T Hirai

Kumamoto University, Kumamoto-shi, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan

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Publications (93)226.89 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Systematic investigations of the distinguishing imaging features between spinal hyperplastic hematopoietic bone marrow and bone metastasis have not been reported, to our knowledge. The purpose of this study was to determine the distinguishing imaging features of the 2 entities.
    AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:For the localization of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas, it is not determined whether dynamic contrast-enhanced MRA is more reliable than multidetector CTA. The aim of this study was to compare the agreement between intra-arterial DSA, dynamic contrast-enhanced MRA at 3T, and 64-row multidetector CTA for the localization of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas.MATERIALS AND METHODS:We enrolled 12 consecutive patients (11 men, 1 woman; age range, 46-83 years; mean, 65 years) who underwent preoperative dynamic contrast-enhanced MRA at 3T and 64-row multidetector CTA. The spinal dural arteriovenous fistula location was confirmed by intra-arterial DSA as the reference standard. Two reviewers independently evaluated the level of the artery feeding the spinal dural arteriovenous fistula on the basis of continuity between the feeder and abnormal spinal vessels on 3T dynamic contrast-enhanced MRA and 64-row multidetector CTA images. Interobserver and intermodality agreement was determined by calculation of the κ coefficient.RESULTS:On DSA, the vessel feeding the spinal dural arteriovenous fistula was the intercostal artery (7 cases), the lumbar artery (3 cases), and the internal iliac artery or the ascending pharyngeal artery (1 case each). For the fistula level, interobserver agreement was excellent for 3T dynamic contrast-enhanced MRA (κ = 0.97; 95% CI, 0.92-1.00) and very good for 64-row multidetector CTA (κ = 0.84; 95% CI, 0.72-0.96). Intermodality agreement with DSA was good for 3T dynamic contrast-enhanced MRA (κ = 0.78; 95% CI, 0.49-1.00) and moderate for 64-row multidetector CTA (κ = 0.41; 95% CI, 0.020-0.84).CONCLUSIONS:For the localization of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas, 3T dynamic contrast-enhanced MRA may be more reliable than 64-row multidetector CTA.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 08/2013; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The prevalence and topography of small hypointense foci suggesting microbleeds on 3T SWI in various types of dementia have not been systematically investigated. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and topography of SHF on 3T SWI in patients with different dementia subtypes.MATERIALS AND METHODS:We included 347 consecutive patients (217 women, 130 men; age range, 42-93 years; mean age, 74 years) who attended our memory clinic and underwent 3T SWI. They were divided into 6 groups: subjective complaints, MCI, AD, DLB, VaD, and FTLD. Two neuroradiologists evaluated the number and location of SHF on SWIs. Statistical analyses were performed to evaluate inter- and intragroup differences.RESULTS:Of the 347 patients, 160 (46.1%) exhibited at least 1 small hypointense focus. This was true in 86% with VaD, 54% with DLB, 48% with AD, 41% with MCI, 27% with FTLD, and 22% with subjective complaints. With the subjective complaints group as a reference, the odds ratio adjusted by age, sex, and arterial hypertension was 9.2 (95% CI, 2.0-43.6) for VaD; 5.4 (95% CI, 1.2-24.3) for AD; 3.1 for DLB (95% CI, 1.1-8.8); 2.0 for MCI (95% CI, 0.5-8.1); and 1.5 for FTLD (95% CI, 0.4-5.4). There was a significant lobar predilection for AD, DLB, and FTLD groups (P < .05).CONCLUSIONS:On 3T SWI, patients with VaD, AD, and DLB manifested a high SHF prevalence. In patients with AD, DLB, and FTLD, the SHF exhibited a lobar predilection.