correlated with age (r = -0.334, p = 0.015); these findings suggest that urinary elimination of PFOS is faster in young adults than in the elderly.
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research 11/2014; 22(7). DOI:10.1007/s11356-014-3725-7 · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although China is the largest producer of fireworks (perchlorate-containing products) in the world, the pathways through which perchlorate enters the environment have not been characterized completely in this country. In this study, perchlorate, iodide and thiocyanate were measured in 101 water samples, including waste water, surface water, sea water and paired samples of rain water and surface runoff collected in Tianjin, China. The concentrations of the target anions were generally on the order of rain>surface water≈waste water treatment plant (WWTP) influent>WWTP effluent. High concentrations of perchlorate, iodide and thiocyanate were detected in rain samples, ranging from 0.35 to 27.3 (median: 4.05), 0.51 to 8.33 (2.92), and 1.31 to 107 (5.62) ngmL(-)(1), respectively. Furthermore, the concentrations of the target anions in rain samples were significantly (r=0.596-0.750, p<0.01) positively correlated with the concentrations obtained in the paired surface runoff samples. The anions tested showed a clear spatial distribution, and higher concentrations were observed in the upper reaches of rivers, sea waters near the coast, and rain-surface runoff pairs sampled in urban areas. Our results revealed that precipitation may act as an important source of perchlorate, iodide and thiocyanate in surface water. Moreover, iodide concentrations in the Haihe River and Dagu Drainage Canal showed a good correlation with an ideal marker (acesulfame) of domestic waste water, indicating that input from domestic waste water was an important source of iodide in the surface waters of Tianjin.
    Chemosphere 09/2014; 111:201–208. DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.03.082 · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies suggest that genetic factors contribute to the pathogenesis of sporadic Alzheimer's disease (sAD). Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK 3β) is an important molecule which regulates tau phosphorylation and neurofibrillary tangles formation. GSK 3β gene may be a potential candidate gene for the risk of sAD. To investigate the association of the polymorphisms in GSK 3β gene with sAD, we conducted a case-control study in a southern Chinese Han cohort including 302 sAD patients and 315 control participants. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs3732361, rs56728675, rs60393216, and rs334558) within the promoter region of GSK 3β gene were selected and genotyped with a polymerase chain reaction-ligase detection (PCR-LDR) method. Logistic regression was used to analyze the association between target SNPs and the risk of sAD. After adjusting for age, sex, and APOE ε4 status, no association was revealed between these SNPs and sAD (P > 0.05). The SNPs in the selected regions of GSK 3β gene are unlikely to confer the susceptibility of sAD in southern Chinese Han population. Further studies with a larger sample size and different ethnic populations are needed to reveal the role of SNPs of GSK 3β gene in the pathogenesis of sAD.
    Neurotoxicity Research 08/2014; 26(4). DOI:10.1007/s12640-014-9491-y · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • Lei An, Tao Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: Our previous studies showed that chronic melamine exposure could affect hippocampal synaptic plasticity and impair learning and memory on adult rats. In this study, we investigated whether prenatal melamine exposure (PME) induced cognitive deficits and impairment of synaptic plasticity in postnatal offspring. An animal model was produced by melamine exposure throughout gestational period with 400mg/kg/day, while male offspring rats were employed. Rats' performance in Morris water maze (MWM) was tested to evaluate learning and memory. To examine the variations of paired-pulse facilitation (PPF) and synaptic plasticity, field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) were recorded in hippocampal CA1 by stimulating Schaffer collaterals path. The result showed that PME probably impaired spatial learning and memory. The fEPSPs amplitudes of LTP were much lower and the PPF ratio was significantly higher in PME group than controls. These data suggested that PME impaired hippocampal synaptic function, which was partly involved in spatial cognition impairments.
    Reproductive Toxicology 08/2014; 49. DOI:10.1016/j.reprotox.2014.07.081 · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have been widely detected in the hydrosphere. The knowledge on the distribution and composition patterns of PFAS analogues with different chain length significantly contribute to their source analysis. In the present study, a regional scale investigation of PFASs in surface river waters and adjacent ground waters was carried out in two cities of China with potential contamination, Tianjin and Weifang. A total of 31 water samples were collected, and 20 PFASs therein were measured by a high-performance liquid chromatograph-tandem mass spectrometer (HPLC-MS/MS). The possible sources of PFASs in the aquatic environment were assessed primarily by concentration patterns as well as hierarchical cluster analysis. In all 4 rivers investigated in the two cities, perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs) were the dominant compounds contributing over 70% of the PFASs detected. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) was the dominant PFCA with a concentration range of 8.58-20.3ng/L in Tianjin and 6.37-25.9ng/L in Weifang, respectively. On the average, the highest concentration was observed in samples from Dagu Drainage Canal (Dagu) in Tianjin and those short-chain PFASs (C4-C6) was detected with a comparable level of the longer-chain PFASs (>C6). Specifically, perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA) was dominant in the short-chain analogues. This indicates that a remarkably increasing input of short-chain PFASs might be related to wastewater treatment plant effluent or industrial discharges, which could be possibly due to the switch of manufacturing to short-chain products. In Weifang, precipitation and subsequent surface runoff as non-point sources could be significant inputs of PFASs into surface water while groundwater was possibly subjected to severe point sources with ∑PFASs concentration up to ~100ng/L. The inconsistent distribution patterns in groundwater suggest complicated pathways of contamination.
    Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 08/2014; 108C:318-328. DOI:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2014.07.021 · 2.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to investigate the neurotoxic effect of multi - walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on the properties of glutamatergic synaptic transmission in rat's hippocampal slices using whole - cell patch clamp technique. The amplitude and frequency of excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC) were accessed on the hippocampal pyramidal neurons. The alterations of glutamatergic synaptic transmission in CA3 - CA1 were examined by measuring both the amplitude of evoked excitatory postsynaptic current (eEPSC) and paired - pulse ratio (PPR). The data showed that the amplitude of either spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic current (sEPSC) or miniature excitatory postsynaptic current (mEPSC) was significantly inhibited by 1μg/ml MWCNTs. However, it was found that there was a trend of different change on the frequency index. When 1μg/ml MWCNTs was applied, there were a decreased frequency of mEPSC and an increased frequency of sEPSC, which might be due to the effect of action potential. Furthermore, the amplitudes of eEPSC at CA3 - CA1 synapses were remarkably decreased. And the mean amplitude of AMPAR - mediated eEPSC was significantly reduced as well. Meanwhile, a majority of PPRs data were greater than one. There were no significant differences of PPRs between control and MWCNTs states, but an increased trend of paired - pulse facilitation was found. These results suggested that MWCNT markedly inhibited hippocampal CA1 glutamatergic synaptic transmission in vitro, which provided new insights into the MWCNT toxicology on CNS at cellular level.
    Toxicology Letters 07/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.toxlet.2014.06.036 · 3.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of cardiac damage is high during acute cerebral hemorrhage. The animal data on the relationship between cerebral apoplexy and cardiac damage are lacking. Thus, the aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of cerebral hemorrhage on plasma concentrations of monoamine transmitter noradrenalin (NA), creatine kinase muscle and brain (CK-MB) isoenzyme fraction, and cardiomyocyte changes in the rat model. In this study, 140 Wistar rats were randomly and equally divided into experimental and control groups, and collagenase was injected into the right caudate nucleus to induce cerebral hemorrhage in the experimental group. Plasma NA was analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection and serum CK-MB was measured by enzyme reaction rate method. We found that both NA and CK-MB were elevated (p < 0.05) at 6 h after cerebral hematoma formation; the levels were 2.46 ± 0.05 μg/L and 3.51 ± 0.23 μkat/L, respectively. NA and CK-MB concentrations reached peak levels at 24 h which were found to be 3.52 ± 0.06 μg/L and 5.47 ± 0.49 μkat/L, respectively. Thereafter, NA and CK-MB concentrations decreased gradually. Plasma NA declined to the preoperative level (1.66 ± 0.03 μg/L) at 72 h, while CK-MB level (2.71 ± 0.17 μkat/L) was found to be still higher than its preoperative level. It was, therefore, concluded that plasma NA might be involved in the induction and development of cardiomyocytes damage during cerebral hemorrhage.
    Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics 07/2014; 70(3). DOI:10.1007/s12013-014-0133-z · 2.38 Impact Factor
  • Lei An, Tao Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: Albeit the pathogenesis of cognitive impairment after exposure to melamine has not been fully elucidated, factors such as oxidative stress is thought to play potential roles. In the present study, we investigated the effect of treatment with vitamin C (150mg/kg) and vitamin E (200mg/kg) on the impairment induced by melamine. Three-week old male Wistar rats were submitted to oral gavage with 300mg/kg melamine in 1% carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) for 28 days (MEL-SAL group). After treatment with melamine, animals received administration of a combination of vitamin C and vitamin E once a day for 7 days (MEL-VIT group). Both control (CT-SAL) group and pair-fed (CT-VIT) group received the same dosage of CMC and vitamin complex, respectively. Melamine-treated rats presented a marked decrease in learning and memory in the Morris water maze (MWM) as well as a reduced efficiency to find the platform in the reversal learning task. The rats treated with vitamins E and C had part of the above effects rescued in MWM tests, with mitigating the melamine-induced deficit in the learning and memory but slightly improving the reversal learning ability. The vitamins C plus E regimen mitigated melamine-induced impairment of hippocampal synaptic plasticity. It showed that the modulation of oxidative stress with vitamins E and C reduced melamine-induced damage. The data suggested that there was a novel therapeutic strategy to the cognitive dysfunction observed in melamine-induced neuropathy.
