T Mori

Gifu University, Gihu, Gifu, Japan

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Publications (614)1162.93 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MicroRNA (miR)-203 is downregulated and acts as an anti-oncomir in melanoma cells. Here, using human and canine melanoma cells, we elucidated the effects of miR-203 on cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element binding protein (CREB)/microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF)/RAB27a pathway, which is known to be important for the development and progression of human melanoma. In this study, we showed that miR-203 directly targeted CREB1 and regulated its downstream targets, MITF and RAB27a. miR-203 significantly suppressed the growth of human and canine melanoma cells and inhibited melanosome transport through the suppression of the signalling pathway. In conclusion, miR-203 was shown to be a common tumour-suppressive miRNA in human and canine melanoma and thus to play a crucial role in the biological mechanisms of melanoma development.
    Veterinary and Comparative Oncology 09/2014; · 1.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant melanoma (MM) is one of the most aggressive cancers in dogs and in humans. However, the molecular mechanisms of its development and progression remain unclear. Presently, we examined the expression profile of microRNAs (miRs) in canine oral MM tissues and paired normal oral mucosa tissues by using the microRNA-microarray assay and quantitative RT-PCR. Importantly, a decreased expression of miR-203 was significantly associated with a shorter survival time. Also, miR-203 and -205 were markedly down-regulated in canine and human MM cell lines tested. Furthermore, the ectopic expression of miR-205 had a significant inhibitory effect on the cell growth of canine and human melanoma cells tested by targeting erbb3. Our data suggest that miR-203 is a new prognostic factor in canine oral MMs and that miR-205 functions as a tumour suppressor by targeting erbb3 in both canine and human MM cells.
    Veterinary and Comparative Oncology 06/2013; 11(2):113-23. · 1.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined whether mutation of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor protein tyrosine kinase (PDGFR)-α and PDGFR-β genes contributes to their overexpression in canine vascular tumours. Genomic sequences of trans- or juxtamembrane regions of PDGFR-α and PDGFR-β were analysed with immunohistochemical staining and polymerase chain reaction-direct sequencing using DNA from paraffin-embedded neoplastic tissues of 27 hemangiosarcomas (HSAs) and 20 hemangiomas (HAs). Immunohistochemically, 75% of the HA cases were positive for PDGFR-α and almost most of the HA cases were negative for PDGFR-β. Of the HSA cases, 55.6% were negative for PDGFR-α and 63% were strongly positive for PDGFR-β. Among the HA cases, 1 missense mutation was detected in PDGFR-α exon 18 and 1 in PDGFR-β exon 17. Two HSA cases had missense mutations in exon 14 and 1 in exon 17 of PDGFR-β. Thus, genomic mutation of trans- or juxtamembrane regions of PDGFRs was not the main mechanism driving the activation of receptors in HSA and HA.
    Veterinary and Comparative Oncology 04/2013; · 1.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An 11-year-old male Bearded Collie was brought to the Gifu University Animal Medical Centre with a skin mass on the lateral right thigh. Physical examination revealed a 30 × 65-mm oval mass with an alopecic and ulcerated surface. Histopathology of the surgically excised sample confirmed malignant trichoepithelioma. Five months after the surgery, the dog experienced lumbar pain resulting from metastasis to the lumbar vertebrae. Radiation therapy (RT) was performed and it alleviated the lumbar pain. Nine months after the surgery, multiple skin metastases were identified. RT was performed at each occurrence, which reduced the size of each tumour and resulted in a partial response; however, systemic metastasis occurred and the dog died 17 months after the initial surgery. Canine malignant trichoepithelioma is a rare tumour, so an effective treatment has not been determined. Data from our case study indicate that RT has potential for pain control of primary and metastatic malignant trichoepithelioma.