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 11/2012; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:For identifying the arterial feeders of meningiomas, the usefulness of 3D TOF MRA at 3T has not been systematically investigated. This study was intended to assess whether unenhanced 3D TOF MRA at 3T can replace DSA for the identification of arteries feeding intracranial meningiomas and whether it is useful for assessing their dural attachment.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Twenty-one consecutive patients with intracranial meningiomas (18 women, 3 men; aged 42-77 years, mean 57 years) underwent DSA, conventional MR imaging, and 3D TOF MRA. Two neuroradiologists independently evaluated the primary and secondary feeders of each tumor on maximum-intensity-projection and source MRA images. They also identified the location of dural attachments based on information from MR imaging/MRA images. Interobserver and intermodality agreement was determined by calculating the κ coefficient.RESULTS:For the identification of primary and secondary feeders on MRA images, interobserver agreement was very good (κ = 0.83; 95% CI, 0.66-1.00) and moderate (κ = 0.58; 95% CI, 0.34-0.82) and intermodality agreement (consensus reading of MRA versus DSA findings) was excellent (κ = 0.94; 95% CI, 0.84-1.00) and good (κ = 0.72; 95% CI, 0.51-0.93), respectively. With respect to the dural attachment of meningiomas, interobserver agreement was very good (κ = 0.95; 95% CI, 0.84-1.00). The agreement in the diagnosis between MR imaging/MRA and surgery was excellent (κ = 1.00).CONCLUSIONS:Unenhanced 3D TOF MRA at 3T cannot at present supplant DSA for the identification of the feeding arteries of intracranial meningiomas. This information may be useful for evaluating their dural attachment.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 10/2012; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although 3D FLAIR imaging visualizes detailed structures of the brain stem, it has not been used to evaluate its normal anatomy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether 3D FLAIR images can provide more detailed anatomic information of the brain stem than 2D FLAIR and 2D T2WI. We prospectively evaluated MR images in 10 healthy volunteers. 3D and 2D FLAIR images, 2D T2WI, and DTI were obtained on a 3T MR imaging scanner. A VISTA technique was used for 3D FLAIR imaging. White matter tracts and nuclei of the brain stem were determined on 3D and 2D FLAIR images and 2D T2WI by referring to anatomic atlases and DTI color maps. The subjective assessment of the visibility by using a 4-point grading system and the contrast ratio of the structures on 3D and 2D FLAIR images and 2D T2WI were evaluated. The visibility of the SCP and MCP, DSCP, CST, and CTT was higher on 3D FLAIR images than on 2D T2WI and 2D FLAIR images. The contrast ratio for the CST, SCP, MCP, DSCP, and CTT was significantly different on 3D FLAIR images and 2D T2WI and on 3D FLAIR and 2D FLAIR images; there was no significant difference in contrast ratio for the SCP at the pons on 3D FLAIR and 2D T2WI. 3D FLAIR images provide detailed anatomic information of the brain stem that cannot be obtained on 2D T2WI and 2D FLAIR images.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 01/2012; 33(5):922-7. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This paper proposes a speed-enhanced growcut method and presents comparative study of seed setting methods for fast 3D medical image (MRI) segmentation. The processing time tends to be larger in 3D image segmentation because of the large number of neighboring voxels as well as the number of voxels themselves. In this paper, two seed setting methods are proposed for our fast growcut-based segmentation algorithm: sphere-based bounding box method and label transfer based method using SIFT flow. Experimental results demonstrate that the tumor segmentation for each patient can be done very quickly as compared to the previous works. The segmentation accuracy can also be made very high with only a few user interactions.
    Signal & Information Processing Association Annual Summit and Conference (APSIPA ASC), 2012 Asia-Pacific; 01/2012
  • Journal of Solid Tumors. 01/2012; 2(4):38-43.
