T Kitani

Osaka University, Ōsaka-shi, Osaka-fu, Japan

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Publications (235)721 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A hairy-cell leukemia (HCL) line, BNBH-1, was established from the peripheral blood of a 40-year-old male patient with HCL in a relatively stable clinical phase after splenectomy. The cells have since been growing continuously for more than 2 years. Their cell surface immunoglobulin (slg) was identical with that found on the surface of freshly isolated leukemic cells, consisting of IgG-K. The BNBH-1 cells were more mature than the original hairy cells in their degree of B-cell differentiation, as reflected by a decrease in slg expression together with the appearance of some cytoplasmic lg (clg)+ cells, loss of EA-rosette formation and reactivity with monoclonal antibody (MAb) FMC7, and an increase in the proportion of MAb PCA-1+ cells. The BNBH-1 cells possessed the antigen recognized by Leu-MS, a highly specific MAb for HCL. Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen (EBNA) was present. Both the freshly isolated leukemic cells and the cell line had the 14q + involving q32 chromosomal abnormality, and their lg gene rearrangements were also identical. Following exposure to 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), both the freshly isolated leukemic cells and the BNBH-1 cells adhered to culture dishes and extended long, thin processes, a phenomenon characteristic of HCL. These results indicate that the BNBH-1 line was derived from the leukemic hairy cells.
    International Journal of Cancer 07/2006; 42(1):99 - 103. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The morphologic features, phenotype, and functions of OKM1+ leukemic T-cells were studied. The leukemic T-cells in two patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) had specific features of large granular lymphocytes (LGL), and those in two patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) had L2 morphologic characteristics. The phenotype of the leukemic cells from one patient with CLL was OKM1+, ER+, OKT3+, OKT4+, OKT8−, OKIa1−, IgGFc receptor (EAγ)+, Leu-7+, Leu-11b+, and anti-Tac−. The cells had antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), but no natural killer (NK) activity. They had a definitive helper effect on pokeweed mitogen-induced normal B-cell differentiation. The leukemic cells from the other patient with CLL were Leu-7−, and Leu-11b−, and lacked both ADCC and NK activity. The leukemic cells in the two patients with ALL were ER+, OKM1+, Leu-7−, and Leu-11−, and did not have any cytotoxicity. One was EAγ+, and the other was EAγ−. These findings suggest that OKM1+ leukemic T-cells consist of at least two subgroups: (1) T-cells with the morphologic features of LGL; and (2) those with a lymphoblastic morphologic type. In either case, the phenotype is novel and suggests the emergence of a small, distinct lymphocyte subset.
    Cancer 06/2006; 57(8):1507 - 1514. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a phase II clinical study to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of cladribine (2-chlorodeoxyadenosine [2-CdA]) in the treatment of Japanese patients with hairy cell leukemia (HCL). Seven patients with classic HCL and 3 with a prolymphocytic HCL variant were administered 2-CdA (0.09 mg/kg per day) by continuous intravenous infusion for 7 days. Seven patients responded to this therapy, with 5 patients achieving a complete response (CR). After a median follow-up of 792 days (range, 599-1253 days), there were no cases of clinical relapse, and the median duration of the response in the responders was 670+ days (range, 470+ to 1121+ days). The median duration of the CR in the CR patients was 953+ days (range, 480+ to 1121+ days). At treatment initiation, most patients had hematologic impairment as a manifestation of HCL. During the early stage after administration, further hematologic impairment occurred, but subsequent peripheral blood counts gradually recovered as 2-CdA treatment showed antitumor activity. Infections occurred at a high incidence at this time, but all cases could be controlled with appropriate treatment. 2-CdA was surmised to represent a useful therapeutic approach for Japanese patients with HCL.
    International Journal of Hematology 11/2005; 82(3):230-5. · 1.68 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology 01/2005; 45(2):71-79.
