T Miyahara

University of Toyama, Тояма, Toyama, Japan

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Publications (92)210.04 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: As one of our ongoing research project concerning development of a novel anti-influenza virus agent, dihydrofuran-fused perhydrophenanthrenes were derivatized by means of Williamson ether synthesis and Suzuki-Miyaura cross coupling reactions. Newly synthesized compounds were subjected to evaluation of anti-influenza virus activity using influenza A/Aichi/2/68 (H3N2 subtype) virus strain by a plaque titration method. These investigations revealed that incorporation of benzyl-type ether substituents was effective for exerting the inhibition activity of influenza virus proliferation.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 02/2010; 18(4):1477-81. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) regulates both glucose and bone mass. PPARgamma activation has been shown to affect bone through an increased in bone marrow adiposity and decreased in osteoblastogenesis, resulting in reduced bone formation. In fact, clinical studies have reported that PPARgamma agonists may cause increased risk of bone fractures and decreased bone mineral density. On the other hand, PPARgamma agonists may have protective effect on inflammatory bone resorption through inhibition of RANKL- or TNFalpha-induced osteoclastogenesis. In this report, we review recent studies showing pleiotropic effects of PPARgamma agonists on bone formation and inflammatory bone resorption observed at joints in rheumatoid arthritis.
    Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 02/2010; 68(2):273-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Whether tumor progression locus 2 (Tpl2)/cancer Osaka thyroid (Cot) protein kinase participates in osteoclastogenesis from receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL)-stimulated monocytes/macrophages remains elusive. To clarify this, a selective and potent inhibitor of Tpl2, 1,7-naphtyridine-3-carbonitrile, was used. When RAW264.7 cells were stimulated with RANKL, Tpl2 was found to be activated. Under this condition, the Tpl2 inhibitor suppressed osteoclastogenesis in a dose-dependent manner. This was due to the blockade of the phosphorylation of mitogen activated protein kinase/ERK kinase (MEK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), but not c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) or p38, concomitant with the down-regulation of the c-Fos and nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT)c1 genes. A long period of RANKL-stimulated cell exposure to the inhibitor suppressed osteoclastogenesis as assessed by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining and pit formation on dentin slices. Almost identical results were obtained with macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and RANKL-stimulated bone marrow cells. These findings suggest the possibility that Tpl2 plays a pivotal role in osteoclastogenesis and thus that its inhibitor is useful for investigating the differentiation of monocytes/macrophages to osteoclasts after treatment with RANKL or other stimuli.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 01/2010; 33(1):133-7. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The recruitment of osteoclast precursors toward osteoblasts and subsequent cell-cell interactions are critical for osteoclast differentiation. Chemokines are known to regulate cell migration and adhesion. CX3CL1 (also called fractalkine) is a unique membrane-bound chemokine that has dual functions for cells expressing its receptor CX3CR1: a potent chemotactic factor in its soluble form and a type of efficient cell adhesion molecule in its membrane-bound form. In this paper, we demonstrate a novel role of CX3CL1 in osteoblast-induced osteoclast differentiation. We found that osteoclast precursors selectively expressed CX3CR1, whereas CX3CL1 is expressed by osteoblasts. We confirmed that soluble CX3CL1 induced migration of bone marrow cells containing osteoclast precursors, whereas immobilized CX3CL1 mediated firm adhesion of osteoclast precursors. Furthermore, a blocking mAb against CX3CL1 efficiently inhibited osteoclast differentiation in mouse bone marrow cells cocultured with osteoblasts. Anti-CX3CL1 also significantly suppressed bone resorption in neonatal mice by reducing the number of bone-resorbing mature osteoclasts. Collectively, CX3CL1 expressed by osteoblasts plays an important role in osteoclast differentiation, possibly through its dual functions as a chemotactic factor and adhesion molecule for osteoclast precursors expressing CX3CR1. The CX3CL1-CX3CR1 axis may be a novel target for the therapeutic intervention of bone resorbing diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, and cancer bone metastasis.