    Australian Veterinary Journal 06/2012; 90(6):210-3. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hemangiosarcoma (HSA) is a malignant neoplasia of vascular endothelial cells (ECs). Our previous report on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, and their receptors in canine HSA suggested an autocrine/ paracrine mechanism of tumor growth. However, the influence of other angiogenic growth factors in canine HSA was not elucidated; therefore, the expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and its receptors was investigated by immunohistochemical analysis. Forty-six canine HSAs and 21 canine cutaneous hemangiomas (HAs) were analyzed. For immunohistochemistry, anti-PDGF-BB, anti-PDGFR-α, and anti-PDGFR-β antibodies were utilized as primary antibodies. Immunoreactivities were scored as strongly positive (>25% positive neoplastic cells), weakly positive (1-25% positive neoplastic cells), and negative if not staining at all. In cutaneous HA, 33.3% and 57.1% of cases were strongly and weakly positive, respectively, and 43.5% and 13.0% of HSAs were strongly and weakly positive for PDGF-BB, respectively. Moreover, 38.1% and 28.6% of cutaneous HAs cases were strongly and weakly positive, respectively, and 23.9% and 4.3% of HSAs cases were strongly and weakly positive, respectively, for PDGFR-α. Thirty-five HSAs cases (76.1%) were strongly positive, and the remaining 11 (23.9%) were weakly positive for PDGFR-β. In contrast, 18 (72.0%) cutaneous HAs were negative, and only 3 cases (12.0%) were weakly positive, for PDGFR-β. The proportion of strongly positive cases of HSAs was significantly higher than that of cutaneous HA for PDGFR-β (P<0.01), while PDGFR-α was highly expressed in cutaneous HA and may be related to pathogenesis of cutaneous HA. Therefore, PDGFR-β may be associated with the malignant nature of canine HSA.
    Histology and histopathology 05/2012; 27(5):601-7. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fascin-1 expression was examined in 9 cutaneous melanocytomas and 47 oral melanomas. The cases were scored on the basis of extent and intensity of staining, and combined scores were calculated. Fascin-1 expression was observed in 5/9 (56%) melanocytomas and 46/47 (98%) melanomas. The combined score for fascin-1 was significantly greater in stage III/IV melanomas than in stage I/II melanomas (P < 0.05). In addition, strong fascin-1 staining was associated with a significantly shortened survival time (P < 0.05). The results of this study suggest that fascin-1 overexpression correlates with the malignancy of canine melanoma and has the potential to be a new immunohistochemical marker to predict the clinical course of canine melanoma. In addition, targeted therapy for fascin-1 may represent a new strategy for the treatment of canine melanoma.
    Veterinary and Comparative Oncology 11/2011; · 1.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: KIT, a transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase, is one of the specific targets for anti-cancer therapy. In humans, its expression and mutations have been identified in malignant melanomas and therapies using molecular-targeted agents have been promising in these tumours. As human malignant melanoma, canine malignant melanoma is a fatal disease with metastases and the poor response has been observed with all standard protocols. In our study, KIT expression and exon 11 mutations in dogs with histologically confirmed malignant oral melanomas were evaluated. Although 20 of 39 cases were positive for KIT protein, there was no significant difference between KIT expression and overall survival. Moreover, polymerase chain reaction amplification and sequencing of KIT exon 11 in 17 samples did not detect any mutations and proved disappointing. For several reasons, however, KIT expression and mutations of various exons including exon 11 should be investigated in more cases.
    Veterinary and Comparative Oncology 09/2011; 9(3):219-24. · 1.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the long-term results of Tokyo Children's Cancer Study Group's studies L84-11, L89-12, L92-13, and L95-14 for 1846 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, which were conducted between 1984 and 1999. The value of event-free survival (EFS)+/-s.e. was 67.2+/-2.2% at 10 years in L84-11, which was not improved in the following two studies, and eventually improved to 75.0+/-1.8% at 10 years in L95-14 study. The lower EFS of the L89-12 reflected a high rate of induction failure because of infection and delayed remission in very high-risk patients. The L92-13 study was characterized by short maintenance therapy; it resulted in poor EFS, particularly in the standard-risk (SR) group and boys. Females did significantly better than males in EFS in the early three studies. The gender difference was not significant in overall survival, partly because >60% of the males survived after the testicular relapse. Randomized studies in the former three protocols revealed that intermediate- or high-dose methotrexate therapy significantly reduced the testicular relapse rate. In the L95-14 study, gender difference disappeared in EFS. Contrary to the results of larger-scale studies, the randomized control study in the L95-14 reconfirmed with updated data that dexamethasone 8 mg/m(2) had no advantage over prednisolone 60 mg/m(2) in the SR and intermediate-risk groups. Prophylactic cranial irradiation was assigned to 100, 80, 44, and 44% of the patients in the studies, respectively. Isolated central nervous system relapse rates decreased to <2% in the last two trials. Secondary brain tumors developed in 12 patients at 8-22 years after cranial irradiation. Improvement of the remission induction rates and the complete omission of irradiation are currently main objectives in our studies.