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    ABSTRACT: From 1998 to 2001, 5 consecutive cases of AML/TMDS entered our hospital and achieved complete remission (CR) with continuous drip infusion of low-dose etoposide and low-dose Ara-C combined with mitoxantrone (MEtA regimen). The ages of the 5 patients (4 males and 1 female) ranged 32 to 50 years-old, respectively. WBCs were 1,560-45,150/microl, blasts were 12-62%. Bone marrow aspirates revealed trilineage myelodysplasia with various number of blasts. These patients had an acute onset and no preceding hematologic disorders. They were diagnosed M2/TMDS or M4/TMDS. Continuous drip infusion of etoposide (50 mg/body/day) and Ara-C (30 mg/body/day) were given for 11-14 days and a bolus injection of mitoxantrone (8 mg/m2) was added for 2-3 days. Patient 5 was given additional MIT (6.7 mg/m2 on day 6). All cases achieved CR in 21-24 days after the end of the therapy. Toxicities were nausea, vomiting, stomatitis, alopecia and fever due to infection. All were well tolerable, however. Two patients are alive more than 4 years without relapse. MEtA regimen is available for AML/TMDS.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 08/2004; 31(7):1119-23.
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    ABSTRACT: Cerebral infarction is the most common arterial thromboembolic complication in the anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL) syndrome. In an effort to clarify the roles of aPL in the pathogenesis of cerebral infarction in patients with SLE, we examined the levels of anti-cardiolipin/2-glycoprotein I antibodies (anti-CL/beta2-GPI) and anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin anti-bodies (anti-PS/PT) in addition to lupus anticoagulant (LA) activity in 126 patients with SLE (35 with cerebral infarction and 91 without thrombosis). Both anti-CL/beta2-GPI and anti-PS/PT strongly correlated with the presence of LA activity. The prevalence of cerebral infarction was obviously higher in the patients who had both anti-CL/beta2-GPI and anti-PS/PT (76.5% [26/34 cases], p<0.0001) than in the other patients having anti-CL/beta2-GPI or anti-PS/PT alone or neither of them (9.8% [9/92 cases]). Furthermore, we studied the in vitro effects of anti-CL/beta2-GPI and/or anti-PS/PT on the enhancement of platelet activation induced by stimulation with a low concentration of adenosine diphosphate (ADP). The purified IgG containing both anti-CL/beta2-GPI and anti-PS/PT caused significant enhancement of platelet activation caused by ADP. However, the purified IgG containing either anti-CL/beta2-GPI or anti-PS/PT had no enhancing effects on it. Furthermore, platelet activation was generated by the mixture of anti-CL/beta2-GPI-IgG and anti-PS/PT-IgG prepared from individual patients, but not by each fraction alone. These results indicate that anti-CL/beta2-GPI and anti-PS/PT may cooperate to promote platelet activation, which may contribute to the risk of cerebral infarction in patients with SLE.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 06/2004; 91(5):967-76. · 5.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association of viral infections with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), we assayed 2', 5'-oligoadenylate synthetase (2-5AS) activities in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from CFS patients in Japan. These patients were diagnosed in two hospitals, H1 and H2, located in different areas of the country. The activities were detected in 19 (86%) and 7 (32%) of each of the 22 patients in H1 and H2, respectively, while they were detected in only four (11%) out of the 38 healthy controls. IFN-alpha was similarly detected in a few CFS patients and healthy controls. We also assayed the antibody titers against Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Coxiella burnetii in these patients. The EBV anti-EA-IgG antibodies were detected in two (9%) and seven (32%) of each of the 22 patients in H1 and H2, respectively. Anti-C. burnetii IgG antibodies were detected in six (27%) out of 22 patients in H1 but not in 22 patients in H2, while they were detected in one (11%) of the nine healthy controls. Some CFS patients may be associated with EBV or C. burnetii infection. There were some statistical correlations between the 2-5AS activities and antibody titers of EA-IgG (P < 0.05, Student's t-test) but not to the antibody titers of C. burnetii. The up-regulation of 2-5AS activities suggests immunological dysfunctions with some virus infections in the CFS patients. Our results indicate that 2-5AS activities are useful for a diagnostic marker of CFS and for exploring the complicated pathogenesis of CFS.
    Microbes and Infection 10/2003; 5(12):1096-102. · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association of viral infections with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), we assayed 2′, 5′-oligoadenylate synthetase (2-5AS) activities in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from CFS patients in Japan. These patients were diagnosed in two hospitals, H1 and H2, located in different areas of the country. The activities were detected in 19 (86%) and 7 (32%) of each of the 22 patients in H1 and H2, respectively, while they were detected in only four (11%) out of the 38 healthy controls. IFN-α was similarly detected in a few CFS patients and healthy controls. We also assayed the antibody titers against Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) and Coxiella burnetii in these patients. The EBV anti-EA-IgG antibodies were detected in two (9%) and seven (32%) of each of the 22 patients in H1 and H2, respectively. Anti-C. burnetii IgG antibodies were detected in six (27%) out of 22 patients in H1 but not in 22 patients in H2, while they were detected in one (11%) of the nine healthy controls. Some CFS patients may be associated with EBV or C. burnetii infection. There were some statistical correlations between the 2-5AS activities and antibody titers of EA-IgG (P < 0.05, Student’s t-test) but not to the antibody titers of C. burnetii. The up-regulation of 2-5AS activities suggests immunological dysfunctions with some virus infections in the CFS patients. Our results indicate that 2-5AS activities are useful for a diagnostic marker of CFS and for exploring the complicated pathogenesis of CFS.
