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Publications (4)8.85 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Coadministration of biphenyl and KHCO3 in the diet of male rats for 13 weeks produced urine crystals, which, by means of LC-MS/MS analyses, were determined to be composed of the potassium salt of 4-hydroxy-biphenyl-O-sulfate (4-HBPOSK). Biphenyl alone or biphenyl with KCl or NaHCO3 in the diet did not produce urine crystals. It was found that the higher concentration of potassium in the urine and the alkaline pH induced by feeding KHCO3 to rats resulted in the formation of urine crystals of 4-HBPOSK due to 4-HBPOSK solubility being lower in urine than in plasma. Urine crystals of 4-HBPOSK produced hyperplasia of the transitional epithelium of the ureter, ureteral obstruction, and hydronephrosis in the urinary tract.
    Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 08/2001; 174(2):122-9. · 3.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity studies of 3-chloro-2-methylpropene (CMP), which has been widely used as an insecticide and chemical intermediate, were carried out in BDF1 mice. CMP was administered to mice in groups of 50 male and 50 female mice by the inhalation route 5 days per week for 104 weeks at doses of 0, 50, 100 or 200 ppm. Male and female mice in the CMP-exposed groups had decreased body weight but no noticeable clinical signs when compared with the control group. Dose-related increases in the incidences of gastric mucosal hyperplasia and squamous cell papilloma were observed in both sexes, and squamous cell carcinoma was observed in only one male mouse in the 100 ppm group. An increased incidence of Harderian gland adenoma in female mice was also recognized. In the nasal cavity, eosinophilic exudate associated with atrophy of olfactory epithelia, respiratory metaplasia of olfactory epithelia and olfactory gland, and eosinophilic changes in respiratory and olfactory epithelia were increased in both sexes.
    Industrial Health 08/2000; 38(3):309-18. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the development of resistance to chloroform toxicity, a 4-week inhalation study was conducted in which BDF1 male mice were exposed to a low level of chloroform for an initial two-week period, and thereafter the exposure concentration was increased for a second two-week period. The animals were exposed to inhalation of chloroform vapor 6 hr per day, 5 days per week, with clinical observation and measurement of body weight conducted. These results demonstrate that pre-exposure to chloroform at a low dose level induced resistance to a higher dose of chloroform in male mice. This resistance was dependent on the pre-exposure concentration.
    The Journal of Toxicological Sciences 01/2000; 24(5):421-4. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The outline of spontaneous lesions of the nasal cavity that were commonly observed in F344 rats and BDF1 mice used as untreated control groups in ten 2-year carcinogenicity studies were presented. In rats, the common spontaneous lesions were eosinophilic change of the respiratory epithelium and the olfactory epithelium, respiratory metaplasia of glands and the olfactory epithelium, foreign body inflammation, deposit of calcium, and thrombus. In mice, the common spontaneous lesions were eosinophilic change of the respiratory epithelium and olfactory epithelium, and respiratory metaplasia of glands and the olfactory epithelium. Some of these lesions revealed either species or sex-related differences of incidence.
    Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology 03/1997; 49(1-2):97-104. · 2.62 Impact Factor