    NeuroToxicology 06/2014; 44. DOI:10.1016/j.neuro.2014.06.009 · 3.05 Impact Factor
  • Tao Zhang, Xiaolei Qin
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we estimated the body burden (BB) of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in a fetus at the time of delivery, and elimination of PFASs in female adults during pregnancy; and explored the isomer branching pattern-related placental transfer of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS). The mean BB of PFASs were 3980 ng for PFOS and 2320 ng for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), therefore, the average daily exposure doses via placental transfer were estimated to be 13.7 and 8.32 ng per day for PFOS and PFOA, respectively, by dividing the BB of PFASs by gestational age. The total daily elimination of PFOS and PFOA in female adults through pregnancy was 30.1 and 11.4 ng per day, which indicates that pregnancy and child birth may reduce the PFASs levels in female adults. Further, branched PFOS was more readily transferred through the placenta than linear PFOS.
    06/2014; 16(8). DOI:10.1039/c4em00129j
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    ABSTRACT: This study has identified a gene mutation in a Chinese family with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Family members were screened by a set of medical examinations and neuropsychological tests. Their DNA was extracted from blood cells and sequenced for gene mutation in the amyloid precursor protein (APP), the presenilin 1 (PS1) and the presenilin 2 (PS2) genes. Genetic analysis showed that the AD patients in the family harbored a T to G missense mutation at the position 314 in exon 4 of the PS1 gene, resulting in a change of F105C in amino acid sequence. Clinical manifestation of these patients included memory loss, counting difficulty, personality change, disorientation, dyscalculia, agnosia, aphasia, and apraxia, which was similar to that of the familial AD (FAD) patients harboring other PS1 mutations. We intend to add a novel mutation F105C of the PS1 gene to the pool of FAD mutations. With the current available genetic data, mutations of the PS1 gene account for the majority of gene mutations in Chinese FAD.
    Neurotoxicity Research 04/2014; 26(3). DOI:10.1007/s12640-014-9462-3 · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • Xichao Mi, Ning Cheng, Tao Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: Background General partial directed coherence (gPDC) and permutation conditional mutual information (PCMI) have been widely used to analyse neural activities. These two algorithms are representative of linear and nonlinear methods, respectively. However, there is little known about the difference between their performances in measurements of neural information flow (NIF). New Method Comparison of these two approaches was effectively performed based on the neural mass model (NMM) and real local field potentials. Results The results showed that the sensitivity of PCMI was more robust than that of gPDC. The coupling strengths calculated by PCMI were closer to theoretical values in the bidirectional mode of NMM. Furthermore, there was a small Coefficient of Variance (C.V.) for the PCMI results. The gPDC was more sensitive to alterations in the directionality index or the coupling strength of NMM; the gPDC method was more likely to detect a difference between two distinct types of coupling strengths compared to that of PCMI, and gPDC performed well in the identification of the coupling strength in the unidirectional mode. Comparison to Existing Method(s) A comparison between gPDC and PCMI was performed and the advantages of the approaches are discussed. Conclusions The performance of the PCMI is better than that of gPDC in measuring the characteristics of connectivity between neural populations. However, gPDC is recommended to distinguish the differences in connectivity between two states in the same pathway or to detect the coupling strength of the unidirectional mode, such as the hippocampal CA3–CA1 pathway.
    Journal of neuroscience methods 04/2014; 227. DOI:10.1016/j.jneumeth.2014.02.006 · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the angiographic characteristics and clinical features in patients with suspected extra-intracranial atherosclerosis in a large cohort of Chinese population. On the basis of digital subtraction angiography characteristics, pathological morphology of extra-intracranial atherosclerosis was divided into tortuosity, kinking, coiling, and stenosis in 2,218 individuals aged 45-89 years. The degree of stenosis was further divided into low-grade (<30 %), intermediate-grade (30-69 %), and high-grade stenosis (≥70 %). Clinical manifestations were divided into transient ischemic attack, cerebral infarction and cerebral hemorrhage. The prevalence of tortuosity and stenosis were significantly higher in the extracranial arterial system than that of intracranial arterial system. The prevalence of tortuosity and kinking were significantly higher on the left side than the right side. The prevalence of mild and moderate stenosis in the internal carotid artery was significantly higher in the left side than the right side. The incidence of cerebral infarction was significantly higher in the internal carotid arterial (ICA) system than the vertebrobasilar arterial (VBA) system. Tortuosity is a common carotid abnormality in the Chinese population. The prevalence of ICA tortuosity is higher than that of VBA. The incidence of cerebral infarction in each atherosclerosis group was significantly higher in ICA than that of VBA. The prevalence of stroke is higher in the ICA system than the VBA system. Kinkings and coilings may not have a clinical significance if these lesions are not associated with atheromatous plaques or carotid stenosis.
    Cell biochemistry and biophysics 02/2014; 69(3). DOI:10.1007/s12013-014-9839-1 · 2.38 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
318.20 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2015
    • Nankai University
      • • College of Environmental Science and Engineering
      • • College of Life Sciences
      • • Key Laboratory of Bioactive Materials
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China
  • 2014
    • Sun Yat-Sen University
      • School of Environmental Science and Engineering
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2013–2014
    • Third Military Medical University
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
    • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2010–2012
    • Peking Union Medical College Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2009
    • University at Albany, The State University of New York
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2002–2007
    • University of Birmingham
      • Group of Medical Science and Education
      Birmingham, England, United Kingdom