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    ABSTRACT: Systematic assessment of brain and head and neck tumors with 4D-CE-MRA at 3T has not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that 4D-CE-MRA at 3T can replace DSA in the identification of feeding arteries and tumor stain to plan interventional procedures in hypervascular brain and head and neck tumors. Fifteen consecutive patients with brain and head and neck tumors underwent 4D-CE-MRA at 3T and DSA. 4D-CE-MRA combined randomly segmented central k-space ordering, keyhole imaging, SENSE, and half-Fourier imaging. We obtained 30 dynamic scans every 1.9 seconds at an acquired spatial resolution of 0.9 × 0.9 × 1.5 mm; the matrix was 256 × 256. Two independent observers inspected the 4D-CE-MRA images for the main arterial feeders and tumor stain. Interobserver and intermodality agreement was assessed by κ statistics. For 4D-CE-MRA, the interobserver agreement was fair with respect to the main arterial feeders and very good for the degree of tumor stain (κ = 0.28 and 0.87, respectively). Intermodality agreement was moderate for the main arterial feeders (κ = 0.45) and good for the tumor stain (κ = 0.74). Although 4D-CE-MRA may be useful for evaluating tumor stain in hypervascular brain and head and neck tumors, it is not able to replace DSA in planning interventional procedures.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 11/2011; 33(3):445-8. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: QUASAR is a particular application of the ASL method and facilitates the user-independent quantification of brain perfusion. The purpose of this study was to assess the intermodality agreement of TBF measurements obtained with ASL and DSC MR imaging and the inter- and intraobserver reproducibility of glioma TBF measurements acquired by ASL at 3T. Two observers independently measured TBF in 24 patients with histologically proved glioma. ASL MR imaging with QUASAR and DSC MR imaging were performed on 3T scanners. The observers placed 5 regions of interest in the solid tumor on rCBF maps derived from ASL and DSC MR images and 1 region of interest in the contralateral brain and recorded the measured values. Maximum and average sTBF values were calculated. Intermodality and intra- and interobsever agreement were determined by using 95% Bland-Altman limits of agreement and ICCs. The intermodality agreement for maximum sTBF was good to excellent on DSC and ASL images; ICCs ranged from 0.718 to 0.884. The 95% limits of agreement ranged from 59.2% to 65.4% of the mean. ICCs for intra- and interobserver agreement for maximum sTBF ranged from 0.843 to 0.850 and from 0.626 to 0.665, respectively. The reproducibility of maximum sTBF measurements obtained by methods was similar. In the evaluation of sTBF in gliomas, ASL with QUASAR at 3T yielded measurements and reproducibility similar to those of DSC perfusion MR imaging.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 09/2011; 32(11):2073-9. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Case study. Subacute myelo-optico-neuropathy (SMON) is a severe neuro-degenerative disorder caused by poisoning due to over-dose and prolonged oral administration of clioquinol; this disorder was more frequent during 1957-1970. It is characterized by axonal degeneration and gliosis in the cervical gracile fasciculus. Recently, copper-deficient myelo-neuropathies presenting similar symptoms (that is, painful dysesthesia/paresthesia in the lower limbs, ataxia, spastic paraplegia, autonomic disorders and visual impairment) were reported. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of these patients detected T2-weighted hyperintensities in the cervical spinal cord. An unbalanced zinc-copper metabolism was suggested as one of the candidate pathogenesis of clioquinol toxicity because of its metal-chelating ability. The aim of this study was to present MRI findings of old SMON patients and to compare them with those of current copper-deficient myelo-neuropathies. Japan. We conducted and analyzed cervical and brain MRIs of seven old SMON patients who contracted the disorder during the 1960s. Serum iron, magnesium, copper, zinc and ceruloplasmin levels were also measured. Cervical T2-weighted MRIs showed mild volume loss and faint hyperintensities in the dorsal columns, which might reflect residual gliosis. Brain fast fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery images and tractography were normal. Current levels of serum copper and zinc were within almost normal ranges. Although fainter, the abnormal T2 MRI signals we observed were similar to and occurred in the same locations as those reported in copper-deficient myelo-neuropathy patients. We suggest that these findings are useful to study the mechanism of clioquinol toxicity before using it to treat neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease.
    Spinal Cord 02/2011; 49(2):182-5. · 1.90 Impact Factor
  • Fuel and Energy Abstracts 01/2011; 81(2).