    Leukemia: official journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K 02/2010; 24(2):383-96. · 10.16 Impact Factor
  • The Veterinary record 09/2009; 165(12):350-1. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiogenic homeobox genes regulate the behaviour of endothelial cells (ECs) during angiogenesis, so the aim of this study was to determine whether expression of these genes may be a determinant of malignancy in canine haemangiosarcoma (HSA). Homeobox proteins were evaluated immunohistochemically in tissue samples from canine HSAs (n=78), haemangiomas (HAs; n=30) and samples of granulation tissue (n=8). Active ECs in granulation tissue were positively labelled by antisera specific for HoxA9, HoxB3, HoxD3, HoxB7, Pbx1 and Meis1. Quiescent ECs in granulation tissue did not express HoxD3 and Pbx1. There were significantly more neoplastic cells positively labelled for HoxA9, HoxB3, HoxD3 and Pbx1 in HSA compared with HA. Almost all tumours were positive for HoxB7 and Meis1. HoxB3, HoxD3, Pbx1 and Meis1 proteins were detected in 80-90% of the HSAs, but in <20% of the HAs. Overall, homeobox protein expression in HSA appears to have a phenotype similar to that of active ECs in angiogenesis. The expression of homeobox genes associated with angiogenesis might be associated with the malignant growth of HSA.
    Journal of comparative pathology 06/2009; 141(2-3):199-203. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We performed immunohistochemical investigation of the basement membrane (BM) components, namely, type IV collagen and laminin, in 83 canine hemangiosarcomas (HSAs), 22 hemangiomas, and some granulation tissues (GTs). Additionally, we analyzed the expression and activities of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, and membrane type 1-MMP (MT1-MMP) using the same samples by immunohistochemistry and gelatin zymography to investigate whether MMPs were associated with the BM degradation. In immunohistochemistry for the BM components, many HSAs showed discontinuous linear/negative immunoreactivity in the BM (type IV collagen: 49.4%/14.5%, laminin: 60.3%/10.8%, respectively). In contrast, almost all hemangiomas showed continuous staining in the BM (type IV collagen: 90.9%, laminin: 95.5%, respectively). Interestingly, positive cytoplasmic immunoreactivity for type IV collagen and laminin was observed in 97.6% and 91.6% HSA, respectively. Although MMP-9 immunoreactivity wasn't detected in neoplastic and active angiogenic endothelial cells (ECs), MMP-2 was detected in all ECs of GTs and in neoplastic cells of both vascular tumors. A strong immunoreactivity for MT1-MMP was observed in active angiogenic ECs in GTs and in neoplastic ECs in HSAs. However, almost all hemangiomas showed weak/negative immunoreactivity. In gelatin zymography, significantly strong activity of active MMP-2 was observed in HSAs, similar to that in active angiogenesis in GTs; however, weak/no activity of active MMP-2 was detected in hemangiomas. In canine HSA, neoplastic cells had active MMP-2, possibly activated by MT1-MMP, and discontinuous status of BM might be associated with activity of active MMP-2.
    Histology and histopathology 05/2009; 24(4):437-46. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether anti-apoptotic factors play a role in the malignant growth of canine haemangiosarcomas (HSAs), 83 HSAs and 22 haemangiomas were examined immunohistochemically for bcl-2 and survivin expression. Additionally, bcl-2 and survivin mRNA expression was quantified by semiquantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Immunolabelling for bcl-2 was observed in 50 of the 83 HSA samples (60.2%) but in none of the haemangiomas. The average survivin positive index was 24.7% in the HSAs and 0.6% in the haemangiomas. In contrast to the high average value for survivin mRNA expression, which was approximately six times that for the haemangiomas, no significant difference was observed between HSAs and haemangiomas for the average bcl-2 mRNA expression level. The discrepancy between bcl-2 mRNA and bcl-2 protein expression requires further investigation, but the results suggest that malignant proliferation in canine HSAs is associated with bcl-2 and survivin expression.