    The Journal of Immunology 11/2009; 183(12):7825-31. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In cases of essential fatty acid deficiency, 5,8,11-eicosatrienoic acid (Mead acid, 20:3n-9) is synthesized from oleic acid as a 20-carbon analog of arachidonic acid. It was reported that 20:3n-9 levels were markedly higher in human fetal cartilage than in the muscle, liver and spleen. We, therefore, hypothesized that 20:3n-9 decreased osteoblastic activity. Goldfish scales were incubated either with 20:3n-9 or with oleic acid at 15 degrees C for 6 and 18 h. Both osteoblastic and osteoclastic activities in the scale were assessed by measuring alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, respectively. MC3T3-E1 cells (an osteoblast cell line derived from the mouse) were incubated with 20:3n-9 or oleic acid at 37 degrees C for 6 and 18 h. ALP activity in cell lysate was measured. In the case of experiments with scales, 20:3n-9 (1-100 muM) significantly suppressed osteoblastic activity after 6 and 18 h of incubation, whereas oleic acid did not change this activity. Osteoclastic activity was not affected either by 20:3n-9 or by oleic acid. In the case with the cell line, osteoblastic activity was again significantly decreased with 20:3n-9 (10-30 muM) after 6-h incubation but not after 18 h incubation. The presence of 20:3n-9 in fetal cartilage may be important for the prevention of calcification in the cartilage. 20:3n-9 could be applied to some clinical situations where bone formation should be inhibited.
    Lipids 11/2008; 44(2):97-102. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) plays critical roles in bone resorption at the site of inflammatory joints. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) agonists, a new class of anti-inflammatory compounds, on TNF-alpha-mediated osteoclastogenesis in human monocytes. Human monocytes were differentiated into osteoclasts in the presence of TNF-alpha and macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining and a pit formation assay using dentin were used for the identification of activated osteoclasts. The protein and gene expressions of transcription factors were determined by immunofluorescence and real-time RT-PCR analysis, respectively. TNF-alpha-induced osteoclast generation from human peripheral monocytes in a dose-dependent manner, and the induction was not inhibited by osteoprotegerin, a decoy receptor for receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand. The addition of PPAR-gamma agonists, 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) or ciglitazone, to the culture resulted in a remarkably reduced number of generated osteoclasts. In addition, both agonists inhibited the protein and gene expressions of nuclear factor of activated T-cell isoform c1 (NFATc1), c-Fos, c-Jun and NF-kappaB p65, which are known to be associated with osteoclastogenesis. GW9662, an antagonist of PPAR-gamma, fully rescued ciglitazone-induced inhibition, but did not affect 15d-PGJ2-induced inhibition. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a CC chemokine related to osteoclastogenesis, was induced during TNF-alpha-mediated osteoclast differentiation, and the neutralizing antibody to MCP-1 reduced osteoclast formation by about 40%. 15d-PGJ2 and ciglitazone blocked the induction of MCP-1 by TNF-alpha. Moreover, the addition of MCP-1 rescued the inhibition of TRAP-positive multinucleated cell (TRAP-MNCs) formation by 15d-PGJ2 and ciglitazone, although generated TRAP-MNCs had no capacity to resorb dentin slices. Our data demonstrate that 15d-PGJ2 and ciglitazone down-regulate TNF-alpha-mediated osteoclast differentiation in human cells, in part via suppression of the action of MCP-1. These PPAR-gamma agonists may be a promising therapeutic application for rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bone-resorbing diseases.
    Bone 05/2008; 42(4):765-74. · 4.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An efficient synthesis of a new class of dihydrofuran-fused tetracyclic compounds, possessing a 2-oxa-furano-steroidal framework, has been achieved by successive electrocyclic reactions of benzocyclobutene derivatives. It has been revealed that the stereoselectivity of a key intramolecular [4+2] cycloaddition reaction can be controlled by installation of a bulky silyl substituent onto the furan ring resulting in the formation of the exo adducts, the opposite selectivity to that observed in our past related studies. Preliminary examinations of the bioactivities of the synthesized compounds have been performed and have revealed that they have potential as anti-influenza agents. (© Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2008)
    Annalen der Chemie und Pharmacie 01/2008; 2008(8):1426 - 1430. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin-10 (IL-10), an anti-inflammatory cytokine, has been shown to inhibit osteoclast formation and bone resorption in rat and mouse systems. However, the precise intracellular mechanism(s) of this action remains unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify the role of IL-10 in the regulation of critical transcription factors involved in osteoclastogenesis. A RAW264.7 macrophage cell line, which constitutively expressed IL-10 receptor, was differentiated to osteoclasts with stimulation of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL). IL-10 inhibited the RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis. IL-10 potently reduced the RANKL-induced expression of NFATc1, c-Jun and c-Fos, which are known to be essential for osteoclastogenesis, in time- and dose-dependent manners. The IL-10-induced inhibition of these transcription factors was observed in the system of mouse bone marrow precursors. Besides these transcription factors, IL-10 also decreased the RANKL-induced expression of NF-kappaB p50 and phosphorylation of JNK. To determine which signaling was critical for the IL-10 effect, we examined the effect of overexpression of NFATc1, c-Fos, and c-Jun on the IL-10-induced inhibition of osteoclastogenesis. As expected, overexpression of NFATc1 abrogated the IL-10-induced inhibition of osteoclastogenesis. Interestingly, overexpression of either c-Fos or c-Jun partially rescued the reduction of RANKL-induced expression of NFATc1 and osteoclastogenesis by IL-10. These data suggest that IL-10 may down-regulate osteoclastogenesis mainly through inhibition of the expression of NFATc1, c-Fos and c-Jun. These findings provide new insight into the inhibitory action of IL-10 on RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis.