    Microbes and Infection 01/2003; 5(12):1096-1102. · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fatigue is an indispensable sense for ordering rest. However, the neuronal and molecular mechanisms of fatigue remain unclear. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) with long-lasting fatigue sensation seems to be a good model for studying these mechanisms underlying fatigue sensation. Recently, we found that most patients with CFS showed a low level of serum acetylcarnitine, which well correlated with the rating score of fatigue, and that a considerable amount of acetyl moiety of serum acetylcarnitine is taken up into the brain. Here we show by metabolite analysis of the mouse brain that an acetyl moiety taken up into the brain through acetylcarnitine is mainly utilized for the biosynthesis of glutamate. When we studied the cerebral uptake of acetylcarnitine by using [2-(11)C]acetyl-L-carnitine in 8 patients with CFS and in 8 normal age- and sex-matched controls, a significant decrease was found in several regions of the brains of the patient group, namely, in the prefrontal (Brodmann's area 9/46d) and temporal (BA21 and 41) cortices, anterior cingulate (BA24 and 33), and cerebellum. These findings suggest that the levels of biosynthesis of neurotransmitters through acetylcarnitine might be reduced in some brain regions of chronic fatigue patients and that this abnormality might be one of the keys to unveiling the mechanisms of the chronic fatigue sensation.
    NeuroImage 12/2002; 17(3):1256-65. · 6.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anti-phospholipid (aPL) antibodies (Abs) are well known to be associated with thromboembolic events in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the clinical relevance of a PL Abs in patients without SLE (non-SLE) who have venous thromboembolism remains unclear. We evaluated 143 non-SLE patients with a first episode of clinically suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT) by using objective tests for diagnosing DVT and laboratory tests including the activated protein C resistance (APC-R) test, the factor V Leiden test, and various aPL Abs. The prevalence of acquired APC-R, in which case there was no factor V Leiden mutation, was significantly higher in patients with DVT (15/58 cases, 25.9%, p < 0.0001) than in those without DVT (3/80 cases, 3.7%), and confirmed that acquired APC-R was a strong risk factor for DVT (odds ratio [OR], 8.95; 95% confidence intervals [CI], 2.45-32.7; p < 0.001). Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that the presence of LA, aCL, anti-beta2-glycoprotein I, anti-prothrombin and anti-protein C Abs was not reliable as a risk factor for DVT in non-SLE patients, and that the presence of anti-protein S Abs was the most significant risk factor for DVT (OR, 5.88; 95% CI, 1.96-17.7; p < 0.002). Furthermore, the presence of anti-protein S Abs was strongly associated with acquired APC-R (OR, 57.8; 95% CI, 8.53-391; p < 0.0001). These results suggest that acquired APC-R may reflect functional interference by anti-protein S Abs of the protein C pathway, which action may represent an important mechanism for the development DVT in non-SLE patients.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 11/2002; 88(5):716-22. · 5.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the common manifestations in the anti-phospholipid (aPL) syndrome. We examined the levels of IgG antibodies (Abs) to beta2-glycoprotein I (beta2-GP I) and prothrombin, lupus anticoagulant (LA) activity, activated protein C resistance (APC-R), and factor V Leiden in 96 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE); 19 with VTE and 77 without VTE. Acquired APC-R, which was not found in any patient with the factor V Leiden mutation, was present in 33 (34.4%) out of the 96 patients with SLE. The presence of acquired APC-R was a strong risk factor for VTE. The SLE patients were divided into four groups according to the results of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and LA activity for each aPL Abs: ELISA+, LA+; ELISA+, LA-; ELISA-, LA+; and ELISA-, LA-. A significant association was observed between APC-R and the co-existence of anti-beta2-GP I Abs and LA activity or of anti-prothrombin Abs and LA activity. There was no association between APC-R and the presence of anti-beta2-GP I Abs, anti-prothrombin Abs, or LA activity alone. However, when multivariate logistical regression analysis was performed, it was clear that only the co-existence of anti-prothrombin and LA activity was a significant risk factor for APC-R. These findings indicate that the co-existence of anti-prothrombin Abs and LA activity may be an important factor in the pathogenesis of acquired APC-R in patients with SLE.