    Journal of Comparative Pathology 08/2008; 139(1):1-7. · 1.10 Impact Factor
  • Medical Mycology 04/2008; 36(2):107-112. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anti-TSH receptor antibodies (TRAbs) have been known to be involved in Graves' disease and primary hypothyroidism. We previously isolated and reconstituted immunoglobulin (Ig) genes of Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B cell clones producing monoclonal TRAbs obtained from Graves' patients. In the present study, we performed a similar experiment using a B cell clone, 32A-5, derived from a patient with primary hypothyroidism. The variable region genes of Ig heavy (H) and light (L) chains were isolated and sequenced from the 32A-5 clone. A significant number of somatic mutations were found in variable regions of H and L chain gene segments. Each pair of H and L chain cDNAs was ligated into an expression vector for IgG1 production and stably introduced into myeloma cells. The transfectants were injected ip into BALB/c mice to yield ample volume of the antibody for following applications. Interactions of recombinant 32A-5 with Graves' sera with varying thyroid-stimulating antibody (TSAb) activities were studied. The recombinant antibody tended to suppress TSAb activities in 10 of 15 Graves' sera, in which four were significantly inhibited. In summary, this is the first study to analyze human monoclonal TSH-stimulation blocking antibodies (TSBAb) at the molecular level. Use of human recombinant monoclonal TSBAb may be an analytical tool for molecular-basis etiology and an alternative therapeutic path for Graves' disease.
    Journal of endocrinological investigation 12/2003; 26(11):1076-80. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: New techniques for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) that reduce the number of trocars or use very thin instruments have been devised with the goal of further minimizing surgical invasiveness. We performed two-trocar LC using an original new technique in 70 consecutive patients. A 10-mm trocar and a 5-mm trocar were inserted in the subumbilical and epigastrium positions, respectively. A 2-mm grasper forceps was inserted directly without a trocar below the costal margin. The fundus of the gallbladder was ligated and lifted up with a folded 0 silk string and a 16-gauge vessel cannula. The mean operative time was 73.2 +/- 23.5 min. A third trocar was added in two cases. None of the patients required conversion of the procedure to an open cholecystectomy, and there were no intraoperative complications. Based on our experience, we think that this technique is as safe and effective as the classic four-trocar technique; moreover, it has a cost benefit.
    Surgical Endoscopy 05/2002; 16(4):589-91. · 3.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Between 1991 and 2000, 21 patients (16 male and 5 female) underwent 28 cavernostomies for the treatment of pulmonary aspergilloma. The median age was 59.4 years (range 37-85 years). The mean %VC was 59.6 (range 30.4-91.2), and the mean FEV 1.0 was 1.51 ml (range 0.64-2.67 ml). The mean body mass index was 17.6 (range 12.7-23.2). The most common complaint was hemoptysis. The underlying lung disease was tuberculosis in 17 cases, atypical mycobacteriosis in 2, and unclassified in 2. All cases had been diagnosed as complex aspergilloma. The mean surgical duration was 136 minutes (range 85-203 min.) and the mean blood loss during surgery was 242 ml(range 5-810 ml). No death or major complications occurred in the postoperative course. During follow-up, 4 patients died of massive hemoptysis, cancer, respiratory failure or an unknown cause. Relapses of aspergilloma occurred in 9 patients (42.9%). Recavernostomy was performed safely on 5 patients. In conclusion, although the relapse rate of aspergilloma was high after cavernostomy, safe reoperations were performed. Cavernostomy is thus an effective treatment in high-risk patients.
    Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society. 01/2002; 39(12):903-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The prognosis of Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph(+) ALL) is generally poor and reports from large studies are scarce. We evaluated the efficacy of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT) for children with this type of leukemia. The chemotherapy regimens consisted of an induction phase and very intensive consolidation followed by a reinduction phase and late intensification treatment. The selection of treatment modalities such as chemotherapy, allo-BMT, or autologous transplantation was made by each institute. The principal endpoint was the outcome of children with Ph(+) ALL according to the treatment options. Thirty-two patients (4.3%) were diagnosed as Ph(+) ALL out of the 741 cases of ALL consecutively enrolled in two protocols of the Tokyo Children's Cancer Study Group (TCCSG) from 1989 to 1994. Thirty patients (93.8%) were induced into complete remission (CR). Of these 30 patients, eight children electively received allo-BMT in the first CR. Six of these patients are in continuous remission at a median follow-up of 58 (range 48-105) months after the diagnosis. One patient died following recurrence and another patient died of graft vs. host disease. Three patients treated with autologous BMT or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in the first CR experienced a subsequent relapse. In the remaining 19 patients, 13 patients were treated with very high-risk chemotherapy alone and all relapsed within 28 months. One patient was excluded from the analysis because he was treated with standard-risk chemotherapy until relapse. The other five patients were also excluded from the analysis because Philadelphia chromosome was not detected until they relapsed. None of the relapsed patients survived in spite of treatment including allo-BMT. In multivariate analysis, only allo-BMT remained as an independent factor for good prognosis. The only way to cure children with Ph(+) ALL was allo-BMT in this study and its outcome seemed promising.
    Medical and Pediatric Oncology 12/2001; 37(5):426-31.
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    ABSTRACT: From October 1999 to September 2000, we collected the specimen from 430 patients with lower respiratory tract infections in 17 institutions in Japan, and investigated the susceptibilities of isolated bacteria to various antibacterial agents and antibiotics and patients' characteristics. Of 515 strains that were isolated from specimen (mainly from sputum) and assumed to be bacteria causing in inflammation, 506 strains were investigated. The breakdown of the isolated bacteria were: Staphylococcus aureus 78, Streptococcus pneumoniae 101, Haemophilus influenzae 104, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (non-mucoid) 58, P. aeruginosa (mucoid) 11, Moraxella subgenus Branhamella catarrhalis 41, Klebsiella pneumoniae 18, etc. Of 78 S. aureus strains, those with 4 micrograms/ml or above of MIC of oxacillin (methicillin-resistant S. aureus: MRSA) occupied 57.7%. Vancomycin and arbekacin showed the most potent activities against MRSA without detection of ABK-resistant strain (MIC: 64 micrograms/ml) and decrease of VCM-sensitive strains those were found in 1998. The frequency of S. pneumoniae exhibiting low sensitivity to penicillin (penicillin-intermediate S. pneumoniae: PISP + penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae: PRSP) decreased to 34.7% from 46.0% in 1998. The frequency of PRSP was 3.0%, being the least number after 1991. Carbapenems showed strong activities against S. pneumoniae. Especially, panipenem inhibited the growth of all 101 strains with MIC of 0.063 microgram/ml. Generally, all drugs showed strong activities against H. influenzae with MIC80s of 4 micrograms/ml or below. MICs of ofloxacin ranged between 0.063 microgram/ml and 4 micrograms/ml in 1998, however, those were 0.125 microgram/ml or below in all H. influenzae in 1999 showing the strongest activity. Tobramycin and ciprofloxacin showed strong activities against P. aeruginosa (both mucoid and non-mucoid) with MIC80s of 1 microgram/ml. Number of isolated P. aeruginosa (mucoid) was little as 11, however, the susceptibilities to all drugs were better than P. aeruginosa (non-mucoid). K. pneumoniae showed good susceptibilities to all drugs except for ampicillin with decreasing of low-sensitive strains compared to those detected in 1998. Also, all drugs generally showed strong activities against M. (B.) catarrhalis. MIC80s of all drugs were 2 micrograms/ml or below. The drug which showed the strongest activity was imipenem inhibiting all 41 strains with MIC of 0.063 microgram/ml. On the patients' characteristics, the number of patients aged 80 years or older who had been increased was decreased in 1999 in the distribution by age. The percentage of the elderly patients aged 70 years or older was 47.0%, which occupied almost a half number of the total patients as in the last year. As for the incidence by disease, bacterial pneumonia and chronic bronchitis were the highest. They were noted in 