    Bone 11/2007; 41(4):592-602. · 4.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: rights: 本文データは和漢医薬学会の許諾に基づきCiNiiから複製したものである The constituents of Bu-Shen-Jian-Gu-Tang and their inhibitory activities on osteoclast-Iike cell formation were investigated. Bu-Shen-Jian-Gu-Tang was fractionated by a Diaion HP-20 column with EtOH-H_2O, and the 60% and 90% EtOH-H_20 fractions showed more potent inhibitory activities on osteoclast-like cell formation and bone resorption. Chemical investigation of these two fractions resulted in the isolation of 11 compounds, for which the structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic analysis and chemical reactions. The inhibitory activities of the isolated compounds on osteoclast-like cell formation were evaluated. Among the eleven compounds, icariin (1), icarisid II (2), 2"-O-rhamnosylicariside II (3), kaempferol (8), chikusetsusaponin IVa (10) and chikusetsusaponin V (11) showed potent inhibitory activities at a concentration of 2 μM without toxic effects. The preventive effect of Bu-Shen-Jian-Gu-Tang on bone loss may be due to the inhibitory activities of these compounds. 本研究では,補腎健骨湯について,Diaion HP-20カラムクロマトグラフィを用いて,H_2O,30%,60%及び90%EtOH-H_2Oに順次分画し,各フラクションの破骨細胞形成及び骨吸収の抑制活性を検討したところ,60%及び90%EtOH-H_2O溶出部に抑制活性が強いことが判った。さらに,これらのフラクションから単離した11種の化合物について,破骨細胞形成抑制活性を検討した。11種の化合物のうち,6種の化合物(icariin (1), icarisid II (2), 2"-O-rhamnosylicariside II (3), kaempferol (8), chikusetsu-saponin IVa (10)およびchikusetsusaponin V (11))が補腎健骨湯の骨吸収抑制活性成分であることが明らかとなった。
    01/2007;
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated inhibitory effects of plastoquinones (1, 2) and chromene derivative (3) from the methanol extract of Sargassum micracanthum on the differentiation of osteoclast progenitors into osteoclast-like cells (OCLs), bone-resorbing activity and the survival of OCLs. When OCL formation was investigated using osteoclast progenitor cells obtained from macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF)-treated mouse bone marrow, 1-3 inhibited dose-dependently OCL formation at the concentrations of 3-10 muM, the order of inhibitory potency being 1>3>2. In addition, they suppressed dose-dependently the pit formation induced by OCL on dentine slices, the order of inhibitory potency being 1>3>2. The survival of OCLs was inhibited by about 35, 45 and 60% in the presence of 6 muM of 2, 3 and 1, respectively. These results suggest that the inhibitory effects of the three compounds on the differentiation, pit formation and the survival of OCLs might contribute to the suppression of bone resorption.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 09/2006; 29(9):1980-2. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bioassay-directed fractionation of a butanol-soluble fraction of methanol extract of the root of Achyranthes bidentata resulted in the isolation of 5 new oleanolic acid glycosides 1-5, namely, 18-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-28-oxoolean-12-en-3beta-yl 3-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosiduronic acid methyl ester (1), achyranthoside C dimethyl ester (2), achyranthoside C butyl dimethyl ester (3), achyranthoside E dimethyl ester (4), and achyranthoside E butyl methyl ester (5), together with 10 known compounds. Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic interpretation and chemical methods. All the oleanolic acid glycosides inhibited the formation of osteoclast-like multinucleated cells (OCLs) induced by 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 in a co-culture assay system.