    British Journal of Haematology 09/2002; 118(2):577-83. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with aplastic anaemia (AA) frequently develop paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) as a late complication. We investigated the frequency of the development of PNH features including a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchoring defect in 73 Japanese patients with AA. A deficient expression of CD59 was found on erythrocytes and/or granulocytes in 21/73 (28.8%) of the patients. A Ham/sugar water test was positive in 13/21 patients. We also examined mutations of the PIG-A gene in 11 patients with CD59 deficiency. A heteroduplex analysis detected PIG-A gene abnormality in 10/11 patients tested. Nucleotide sequencing was performed in six patients and identified eight mutations including three mutations in one patient. The mutations of the PIG-A gene were all different and included two single-base insertions, one single-base deletion, two two-base deletions, and one each of eight-base insertion and nine- and ten-base deletions. All mutations but one caused frameshifts. Our findings indicate that a high proportion of Japanese patients with severe AA have a GPI-anchoring defect and that the PIG-A gene is mutated in the AA patients who had a GPI deficiency. We found no significant difference in the pattern of the PIG-A gene mutation between the AA patients with a GPI deficiency and those with de novo PNH.
    British Journal of Haematology 04/2002; 104(3):523 - 529. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is often associated with aplastic anemia (AA), the nature of the pathogenetic link between PNH and AA remains unclear. Moreover, the PIG-A mutation appears to be necessary but not sufficient for the development of PNH, suggesting other factors are involved. The ability of PNH marrow cells to form in vitro hematopoietic colonies and the ability of PNH marrow to generate stroma that could support hematopoiesis of normal or PNH marrow in cross culture were investigated. PNH marrow from both post-Ficoll and post-lineage depleted hematopoietic progenitor cells grew similarly significantly fewer colonies than normal marrow. Sorting of CD59(+) and CD59(-) CD34(+) CD38(-) cells from patients with PNH showed similarly impaired clonogenic efficiency, indicating that the hematopoietic defect in PNH does not directly relate to GPI-anchored protein expression. PNH marrow readily grew stroma similar to marrow from normal donors. Cross culture experiments revealed that PNH stroma appears to function normally in vitro; it can support growth of normal marrow cells as well as normal stroma does, but neither PNH nor normal stroma could support the growth of PNH marrow cells. The hematopoietic defect in PNH is not due to defective stroma, but is due to defective progenitor cell growth related to additional unknown factors.
    Blood Cells Molecules and Diseases 01/2002; 29(2):159-67. · 2.26 Impact Factor
  • Nihon Naika Gakkai Zasshi 01/2002; 90(12):2431-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Anti-prothrombin antibodies (anti-prothrombin) and anti-β2-glycoprotein I antibodies (anti-β2-GP I) are the most common and characterized anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL) detected using specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) systems. Recently, lupus anti-coagulant (LA) activity detected by a phospholipid-dependent coagulation assay was reported to be associated with anti-prothrombin and/or anti–β2-GP I. Here we show that the co-existence of IgG anti-prothrombin and LA activity might be an essential risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We examined not only the levels of antibodies to prothrombin and anti-β2-GP I (both IgG and IgM isotypes) using an ELISA system, but also LA activity detected using both diluted Russell's viper venom time (dRVVT) and STACLOT LA test in 124 patients with SLE. The SLE patients were divided into four groups according to the results of ELISA and LA assay results for each aPL: group A, ELISA+ and LA+ group B, ELISA+ and LA−; group C, ELISA− and LA+ group D, ELISA− and LA−. Regarding IgG anti-prothrombin, the prevalence of VTE was significantly higher in group A (16/35 cases, 45·7%, P < 0·001, Fisher's exact probability test) than in the other groups (B, 2/30, 6·7%; C, 1/22, 4·5%; D, 1/37, 2·7%). With respect to IgM anti-prothrombin and IgG or IgM anti-β2-GP I, the prevalence of VTE was higher in both groups A and C than in group D, but no statistical difference in prevalence was found between groups A and C. Multivariate logistic regression analysis of risk factors for VTE confirmed that the co-existence of IgG anti-prothrombin and LA activity was the only significant risk factor for VTE (odds ratio, 19·13; 95% confidence intervals, 4·74–77·18).
