ABSTRACT: The mechanism of gastrointestinal dysmotility in inflammatory bowel disease has not been clarified. In this study, we examined the mechanism involved in the inflamed distal colon isolated from a mouse model of dextran sodium sulphate-induced ulcerative colitis (DSS-treated mouse). Although substance P-induced contraction was not changed, carbachol-induced contraction was reduced in the DSS-treated mouse colon. Pre-incubation with the NO synthase inhibitor N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) or the cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin did not reverse the carbachol-induced contraction in the DSS-treated mouse colon. In semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction experiments and Western blot analysis, muscarinic M3 receptor expressions were not changed. The Ca2+ -sensitization of contractile elements induced by carbachol with GTP or GTPgammaS was reduced in the beta-escin-permeabilized DSS-treated mouse colon. Although the expression of proteins such as rhoA, ROCK1, ROCK2 or MYPT1 in smooth muscles was not changed, the expression of CPI-17, the functional protein involved in smooth muscle Ca2+ -sensitization, was significantly decreased in the DSS-treated mouse colon. These results suggest that the suppression of carbachol-induced contraction in mice with colitis is attributable at least partially to the increased activity of myosin phosphatase following the downregulation of CPI-17.
Neurogastroenterology and Motility 07/2007; 19(6):504-14. · 3.41 Impact Factor