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of a double-exposure dual-energy subtraction (DES) technique on the diagnostic performance of radiologists detecting small pulmonary nodules on flat-panel detector (FPD) chest radiographs. Using FPD radiography 41 sets of chest radiographs were obtained from 26 patients with pulmonary nodules measuring <or=20mm and from 15 normal participants. Each dataset included standard and corresponding DES images. There were six non-solid, 10 part-solid, and 10 solid nodules. The mean size of the 26 nodules was 15+/-4.8mm. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to compare the performance of the eight board-certified radiologists. For the eight radiologists, the mean value of the area under the ROC curve (AUC) without and with DES images was 0.62+/-0.05 and 0.68+/-0.05, respectively; the difference was statistically significant (p=0.02). For part-solid nodules, the difference of the mean AUC value was statistically significant (AUC=0.61+/-0.07 versus 0.69+/-0.05; p<0.01); for non-solid nodules it was not (AUC=0.62+/-0.1 versus 0.61+/-0.09; p=0.73), and for solid nodules it was not (AUC=0.75+/-0.1 versus 0.78+/-0.08; p=0.23). For nodules with overlapping bone shadows, the difference of the mean AUC value was statistically significant (p=0.03), for nodules without overlapping, it was not (p=0.26). Use of a double-exposure DES technique at FPD chest radiography significantly improved the diagnostic performance of radiologists to detect small pulmonary nodules.
    Clinical radiology 08/2010; 65(8):609-15. · 1.65 Impact Factor
  • Fuel and Energy Abstracts 01/2010; 78(3).
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    ABSTRACT: The usefulness of contrast-enhanced 3D T2-FLAIR MR imaging for the evaluation of leptomeningeal diseases has not been systematically investigated. The purpose of this study was to assess the value added by contrast-enhanced 3D T2-FLAIR and MPRAGE sequences to conventional postcontrast T1-weighted images in the evaluation of leptomeningeal diseases. We also undertook in vitro studies in attempts to understand the consequences of our patient study. Twelve patients with confirmed leptomeningeal diseases underwent postcontrast T1-weighted, MPRAGE, and 3D T2-FLAIR imaging at 3T. Two radiologists independently assessed the presence of additional information on postcontrast 3D MR images compared with postcontrast T1-weighted images. The effect of different Gd concentrations and flow velocities on the signal intensity on 3D T2-FLAIR images was investigated in vitro. According to both reviewers, 3D T2-FLAIR images yielded significantly more information than did MPRAGE images (P < .05 and P < .01, respectively). In the in vitro study, 3D T2-FLAIR was more highly sensitive to low Gd concentrations and less sensitive to high Gd concentrations than were T1-weighted or MPRAGE sequences. On 3D T2-FLAIR sequences, at a flow velocity exceeding 1.0 cm/s, the signal intensity of blood-mimicking fluids at concentrations of 0 and 0.1 mmol/L was as low as at 1.3 mmol/L. For the depiction of leptomeningeal diseases, postcontrast 3D T2-FLAIR provides more additional information than postcontrast MPRAGE imaging. The superiority of the 3D T2-FLAIR sequence is associated with its high sensitivity to flow.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 01/2010; 31(5):868-873. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Four-dimensional contrast-enhanced MR angiography (4D-CE-MRA) at 3T may replace digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for certain diagnostic purposes in patients with intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF). The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that 4D-CE-MRA at 3T enables the same characterization of intracranial DAVFs as DSA. The study population consisted of 18 consecutive patients with intracranial DAVFs (11 women, 7 men; age range, 35-82 years; mean age, 64.8 years). They underwent 4D-CE-MRA at 3T and DSA. The 4D-CE-MRA series combined randomly segmented central k-space ordering, keyhole imaging, sensitivity encoding, and half-Fourier imaging. We obtained 30 dynamic scans every 1.9 seconds with a spatial resolution of 1 x 1 x 1.5 mm. Two independent readers reviewed the 4D-CE-MRA images for main arterial feeders, fistula site, and venous drainage. Interobserver and intermodality agreement was assessed by kappa statistics. At DSA, 8 fistulas were located at the transverse sigmoid sinus; 8, at the cavernous sinus; and 2, at the sinus adjacent to the foramen magnum. Interobserver agreement was fair for the main arterial feeders (kappa = 0.59), excellent for the fistula site (kappa = 0.91), and good for venous drainage (kappa = 0.86). Intermodality agreement was moderate for the main arterial feeders (kappa = 0.68) and excellent for the fistula site (kappa = 1.0) and venous drainage (kappa = 1.0). The agreement between 4D-CE-MRA and DSA findings was good to excellent with respect to the fistula site and venous drainage.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 10/2009; 31(1):80-5. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The vascular supply of extra-axial brain tumors provided by the external carotid artery has not been studied with RPI. The purpose of this work was to determine whether RPI assessment is feasible and provides information on the vascular supply of hypervascular extra-axial brain tumors. Conventional ASL and RPI studies were performed at 3T in 8 consecutive patients with meningioma. On the basis of MRA results, we performed RPI by placing a selective labeling slab over the external carotid artery. Five patients underwent DSA before surgery. Two neuroradiologists independently evaluated the overall image quality, the degree of tumor perfusion, and the extent of the tumor vascular territory on conventional ASL and RPI. In overall quality of conventional ASL and RPI, no images interfered with interpretation. In comparisons of the vascular tumor territory identified by the conventional ASL and RPI techniques, the territories coincided in 3 cases, were partially different in 4, and completely different in 1. The interobserver agreement was very good (kappa = 0.82). In 5 patients who underwent DSA, the 4 patients in whom the dominant supply was the external carotid artery were scored as coincided or partially different. The 1 patient in whom the vascular supply was from the internal carotid artery was scored as completely different. RPI with selective labeling of the external carotid artery is feasible and may provide information about the vascular supply of hypervascular extra-axial brain tumors.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 10/2009; 31(3):554-8. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the optimal contrast medium injection protocol for demonstrating the Adamkiewicz artery (AKA) using 64-detector CT angiography (CTA). CTA was performed using 64-detector CT. The study population consisted of 80 patients (mean age 67.2 years) with aortoiliac diseases. In the first 60 patients 540 mg I/kg body weight was administered over 25s. The patients were randomly assigned to three protocols with imaging started at 15 (protocol A-1), 18 (A-2), or 21s (A-3) after triggering (threshold 150 HU). The other 20 received 720 mg I/kg body weight with an imaging delay of 18s (protocol B). Two radiologists evaluated the presence of the AKA and measured the attenuation of the aorta and AKA. Aortic enhancement was 360.4, 348, 279.3, and 372 HU for protocols A-1, A-2, A-3, and B, respectively. There was no significant difference between the A-1 and A-2 protocols (Tukey-Kramer test, p=0.73); however, aortic enhancement was significantly lower in A-3 than A-1 and A-2 (p<0.01). There was no significant difference between A-2 and B (p=0.40). AKA attenuation was 69.3, 91.9, 94.6, and 105.4 HU for protocols A-1, A-2, A-3, and B, respectively. There was no significant difference between the A-2 and A-3 protocols (p=0.91); however, AKA attenuation was significantly lower with A-1 than A-2 or A-3 (p=0.01). AKA attenuation was significantly lower with A-2 than B (p=0.03) and there was a significant difference between A-2 (50%) and B (95%) in the depiction of the hairpin configuration of the AKA (p=0.02). For the demonstration of the AKA at CTA, the optimal protocol used an imaging delay of 18s after triggering and an iodine dose of 720 mg I/kg body weight.
    Clinical radiology 08/2008; 63(8):880-7. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although gross tumor volume (GTV) at the primary site can predict local control of head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in patients who are treated with organ-preservation therapy, GTV assessment does not eliminate substantial interobserver variation. To evaluate whether F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)/computed tomography (CT) fused imaging provides additional information for GTV assessment. We obtained FDG-PET/CT fused images on 20 patients with head-and-neck SCC. All had undergone preoperative conventional workup, including contrast-enhanced CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The GTV of the primary tumors was designed by two independent observers who used routine clinical data. Observer A was a radiologist and observer B a radiation oncologist. GTV1 and GTV2 were designed without and with FDG-PET/CT, respectively. For geometric interobserver comparison, we calculated the concordance rate as the ratio of the intersection (AxB) of the GTVs to their union (AxB). Intermethod (GTV1 vs. GTV2) and interobserver (A vs. B) differences in the GTVs were assessed by Bland-Altman analysis and the Spearman rank-correlation test. The interobserver concordance rates for GTV1 and GTV2 were compared using a two-tailed paired-samples t test. On FDG-PET/CT, all primary tumors were visualized. There was no systemic trend for a volume difference between GTV1 and GTV2. Although the 95% limits of agreement were wider for interobserver than intermethod differences, the 95% limits of interobserver agreement were narrower for GTV2 than GTV1. The mean interobserver concordance rate for GTV2 was higher than for GTV1 (54.5% vs. 39.1%, P=0.0002). FDG-PET/CT is a useful modality for consistent GTV assessment, which should not be used as a single modality but rather to obtain supplemental information in patients with head-and-neck SCC.