    Planta Medica 08/2005; 71(7):673-9. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin-4 (IL-4), an anti-inflammatory cytokine, has been shown to inhibit osteoclast differentiation. Therefore, this cytokine is considered to be a promising therapeutic applicant for bone-resorbing diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Recently NFATc1, a transcription factor, has been shown to play critical roles in osteoclastogenesis. The aim of this study was to clarify the role of IL-4 on the intracellular signaling of NFATc1. A RAW264.7 monocyte/macrophage cell line and murine bone marrow precursors were differentiated into osteoclasts in the presence of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL) and/or macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining and a pit assay using dentine were used for the identification of activated osteoclasts. The protein expression of IL-4 receptor, NFATc1, and c-Fos was determined by Western blot analysis. In addition, the gene expression of NFATc1 and c-Fos was determined by reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction. The IL-4 receptor was constitutively expressed in RAW264.7 cells. RANKL induced osteoclast generation, as determined by TRAP staining and pit assay. IL-4 inhibited RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis at low concentrations of 10ng/ml and more. Interestingly, IL-4 potently inhibited RANKL-induced expression of NFATc1 at mRNA level. Furthermore, IL-4 inhibited c-Fos expression, which is shown to be responsible for NFATc1 expression, in time- and dose-dependent manners. In addition, IL-4 inhibited the RANKL-induced expression of NFATc1 and c-Fos in murine bone marrow cells. Thus, we suggest that IL-4 may downregulate osteoclastogenesis in part through inhibition of the expression of transcription factors, NFATc1 and c-Fos. These findings provide new insight into development of new medication for osteoporosis and RA.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 05/2005; 329(3):839-45. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Hard Tissue Biology - J HARD TISSUE BIOL. 01/2005; 14(2):277-278.
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    ABSTRACT: We previously reported that cadmium (Cd) induced prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) biosynthesis through the activation of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) and induction of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) in primary mouse osteoblastic cells. In the present study, we further investigated the mechanism of PGE2 production by Cd focusing on the main mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) subfamilies that mediate prostaglandin synthesis, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2 MAPK), c-jun-amino-terminal kinase (JNK MAPK) and p38 MAPK, and protein kinase C (PKC) which is activated by Cd in several kinds of cells. Cd at 2 microM and above stimulated PGE2 production in osteoblastic cells and its production was inhibited by the kinase-specific inhibitors PD98059, SB203580, curcumin, and calphostin C. Calphostin C also inhibited the production of PGE2 by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), which is a potent activator of PKC. PD98059 inhibited PGE2 production stimulated by PMA as well as Cd, indicating that activation of PKC by ERK1/2 MAPK was necessary for Cd-stimulated PGE2 production. Moreover, Cd stimulated the phosphorylation of these three MAPKs, and inhibition of the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 MAPK by calphostin C was also observed. On the other hand, Cd was found to phosphorylate cPLA2 and the phosphorylation was inhibited by PD98059, indicating that cPLA2 was activated by Cd through ERK1/2 MAPK and released arachidonic acid (AA), a substrate of COX-2, from membranous phospholipids. From these results, it was suggested that activation of each of the ERK1/2, p38, and JNK MAPK cascades in addition to that of PKC and cPLA2 played an important role in the Cd-stimulated biosynthesis of PGE2 in mouse osteoblastic cells.
    Toxicology 09/2004; 200(2-3):159-67. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: After 60 MeOH and water extracts of natural crude drugs were screened for their ability to stimulate osteoblast proliferation, four MeOH extracts (Cynomorium songaricum, Drynaria fortunei, Lycium chinense, Rehmannia glutinosa) and seven water extracts (Cornus officinalis, Dendrobium nobile, Dioscorea spongiosa, Drynaria fortunei, Eucommia ulmoides, Lycium chinensis, Viscum coloratum) showed that potent activities were evaluated for inhibition of osteoclast formation. The results indicated that the water extract of D. spongiosa not only showed the strongest stimulation of osteoblast proliferation but also possessed potent inhibitory activity aganist osteoclast formation, whereas it showed lower cytotoxicity in osteoblast and bone marrow cells. A further in vivo experiment determined the antiosteoporotic activity of this extract, in which it inhibited the decrease in cancellous bone mineral content, cancellous bone mineral density, and cortical bone mineral content of the proximal tibia in ovariectomized rats.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 05/2004; 27(4):583-6. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The antiosteoporotic activity of the 90 % EtOH fraction of the water extract of rhizomes of Dioscorea spongiosa and methylprotodioscin, its major constituent, were examined in the model of postmenopausal bone loss using ovariectomized (OVX) rats or mice. After 6 weeks treatment, the proximal tibia of rats or mice and the distal femora of mice were scanned by peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT). Both the 90 % EtOH fraction (100 mg/kg/d) and methylprotodioscin (50 mg/kg/d) significantly inhibited bone loss in bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) in total, cancellous and cortical bones, and the decrease in bone strength indexes induced by OVX, without side effect on the uterus.