    British Journal of Haematology 08/2001; 114(3):647 - 654. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To detect a small population of blood cells with a deficiency of glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored protein, we evaluated the expression of CD59 by flow cytometry on one million erythrocytes, which is about 100 times more than the number of erythrocytes tested by our standard immunoassay. Blood samples from healthy volunteers, patients with aplastic anemia (AA), and patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), who all showed no detectable GPI deficiency by the standard assay, were investigated. The numbers of CD59-deficient erythrocytes were 5 to 145/10(6) erythrocytes in the healthy volunteers (mean 29.2), and one of the volunteers had an increase in the deficient cells exceeding the mean + 3 SD (141.7), a normal limit. A CD59-deficient population was detected in 6 of the 21 (28.6%) patients with AA and 5 of the 18 (27.8%) patients with MDS. The new assay was performed again in 5 of these 11 patients and the normal individual who had the CD59-deficient populations at 6 and 12 months after the initial study. The number of deficient cells gradually increased in 1 patient with MDS (from 511 to 2892/10(6) erythrocytes), while the numbers of the other 4 patients showed a tendency to decline, although the deficient populations were repeatedly detected on most of the occasions. Changes in the number of the deficient cells were also seen in the healthy volunteer, but they were rather rapid; the numbers changed from 145 to 5661 and then to 18/10(6) erythrocytes within 3 months. The CD59 assay used in this study is easy to perform and enabled us to detect less than 1% GPI-deficient cells.
    Blood Cells Molecules and Diseases 07/2000; 26(3):247-54. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This pilot study evaluated the efficacy of a new combination chemotherapy with a newly developed nitrosourea derivative ranimustine and evaluated the efficacy of interferon alpha (IFN-alpha) maintenance in previously untreated patients with multiple myeloma (MM). The induction therapy (ROAD-IN) was a 6-week regimen consisting of chemotherapy with ranimustine, vincristine (Oncovin), melphalan (Alkeran) and dexamethasone starting on day 1 and IFN-alpha, which was administered three times weekly for 3 weeks starting on day 22. This was repeated for three cycles. The responders were subsequently randomized into two groups that received or did not receive IFN-alpha as maintenance therapy. Of the 164 patients registered, 161 were evaluated. An objective response to induction therapy was seen in 75% of patients; complete remission (CR) in 38 (24%) and partial remission (PR) in 82 (51%). The median survival for all patients was 3.6 years from registration. The survival of responders (CR + PR) was significantly better than that of non-responders (median survival 4.3 years vs. 1.4 years; 7-year survival rate 32% vs. 9%; P < 0.0001). The IFN-alpha maintenance did not show any advantage for either response duration or survival. This pilot study demonstrated that a comparatively short period of induction therapy with the ROAD-IN regimen produced a rather high response rate and a similar survival rate to those achieved with other longer induction regimens, and that good responders to the initial therapy survived significantly longer than non-responders.
    British Journal of Haematology 06/2000; 109(4):805-14. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This pilot study evaluated the efficacy of a new combination chemotherapy with a newly developed nitrosourea derivative ranimustine and evaluated the efficacy of interferon α (IFN-α) maintenance in previously untreated patients with multiple myeloma (MM). The induction therapy (ROAD-IN) was a 6-week regimen consisting of chemotherapy with ranimustine, vincristine (Oncovin), melphalan (Alkeran) and dexamethasone starting on day 1 and IFN-α, which was administered three times weekly for 3 weeks starting on day 22. This was repeated for three cycles. The responders were subsequently randomized into two groups that received or did not receive IFN-α as maintenance therapy. Of the 164 patients registered, 161 were evaluated. An objective response to induction therapy was seen in 75% of patients; complete remission (CR) in 38 (24%) and partial remission (PR) in 82 (51%). The median survival for all patients was 3·6 years from registration. The survival of responders (CR + PR) was significantly better than that of non-responders (median survival 4·3 years vs. 1·4 years; 7-year survival rate 32% vs. 9%; P < 0·0001). The IFN-α maintenance did not show any advantage for either response duration or survival. This pilot study demonstrated that a comparatively short period of induction therapy with the ROAD-IN regimen produced a rather high response rate and a similar survival rate to those achieved with other longer induction regimens, and that good responders to the initial therapy survived significantly longer than non-responders.