37.9% and 30.5% of the patients, respectively. In 1999, bronchial asthma was frequently observed as compared in recent years. It was noted in about 10% of the patients which is the same % as in bronchiectasis. We examined the number of strains from these patients with infections before and after administration of antibiotics. In patients with bacterial pneumonia, the number of isolated strains was almost the same between those before and after administration. However, in patients with chronic bronchitis, the number of strains remarkably decreased to less than the half of the total after administration of antibiotics in the last year, but it decreased to 2/3 of the total in 1999. On the administration of antibiotics and isolated bacteria by the day of administration, the bacteria which were isolated more before administration were H. influenzae in 28.4%, S. pneumoniae in 25.7%, M. (B.) catarrhalis in 12.0% and S. aureus in 10.6%. The frequency of S. aureus after administration over 15 days was almost the same as that before administration, but the frequency of P. aeruginosa (both mucoid and non-mucoid) was 36.8% which was higher than that before administration. The frequency of isolated S. pneumoniae was decreased after administration and none of them was isolated after completion of administration. However, that of H. influenzae was decreased to 7.1% after administration within 3 days, and many H. influenzae were isolated after completion of administration as 21.4%.
    The Japanese journal of antibiotics 08/2001; 54(7):331-64.
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    Leukemia 08/2001; 15(7):1136-9. · 9.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report five cases of aspergilloma. Three patients had a previous history of tuberculosis, including one who fully recovered after resection of the right lower lobe. Four patients were treated mainly with oral itraconazole. Two of these four patients, died, one of massive hemosputa, and one of heart valve disease, while two had a good outcome, although one of them has since developed respiratory insufficiency and has received oxygen therapy. In itraconazole therapy, the daily dose may be 200 mg or more, and the duration of treatment may be 1 year or more. Percutaneous intracavitary instillation of amphotericin B, performed in one patient, showed no efficacy. The efficacy of this treatment may depend on the width and number of drainage bronchi, and on the mechanism of acceleration of degradation of the fungus ball. It is important to carefully choose the therapy for aspergilloma, with due consideration being given to the patient's pulmonary function and general status.
    Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy 01/2001; 6(4):233-9. · 1.38 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
1,162.93 Total Impact Points


  • 2008–2011
    • Gifu University
      • Department of Veterinary Medicine
      Gihu, Gifu, Japan
  • 1992–2001
    • Juntendo University
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Department of Medicine
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
    • National Institute of Radiological Sciences
      Tiba, Chiba, Japan
  • 1999–2000
    • Osaka Central Hospital
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Department of Surgery
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
    • Toneyama National Hospital - Toyonaka
      Toyonaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1987–2000
    • Kyoto University
      • Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine
      Kyoto, Kyoto-fu, Japan
  • 1998
    • IT University of Copenhagen
      København, Capital Region, Denmark
    • St. Luke's International Hospital
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1991–1998
    • Tottori University
      • • Faculty of Medicine
      • • School of Medicine
      Tottori, Tottori-ken, Japan
    • Osaka National Hospital
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
    • Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1986–1997
    • Osaka University
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Medical Genetics
      • • Division of Cellular and Molecular Biology
      • • School of Medicine
      Suita, Osaka-fu, Japan
  • 1995
    • Saitama Medical University
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Saitama, Saitama-ken, Japan
    • Nishi-Kobe Medical Center
      Kōbe, Hyōgo, Japan
  • 1993–1995
    • The University of Tokyo
      • • Department of Precision Engineering
      • • Faculty and Graduate School of Agriculture and Life Sceince
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
    • Kyōto Medical Center
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 1991–1994
    • Keio University
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
  • 1989–1992
    • Hoshi University
      • Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
    • Osaka City University
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1988
    • Osaka Prefecture Senshu Critical Care Medical Center
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1984
    • Shinshu University
      • Department of Medicine
      Shonai, Nagano, Japan