    Planta Medica 04/2004; 70(3):220-6. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bioassay-guided fractionation of the water extract of the rhizomes of Dioscorea spongiosa led to the isolation and identification of new diarylheptanoids, diospongins A - C, together with three known lignans. Their structures, including absolute stereochemistry, were determined by analyses of NMR data, chemical conversions and CD spectrum. The isolated compounds, except for diospongin A, exerted potent inhibitory activities on bone resorption induced by parathyroid hormone in a bone organ culture system.
    Planta Medica 02/2004; 70(1):54-8. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A water extract of the rhizomes of Dioscorea spongiosa, which showed antiosteoporotic activity, was examined, and four new pregnane glycosides, named spongipregnolosides A-D (1-4), and two new cholestane glycosides, named spongiosides A (5) and B (6), were isolated together with 15 known glycosides. Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and chemical methods. Among the isolated compounds, spongioside A (5), hypoglaucin G (7), methylprotodioscin (8), and (R)-oct-1-en-3-yl O-alpha-l-arabinopyranosyl-(1-->6)-alpha-d-glucopyranoside (9) showed potent inhibition against bone resorption induced by parathyroid hormone in a bone organ culture system.
    Journal of Natural Products 06/2003; 66(5):646-50. · 3.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of berberine in senescence accelerated mice P6 (SAMP6) were investigated to learn whether the alkaloid affects bone mineral density (BMD). Oral administration of berberine (10 mg/kg/d) to male and female mice for 22 weeks resulted in an increase in BMD in both sexes. A decreased concentration of deoxypyridinoline (Dpd) in urine was only observed in female mice. There was no effect on body or tibia weight or on the concentration of procollagen type I carboxyterminal extension peptide (PICP) in serum.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 02/2003; 26(1):110-1. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 26,27-hexafluoro-1a,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (F6-D3) has been reported to be 5-10 times more potent than 1a,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3[1,25(OH)2D3] in biological systems in vivo and in vitro. However, the effect of F6-D3 on bone formation has yet to be clarified. In the present study, we investigated the effect of F6-D3 on SV40-transfected human fetal osteoblastic cells (SV-HFO) and found it to be about 100 times greater than that of 1,25(OH)2D3 in stimulating calcification. F6-D3 was also about 100 times more effective than 1,25(OH)2D3 in enhancing the expression of mRNA for alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin (OCN), and osteopontin (OPN). In the presence of 10?8 M F6-D3 and 10?6 M 1,25(OH)2D3, the calcification began on day 9 and increased up to day 19. Expression of mRNA for ALP and OCN reached a maximum on day 4 and thereafter declined. On the other hand, when osteoblastic cells were incubated with a low level of [1b-3H]-F6-D3- or [1b-3H]-1,25(OH)2D3, each radioactive peak could not be detected. However, on the incubation of osteoblastic cells and radioactive substrate in the presence of ketoconazole, a selective inhibitor of CYP24, a clear peak for each substrate was detected. This suggested that F6-D3 as well as 1,25(OH)2D3 is metabolized by CYP24. Osteoblastic cells were incubated with 10?8 M[1b-3H]-F6-D3 or 10?8 M[1b-3H]-1,25(OH)2D3 for 4, 9, and 14 days. A small peak of 1,25(OH)2D3 was observed and thereafter its level decreased. In addition, two unknown peaks increased when the culture period was extended. In the case of F6-D3, peaks of F6-D3 and 26,27-hexafluoro-23-oxo-1a,25(OH)2D3(23-oxo-F6) were clearly detected, the latter being about 4 times higher than the former. Both peaks was retained up to day 14. The amount of unlabeled F6-D3 and 23-oxo-F6 calculated from the specific radioactivity in the cells may be similar to the amount of 1,25(OH)2D3 and its metabolites. The strong activity of F6-D3 in stimulating calcification may be due to the fact that F6-D3 is much more potent than 1,25(OH)2D3 in enhancing the expression of mRNA for ALP, OCN, and OPN and that the amount of F6-D3 and 23-oxo-F6 accumulated in the cells is much greater than that of 1,25(OH)2D3 and its metabolite.
    Calcified Tissue International 07/2002; 70(6):488-95. · 2.75 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

600 Citations
210.04 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2008
    • University of Toyama
      • Department of Internal Medicine 1
      Тояма, Toyama, Japan
  • 2005
    • Nanjing University
      • Department of Chemical Engineering
      Nanjing, Jiangsu Sheng, China
  • 1980–2004
    • Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University
      Тояма, Toyama, Japan
  • 1993
    • Kyushu University
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 1992
    • Iwaki Meisei University
      Иваки, Fukushima, Japan