    Acta Radiologica 08/2008; 49(6):693-9. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the prognostic value of perfusion MR imaging in various gliomas has been investigated, that in high-grade astrocytomas alone has not been fully evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate retrospectively whether the tumor maximum relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) on pretreatment perfusion MR imaging is of prognostic value in patients with high-grade astrocytoma. Between January 1999 and December 2002, 49 patients (30 men, 19 women; age range, 23-76 years) with supratentorial high-grade astrocytoma underwent MR imaging before the inception of treatment. The patient age, sex, symptom duration, neurologic function, mental status, Karnofsky Performance Scale, extent of surgery, histopathologic diagnosis, tumor component enhancement, and maximum rCBV were assessed to identify factors affecting survival. Kaplan-Meier survival curves, the logrank test, and the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model were used to evaluate prognostic factors. The maximum rCBV was significantly higher in the 31 patients with glioblastoma multiforme than in the 18 with anaplastic astrocytoma (P < .03). The 2-year overall survival rate was 67% for 27 patients with a low (< or =2.3) and 9% for 22 patients with a high (>2.3) maximum rCBV value (P < .001). Independent important prognostic factors were the histologic diagnosis (hazard ratio = 9.707; 95% confidence interval (CI), 3.163-29.788), maximum rCBV (4.739; 95% CI, 1.950-11.518), extent of surgery (2.692; 95% CI, 1.196-6.061), and sex (2.632; 95% CI, 1.153-6.010). The maximum rCBV at pretreatment perfusion MR imaging is a useful clinical prognostic biomarker for survival in patients with high-grade astrocytoma.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 06/2008; 29(8):1505-10. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We performed superselective intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy (SIC) according to a protocol in which drug distribution is evaluated by the use of interventional radiology (IVR)-computed tomography (CT) system, and the chemotherapy is combined with medium-dose conformal radiation therapy (CRT). We analyzed retrospectively the factors that affect the midterm survival ratio, including local response, for stage III and IV squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity. Forty consecutive patients with stage III and IV squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity and who had undergone both SIC and CRT were enrolled. A microcatheter was placed in the appropriate feeding artery of the tumor and cisplatin (50mg/body) was infused twice. CRT was administered with a dual-energy (4 and 10 MV) linear accelerator. The total and daily doses delivered were 30 and 2.0 Gy, respectively. Histopathologic effects were classified into five grades: grade 0 or 1 was defined as a poor response, and grade II or higher as a good response. Age, sex, stage, local response to treatment, mode of invasion and lymph node metastasis were analyzed, and differences in the midterm survival ratio were assessed. The 3-year survival ratio of the 40 cases was 67%. A good local response (III or IV) was achieved in 75% of the cases. The survival ratio of the good local response group was significantly better than that of the poor response group (p=0.04). Mode of invasion (p=0.03) and lymph node metastasis (p=0.01) were also predictive of survival. In the multivariable analysis of survival, however, no variables including good local response (p=0.12), were predictive. Our new protocol improved local response, but it did not contribute to the survival ratio.
    European Journal of Radiology 05/2008; 66(1):7-12. · 2.51 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
226.89 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1995–2013
    • Kumamoto University
      • • Graduate School of Medical Sciences
      • • Department of Diagnostic Radiology
      • • School of Medicine
      Kumamoto-shi, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan
  • 2008
    • Saiseikai Kumamoto Hospital
      Kumamoto, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan
  • 1990–1992
    • Tohoku University
      • Institute for Materials Research
      Sendai, Kagoshima-ken, Japan