    British Journal of Haematology 05/2000; 109(4):805 - 814. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 30-year-old Japanese man with splenomegaly and lymphocytosis was examined in 1985. Blood analysis revealed that some of the lymphocytes had short-surface villi with polar distribution. The cells showed Ig lambda+, CD5+, CD11c+, CD19+, CD22+, CD23+, CD24+, FMC7+ phenotype. A small M peak was detected in the serum. Splenic lymphoma with villous lymphocytes (SLVL) was diagnosed on the basis of these findings. Remission was induced and was maintained with low-dose chlorambucil for more than 10 years. In 1996, the patient developed splenomegaly and lymphadenopathy with "B" symptoms and a high serum lactase dehydrogenase (LDH) level. Large blastoid cells with prominent nucleoli were observed in the bone marrow; later, a small number appeared in the peripheral blood. The bone marrow cells showed a complex chromosomal abnormality involving del(7)(q32). Southern blot analysis of immunoglobulin gene rearrangements in SLVL cells that had been cryopreserved in 1986 and of bone marrow cells in 1996 showed 2 rearranged bands in each cell sample; 1 band showed identical sizes in the 2 samples, and the other showed different sizes. These findings suggest that the blastoid cells were derived from SLVL cells through transformation. After this transformation, the disease followed a highly aggressive course. Various chemotherapeutic agents had little effect, and the patient died 3 months later.
    International Journal of Hematology 03/2000; 71(2):167-71. · 1.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are well known to be associated with arterial and venous thrombosis. In a series of 180 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the prevalence of arterial thrombosis was obviously higher in the patients who had both anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) and lupus anticoagulant (LA) (17/35, 48.6%, p<0.05) (Table 1) than in the other patients bearing aCL or LA alone or neither of them (2/145, 1.4%). Since a substantial fraction of the former group of patients with arterial thrombosis also had thrombocytopenia (12/17, 70.6%), there was a possibility that aCL and LA might have enhanced platelet activation and aggregation. To test this possibility, we studied the in vitro effects of aCL and LA on the enhancement of platelet activation by flow cytometric analysis using anti-CD62P and anti-CD41 monoclonal antibodies directed against platelet activation-dependent granule-external membrane (PADGEM) protein and platelet glycoprotein IIb (GPIIb), respectively. Platelet activation defined by the surface expression of CD62P was not induced by aCL+ x LA+ plasma only, but was significantly augmented by aCL+ x LA+ plasma in combination with adenosine diphosphate (ADP) at a low concentration that had only a modest effect on platelet activation. In contrast, aCL+ x LA-, aCL- x LA+ and aCL- x LA- plasma samples were incapable of enhancing platelet activation in the presence or absence of ADP stimulation. In addition to plasma samples, the purified IgG from aCL+ x LA+ plasma (aCL+ x LA+-IgG) also yielded apparent enhancement of platelet activation induced by ADP. Furthermore, platelet activation was generated by the mixture of aCL+ x LA--IgG and aCL- x LA+-IgG fractions prepared from individual patients, but not by each fraction alone. These results suggest that aCL and LA may cooperate to promote platelet activation, and may be involved, at least partially, in the pathogenesis of arterial thrombosis and thrombocytopenia in patients with SLE.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 04/1999; 81(3):436-41. · 5.76 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
721.00 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1970–2006
    • Osaka University
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Division of Hematology and Oncology
      • • Division of Immune Regulation
      Ōsaka-shi, Osaka-fu, Japan
  • 1995–2005
    • Osaka City University
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1998–2003
    • Sakai City Hospital
      Sakai, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1996–1999
    • Hokkaido University
      • • Institute of Immunological Science
      • • Section of Serology
      Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido, Japan
  • 1997
    • Osaka Central Hospital
      • Central Laboratory for Clinical Investigation
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1993
    • Chiba Children's Hospital
      Tiba, Chiba, Japan
    • Institute of Microbial Chemistry
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
    • Saiseikai Maebashi Hospital
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1985–1992
    • Kinki University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1988–1990
    • Hyogo College of Medicine
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Nishinomiya, Hyogo-ken, Japan
    • Osaka Medical College
      • Second Department of Internal Medicine
      Takatuki, Ōsaka, Japan